SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 srt2:(2005-2009);srt2:(2009)"

Sökning: L773:0009 9147 OR L773:1530 8561 > (2005-2009) > (2009)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
  • [1]23Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Aomori, Tohru, et al. (författare)
  • Rapid Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Detection of Cytochrome P450 (CYP2C9) and Vitamin K Epoxide Reductase (VKORC1) Genes for the Warfarin Dose Adjustment by the SMart-Amplification Process Version 2
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 55:4, s. 804-812
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms of the CYP2C9 (cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 9) gene (CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3) and the VKORC1 (vitamin K epoxide reductase complex, subunit 1) gene (-1639G>A) greatly impact the maintenance dose for the drug warfarin. Prescreening patients for their genotypes before prescribing the drug facilitates a faster individualized determination of the proper maintenance dose, minimizing the risk for adverse reaction and reoccurrence of thromboembolic episodes. With current methodologies, therapy can be delayed by several hours to 1 day if genotyping is to determine the loading dose. A simpler and more rapid genotyping method is required. METHODS: We developed a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-detection assay based on the SMart Amplification Process version 2 (SMAP 2) to analyze CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, and VKORC1 -1639G>A polymorphisms. Blood from consenting participants was used directly in a closed-tube real-time assay without DNA purification to obtain results within 1 h of blood collection. RESULTS: We analyzed 125 blood samples by both SMAP 2 and PCR-RFLP methods. The results showed perfect concordance. CONCLUSIONS: The results validate the accuracy of the SMAP 2 for determination of SNPs critical to personalized warfarin therapy. SMAP 2 offers speed, simplicity of sample preparation, the convenience of isothermal amplification, and assay-design flexibility, which are significant advantages over conventional genotyping technologies. In this example and other clinical scenarios in which genetic testing is required for immediate and better-informed therapeutic decisions, SMAP 2-based diagnostics have key advantages.
  •  
2.
  • Chalbot, Sonia, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid secretory Ca2+-dependent phospholipase A2 activity is increased in Alzheimer disease.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 1530-8561 .- 0009-9147. ; 55:12, s. 2171-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The phospholipase A(2) (PLA2) family comprises multiple isoenzymes that vary in their physicochemical properties, cellular localizations, calcium sensitivities, and substrate specificities. Despite these differences, PLA2s share the ability to catalyze the synthesis of the precursors of the proinflammatory mediators. To investigate the potential of PLA2 as a biomarker in screening neuroinflammatory disorders in both clinical and research settings, we developed a PLA2 assay and determined the predominant types of PLA2 activity in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). METHODS: We used liposomes composed of a fluorescent probe (bis-Bodipy FL C11-PC [1,2-bis-(4,4- difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-undecanoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine]) and 1,2-dioleoyl-l-alpha-phosphatidylcholine as a substrate to measure CSF PLA2 activity in a 96-well microtiter plate format. We established the type of CSF PLA2 activity using type-specific inhibitors of PLA2. RESULTS: Using 5 microL CSF per assay, our PLA2 activity assay was reproducible with CVs <15% in 2 CSF samples and for recombinant secretory Ca(2+)-dependent PLA2 (sPLA2) in concentrations ranging from 0.25 to 1 micromol/L. This PLA2 assay allowed identification of sPLA2 activity in lumbar CSF from healthy individuals 20-77 years old that did not depend on either sex or age. Additionally, CSF sPLA2 activity was found to be increased (P = 0.0008) in patients with Alzheimer disease. CONCLUSIONS: Adult human CSF has sPLA2 activity that can be measured reliably with the assay described. This enzyme activity in the CSF is independent of both sex and age and might serve as a valuable biomarker of neuroinflammation, as we demonstrated in Alzheimer disease.
  •  
3.
  • Eggers, Kai M., 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • Value of cardiac troponin I cutoff concentrations below the 99th percentile for clinical decision-making
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 55:1, s. 85-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors influencing the 99th percentile for cardiac troponin I (cTnI) when this cutoff value is established on a highly sensitive assay, and to compare the value of this cutoff to that of lower cutoffs in the prognostic assessment of patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: We used the recently refined Access AccuTnI assay (Beckman-Coulter) to assess the distribution of cTnI results in a community population of elderly individuals [PIVUS (Prospective Study of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors) study; n = 1005]. The utility of predefined cTnI cutoffs for risk stratification was then evaluated in 952 patients from the FRISC II (FRagmin and Fast Revascularization during InStability in Coronary artery disease) study at 6 months after these patients had suffered acute coronary syndrome. RESULTS: Selection of assay results from a subcohort of PIVUS participants without cardiovascular disease resulted in a decrease of the 99th percentile from 0.044 microg/L to 0.028 microg/L. Men had higher rates of cTnI elevation with respect to the tested thresholds. Whereas the 99th percentile cutoff was not found to be a useful prognostic indicator for 5-year mortality, both the 90th percentile (hazard ratio 3.1; 95% CI 1.9-5.1) and the 75th percentile (hazard ratio 2.8; 95% CI 1.7-4.7) provided useful prognostic information. Sex-specific cutoffs did not improve risk prediction. CONCLUSIONS: The 99th percentile of cTnI depends highly on the characteristics of the reference population from which it is determined. This dependence on the reference population may affect the appropriateness of clinical conclusions based on this threshold. However, cTnI cutoffs below the 99th percentile seem to provide better prognostic discrimination in stabilized acute coronary syndrome patients and therefore may be preferable for risk stratification.
  •  
4.
  • Helander, A, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular species of the alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol in human blood measured by LC-MS
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 1530-8561 .- 0009-9147. ; 55:7, s. 1395-1405
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The alcohol biomarker phosphatidylethanol (PEth) comprises a group of ethanol-derived phospholipids formed from phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D. The PEth molecular species have a common phosphoethanol head group onto which 2 fatty acid moieties are attached. We developed an electrospray ionization (ESI) LC-MS method for qualitative and quantitative measurement of different PEth species in human blood.Methods: We subjected a total lipid extract of whole blood to HPLC gradient separation on a C4 column and performed LC-ESI-MS analysis using selected ion monitoring of deprotonated molecules for the PEth species and phosphatidylpropanol (internal standard). Identification of individual PEth species was based on ESI–tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis of product ions.Results: The fatty acid moieties were the major product ions of PEth, based on comparison with PEth-16:0/16:0, 18:1/18:1, and 16:0/18:1 reference material. For LC-MS analysis of different PEth species in blood, we used a calibration curve covering 0.2–7.0 μmol/L PEth-16:0/18:1. The lower limit of quantitation of the method was &lt;0.1 μmol/L, and intra- and interassay CVs were &lt;9% and &lt;11%. In blood samples collected from 38 alcohol patients, the total PEth concentration ranged between 0.1 and 21.7 μmol/L (mean 8.9). PEth-16:0/18:1 and 16:0/18:2 were the predominant molecular species, accounting for approximately 37% and 25%, respectively, of total PEth. PEth-16:0/20:4 and mixtures of 18:1/18:1 plus 18:0/18:2 (not separated using selected ion monitoring because of identical molecular masses) and 16:0/20:3 plus 18:1/18.2 made up approximately 13%, 12%, and 8%.Conclusions: This LC-MS method allows simultaneous qualitative and quantitative measurement of several PEth molecular species in whole blood samples.
  •  
5.
  •  
6.
  • Kushnir, Mark M, et al. (författare)
  • Steroid profiles in ovarian follicular fluid from regularly menstruating women and women after ovarian stimulation
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 55:3, s. 519-526
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Information on the concentrations of steroids in ovarian follicular fluid (FF) from regularly menstruating (RM) women has been limited because of the absence of methods for the simultaneous quantification of multiple steroids in small volumes of FF. We studied steroid profiles in FF during the early follicular phase of the menstrual cycle and after ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization (IVF), and compared concentrations with published values obtained by immunoassay (IA). METHODS: We used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to measure 13 steroids in 40-microL aliquots of FF samples from 21 RM women and from 5 women after ovarian stimulation for IVF. Relationships between concentrations of steroids and their ratios (representations of the enzyme activities) were evaluated within and between subgroups. RESULTS: The concentrations of testosterone (Te), androstenedione (A4), and estradiol (E2) measured by LC-MS/MS were lower than those previously reported in studies with IAs. In RM women, androgens were the most abundant class of steroids, with A4 being the major constituent. The concentrations of 17-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP), total androgens, and estrogens were 200- to 1000-fold greater in FF than in serum. Compared with RM women, FF samples from women undergoing ovarian stimulation had significantly higher concentrations of E2 (P = 0.021), pregnenolone (P = 0.0022), 17OHP (P = 0.0007), and cortisol (F) (P = 0.0016), and significantly higher ratios of F to cortisone (P = 0.0006), E2 to estrone (P = 0.0008), and E2 to Te (P = 0.0013). CONCLUSIONS: The data provide the first MS-based concentration values for 13 steroids in ovarian FF from RM women, from estrogen- and androgen-dominant follicles, and from women after ovarian stimulation for IVF.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  • Tichopad, A, et al. (författare)
  • Design and Optimization of Reverse-Transcription Quantitative PCR Experiments.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 1530-8561 .- 0009-9147. ; 55:10, s. 1816-1823
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Quantitative PCR (qPCR) is a valuable technique for accurately and reliably profiling and quantifying gene expression. Typically, samples obtained from the organism of study have to be processed via several preparative steps before qPCR. METHOD: We estimated the errors of sample withdrawal and extraction, reverse transcription (RT), and qPCR that are introduced into measurements of mRNA concentrations. We performed hierarchically arranged experiments with 3 animals, 3 samples, 3 RT reactions, and 3 qPCRs and quantified the expression of several genes in solid tissue, blood, cell culture, and single cells. RESULTS: A nested ANOVA design was used to model the experiments, and relative and absolute errors were calculated with this model for each processing level in the hierarchical design. We found that intersubject differences became easily confounded by sample heterogeneity for single cells and solid tissue. In cell cultures and blood, the noise from the RT and qPCR steps contributed substantially to the overall error because the sampling noise was less pronounced. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend the use of sample replicates preferentially to any other replicates when working with solid tissue, cell cultures, and single cells, and we recommend the use of RT replicates when working with blood. We show how an optimal sampling plan can be calculated for a limited budget.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
  • [1]23Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy