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  • Aziz, Q, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of human brain loci processing esophageal sensation using positron emission tomography
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 113:1, s. 50-59
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS:Brain loci that process human esophageal sensation remain unidentified. The aim of this study was to identify the brain loci that process nonpainful and painful human esophageal sensation.METHODS:In 8 healthy subjects (7 men; age range, 24-47 years), distal esophageal stimulation was performed by repeatedly inflating a balloon at volumes that produced either no sensation, definite sensation, or pain. Two positron emission tomography scans were performed for each sensation using H2(15)O. Magnetic resonance brain scans were also performed in each subject, and the positron emission tomography data were coregistered with magnetic resonance scans. Analysis of covariance-corrected t images showing the contrasts definite sensation-baseline, pain-baseline, and pain-definite sensation were created.RESULTS:Nonpainful stimulation elicited bilateral activations along the central sulcus, insular cortex, and frontal/parietal operculum (P < 0.01). Painful stimulation produced more intense activations of the same areas and additional activation of the right anterior insular cortex and the anterior cingulate gyrus. Multiple areas of decreased activation were also observed; prominent among these was the right prefrontal cortex, which was inhibited during both nonpainful and painful stimulation.CONCLUSIONS:Esophageal sensation activates bilaterally the insula, primary somatosensory cortex, and operculum. The right anterior insular cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus process esophageal pain.
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  • Dicksved, Johan, et al. (författare)
  • Intestinal dysbiosis in collagenous colitis
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - : Elsevier: 12 months. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 148, s. S715-S715
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
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6.
  • Halfvarson, Jonas, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease in a Swedish twin cohort : a long-term follow-up of concordance and clinical characteristics
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 124:7, s. 1767-1773
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background & Aims:In 1988, we reported the first twin study in inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of the current study was to follow up these twins regarding new cases of inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn’s disease characteristics using the Vienna classification.Methods:The official Swedish population register and the cause of death register were used to search for the twins. All living patients were interviewed.Results:Three monozygotic twins earlier classified as healthy had been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, n = 2; Crohn’s disease, n = 1). Retrospectively, all 3 were symptomatic at the original survey. This changed the pair concordance in monozygotic twins from 6.3% to 18.8% in ulcerative colitis and from 44.4% to 50.0% in Crohn’s disease. A high degree of concordance regarding age at diagnosis, disease location at diagnosis and during the course, and disease behavior was found in concordant monozygotic twin pairs with Crohn’s disease. Seven of 9 pairs were identical in 3 or more of these disease characteristics compared with an expected number of 1.5 (P = 0.000076).Conclusions:This study confirms that the genetic influence is stronger in Crohn’s disease than in ulcerative colitis. A remarkable phenotype similarity within concordant pairs with Crohn’s disease was found using the Vienna classification.
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7.
  • Halfvarson, Jonas, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammatory bowel disease in a Swedish twin cohort : a long-term follow-up of concordance and clinical characteristics
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 124:7, s. 1767-1773
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND & AIMS: In 1988, we reported the first twin study in inflammatory bowel disease. The aim of the current study was to follow up these twins regarding new cases of inflammatory bowel disease and Crohn's disease characteristics using the Vienna classification.METHODS: The official Swedish population register and the cause of death register were used to search for the twins. All living patients were interviewed.RESULTS: Three monozygotic twins earlier classified as healthy had been diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, n = 2; Crohn's disease, n = 1). Retrospectively, all 3 were symptomatic at the original survey. This changed the pair concordance in monozygotic twins from 6.3% to 18.8% in ulcerative colitis and from 44.4% to 50.0% in Crohn's disease. A high degree of concordance regarding age at diagnosis, disease location at diagnosis and during the course, and disease behavior was found in concordant monozygotic twin pairs with Crohn's disease. Seven of 9 pairs were identical in 3 or more of these disease characteristics compared with an expected number of 1.5 (P = 0.000076).CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that the genetic influence is stronger in Crohn's disease than in ulcerative colitis. A remarkable phenotype similarity within concordant pairs with Crohn's disease was found using the Vienna classification.
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  • Halim, Md. Abdul, 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • GLP-1 Inhibits Prandial Antro-Duodeno-Jejunal Motility in Humans: Native GLP-1 Compared With Analogue ROSE-010 In Vitro
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 150:4, suppl. 1, s. S97-S98
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted from L-cells after nutrient ingestion, inhibiting motility. Aims: To clarify whether infused GLP-1 inhibits in vivo prandial motility response and determine the likeliest target cell type and mechanism of action of GLP-1 and its analogue ROSE-010 using in vitro human gut muscle strips. Methods: Sixteen healthy volunteers underwent antroduodenojejunal manometry. Recordings of 1 hour infusion of saline or GLP-1 (0.7 or 1.2 pmol/kg/min) were compared. Plasma GLP-1 and GLP-2 were measured by RIA. Gastrointestinal muscle strips from surgical re-sections, pre-contracted with bethanechol or electric field stimulation (EFS), were investigated for GLP-1 or ROSE-010 induced relaxation. GLP-1, GLP-2 and receptors for GLP-1 and GLP-2 (GLP-1R, GLP-2R) were visualized by immunohistochemistry. Mechanisms were studied employing exendin(9-39) amide, Lw-nitro-monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA), 2´5´-dideoxyadenosine (DDA) and tetrodotoxin (TTX). Results: Food-intake increased motility index from 4.0±0.5 to 6.4±0.3 (antrum), 4.2±0.4 to 5.7±0.4 (duodenum) and 4.6±0.3 to 5.9±0.2 (jejunum) ln(Σ(mmHg·s·min-1)). GLP-1 at 0.7 pmol/kg/minwas sufficient to suppress these indexes from 6.2±0.4 to 3.8±0.7, 5.6±0.6 to 3.9±0.6 and 5.8±0.1 to 4.6±0.4 ln(Σ(mmHg·s·min-1)). Both GLP-1 doses raised plasma GLP-1, but not GLP-2. GLP-1 (EC50 40 nM) and ROSE-010 (EC50 50 nM) relaxed bethanechol-induced contractions in muscle strips. Inhibitory responses were blocked by exendin(9-39) amide, L-NMMA, DDA or TTX pre-treatment. GLP-1R and GLP-2R were expressed in myenteric neurons, but not muscle. Conclusions: GLP-1 and ROSE-010 inhibit motility through GLP-1R at myenteric neurons, which also possess GLP-2 receptors. GLP-1 increases more than GLP-2 with meals and does not increase plasma GLP-2. GLP-1 and ROSE-010 relaxations are cAMP and NO dependent.
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