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Sökning: L773:0065 0668

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  • Basu, Eve-Michelle (författare)
  • Typifications of Contemporary New Venture Units: An Exploratory Analysis of Visual Registers
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings. - 0065-0668 .- 2151-6561.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Innovation ‘labs’ and ‘garages’ and units sometimes simply called ‘X’ are mushrooming in large corporations. Such new venture units are, however, not a novel phenomenon and have gone in and out of fashion since the 1970s. Extant work conceives of these units as vehicles for corporate venturing and discusses them as places that allow internal new ventures to grow in an environment, designed specifically to support and protect the development of fledgling new ventures with the appropriate culture and routines, until they are ready to be adopted by the mainstream organization. This understanding is, however, colored by the common conceptual and methodological choices of prior research and may overlook other meanings of NVUs. In this study, we thus problematize the ‘settled’ view of NVUs in the literature and study corporations’ intersubjectively shared, situated and culturally embedded ideas about NVUs, and their essential characteristics, that are embodied in visual representations of NVUs. For this purpose, we explore recurring, typified symbolic instantiations of actors and acts, as well as the use of visual language, in 464 images used to present and introduce NVUs on the websites of 30 large, European corporations. We find that the habitat of NVUs, and life inside it, (i.e. NVUs way of working and working conditions) and not ventures and outputs are central to the visual discourse."
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  • Doshi, Vijayta, et al. (författare)
  • 'Be Creative!' : Control, Demand, Hypocrisy, and the Management of Creativity
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings. - : Academy of Management. - 0065-0668. ; 2016:1
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our paper challenges the “romantic” notion of creativity being good and liberating. Interpreting the empirical evidences from two organizations, based in India and Sweden, respectively, it presents how creativity and creative process are strangling because they are controlled and demanded in organizations. In doing so, we put forth the idea of hypocritical creativity in organizations. Our study highlights the shortcomings of the dominant perspective on creativity and suggests the need for further empirical studies that examine creativity critically in different contexts.
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  • Hallberg, Niklas Lars (författare)
  • The Development of Asymmetric Contracting Capabilities : Exploring the Effect on Contract Design
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings. - 0065-0668 .- 2151-6561. ; 2019:1
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • I augment transaction cost economics and the learning to contract perspective by outlining the effect of asymmetric contracting capabilities on contract design and governance structure. According to the learning to contract literature, parties in contractual relationships adopt a governance structure that economizes on transaction costs, and then over time learn to govern relationships in a more efficient manner, thereby further reducing transaction costs. I argue that this perspective on contracting and governance should be supplemented with the notion that firms in contractual relationships are likely to develop asymmetrical contracting capabilities because of differential initial endowments and learning speed. As a result, the contract regulating the relationship is designed in a way that is expected to benefit the party with stronger contracting capability by allowing it to include contractual terms that externalize costs and internalize revenues. This shift in the expected distribution of payoffs between the contracting parties shapes the parties’ preferences over different contractual forms in ways presently not addressed in transaction cost economics and the learning to contract literature. A potentially counterintuitive implication is that repeated interaction and strong learning dynamics may lead to reduced incentive alignment and trust between the contracting parties.
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  • Johansson, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • 3rd Generation Partnership Project: Coopetition in a Developmental Standardisation Setting
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management Proceedings. - 0065-0668 .- 2151-6561. ; 2017:1
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study examines the interdependence between R&D resources, coopetitive performance and extent of cooperation in development- related standardization settings that involve network effects. Coopetitive performance is measured as the firm’s influence on the change process of standards. Cooperation is measured as the number of firm technology partners in influencing industry technology standards. From a dataset of 152,959 decisions from the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) change request database during the period 2004-2013, firm influence on the standardization change process was studied by identifying firm involvement in change request decisions. The study supports the hypothesis that R&D resources are associated with coopetitive performance in innovation-related coopetitive settings with network effects. And, for firms that have a stronger dependence on the output of cooperative industry technology development, R&D resources are associated with fewer partners when trying to influence industry technology standards.
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  • Ljungberg, Daniel, 1980 (författare)
  • Lone Inventors and Technological Novelty
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Annual Meeting of Academy of Management. - 0065-0668 .- 2151-6561.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • According to extant studies, single and independent inventors have a lower probability of creating breakthrough inventions than teams and organizations. Scholars have, however, in recent years highlighted the need to distinguish between inventions’ novelty and value or technological impact, rather than treat the former as an inherent dimension of the latter. At the same time, there is a long tradition of research on brainstorming and group creativity asserting that collaboration in teams, or similarly in organizations, is associated with less novel outcomes, as opposed to individuals working alone. This paper accordingly explores the relationship between lone inventors and the likelihood of generating technological novelty, as compared to inventors working alone and/or in organizations. This paper provides the first systematic and large-scale study of this topic, by analyzing all U.S. patents applied for between 1986 and 2010. The findings suggest that both independent and single inventors have an advantage when it comes to novelty generation compared to collaboration in teams and/or organizations. The results also indicate that the technological complexity of the invention moderates the studied relationships; Single and independent inventors lose their relatively higher probability of generating technological novelty under higher complexity. The paper contributes to the understanding of the role of lone inventors in innovation, as well as to the antecedents of technological novelty.
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  • McKelvey, Maureen, 1965, et al. (författare)
  • Governance of Regional Innovation Systems: An Evolutionary Conceptual Model of How Firms Engage
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Academy of Management proceedings, Vancouver, Canada. - 0065-0668. ; 2015:AOM/TIM 16530
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper draws upon insights from social science, in order to propose a conceptualization of the governance of a regional innovation system. We are specifically interested in ones initiated through public policy and aiming to stimulate the competitiveness of firms through developing new technological knowledge through collaborative research involving different organizations. We are assuming firms choose whether, when and how to collaborate. This paper proposes a conceptual model, which focuses upon the governance processes at the regional level of this translation of knowledge into innovation and entrepreneurship. The underlying argumentation for the model is built from existing research. We interpret that regional innovation governance depends upon capacity building among three heterogeneous organizations – namely university-government-industry. This represents a case of a polycentric, adaptive, complex and self-organizing system, whereby collective action is supported by norms and institutions in order to develop a region resource pool. Hence, our expectation is that our conceptual model will help explain why different outcomes are possible. The concluding section discusses a future research agenda, by going further to explore how to define and analyze the attributes (mechanisms) enabling governance of a regional innovation system as well as to analyze how public policy and firms engage.
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