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Träfflista för sökning "L773:0264 6021 srt2:(1980-1989);srt2:(1989)"

Sökning: L773:0264 6021 > (1980-1989) > (1989)

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1.
  • Gierow, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Heterogeneity of smooth endoplasmic reticulum from rat liver studied by two-phase partitioning
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - 0264-6021 .- 1470-8728. ; 262:1, s. 55-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Smooth microsomal membranes, prepared from rat liver by sucrose-density-gradient centrifugation, were subfractionated by counter-current distribution in an aqueous two-phase system consisting of poly(ethylene glycol) and Dextran T500. A comparison of the distribution curves of marker enzymes, together with theoretically calculated curves, indicated the presence of at least five membrane subfractions, differing in the ratios of the marker enzymes. Glucose-6-phosphatase and arylesterase distributed in one manner, and NADPH-cytochrome c reductase and NADH-ferricyanide reductase in another. Evidence for further heterogeneities in the distribution of marker enzymes in smooth microsomes was obtained by analysing the membrane domain structure using a recently described method [Albertsson (1988) Q. Rev. Biophys. 21, 61-98]. Phenobarbital treatment did not influence the behaviour of the marker enzymes. 
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2.
  • Hederstedt, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • New properties of Bacillus subtilis succinate dehydrogenase altered at the active site
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Journal. - : Portland Press. - 0264-6021. ; 260:2, s. 491-497
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mammalian and Escherichia coli succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and E. coli fumarate reductase apparentlycontain an essential cysteine residue at the active site, as shown by substrate-protectable inactivation withthiol-specific reagents. Bacillus subtilis SDH was found to be resistant to this type of reagent and containsan alanine residue at the amino acid position equivalent to the only invariant cysteine in the flavoproteinsubunit of E. coli succinate oxidoreductases. Substitution of this alanine, at position 252 in the flavoprotein subunit of B. subtilis SDH, by cysteine resulted in an enzyme sensitive to thiol-specific reagents and protectable by substrate. Other biochemical properties of the redesigned SDH were similar to those of the wild-type enzyme. It is concluded that the invariant cysteine in the flavoprotein of E. coli succinate oxidoreductases corresponds to the active site thiol. However, this cysteine is most likely not essential for succinate oxidation and seemingly lacks an assignable specific function. An invariant arginine in juxtaposition to Ala-252 in the flavoprotein of B. subtilis SDH, and to the invariant cysteine in the E. coli homologous enzymes, is probably essential for substrate binding.
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  • Resultat 1-2 av 2
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (2)
Författare/redaktör
Hederstedt, Lars (1)
Gierow, Peter (1)
Hedén, Lars-Olof (1)
Jergil, B (1)
Lärosäte
Lunds universitet (1)
Linnéuniversitetet (1)
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Engelska (2)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Naturvetenskap (1)
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