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Sökning: L773:0724 4983 OR L773:1433 8726

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  • Alvaeus, Julia, et al. (författare)
  • Fewer tumour draining sentinel nodes in patients with progressing muscle invasive bladder cancer, after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radical cystectomy
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 38, s. 2207-2213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between the number of tumour draining sentinel nodes (SNs) and pathoanatomical outcomes, in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), in patients undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and radical cystectomy (RC).MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an ongoing prospective multicenter study, we included 230 patients with suspected urothelial MIBC from ten Swedish urological centers. All underwent TURb and clinical staging. From the cohort, 116 patients with urothelial MIBC; cT2-cT4aN0M0, underwent radical cystectomy (RC) and lymphadenectomy with SN-detection (SNd). 83 patients received cisplatin-based NAC and 33 were NAC-naïve. The number and locations of detected SNs and non-SNs were recorded for each patient. The NAC treated patients were categorized by pathoanatomical outcomes post-RC into three groups: complete responders (CR), stable disease (SD) and progressive disease (PD). Selected covariates with possible impact on SN-yield were tested in uni -and multivariate analyses for NAC-treated patients only.RESULTS: In NAC treated patients, the mean number of SNs was significantly higher in CR patients (3.3) and SD patients (3.6) compared with PD patients (1.4) (p = 0.034). In a linear multivariate regression model, the number of harvested nodes was the only independent variable that affected the number of SNs (p = 0.0004).CONCLUSIONS: The number of tumor-draining SNs in NAC-treated patients was significantly lower in patients with progressive disease.
  • Dabestani, Saeed, et al. (författare)
  • Renal cell carcinoma recurrences and metastases in primary non-metastatic patients : a population-based study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - New York, USA : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 34:8, s. 1081-1086
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To present the occurrence of metastases and local recurrences in primary non-metastatic patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in a contemporary Swedish population-based cohort.Methods: Between 2005 and 2009, a total of 4527 patients were included in the prospective National Swedish Kidney Cancer Register accounting for nearly all RCC patients in Sweden. Among M0 patients, 472 (13 %) had no follow-up data registered within 5-year follow-up time and were excluded from the analysis.Results: In total, 939 (21 %) had distant metastases at presentation with a decrease from 23 to 18 % during the inclusion period. Of 3107 patients with follow-up data and with M0 disease, 623 (20 %) were diagnosed with a tumor recurrence during 5-year follow-up. Mean time to recurrence was 24 months (SD ± 20 months). Among these, 570 patients (92 %) were at primary diagnosis treated with radical nephrectomy, 23 patients (3.7 %) with partial nephrectomy and 12 patients (1.9 %) with minimally invasive treatments. The most frequent sites of metastases were lung (54 %), lymph nodes (22 %) and bone (20 %). The treatment of recurrence was in 50 % systemic treatments, while metastasectomy was performed in 17 % of the patients, out of which 68 % were with a curative intention.Conclusions: In this population-based study, 21 % of the patients had metastatic disease at presentation, with a decreasing trend over the study period. During 5-year follow-up, 20 % of the primary non-metastatic patients had recurrent disease. Of the patients with recurrence, half were given systemic oncological treatment and 17 % underwent metastasectomy.
  • Fojecki, Grzegorz, et al. (författare)
  • Consultation on UTUC, Stockholm 2018 aspects of diagnosis of upper tract urothelial carcinoma
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 37:11, s. 2271-2278
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To summarize knowledge on upper urinary tract carcinoma (UTUC) regarding diagnostic procedures, risk factors and prognostic markers.Methods: A scoping review approach was applied to search literature in Pubmed, Web of Science, and Embase. Consensus was reached through discussions at Consultation on UTUC in Stockholm, September 2018.Results: Tumor stage and grade are the most important prognostic factors. CT urography (CTU) including corticomedullary phase is the preferred imaging modality. A clear tumor on CTU in combination with high-grade UTUC in urine cytology identifies high-risk UTUC, and in some cases indirect staging can be obtained. Bladder urine cytology has limited sensitivity, and in most cases ureterorenoscopy (URS) with in situ samples for cytology and histopathology are mandatory for exact diagnosis. Image-enhancing techniques, Image S1 and narrow-band imaging, may improve tumor detection at URS. Direct confocal laser endomicroscopy may help to define grade during URS. There is strong correlation between stage and grade, accordingly correct grading is crucial. The correlation is more pronounced using the 1999 WHO than the 2004 classification: however, the 1999 system risks greater interobserver variability. Using both systems is advisable. A number of tissue-based molecular markers have been studied. None has proven ready for use in clinical practice.Conclusions: Correct grading and staging of UTUC are mandatory for adequate treatment decisions. Optimal diagnostic workup should include CTU with corticomedullary phase, URS with in situ cytology and biopsies. Both WHO classification systems (1999 and 2004) should be used to decrease risk of undergrading or overtreatment.
  • Grotta, Alessandra, et al. (författare)
  • Physical activity and body mass index as predictors of prostate cancer risk
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 33:10, s. 1495-1502
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Physical activity and body mass index (BMI) are involved in prostate cancer etiology; possible biologic mechanisms include their effects on hormonal levels. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between physical activity, obesity, and prostate cancer.METHODS: We followed a cohort of 13,109 Swedish men for 13 years and investigated the association of self-reported physical activity and BMI at baseline with prostate cancer incidence. We further analyzed whether BMI could modulate effects of physical activity. Occupational, recreational, and total physical activity were analyzed in relation to overall, localized, and advanced prostate cancer.RESULTS: During the study follow-up, we observed a total of 904 cases of prostate cancer (429 localized, 407 advanced, and 68 unclassified). High levels of occupational physical activity were associated with a nonsignificantly decreased risk of overall (HR 0.81, 95 % CI 0.61-1.07), localized (HR 0.75, 95 % CI 0.51-1.12), and advanced (HR 0.85, 95 % CI 0.55-1.31) prostate cancer. We found no association between high BMI and risk of prostate cancer incidence: We observed, however, a significant interaction between BMI and leisure physical activity.CONCLUSION: No association was confirmed between total physical activity and localized or advanced prostate cancer. The highest, relative to the lowest, level of occupational physical activity tended to be linked to a lower risk of prostate cancer, with a suggested dose-response relationship. We found no association between high BMI and risk of prostate cancer incidence; however, our analyses suggested an interaction between BMI and physical activity during recreational time that merits further investigation in future studies.
  • Hagman, A., et al. (författare)
  • Urinary continence recovery and oncological outcomes after surgery for prostate cancer analysed by risk category: results from the LAParoscopic prostatectomy robot and open trial
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Urology. - : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To evaluate urinary continence (UC) recovery and oncological outcomes in different risk-groups after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RALP) and open retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP). Patients and methods We analysed 2650 men with prostate cancer from seven open (n = 805) and seven robotic (n = 1845) Swedish centres between 2008 and 2011 in a prospective non-randomised trial, LAPPRO. UC recovery was defined as change of pads less than once in 24 h. Information was collected through validated questionnaires. Rate of positive surgical margins (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR), defined as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) > 0.25 mg/ml, were recorded. We stratified patients into two risk groups (low-intermediate and high risk) based on the D'Amico risk classification system. Result Among men with high-risk prostate cancer, we found significantly higher rates of UC recovery up to 24 months after RRP compared to RALP (66.1% vs 60.5%) RR 0.85 (CI 95% 0.73-0.99) while PSM was more frequent after RRP compared to RALP (46.8% vs 23.5%) RR 1.56 (CI 95% 1.10-2.21). In the same group no significant difference was seen in BCR. Overall, however, BCR was significantly more common after RRP compared to RALP at 24 months (9.8% vs 6.6%) RR 1.43 (Cl 95% 1.08-1.89). The limitations of this study are its non-randomized design and the relatively short time of follow-up. Conclusions Our study indicates that men with high-risk tumour operated with open surgery had better urinary continence recovery but with a higher risk of PSM than after robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery. No significant difference was seen in biochemical recurrence.
  • Jerlström, Tomas, et al. (författare)
  • No increased risk of short-term complications after radical cystectomy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer among patients treated with preoperative chemotherapy : a nation-wide register-based study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Urology. - : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 38:2, s. 381-388
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Preoperative chemotherapy is underused in conjunction with radical cystectomy (RC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) due to concerns for complications and delay of surgery. Prospective data on short-term complications from population-based settings with frequent use of preoperative chemotherapy and standardised reporting of complications is lacking. Methods: We identified 1,340 patients who underwent RC between 2011 and 2015 in Sweden due to MIBC according to the Swedish Cystectomy Register. These individuals were followed through linkages to several national registers. Propensity score adjusted logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for complications and death within 90 days of surgery, comparing patients receiving preoperative chemotherapy or not. Results: Minimum two cycles of preoperative chemotherapy were given to 519 (39%) of the patients, who on average tended to be younger, have higher education, better physical status, and more advanced bladder cancer than patients not receiving chemotherapy. After adjusting for these and other parameters, there was no association between treatment with preoperative chemotherapy and short-term complications (OR 1.06 95% CI 0.82–1.39) or mortality (OR 0.75 95% CI 0.36–1.55). We observed a risk reduction for gastrointestinal complications among patients who received preoperative chemotherapy compared with those who did not (OR 0.49 95% CI 0.30–0.81). Conclusion: This nation-wide population-based observational study does not suggest that preoperative chemotherapy, in a setting with high utilisation of such treatment, is associated with an increased risk of short-term complications in MIBC patients treated with radical cystectomy.
  • Kuusk, Teele, et al. (författare)
  • Outcome after resection of occult and non-occult lymph node metastases at the time of nephrectomy
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - : Springer Nature. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: There is sparse evidence on outcomes of resected occult LN metastases at the time of nephrectomy (synchronous disease). We sought to analyse a large international cohort of patients and to identify clinico-pathological predictors of long-term survival.Materials and methods: We collected data of consecutive patients who underwent nephrectomy and LND for Tany cN0-1pN1 and cM0-1 RCC at 7 referral centres between 1988 and 2019. Patients were stratified into four clinico-pathological groups: (1) cN0cM0-pN1, (2) cN1cM0-pN1(limited, 1–3 positive nodes), (3) cN1cM0-pN1(extensive, > 3 positive nodes), and (4) cM1-pN1. Overall survival (OS) was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method, and associations with all-cause mortality (ACM) were evaluated using Cox models with multiple imputations.Results: Of the 4370 patients with LND, 292 patients with pN1 disease were analysed. Median follow-up was 62 months, during which 171 patients died. Median OS was 21 months (95% CI 17–30 months) and the 5-year OS rate was 24% (95% CI 18–31%). Patients with cN0cM0-pN1 disease had a median OS of 57 months and a 5-year OS rate of 43%. 5-year OS (median OS) decreased to 29% (33 months) in cN1cM0-pN1(limited) and to 23% (23 months) in cN1cM0-pN1(extensive) patients. Those with cM1-pN1 disease had the worst prognosis, with a 5-year OS rate of 13% (9 months). On multivariable analysis, age (p = 0.034), tumour size (p = 0.02), grade (p = 0.02) and clinico-pathological group (p < 0.05) were significant predictors of ACM.Conclusion: Depending on clinico-pathological group, grade and tumour size, 5-year survival of patients with LN metastases varies from 13 to 43%. Patients with resected occult lymph node involvement (cN0/pN1 cM0) have the best prognosis with a considerable chance of long-term survival.
  • Marconi, Lorenzo, et al. (författare)
  • External validation of a predictive model of survival after cytoreductive nephrectomy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 36:12, s. 1973-1980
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IntroductionRecent trials have emphasized the importance of a precise patient selection for cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN). In 2013, a nomogram was developed for pre- and postoperative prediction of the probability of death (PoD) after CN in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. To date, the single-institutional nomogram which included mostly patients from the cytokine era has not been externally validated. Our objective is to validate the predictive model in contemporary patients in the targeted therapy era.MethodsMulti-institutional European and North American data from patients who underwent CN between 2006 and 2013 were used for external validation. Variables evaluated included preoperative serum albumin and lactate dehydrogenase levels, intraoperative blood transfusions (yes/no) and postoperative pathologic stage (primary tumour and nodes). In addition, patient characteristics and MSKCC risk factors were collected. Using the original calibration indices and quantiles of the distribution of predictions, Kaplan-Meier estimates and calibration plots of observed versus predicted PoD were calculated. For the preoperative model a decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed.ResultsOf 1108 patients [median OS of 27months (95% CI 24.6-29.4)], 536 and 469 patients had full data for the validation of the pre- and postoperative models, respectively. The AUC for the pre- and postoperative model was 0.68 (95% CI 0.62-0.74) and 0.73 (95% CI 0.68-0.78), respectively. In the DCA the preoperative model performs well within threshold survival probabilities of 20-50%. Most important limitation was the retrospective collection of this external validation dataset.ConclusionsIn this external validation, the pre- and postoperative nomograms predicting PoD following CN were well calibrated. Although performance of the preoperative nomogram was lower than in the internal validation, it retains the ability to predict early death after CN.
  • Merseburger, Axel S, et al. (författare)
  • Hot topics in kidney cancer 2010
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: World journal of urology. - : Springer. - 0724-4983 .- 1433-8726. ; 28:3, s. 245-246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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