SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:0732 183X OR L773:1527 7755 ;srt2:(2015-2019)"

Sökning: L773:0732 183X OR L773:1527 7755 > (2015-2019)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
61.
  • Maurer, Matthew J., et al. (författare)
  • International Assessment of Event-Free Survival at 24 Months and Subsequent Survival in Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X. ; 35:36, s. 4019-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) have aggressive clinical behavior. We have previously shown that event-free survival (EFS) at 24 months (EFS24) is a clinically useful end point in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Here, we assess EFS24 and subsequent overall survival (OS) in large, multinational PTCL cohorts. Patients and Methods Patients with systemic PTCL newly diagnosed from 2000 to 2012 and treated with curative intent were included from the United States and Sweden (initial cohorts) and from Canada (replication cohort). EFS was defined as time from date of diagnosis to progression after primary treatment, retreatment, or death. Subsequent OS was measured after achieving EFS24 or from the time of progression if it occurred within 24 months. OS rates were compared with the age-, sex-, and country-matched general population. Results Seven hundred seventy-five patients were included in the study (the median age at diagnosis was 64 years; 63% were men). Results were similar in the initial and replication cohorts, and a combined analysis was undertaken. Sixty-four percent of patients progressed within the first 24 months and had a median OS of only 4.9 months (5-year OS, 11%). In contrast, median OS after achieving EFS24 was not reached (5-year OS, 78%), although relapses within 5 years of achieving EFS24 occurred in 23% of patients. Superior outcomes after achieving EFS24 were observed in younger patients (≤ 60 years of age: 5-year OS, 91%). Conclusion EFS24 stratifies subsequent outcome in PTCL. Patients with PTCL with primary refractory disease or early relapse have extremely poor survival. However, more than one third of patients with PTCL remain in remission 2 years after diagnosis with encouraging subsequent OS, especially in younger patients. These marked differences in outcome suggest that EFS24 has utility for patient counseling, study design, and risk stratification in PTCL.
  •  
62.
  •  
63.
  •  
64.
  • Mucci, LA, et al. (författare)
  • Precision prevention of TMPRSS2: ERG prostate cancer.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 34:2
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • 78 Background: Increased integration of tumor biomarker data into prostate cancer epidemiology studies is needed to identify molecular subtypes that underlie its etiology and progression. We hypothesize that the TMPRSS2:ERG gene fusion is a unique prostate cancer subtype that is etiologically distinct from cancers lacking TMPRSS2:ERG. Methods: We leveraged the Physicians’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-up Study cohort data on pre- and post-diagnostic lifestyle factors, inherited genetic variants, circulating biomarkers, and clinical data and follow-up for 30 years. We have a tumor repository of men with prostate cancer and tumor tissue microarrays. Using immunohistochemistry, we characterized TMPRSS2:ERG status for 1,491 incident prostate cancer cases in these cohorts, and also have biomarker data on a range of additional markers from immunohistochemistry and mRNA expression profiling. Results: Fifty percent of prostate cancer cases were ERG-positive. ERG-positive cancers show much higher expression of insulin/IGF signaling, PTEN loss, higher VDR expression, as well as expression of mismatch repair genes. In contrast, ERG-negative prostate cancer is characterized by increased presence of chronic inflammation and atrophy. We found higher pre-diagnostic free testosterone levels, but not other sex hormones, were associated with increased risk of ERG-positive (OR = 1.4, 95% CI = 1.0-1.8) but not ERG-negative disease (OR = 0.9, 95% CI = 0.7-1.2). Of 39 known genetic risk loci, six were significantly associated (p < 0.05) with ERG+ versus ERG- cancer (2 expected by chance). Prostate cancer risk factors such as taller height (an indicator of growth factors in puberty) are uniquely associated with ERG-positive prostate cancer. Moreover, we observe a complex interaction of components of insulin/IGF and ERG-status on prostate cancer mortality. Conclusions: TMPRSS2:ERG is a highly prevalent somatic event in prostate cancer that likely defines a unique molecular subtype of this common disease. Understanding the differences between these two prostate cancer subtypes may enhance opportunities for prevention.
  •  
65.
  • Nilsson, S, et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy of a novel cytotoxic polybisphosphonate for treatment of bone metastasis in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 33:7
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • 236 Background: A cytostatic polybisphosphonate was developed for Tx of mCRPC. It has a) anti-resorptive effects, osteoclast inhib., b) tum. cell spec./tox, confirmed in in-vivo models. Tox. study shows high tolerability. Animal PK study has shown T½ < 3 hrs; principal accumulation in liver, spleen, kidneys. Methods: Clin phase I/IIa (clinicaltrials.gov NCT01595087): Prim obj: to define MTD of ODX given every 3rd week. Sec. obj: OS, bone metab. and resp. markers, PSA, QoL and PK. Explorative in vitrostudies (basis for rand. phase IIb trial in pts. with docetax-res. mCRPC). A docetax-resist. cell-line was developed from DU145 in escalating conc. of docetax, then continuous growth in docetax 500 µg/ml. Cells subj. to cytotox. exp. with ODX (iCELLigence system and fluorom microculture cytotox assay). Results: Clin Phase I/IIa first-in-man trial (clinicaltrials.gov NCT01595087): 17/28 patients rec. 4-7 doses every 3rd week. No DLTs; max dose adm.: 3.0 mg/kg: no drug-related SAEs. Tx was well tolerated. Efficacy and QoL data w. considerable variability as to be expected in this population of pts. w. mCRPC. Max blood conc. ODX: 110-160 fmol/mL; 85-90 % cleared within first 1 hr. Efficacy of ODX in docetax-res DU145TR: A dose-dependent cytotox effect seen when adding ODX in “sub-clin.” doses. All cells were apparently killed in the clin. relevant dose 6 uM. Conclusions: ODX is a novel drug cand. w. high cytotox. efficacy in vivo and in vitro, even in highly docetax-res. cells. Animal studies and Phase I trial show excellent tolerability. Studies now ongoing to elucidate whether short-term treatment is as efficacious as continuous treatment and whether some cells de facto may develop resistance also to this new treatment concept. A multicenter rand. double-blind pbo. controlled trial (EudraCT 2014-002054-39) starts Q4 2014 in mCRPC pts failing docetax and/or cabazitaxel AND abiraterone and/or enzalutamide. Clinical trial information: NCT01595087.
  •  
66.
  •  
67.
  • Nordstrom, T, et al. (författare)
  • Association of changing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels on repeat testing with lower risk for Gleason Score (GS) >= 7 prostate cancer
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO). - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 34:2
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • 284 Background: PSA levels are often verified before recommending a prostate biopsy because of the variability of PSA, We used data from the STHLM3 trial to assess the value of a second PSA test taken prior to biopsy. Methods: STHLM3 is a prospective and population-based prostate cancer diagnostic study performed in Stockholm, Sweden, 2013-2015. 1686 men in STHLM3 with a PSA value 3-10 ng/ml performed a second PSA test within 8 weeks of the first test and then underwent prostate biopsy. We compared proportions of cancer detected in men with stable PSA levels (2nd PSA within +/-10% of 1stPSA) to men whose PSA levels increased or decreased at least 10%, respectively. Results: Men with GS ≥ 7 cancer in the biopsy had more stable PSA than men with benign biopsies; the median change was 13.7% (inter-quartile range (IQR) 6.1-26.9) in men with benign biopsies, 13.0% (IQR 6.1-25.6) in men with GS ≤ 6 tumors and 8.2% (IQR 4.5-16.7) in men with GS ≥ 7 tumors. The average risk of having GS ≥ 7 cancer was 15.4% (95% CI 13.7 – 17.1) after the first test (i.e. the entire cohort), 21.6% (95% CI 18.6 – 24.6) in men with stable PSA levels compared with 13.5% (95% CI 10.2 – 16.7) and 9.0% (95% CI 6.6 – 11.4) if PSA levels increased or decreased at least 10%, respectively. There were no significant differences in risk of GS ≤ 6 tumor for men with stable PSA compared to men with increasing/decreasing PSA. Conclusions: As previously shown, the risk of prostate cancer decreases if a repeat PSA test shows decreasing levels. We show that this effect mainly affect GS ≥ 7 tumors, and that the risk of prostate cancer also decreases with increasing PSA values. Our findings need validation, but suggest that PSA is more stable in men with GS ≥ 7 cancer, whereas elevated but fluctuating PSA levels to a higher degree are caused by other processes (e.g. inflammation). Use of decision tools could aid incorporation of complex information such as repeat PSA values in diagnostics.
  •  
68.
  • O'Farrell, Sean, et al. (författare)
  • Risk and Timing of Cardiovascular Disease After Androgen-Deprivation Therapy in Men With Prostate Cancer
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 33:11, s. 1243-1251
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Findings on the association between risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the duration and type of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate cancer (PCa) are inconsistent.Methods By using data on filled drug prescriptions in Swedish national health care registers, we investigated the risk of CVD in a cohort of 41,362 men with PCa on ADT compared with an age-matched, PCa-free comparison cohort (n = 187,785) by use of multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression models.Results From 2006 to 2012, 10,656 men were on antiandrogens (AA), 26,959 were on gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, and 3,747 underwent surgical orchiectomy. CVD risk was increased in men on GnRH agonists compared with the comparison cohort (hazard ratio [HR] of incident CVD, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.18 to 1.25; and orchiectomy: HR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.25). Men with PCa on AA were at decreased risk (HR of incident CVD, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.91). CVD risk was highest during the first 6 months of ADT in men who experienced two or more cardiovascular events before therapy, with an HR of CVD during the first 6 months of GnRH agonist therapy of 1.91 (95% CI, 1.66 to 2.20), an HR of CVD with AA of 1.60 (95% CI, 1.24 to 2.06), and an HR of CVD with orchiectomy of 1.79 (95% CI, 1.16 to 2.76) versus the comparison cohort.Conclusion Our results support that there should be a solid indication for ADT in men with PCa so that benefit outweighs potential harm; this is of particular importance among men with a recent history of CVD.
  •  
69.
  •  
70.
  • Pujade-Lauraine, Eric, et al. (författare)
  • Volasertib Versus Chemotherapy in Platinum-Resistant or -Refractory Ovarian Cancer : A Randomized Phase II Groupe des Investigateurs Nationaux pour l'Etude des Cancers de l'Ovaire Study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 34:7, s. 706-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Volasertib is a potent and selective cell-cycle kinase inhibitor that induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis by targeting Polo-like kinase. This phase II trial evaluated volasertib or single-agent chemotherapy in patients with platinum-resistant or -refractory ovarian cancer who experienced failure after treatment with two or three therapy lines. Patients and Methods Patients were randomly assigned to receive either volasertib 300 mg by intravenous infusion every 3 weeks or an investigator's choice of single-agent, nonplatinum, cytotoxic chemotherapy. The primary end point was 24-week disease control rate. Secondary end points included best overall response, progression-free survival (PFS), safety, quality of life, and exploratory biomarker analyses. Results Of the 109 patients receiving treatment, 54 received volasertib and 55 received chemotherapy; demographics were well balanced. The 24-week disease control rates for volasertib and chemotherapy were 30.6% (95% CI, 18.0% to 43.2%) and 43.1% (95% CI, 29.6% to 56.7%), respectively, with partial responses in seven (13.0%) and eight (14.5%) patients, respectively. Median PFS was 13.1 weeks and 20.6 weeks for volasertib and chemotherapy (hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.66 to 1.53). Six patients (11%) receiving volasertib achieved PFS fore more than 1 year, whereas no patient receiving chemotherapy achieved PFS greater than 1 year. No relationship between the expression of the biomarkers tested and their response was determined. Patients treated with volasertib experienced more grade 3 and 4 drug-related hematologic adverse events (AEs) and fewer nonhematologic AEs than did patients receiving chemotherapy. Discontinuation resulting from AEs occurred in seven (13.0%) and 15 (27.3%) patients in the volasertib and chemotherapy arms, respectively. Both arms showed similar effects on quality of life. Conclusion Single-agent volasertib showed antitumor activity in patients with ovarian cancer. AEs in patients receiving volasertib were mainly hematologic and manageable.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy