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Sökning: L773:0926 9630 OR L773:9781614995654

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  • Helle, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Combining apps targeting professionals and senior citizens to improve housing accessibility and influence housing provision policies.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : IOS Press. - 0926-9630. - 9781614995654 ; 217, s. 300-305
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two separate apps that address the increasingly important issue of accessible housing for senior citizens have been developed in different project settings. One of the apps was developed to facilitate the process for professional raters to assess housing accessibility in the context of individual housing adaptations. The other app was developed for senior citizens to raise their awareness of possible accessibility problems in their current dwelling and in other apartments within the available housing stock. Both apps were developed with a high degree of active user involvement in processes utilizing multiple state of the art methods. The results are two well accepted prototype apps perceived as user-friendly and appropriate for the intended user groups. By combining these two apps, our ambition is for the professional raters to benefit by gaining knowledge of their clients' perceived needs and desires, and for senior citizens to benefit by getting access to a database of professionally rated dwellings. The ultimate goal is the generation of sound knowledge reflecting the needs and desires of senior citizens and professional requirements regarding accessible housing as a means to inform and influence housing provision policies.
  • Lidström, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Using a Participatory Action Research Design to Develop an Application Together with Young Adults with Spina Bifida
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : IOS PRESS. - 0926-9630 .- 1879-8365. ; 217, s. 189-194, s. 189-194
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Young adults with spina bifida often have cognitive difficulties. As a result, young adults with disabilities are facing challenges with respect to housing, education, relationships and vocation which increases risk of unemployment.AIM: The aim is to describe a method to develop a smartphone application together with young adults with spina bifida as an assistive technology for cognition.METHOD: In a Participatory Action Research approach, young adults (n = 5) with spina bifida were individually interviewed with Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). The participants' restrictions in everyday life activities, identified by COPM, were discussed in a focus group formed by the young adults and the result was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Developing the application the principles of Human-Centered-Design and Universal Design was followed.RESULT: An application made for iOS with a focus on usability and worthiness, done by creating a clear and intuitive interface, with a calendar function useful for example to initiate and plan social activities was developed.CONCLUSION: The method seems useful when the outcome from the project, a beta version of an application for iOS Smartphone, was achieved in agreement with the participants. The study highlight the importance of involving individuals with disabilities when developing smartphone applications.
  • Sund, Terje, et al. (författare)
  • The relationship between the key elements of Donabedian's conceptual model within the field of assistive technology.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : IOS Press. - 0926-9630. - 9781614995654 - 9781614995661 ; 217: Assistive Technology, s. 485-490
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research has suggested that there is a relationship between the three key components of Donabedian's conceptual model for quality assessments: structure of care, process, and outcome of care. That is, structure predicted both process and outcome of care, and better processes predict better functional outcomes and user satisfaction. The results in this study involving samples of Danish and Norwegian scooter users indicate that structure predicts what goes on in the service delivery process. However, the results do not support that structural differences or differences in the service delivery process predict the outcomes of the scooter interventions.
  • Afifi, S., et al. (författare)
  • A Novel Medical Device for Early Detection of Melanoma
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : NLM (Medline). - 0926-9630 .- 1879-8365. ; 261, s. 122-127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Early detection of melanoma is vital, as it helps in decreasing the death rate as well as treatment costs. Dermatologists are using image-based diagnostic tools to assist them in decision-making and detecting melanoma at an early stage. We aim to develop a novel handheld medical scanning device dedicated to early detection of melanoma at the primary healthcare with low cost and high performance. However, developing this particular device is very challenging due to the complicated computations required by the embedded diagnosis system. In this paper, we propose a hardware-friendly design for implementing an embedded system by exploiting the recent hardware advances in reconfigurable computing. The developed embedded system achieved optimized implementation results for the hardware resource utilization, power consumption, detection speed and processing time with high classification accuracy rate using real data for melanoma detection. Consequently, the proposed embedded diagnosis system meets the critical embedded systems constraints, which is capable for integration towards a cost- and energy-efficient medical device for early detection of melanoma.
  • Ali, Y, et al. (författare)
  • MedView-design and adoption of an interactive system for oral medicine.
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Studies in health technology and informatics. - 0926-9630. ; 77, s. 3-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • MedView is a joint project with participants from oral medicine and computer science. The aim of the project is to build a large database from patient examinations and produce computerized tools to extend, view, and analyze the contents of the database. The contents of the data base is based on a formalization of health-care processes and clinical knowledge in oral medicine harmonized within the network SOMNET. We give an overview of the current status of the MedView project and discuss background and future directions.
  • Andersson, Gerhard, et al. (författare)
  • Guided internet treatment for anxiety disorders. As effective as face-to-face therapies?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - 0926-9630 .- 1879-8365. ; 181, s. 3-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Guided Internet-delivered treatments were developed in the late 1990s and have since been tested in numerous controlled trials. While promising, there are yet few direct comparisons between Internet treatments and traditional face-to-face treatments. The aim of the present study is to present an overview of the evidence in the field of anxiety disorders. Method: Studies were located, including unpublished trials from our research group in Sweden. Results: Results of direct comparative trials on panic disorder (n=3) and social anxiety disorder (n=3) show equivalent outcomes. One study on specific phobia did not show equivalent outcomes with an advantage for face-to-face treatment. However, a systematic review by Cuijpers et al. (2010) found equivalent outcomes across several self-help formats, suggesting that guided self-help overall can be as affective as face-to-face treatments. Conclusion: Overall, there are still few large-scale trials and statistical power is often limited. A preliminary conclusion is that guided Internet treatment can be as effective as face-to-face treatments, but there is a need to investigate moderators and mediators of the outcome.
  • Ask, P., et al. (författare)
  • NovaMedTech - A regional program for supporting new medical technologies in personalized health care
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - 9781614990680 ; 177, s. 71-5
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • NovaMedTech is an initiative funded from EU structural funds for supporting new medical technologies for personalized health care. It aims at bringing these technologies into clinical use and to the health care market. The program has participants from health care, industry and academia in East middle Sweden. The first three year period of the program was successful in terms of product concepts tried clinically, and number of products brought to a commercialization phase. Further, the program has led to a large number of scientific publications. Among projects supported, we can mention: Intelligent sensor networks; A digital pen to collect medical information about health status from patients; A web-based intelligent stethoscope; Methodologies to measure local blood flow and nutrition using optical techniques; Blood flow assessment from ankle pressure measurements; Technologies for pressure ulcer prevention; An IR thermometer for improved accuracy; A technique that identifies individuals prone to commit suicide among depressed patients; Detection of infectious disease using an electronic nose; Identification of the lactate threshold from breath; Obesity measurements using special software and MR camera; and An optical probe guided tumor resection. During the present three years period emphasis will be on entrepreneurial activities supporting the commercialization and bringing products to the market.
  • Barua, Shaibal, et al. (författare)
  • Classifying drivers' cognitive load using EEG signals
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : IOS Press. - 0926-9630 .- 1879-8365. - 9781614997603 ; 237, s. 99-106
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A growing traffic safety issue is the effect of cognitive loading activities on traffic safety and driving performance. To monitor drivers' mental state, understanding cognitive load is important since while driving, performing cognitively loading secondary tasks, for example talking on the phone, can affect the performance in the primary task, i.e. driving. Electroencephalography (EEG) is one of the reliable measures of cognitive load that can detect the changes in instantaneous load and effect of cognitively loading secondary task. In this driving simulator study, 1-back task is carried out while the driver performs three different simulated driving scenarios. This paper presents an EEG based approach to classify a drivers' level of cognitive load using Case-Based Reasoning (CBR). The results show that for each individual scenario as well as using data combined from the different scenarios, CBR based system achieved approximately over 70% of classification accuracy. 
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