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1.
  • Amin, Kawa, et al. (författare)
  • Autoantibody profiles in autoimmune hepatitis and chronic hepatitis C identifies similarities in patients with severe disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 23:8, s. 1345-1352
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To determine how the auto-antibodies (Abs) profilesoverlap in chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) andautoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and correlate to liverdisease.METHODS: Levels of antinuclear Ab, smooth muscle antibody (SMA)and liver/kidney microsomal-1 (LKM-1) Ab and markersof liver damage were determined in the sera of 50 patients with CHC infection, 20 AIH patients and 20healthy controls using enzyme linked immunosorbentassay and other immune assays. RESULTS: We found that AIH patients had more severe liverdisease as determined by elevation of total IgG,alkaline phosphatase, total serum bilirubin and serumtransaminases and significantly higher prevalence ofthe three non-organ-specific autoantibodies (auto-Abs)than CHC patients. Antinuclear Ab, SMA and LKM-1 Abwere also present in 36% of CHC patients and relatedto disease severity. CHC cases positive for auto-Abswere directly comparable to AIH in respect of mostmarkers of liver damage and total IgG. These caseshad longer disease duration compared with auto-Abnegative cases, but there was no difference in gender,age or viral load. KLM-1+ Ab CHC cases showed bestoverlap with AIH. CONCLUSION: Auto-Ab levels in CHC may be important markers ofdisease severity and positive cases have a diseasesimilar to AIH. Auto-Abs might have a pathogenic roleas indicated by elevated markers of liver damage.Future studies will unravel any novel associationsbetween these two diseases, whether genetic or other.
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2.
  • Bergquist, Annika, et al. (författare)
  • Perinatal events and the risk of developing primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - : WJG Press. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 12:37, s. 6037-6040
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To investigate whether perinatal events, intrauterine or postpartum, are associated with the development of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) later in life.METHODS: Birth records from 97 patients with adult PSC in Sweden were reviewed. Information on perinatal events including medications and complications during pregnancy, gestation length, birth weight and length were collected. Two control children of the same sex were selected for each subject. Conditional multiple logistic regression was used to assess associations of the perinatal measures with development of PSC.RESULTS: No significant associations were found between gestational age, birth length, breastfeeding, and the majority of medical complications including infections or medication during pregnancy for the mothers or postpartum for the children. Vaginal bleeding and peripheral oedema showed associations with PSC, with matched odds ratios of 5.70 (95% CI, 1.13-28.83) and 2.28 (95% CI, 1.04-5.03), respectively. CONCLUSION: The associations of vaginal bleeding and oedema with subsequent PSC cannot readily be explained, so our findings do not strongly support the hypothesis of a significant role of perinatal events as a risk for the development of PSC later in life.
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3.
  • He, Lu-Jun, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic polymorphisms of N-acetyltransferase 2 and colorectal cancer risk.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 11:27, s. 4268-4271
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To identify the distribution of N-acetyltrasferase 2(NAT2) polymorphism in Hebei Han Chinese and the effects of the polymorphism on the development of colorectal cancer. METHODS: We performed a hospital-based case-control study of 237 healthy individuals and 83 colorectal cancer patients of Hebei Han Chinese. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood and cancer tissues. The genotypes of the polymorphisms were assessed by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). RESULTS: There were four NAT2 alleles of WT, M1, M2, and M3 both in the healthy subjects and in the patients, and 10 genotypes of WT/WT, WT/M1, WT/M2, WT/M3, M1/M1, M1/M2, M1/M3, M2/M2, M2/M3, M3/M3. M2 allele was present in 15.61% of healthy subjects and 29.52% of patients (chi(2) = 15.31, P<0.0001), and M3 allele was present in 30.59% of healthy subjects and 16.87% of patients (chi(2) = 25.33, P<0.0001). There were more WT/M2 (chi(2) = 34.42, P<0.0001, odd ratio = 4.99, 95%CI = 2.27-9.38) and less WT/M3 (chi(2) = 3.80, P = 0.03) in the patients than in the healthy subjects. In 70.3% of the patients, there was a difference in NAT2 genotype between their tumors and blood cells. Patients had more WT/M2 (chi(2) = 5.11, P = 0.02) and less M2/M3 (chi(2) = 4.27, P = 0.039) in their blood cells than in the tumors. Furthermore, 53.8% (7/13) of M2/M3 in tumors were from WT/M2 of blood cells. CONCLUSION: There is a possible relationship between the NAT2 polymorphisms and colorectal cancer in Hebei Han Chinese. The genotype WT/M2 may be a risk factor for colorectal cancer.
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4.
  • Ogren, M., et al. (författare)
  • Portal vein thrombosis: prevalence, patient characteristics and lifetime risk: a population study based on 23,796 consecutive autopsies
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: World J Gastroenterol. - : WJG Press. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 12:13, s. 2115-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To assess the lifetime cumulative incidence of portal venous thrombosis (PVT) in the general population. METHODS: Between 1970 and 1982, 23,796 autopsies, representing 84% of all in-hospital deaths in the Malmo city population, were performed, using a standardised protocol including examination of the portal vein. PVT patients were characterised and the PVT prevalence at autopsy, an expression of life-time cumulative incidence, assessed in high-risk disease categories and expressed in terms of odds ratios and 95% CI. RESULTS: The population prevalence of PVT was 1.0%. Of the 254 patients with PVT 28% had cirrhosis, 23% primary and 44% secondary hepatobiliary malignancy, 10% major abdominal infectious or inflammatory disease and 3% had a myeloproliferative disorder. Patients with both cirrhosis and hepatic carcinoma had the highest PVT risk, OR 17.1 (95% CI 11.1-26.4). In 14% no cause was found; only a minority of them had developed portal-hypertension-related complications. CONCLUSION: In this population-based study, PVT was found to be more common than indicated by previous clinical series. The markedly excess risk in cirrhosis and hepatic carcinoma should warrant an increased awareness in these patients for whom prospective studies of directed intervention might be considered.
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5.
  • Wagner, Michael, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Fecal markers of inflammation used as surrogate markers for treatment outcome in relapsing inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - : WJG Press. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 14:36, s. 5584-5589
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims: To evaluate fecal calprotectin (FC) as a surrogate marker for treatment outcome of a relapse of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and, secondly, to compare FC to fecal myeloperoxidase (MPO) and fecal eosinophil protein X (EPX). Methods: Thirty-eight patients with IBD, whereof twenty-seven with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 11 with Crohn´s disease (CD) were studied before treatment (inclusion), and after four and eight weeks of treatment. Treatment outcome, based on clinical activity and endoscopy in UC patients, and clinical activity in CD patients, were evaluated together with fecal samples analysed for FC with ELISA and MPO and EPX with RIA. Results: At inclusion 37/38 (97%) patients had elevated FC levels (>94.7 µg/g). At the end of the study 31/38 (82%) patients fulfilled predefined criteria of a complete response [UC 21/27 (78%); CD 10/11 (91%)].  Overall, a normalised FC level at the end of the study predicted a complete response in 100% whereas elevated FC level predicted noncomplete response in 30%. Normalised MPO or EPX levels predicted a complete response in 100% and 90%, respectively. However, elevated MPO or EPX levels predicted noncomplete response in 23% and 22%, respectively. Conclusion: A normalised FC level poses the potential to be used as a surrogate marker for successful treatment outcome in IBD patients, but cases with persistent elevated FC levels needs further evaluation. FC and MPO appears to discriminate better than EPX to treatment outcome in IBD.
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6.
  • Andersen, Vibeke, et al. (författare)
  • Colorectal cancer in patients with inflammatory bowel disease : can we predict risk?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Baishideng Publishing Group Inc.. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 18:31, s. 4091-4094
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), may be complicated by colorectal cancer (CRC). In a recent population-based cohort study of 47 347 Danish patients with IBD by Tine Jess and colleagues 268 patients with UC and 70 patients with CD developed CRC during 30 years of observation. The overall risk of CRC among patients with UC and CD was comparable with that of the general population. However, patients diagnosed with UC during childhood or as adolescents, patients with long duration of disease and those with concomitant primary sclerosing cholangitis were at increased risk. In this commentary, we discuss the mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis in IBD and current investigations of genetic susceptibility in IBD patients. Further advances will depend on the cooperative work by epidemiologist and molecular geneticists in order to identify genetic polymorphisms involved in IBD-associated CRC. The ultimate goal is to incorporate genotypes and clinical parameters into a predictive model that will refine the prediction of risk for CRC in colonic IBD. The challenge will be to translate these new findings into clinical practice and to determine appropriate preventive strategies in order to avoid CRC in IBD patients. The achieved knowledge may also be relevant for other inflammation-associated cancers.
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7.
  • Anlauf, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Sporadic versus hereditary gastrinomas of the duodenum and pancreas : distinct clinico-pathological and epidemiological features.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 12:34, s. 5440-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gastrinomas are defined as gastrin secreting tumors that are associated with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). ZES is characterized by elevated fasting gastrin serum levels, positive secretin stimulation test and clinical symptoms such as recurrent peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease and occasional diarrhea. Genetically, nonhereditary (sporadic) gastrinomas are distinguished from hereditary gastrinomas, which are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome. In general, duodenal gastrinomas are small and solitary if they are sporadic and multiple as well as hereditary. The sporadic gastrinomas occur in the duodenum or in the pancreas while the hereditary gastrinomas almost all occur in the duodenum. Our series of 77 sporadic duodenal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) includes 18 patients (23.4%) with gastrinomas and ZES. Of 535 sporadic NETs in the pancreas collected from the NET archives of the departments of pathology in Zurich, Switzerland, and Kiel, Germany, 24 patients (4.5%) suffered from sporadic pancreatic gastrinomas and ZES. These NETs have to be distinguished from tumors with immunohistochemical positivity for gastrin but without evidence of ZES. An additional 19 patients suffered from MEN1 and ZES. These patients showed exclusively duodenal gastrinomas, but not pancreatic gastrinomas. The prognosis of sporadic and MEN1-associated duodenal gastrinomas is better than that of pancreatic gastrinomas, since they progress slowly to liver metastasis. In summary, sporadic and MEN1-associated gastrinomas in the duodenum and pancreas show different clinico-pathological and genetic features. The incidence of sporadic duodenal gastrin-producing tumors is increasing, possibly due to optimized diagnostic procedures. In contrast, pancreatic MEN1-associated gastrinomas seem to be extremely rare. A considerable subset of tumors with immunohistochemical expression of gastrin but without evidence of ZES should be designated as functionally inactive NETs expressing gastrin, but not as gastrinomas.
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8.
  • Anthoni, Sari, et al. (författare)
  • Milk protein IgG and IgA : the association with milk-induced gastrointestinal symptoms in adults
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 15:39, s. 4915-4918
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To study the association between serum levels of milk protein IgG and IgA antibodies and milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms in adults. METHODS: Milk protein IgG and IgA antibodies were determined in serum samples of 400 subjects from five outpatient clinics in Southern Finland. Subjects were randomly selected from a total of 1900 adults undergoing laboratory investigations in primary care. All 400 participants had completed a questionnaire on abdominal symptoms and dairy consumption while waiting for the laboratory visit. The questionnaire covered the nature and frequency of gastrointestinal problems, the provoking food items, family history and allergies. Twelve serum samples were disqualified due to insufficient amount of sera. The levels of specific milk protein IgG and IgA were measured by using the ELISA technique. The association of the milk protein-specific antibody level was studied in relation to the milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms and dairy consumption. RESULTS: Subjects drinking milk (n = 265) had higher levels of milk protein IgG in their sera than non-milk drinkers (n = 123, P < 0.001). Subjects with gastrointestinal problems related to milk drinking (n = 119) consumed less milk but had higher milk protein IgG levels than those with no milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms (n = 198, P = 0.02). Among the symptomatic subjects, those reporting dyspeptic symptoms had lower milk protein IgG levels than non-dyspeptics (P < 0.05). However, dyspepsia was not associated with milk drinking (P = 0.5). The association of high milk protein IgG levels with constipation was close to the level of statistical significance. Diarrhea had no association with milk protein IgG level (P = 0.5). With regard to minor symptoms, flatulence and bloating (P = 0.8), were not associated with milk protein IgG level. Milk protein IgA levels did not show any association with milk drinking or abdominal symptoms. The levels of milk protein IgA and IgG declined as the age of the subjects increased (P < 0.004). CONCLUSION: Milk protein IgG but not milk IgA seems to be associated with self-reported milk-induced gastrointestinal symptoms.
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9.
  • Antonodimitrakis, Pantelis, et al. (författare)
  • Gastric carcinoid in a patient infected with Helicobacter pylori : A new entity?
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 17:25, s. 3066-3068
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are four types of gastric carcinoid tumors, classified according to their histology and malignant potential. Only a few cases of carcinoid tumors in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylon) have been reported so far. We report a patient infected with H. pylori presenting with a small solitary gastric carcinoid tumor with very low proliferative rate and normal gastrin levels. The tumor was endoscopically removed and the patient received an eradication therapy against H. pylori. No signs of metastatic disease have been found so far during more than 3 year of follow-up. Infection with H. pylon may cause chronic gastritis with normal or elevated gastrin levels, leading to the development of gastric carcinoids by mechanisms unrelated to gastrin. Enterochromaffin-like cell tumors related to a chronic H. pylori infection may be considered as a distinct type of gastric carcinoid tumors.
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10.
  • Baldaque-Silva, F., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of gastroesophageal reflux control through tailored proton pump inhibition therapy or fundoplication in patients with Barrett's esophagus
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - 1007-9327. ; 23:17, s. 3174-3183
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM To determine the impact of upwards titration of proton pump inhibition (PPI) on acid reflux, symptom scores and histology, compared to clinically successful fundoplication. Two cohorts of long-segment Barrett's esophagus (BE) patients were studied. In group 1 (n = 24), increasing doses of PPI were administered in 8-wk intervals until acid reflux normalization. At each assessment, ambulatory 24 h pH recording, endoscopy with biopsies and symptom scoring (by a gastroesophageal reflux disease health related quality of life questionnaire, GERD/HRLQ) were performed. Group 2 (n = 30) consisted of patients with a previous fundoplication. In group 1, acid reflux normalized in 23 of 24 patients, resulting in improved GERD/HRQL scores (P = 0.001), which were most pronounced after the starting dose of PPI (P < 0.001). PPI treatment reached the same level of GERD/HRQL scores as after a clinically successful fundoplication (P = 0.5). Normalization of acid reflux in both groups was associated with reduction in papillary length, basal cell layer thickness, intercellular space dilatation, and acute and chronic inflammation of squamous epithelium. This study shows that acid reflux and symptom scores co-vary throughout PPI increments in long-segment BE patients, especially after the first dose of PPI, reaching the same level as after a successful fundoplication. Minor changes were found among GERD markers at the morphological level.
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