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1.
  • Altman, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • A generic health-related quality of life instrument for assessing pelvic organ prolapse surgery : correlation with condition-specific outcome measures
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 29:8, s. 1093-1099
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction and hypothesis: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of a generic and globally accessible instrument for assessing health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery.Methods: In a prospective multicenter setting, 207 women underwent surgery for apical prolapse [stage ae2, Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantificcation (POP-Q) system] with or without anterior wall defect. Demographic and surgical characteristics were collected before surgery. Results of the 15-dimensional (15D) instrument and condition-specific pelvic floor symptoms as assessed using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory questionnaire (PFDI-20), including its subscales Pelvic Organ Prolapse Distress Inventory-6 (POPDI-6), Colorectal-Anal Distress Inventory-8 (CRADI-8), and Urinary Distress Inventory-6 (UDI-6), were assessed preoperatively and 2 months and 1 year after surgery.Results: HR-QoL as estimated by 15D was improved 1 year after surgery (p < 0.001). Prolapse-related 15D profile-index measures (excretion, discomfort, sexual activity, distress, and mobility) were significantly improved after surgery (p < 0.05-0.001). Significant inverse associations were detected between increased 15D scores and a decrease in PFDI-20 and subscale scores (p < 0.001), indicating improvements on both instruments.Conclusions: Generic HR-QoL as estimated by 15D improved significantly after apical POP surgery and correlated with improvements of condition-specific outcome measures. These results suggest that a comprehensive evaluation of global HR-QoL is valid in assessing pelvic reconstructive surgery and may provide novel and important insights into previously understudied areas, such as cost-utility and cost-effectiveness analysis after urogynecological surgery.
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2.
  • Altman, D., et al. (författare)
  • Anal sphincter lacerations and upright delivery postures : a risk analysis from a randomized controlled trial.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 18:2, s. 141-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate obstetric sphincter lacerations after a kneeling or sitting position at second stage of labor in a multivariate risk analysis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-one primiparous women with normal pregnancies and spontaneous labor were randomized, 138 to a kneeling position and 133 to a sitting position. Medical data were retrieved from delivery charts and partograms. Risk factors were tested in a multivariate logistic regression model in a stepwise manner. RESULTS: The trial was completed by 106 subjects in the kneeling group and 112 subjects in the sitting group. There were no significant differences with regard to duration of second stage of labor or pre-trial maternal characteristics between the two groups. Obstetrical sphincter tears did not differ significantly between the two groups but an intact perineum was more common in the kneeling group (p<0.03) and episiotomy (mediolateral) was more common in the sitting group (p<0.05). Three grade IV sphincter lacerations occurred in the sitting group compared to none in the kneeling group (NS). Multivariate risk analysis indicated that prolonged duration of second stage of labor and episiotomy were associated with an increased risk of third- or fourth-degree sphincter tears (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). Delivery posture, maternal age, fetal weight, use of oxytocin, and use of epidural analgesia did not increase the risk of obstetrical anal sphincter lacerations in the two upright postures. CONCLUSION: Obstetrical anal sphincter lacerations did not differ significantly between a kneeling or sitting upright delivery posture. Episiotomy was more common after a sitting delivery posture, which may be associated with an increased risk of anal sphincter lacerations. Upright delivery postures may be encouraged in healthy women with normal, full-term pregnancy.
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3.
  • Altman, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Anal sphincter lacerations and upright delivery postures - a risk analysis from a randomized controlled trial
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 18:2, s. 141-146
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate obstetric sphincter lacerations after a kneeling or sitting position at second stage of labor in a multivariate risk analysis model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-one primiparous women with normal pregnancies and spontaneous labor were randomized, 138 to a kneeling position and 133 to a sitting position. Medical data were retrieved from delivery charts and partograms. Risk factors were tested in a multivariate logistic regression model in a stepwise manner. RESULTS: The trial was completed by 106 subjects in the kneeling group and 112 subjects in the sitting group. There were no significant differences with regard to duration of second stage of labor or pre-trial maternal characteristics between the two groups. Obstetrical sphincter tears did not differ significantly between the two groups but an intact perineum was more common in the kneeling group (p<0.03) and episiotomy (mediolateral) was more common in the sitting group (p<0.05). Three grade IV sphincter lacerations occurred in the sitting group compared to none in the kneeling group (NS). Multivariate risk analysis indicated that prolonged duration of second stage of labor and episiotomy were associated with an increased risk of third- or fourth-degree sphincter tears (p<0.01 and p<0.05, respectively). Delivery posture, maternal age, fetal weight, use of oxytocin, and use of epidural analgesia did not increase the risk of obstetrical anal sphincter lacerations in the two upright postures. CONCLUSION: Obstetrical anal sphincter lacerations did not differ significantly between a kneeling or sitting upright delivery posture. Episiotomy was more common after a sitting delivery posture, which may be associated with an increased risk of anal sphincter lacerations. Upright delivery postures may be encouraged in healthy women with normal, full-term pregnancy.
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4.
  • Altman, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Anticholinergic drug use for overactive bladder in Sweden: a nationwide pharmacoepidemiological study
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 1433-3023. ; 20:11, s. 1285-1291
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nationwide use and costs of anticholinergic drug for overactive bladder are unknown. We performed a nationwide study based on the Swedish Register on Prescribed Pharmaceuticals. From 2000 to 2007, there was a 68.8% increase in dispensed anticholinergic drugs in a population of 9 million. More than 93 million DDDs (calculated average maintenance dose per day) of anticholinergic drugs were dispensed corresponding to an overall DDD/TID (DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day) of 3.5 per 1,000 persons per year. Approximately two thirds of anticholinergic drugs were prescribed to women, regardless of drug type. In 2007, the cost for anticholinergic drugs was 22 million a,not sign of which tolterodine comprised 70.8%. Solifenacin and darifenacin steadily increased their DDD/TIDs after market introduction. In this nationwide study, there was a 70% increased rate of expedited prescriptions of anticholinergic drugs for the treatment of overactive bladder in a relatively stable population.
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5.
  • Andrada Hamar, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Short-term results of a prospective randomized evaluator blinded multicenter study comparing TVT and TVT-Secur
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 22:7, s. 781-787
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction and hypothesis: The aim of this prospective randomized multicenter study was to compare TVT (tension-free vaginal tape) with TVT-Secur in terms of efficacy and safety.Methods:  We set out to enrol 280 stress incontinent women with a half time interim analysis of short-term cure and a continuous registration of adverse events. Of 133 randomized women, 126 were operated and 123 (TVT n = 62, TVT-Secur n = 61) available for 2 months follow-up.Results: No significant differences were found between groups regarding demographics or grade of incontinence. At 2 months follow-up, subjective cure rate following TVT-Secur was significantly lower than for TVT (72% and 92%, respectively, p = 0.01). Three major complications occurred in the TVT-Secur group: tape erosion into the urethra, a tape inadvertently placed inside the bladder, and an immediate postoperative bleeding from the corona mortis. No major complications occurred in the TVT group. No significant differences were found between groups regarding perioperative bleeding, hospital stay, urge symptoms, or postoperative urinary tract infections. Median time for surgery was 13 and 22 min for TVT-Secur and TVT, respectively (p < 0.0001).Conclusions:  In a prospective randomized controlled study, the TVT-Secur procedure had a significantly lower subjective cure rate than the retropubic TVT procedure. Due to this, in addition to three serious complications in the TVT-Secur group, we decided to stop further enrolment after the interim analysis. We discourage from further use of the TVT-Secur.
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6.
  • Bohlin, Katja Stenstrom, et al. (författare)
  • Factors influencing the outcome of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer London. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 29:1, s. 81-89
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery is a common gynecological procedure. Our aim was to assess the influence of obesity and other risk factors on the outcome of anterior and posterior colporrhaphy with and without mesh. Data were retrieved from the Swedish National Register for Gynecological Surgery on 18,554 women undergoing primary and repeat POP surgery without concomitant urinary incontinence (UI) surgery between 2006 and 2015. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to identify independent risk factors for a sensation of a vaginal bulge, de novo UI, and residual UI 1 year after surgery. The overall subjective cure rate 1 year after surgery was 80% (with mesh 86.4% vs 77.3% without mesh, p < 0.001). The complication rate was low, but was more frequent in repeat surgery that were mainly mesh related. The use of mesh was also associated with more frequent de novo UI, but patient satisfaction and cure rates were higher compared with surgery without mesh. Preoperative sensation of a vaginal bulge, severe postoperative complications, anterior colporrhaphy, prior hysterectomy, postoperative infections, local anesthesia, and body mass index (BMI) 30 were risk factors for sensation of a vaginal bulge 1 year postsurgery. Obesity had no effect on complication rates but was associated increased urinary incontinence (UI) after primary surgery. Obesity had no influence on cure or voiding status in women undergoing repeat surgery. Obesity had an impact on the sensation of a vaginal bulge and the presence of UI after primary surgery but not on complications.
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7.
  • Campbell, Jennifer, et al. (författare)
  • Patient-reported outcomes after sacrospinous fixation of vault prolapse with a suturing device: a retrospective national cohort study.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 29:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Innovations in suturing devices have facilitated sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSF) for the correction of vaginal vault prolapse. It is uncertain if outcomes using suturing devices differ from those using a traditional suturing technique. We hypothesize that no difference exists in the efficacy and safety 1 year after SSF for vault prolapse performed with suturing devices or using a traditional technique. The objective was to compare SSF using a suturing device with traditional SSF for the treatment of vault prolapse, regarding symptoms of prolapse recurrence, patient satisfaction, incidence of re-operation, and complications 1 year postoperatively.We carried out a retrospective cohort study using register-based national data from 2006 to 2013. The Swedish Quality Register of Gynecological Surgery includes assessments pre-operatively, at hospital admittance, surgery, discharge, and questionnaires at 8 weeks and 1 year after surgery. Demographic variables and surgical methods were included in multivariate logistic regression analyses.In the suturing device group (SDG, n = 353), 71.5% were asymptomatic of recurrence after 1 year compared with 78.7% in the traditional SSF group (TSG, n = 195); risk difference - 7.3% (95%CI -15.2%; 0.7%). Adjusted odds ratio (aOR) for being asymptomatic 1 year postoperatively was 0.56 (95%CI 0.31; 1.02, p = 0.057). Patient satisfaction was similar in SDG and TSG (78.1% vs 78.4%). Reoperation occurred in 7.4% in the SDG compared with 3.6% in the TSG, risk difference 3.8% (95%CI 0.0%; 7.5%), aOR 3.55 (95%CI 1.10; 11.44, p = 0.03).Patient satisfaction was similar 1 year after SSF, despite symptoms of recurrence being more likely and reoperation more common after using a suturing device compared with a traditional technique. The methods did not differ with regard to surgical complications.
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8.
  • Dahlgren, Hedda, et al. (författare)
  • Sexual function in primiparous women : a prospective study
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the impact of sociodemographic, pregnancy and obstetric characteristics on sexual function 12 months postpartum in primiparous women. We hypothesized that sexual function would decrease after childbirth.METHODS: Between 1 October 2014 and 1 October 2017, all nulliparous women in early pregnancy registering for maternity health care in Region Örebro County, Sweden, were invited to participate in this prospective study. A total of 958 women were included. Sexual activity and function were measured at early pregnancy, 8 weeks postpartum and 12 months postpartum using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). The associations between sociodemographic, pregnancy and obstetric characteristics and sexual activity and function from early pregnancy to 12 months postpartum were examined using linear and logistic models based on generalized estimating equations.RESULTS: We found that the prevalence of sexually active women decreased from 98.0% in early pregnancy to 66.7% at 8 weeks postpartum, but increased to 90.0% at 12 months postpartum. Age ≥ 35 years, second-degree perineal tear and current breastfeeding were statistically significant risk factors for sexual inactivity at 12 months postpartum. Poor self-reported health in early pregnancy was statistically significantly associated with decreased sexual function at 12 months postpartum.CONCLUSIONS: A majority of women resumed sexual activity at 8 weeks postpartum and most women at 12 months postpartum; the decrease in sexual function at 12 months postpartum was small and few risk factors were observed.
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9.
  • Ekersund, J., et al. (författare)
  • A mobile app for the treatment of female mixed and urgency incontinence : a cost-effectiveness analysis in Sweden
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer Science+Business Media B.V.. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction and hypothesis: A previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated that the app Tät II, for self-management of mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) and urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), yielded significant, clinically relevant improvements in symptom severity and quality of life (QoL) compared with a control group. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of Tät II.Methods: A cost–utility analysis with a 1-year societal perspective was carried out, comparing Tät II with an information app. Data were collected alongside an RCT: 122 community-dwelling women aged ≥18 years with MUI or UUI ≥2 times/week were randomized to 3 months of Tät II treatment focused on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and bladder training (BT; n = 60), or to an information app (n = 62). Self-assessed data from validated questionnaires were collected at baseline and at 3-month and 1-year follow-ups. Costs for assessment, treatment delivery, incontinence aids, laundry, and time for PFMT and BT were included. We calculated quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) using the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Quality of Life. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) between the groups was our primary outcome. Sensitivity analyses were performed.Results: The mean age was 58.3 (SD = 9.6) years. Annual overall costs were €738.42 in the treatment group and €605.82 in the control group; annual QALY gains were 0.0152 and 0.0037 respectively. The base case ICER was €11,770.52; ICERs in the sensitivity analyses ranged from €−9,303.78 to €22,307.67.Conclusions: The app Tät II is a cost-effective treatment method for women with MUI and UUI.
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10.
  • Ekström, Å., et al. (författare)
  • Planned cesarean section versus planned vaginal delivery : Comparison of lower urinary tract symptoms
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: International Urogynecology Journal. - : Springer London. - 0937-3462 .- 1433-3023. ; 19:4, s. 459-465
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We compared the prevalence and risk of lower urinary tract symptoms in healthy primiparous women in relation to vaginal birth or elective cesarean section 9 months after delivery. We performed a prospective controlled cohort study including 220 women delivered by elective cesarean section and 215 by vaginal birth. All subjects received an identical questionnaire on lower urinary tract symptoms in late pregnancy, at 3 and 9 months postpartum. Two hundred twenty subjects underwent elective cesarean section, and 215 subjects underwent vaginal delivery. After childbirth, the 3-month questionnaire was completed by 389/435 subjects (89%) and the 9-month questionnaire by 376/435 subjects (86%). In the vaginal delivery cohort, all lower urinary tract symptoms increased significantly at 9 months follow-up. When compared to cesarean section, the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) after vaginal delivery was significantly increased both at 3 (p < 0.001) and 9 months (p = 0.001) follow-up. In a multivariable risk model, vaginal delivery was the only obstetrical predictor for SUI [relative risk (RR) 8.9, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9 - 42] and for urinary urgency (RR 7.3 95% CI 1.7 - 32) at 9 months follow-up. A history of SUI before pregnancy (OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.5 - 19) and at 3 months follow-up (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.7 - 8.5) were independent predictors for SUI at 9 months follow-up. Vaginal delivery is associated with an increased risk for lower urinary tract symptoms 9 months after childbirth when compared to elective cesarean section. © International Urogynecology Journal 2007.
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