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Sökning: L773:1444 0903 OR L773:1445 5994

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  • Ahangari, Alebtekin, et al. (författare)
  • Acute intermittent porphyria symptoms during the menstrual cycle
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Internal medicine journal (Print). - 1444-0903 .- 1445-5994. ; 45:7, s. 725-731
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP), a life-threatening form of the disease, is accompanied by several pain, mental and physical symptoms.Aims: In this study, we evaluated the cyclicity of AIP and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms in 32 women with DNA-diagnosed AIP during their menstrual cycles, in northern Sweden.Methods: The cyclicity of AIP symptoms and differences in them between the follicularand luteal phases, and the cyclicity of each symptom in each individual woman indifferent phases of her menstrual cycle were analysed with a prospective daily ratingquestionnaire. PMS symptoms were also evaluated in the patients on a daily rating scale.Results: Of the 32 women, 30 showed significant cyclicity in at least one AIP or PMS symptom (P < 0.05–0.001). Back pain (10/32) was the most frequent AIP pain symptomand sweet craving (10/15) was the most frequent PMS symptom. Pelvic pain (F = 4.823,P = 0.036), irritability (F = 7.399, P = 0.011), cheerfulness (F = 5.563, P = 0.025), sexualdesire (F = 8.298, P = 0.007), friendliness (F = 6.157, P = 0.019), breast tenderness (F =21.888, P = 0.000) and abdominal swelling (F = 16.982, P = 0.000) showed significantcyclicity. Pelvic pain and abdominal swelling (rs= 0.337, P < 0.001) showed the strongest correlation. The age of women with latent AIP was strongly correlated with abdominal swelling during the luteal phase (rs= 0.493, P < 0.01).Conclusion: Our results suggest that the symptoms of AIP patients change during their menstrual cycles.
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  • Hedlund, Fredrik, et al. (författare)
  • Trends in stroke reperfusion treatment and outcomes in New Zealand
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Internal medicine journal (Print). - 1444-0903 .- 1445-5994. ; 50:11, s. 1367-1372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) can help reverse stroke symptoms in selected patients but are both time sensitive interventions.AIMS: To report current stroke reperfusion rates and quality measures as well as trends over time in New Zealand.METHOD: Since 2015 New Zealand treatment centers have been mandated to prospectively enter all IVT and EVT patients into a low cost National Stroke Register. Data was cleaned and missing data added where possible through contact with individual hospitals. Main outcomes include treatment delays, vital status at day seven and complications.RESULTS: In 2018, there were 719 of 7173 (10.0%) patients with ischemic stroke or stroke unspecified treated with intravenous IVT, up from 389 of 5963 (6.5%) patients in 2015 (p < 0.001), with no change in day seven mortality (p = 0.63) or sICH rate (p = 0.22). Median (interquartile range (IQR)) door-to-needle times decreased from 65 (47-89) minutes in 2017 to 59 (40-84) minutes in 2018 (p = 0.022), and patients treated within 60 min increased from 40% to 51% (p < 0.001). In 2018, there were 243 (3.4%) patients treated with EVT up from 134/6859 (1.9%) in 2017 (p < 0.0001), with no change in seven mortality (p = 0.39) or sICH (p = 0.78). There was no significant change in onset-to-needle (p = 0.21), arrival-to-groin (p = 0.28) or onset-to-reperfusion time (p = 0.32).CONCLUSION: Stroke reperfusion rates in New Zealand are continuously rising with no associated increase in complications. More patients are being treated faster upon hospital arrival but there remains room for further improvement in reducing onset to treatment delays.
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  • Larsson, Christina R., et al. (författare)
  • Suboptimal behaviour and knowledge regarding overnight glycaemia in adults with type 1 diabetes is common
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Internal medicine journal (Print). - : Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc.. - 1444-0903 .- 1445-5994. ; 48:9, s. 1080-1086
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundIn people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) can be slept through and can cause seizures, arrhythmias and death. Hypoglycaemia avoidance can induce hyperglycaemia and ketosis. Patient behaviour impacts clinical outcomes and may be changed by education.AimTo develop and utilise a survey to evaluate patient self‐management of overnight glycaemia in adults with T1D.MethodsAdults with T1D attending two Australian tertiary referral diabetes clinics completed a survey about their diabetes self‐management and glycaemic control, including responses to hypothetical pre‐bed blood glucose (BG) levels (4–20 mmol/L). Statistical analyses included t‐tests, Chi square tests and ANOVA with significance considered at P < 0.05.ResultsThere were 205 participants (103 females), with a mean (SD) age of 41 (17) years, T1D duration of 20 (16) years, HbA1c of 7.8(1.4)%, (61.3(8.2) mmol/mol), 38% on insulin pump therapy (CSII) and 36% with impaired hypoglycaemia awareness (IHA). Mean (SD) number of BG tests/day was 5.4 (2.7). Patients set higher BG target levels at bedtime and overnight: 7.5(1.4) and 7.1(1.3) mmol/L, respectively, compared to daytime (6.9(1.0); P < 0.0001 and P = 0.002 respectively). Only 36% of participants reported treating nocturnal hypoglycaemia (NH) with the recommended refined, then complex, carbohydrate. Only 28% of patients made safe choices in all bedtime BG scenarios, with higher rates for CSII users, P = 0.0005. Further education was desired by 32% of respondents, with higher rates in those with (44%) versus without IHA (25%), P = 0.006.ConclusionsMany adults with T1D have suboptimal knowledge and behaviour regarding overnight BG self‐management. A survey, piloted herein, may facilitate the identification of patients who could benefit from further education.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 21
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