Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "L773:1468 330X srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: L773:1468 330X > (1995-1999)

  • Resultat 1-6 av 6
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Binzer, M, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical characteristics of patients with motor disability due to conversion disorder : a prospective control group study.
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - 0022-3050 .- 1468-330X. ; 63:1, s. 83-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have suggested associations between conversion and many different clinical characteristics. This study investigates these findings in a prospective design including a control group. METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients with a recent onset of motor disability due to a conversion disorder were compared with a control group of patients with corresponding motor symptoms due to a definite organic lesion. Both groups had a similar duration of symptoms and a comparable age and sex profile and were assessed on a prospective basis. Background information about previous somatic and psychiatric disease was collected and all patients were assessed by means of a structured clinical interview linked to the diagnostic system DSM III-R, the Hamilton rating depression scale, and a special life events inventory. RESULTS: The conversion group had a higher degree of psychopathology with 33% of the patients fulfilling the criteria for psychiatric syndromes according to DSM-III-R axis I, whereas 50% had axis II personality disorders compared with 10% and 17% respectively in the control group. Conversion patients also had significantly higher scores according to the Hamilton rating depression scale. Although patients with known neurological disease were not included in the conversion group, a concomitant somatic disorder was found in 33% of the patients and 50% complained of benign pain. The educational background in conversion patients was poor with only 13% having dropped out of high school compared with 67% in the control group. Self reported global assessment of functioning according to the axis V on DSM IV was significantly lower in conversion patients, who also registered significantly more negative life events before the onset of symptoms than controls. Logistic regression analysis showed that low education, presence of a personality disorder, and high Hamilton depression score were significantly associated with conversion disorder. CONCLUSION: The importance of several previously reported predisposing and precipitating factors in conversion disorder is confirmed. The results support the notion that conversion should be treated as a symptom rather than a diagnosis and that efforts should be made in diagnosing and treating possible underlying somatic and psychiatric conditions.
  • Källén, Kristina, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of malignancy in ring enhancing brain lesions on CT by thallium-201 SPECT
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-330X. ; 63:5, s. 569-574
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients with cystic enhancing lesions on CT and to determine whether thallium-201 (201Tl) SPECT adds to further preoperative information in differential diagnosis between gliomas and abscesses. METHODS: Twenty one patients with cystic ring enhancing CT findings were studied and uptake indices were compared with CT enhancement volumes, histopathology, and survival times. RESULTS: Fourteen high grade gliomas, three low grade gliomas, and four abscesses were found. Uptake was higher in the highly malignant glioma group (median thallium index (TI)=2.1), than in the low grade glioma group (median TI=1.4) or among the abscesses (median TI=1.6). Overlapping indices were found between high and low malignant cystic gliomas as well as between either one of the glioma groups and the infectious lesions, and there were no significant differences between groups. There was a level at the value 2, where TI > or = 2 correlated with tumour diagnosis. One low grade tumour had an extremely high index and a very high enhancement volume. Indices correlated significantly with CT enhancement volumes (P=0.005). There was no significant correlation between Tl indices and patient survival times among the high grade gliomas. One patient with a highly malignant tumour but low Tl uptake < 2, had a survival > five years. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that high 201Tl uptake in enhancing cystic lesions is an indicator of highly malignant glioma. However, the differentiation between the high malignant gliomas and abscesses or low malignant gliomas by 201TL SPECT is only partial with an overlap between these groups.
  • Landén, M, et al. (författare)
  • The apolipoprotein E allele epsilon 4 does not correlate with the number of senile plaques or neurofibrillary tangles in patients with Alzheimer's disease.
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - 0022-3050 .- 1468-330X. ; 61:4, s. 352-256
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) has been implicated in regenerative processes in the brain after trauma, as well as in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. Inheritance of a specific apo epsilon allele (apo epsilon 4) determines in part the risk and the mean age at onset of Alzheimer's disease. ApoE has been found to bind isoform specifically to beta-amyloid protein, the major component of senile plaques, and to the microtubule associated protein tau, which forms paired helical filaments and neurofibrillary tangles. The aim was to further examine the relation between apo epsilon alleles, especially apo epsilon 4, and the development of neuropathological changes associated with Alzheimer's disease.METHODS: Brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (n = 44) and vascular dementia (n = 11) and of age matched controls (n = 29) were studied. Senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the hippocampus and frontal cortex were quantified.RESULTS: No correlation was found between the number of apo epsilon 4 alleles and the number of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the hippocampus or the frontal cortex of patients with Alzheimer's disease, or vascular dementia, or control groups. No significant differences in duration or severity of dementia were found between patients with or. without the apo epsilon 4 allele. No increased frequency of apo epsilon 4 was found in vascular dementia. CONCLUSION AND COMMENT: Although the apo epsilon genotype clearly affects whether Alzheimer's disease will develop or not, the present study suggests that it has no influence on pathology or clinical intellectual status, once the dementia has manifested itself. No increased apo epsilon 4 allele frequency was found in neuropathologically diagnosed patients with vascular dementia in whom concomitant Alzheimer's disease can be excluded.
  • Malm, Jan, Professor, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid shunt dynamics in patients with idiopathic adult hydrocephalus syndrome.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - : BMJ. - 0022-3050 .- 1468-330X. ; 58:6, s. 715-723
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective was to assess CSF dynamics of different shunt constructions in patients with adult hydrocephalus syndrome and correlate these findings to clinical outcome, neuroradiology, and the specifications of the shunts provided by the manufacturer. Thirty four patients with idiopathic adult hydrocephalus (normal pressure hydrocephalus) syndrome were included in a prospective, consecutive case series. A differential pressure valve (Cordis Hakim standard system) was used in 28 patients and a variable resistance valve (Cordis Orbis-Sigma) in six. A constant pressure infusion method was used; CSF pressure and conductance were determined before surgery. Three months after shunt placement CSF pressure, the "pressure v flow" curve, and gravity induced flow were measured. There was no difference between mean preoperative and postoperative resting CSF pressures in patients with Hakim shunts. The opening pressures of the Hakim shunts were higher than the value proposed by the manufacturer. A pronounced gravity effect induced CSF flow and decrease of the CSF pressure. In functioning variable resistance valves, CSF dynamics normalised postoperatively. There was no gravity effect and the characteristics shaped "pressure v flow" curve was sometimes seen. Six patients (three differential pressure valves, three variable resistance valves) had non-functioning shunts. Four of these patients were improved after the operation but improvement was transient in three. In all patients, there was no relation between the width of the ventricles and clinical improvement or CSF pressure. In conclusion, the differential pressure valve system does not behave according to the specifications provided by the manufacturer. A decrease in CSF pressure in patients with this shunt was solely due to the effect of gravity. Eleven percent of the differential pressure valves and 50% of the variable resistance valves were non-functioning. In the functioning variable resistance valves, the antisiphon system seems to be effective.
  • Pietz, Katja, et al. (författare)
  • Subcutaneous apomorphine in late stage Parkinson's disease: a long term follow up
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-330X. ; 65:5, s. 709-716
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Despite the recent introduction of new peroral drugs as well as neurosurgical methods for Parkinson's disease, treatment of late stage parkinsonian patients remains difficult and many patients become severely handicapped because of fluctuations in their motor status. Injections and infusions of apomorphine has been suggested as an alternative in the treatment of these patients, but the number of studies describing the effects of such a treatment over longer time periods is still limited. The objective was to investigate the therapeutic response and range of side effects during long term treatment with apomorphine in advanced Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Forty nine patients (30 men, 19 women; age range 42-80 years) with Parkinson's disease were treated for 3 to 66 months with intermittent subcutaneous injections or continuous infusions of apomorphine. RESULTS: Most of the patients experienced a long term symptomatic improvement. The time spent in "off" was significantly reduced from 50 to 29.5% with injections and from 50 to 25% with infusions of apomorphine. The quality of the remaining "off" periods was improved with infusion treatment, but was relatively unaffected by apomorphine injections. The overall frequency and intensity of dyskinesias did not change. The therapeutic effects of apomorphine were stable over time. The most common side effect was local inflammation at the subcutaneous infusion site, whereas the most severe were psychiatric side effects occurring in 44% of the infusion and 12% of the injection treated patients. CONCLUSION: Subcutaneous apomorphine is a highly effective treatment which can substantially improve the symptomatology in patients with advanced stage Parkinson's disease over a prolonged period of time.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-6 av 6

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy