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Sökning: L773:1499 3872

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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  • Georgiou, Konstantinos, et al. (författare)
  • Intraoperative cholangiography 2020 : Quo vadis? A systematic review of the literature
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International. - : Elsevier. - 1499-3872. ; 21:2, s. 145-153
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: There are few randomized controlled trials with sufficient statistical power to assess the effectiveness of intraoperative cholangiography (IOC) in the detection and treatment of common bile duct injury (BDI) or retained stones during cholecystectomy. The best evidence so far regarding IOC and reduced morbidity related to BDI and retained common bile duct stones was derived from large population-based cohort studies. Population-based studies also have the advantage of reflecting the outcome of the procedure as it is practiced in the community at large. However, the outcomes of these population-based studies are conflicting.Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in 2020 to search for articles that contained the terms “bile duct injury”, “critical view of safety”, “bile duct imaging” or “retained stones” in combination with IOC. All identified references were screened to select population-based studies and observational studies from large centers where socioeconomic or geographical selections were assumed not to cause selection bias.Results: The search revealed 273 references. A total of 30 articles fulfilled the criteria for a large observational study with minimal risk for selection bias. The majority suggested that IOC reduces morbidity associated with BDI and retained common bile duct stones. In the short term, IOC increases the cost of surgery. However, this is offset by reduced costs in the long run since BDI or retained stones detected during surgery are managed immediately.Conclusions: IOC reduces morbidity associated with BDI and retained common bile duct stones. The reports reviewed are derived from large, unselected populations, thereby providing a high external validity. However, more studies on routine and selective IOC with well-defined outcome measures and sufficient statistical power are needed.
  • Jiang, Jing-Ting, et al. (författare)
  • Mechanisms and significance of lipoprotein(a) in hepatocellular carcinoma
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International. - : Zhejiang Univ Sch Medicine. - 1499-3872. ; 8:1, s. 25-28
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The liver plays a key role in the metabolism of plasma apolipoproteins, endogenous lipids and lipoproteins. Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most common fatal malignant tumors in China and in other Southeast Asian countries. It has been demonstrated that plasma lipid profiles are changed in liver cancer. DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE database search was performed to identify relevant articles using the keywords "hepatocellular carcinoma" and "lipoprotein(a)". The search was conducted and research articles were reviewed from 1960 to 2008. RESULTS: Production and homeostasis of lipids, apolipoproteins and lipoproteins depend on the integrity of hepatocellular functions, which ensures normal lipid and lipoprotein metabolism in vivo. When hepatocellular injury or liver cancer occurs these processes can be impaired. It has been suggested that plasma levels of apolipoprotein(a) (apo(a)) and/or lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) may be considered as sensitive markers of hepatic impairment. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma levels of apo(a) and Lp(a) display significant correlations with hepatic status. Most studies demonstrated that the plasma levels of apo(a) and Lp(a) can be considered as an additional clinical index of liver function.
  • Sahlström, Emil, et al. (författare)
  • Risk factors and outcomes for patients with pancreatic cancer undergoing surgical exploration without resection due to metastatic disease : A national cohort study
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Diseases International. - : Zhejiang Univ Sch Medicine. - 1499-3872. ; 21:3, s. 279-284
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Unresectable disease is sometimes diagnosed during surgery in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). This study aimed to identify preoperative risk factors for metastatic disease diagnosed at surgical exploration and to investigate and compare survival in resected and non-resected patients. Methods: Patients were identified from the Swedish National Pancreatic and Periampullary Cancer Registry 2010-2018. Predictors of metastatic disease were evaluated with a multivariable logistic regression model, and survival was evaluated with Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. Results: In total, 1938 patients with PDAC were scheduled for surgery. An unresectable situation was diagnosed intraoperatively in 399 patients (20.6%), including 234 (12.1%) with metastasized disease. Independent risk factors for metastasis were involuntary weight loss (OR = 1.72; 95% CI: 1.27-2.33) and elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) (35-599 U/mL, OR = 1.79, 95% CI: 1.11-2.89; ≥ 600 U/mL, OR = 3.24, 95% CI: 2.04-5.17). Overall survival was lower among patients with metastasized disease than that among patients with a resectable tumor (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Involuntary weight loss and an elevation of CA19-9 are preoperative risk factors for diagnosing metastasized disease during surgical exploration.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7

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