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Träfflista för sökning "L773:1791 2997 srt2:(2008-2009)"

Sökning: L773:1791 2997 > (2008-2009)

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1.
  • Bu, Huajie, et al. (författare)
  • Genotype < 21CAs/>= 21CAs and allele < 21CAs of the MANBA gene in melanoma risk and progression in a Swedish population
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Molecular medicine reports. - : Spandidos Publications Ltd.. - 1791-2997 .- 1791-3004. ; 2:2, s. 259-263
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cutaneous melanoma is characterized by poor patient outcome in its later stages. The search for genetic markers is therefore crucial for the identification of populations at risk for melanoma. Highly polymorphic CA repeats in 3 proximity in the MANBA gene were examined by PCR-capillary electrophoresis in 185 Swedish melanoma patients and 441 tumor-free age- and gender-matched individuals. The associations of the polymorphisms with melanoma risk, the pigment phenotypes of the patients and tumor characteristics were analyzed. A significant difference in allelic distribution between melanoma patients and tumor-free individuals was observed. The frequency of the MANBA genotype <21CAs/>= 21CAs was significantly higher in melanoma patients than in the controls. When comparing allele distribution in patients and their matched controls, the allele <21 CAs was found to be associated with the female gender (39.8 vs. 31.2%, P=0.041, OR=1.46, 95% Cl 1.02-2.10), but not with male gender (34.4 vs. 30.9%, P=0.39). Within the melanoma group, there were no differences in the distribution of the MANBA alleles associated with patient gender or age before or after 55 years at diagnosis, nor was there any association between the MANBA genotype and pigment phenotype or tumor sites. The MANBA allele <21CAs was, however, associated with thin melanomas at diagnosis (Breslow thickness <= 1.5 mm and Clark levels I and II). In conclusion, these data suggest that MANBA polymorphisms might be an indicator of tumor growth and progression and, together with other markers, could be used to identify individuals at increased risk of melanoma.
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2.
  • Erlandson, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Epigenetic mutations in CDKN2A in western Swedish families with hereditary malignant melanoma
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine Reports. - Athens, Greece : Spandidos Publications. - 1791-2997 .- 1791-3004. ; 1:1, s. 89-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to identify the molecular genetic variations associated with an increased risk of hereditary malignant melanoma (HMM) in the western Swedish population. In 68 families with increased hereditary susceptibility to malignant melanoma, we previously reported a low frequency of alterations in the CDKN2A gene, which is regarded as the major melanoma predisposition gene. Among these alterations, we identified a novel mutation in 3 families (Asp108Tyr). In the present study, we focused on the possible role of heritable epimutations as a cause of the silencing of the CDKN2A gene. We used two different technical approaches to detect changes in CpG methylation in the promoter region of the CDKN2A gene; methylation-specific PCR (MSP) analysis of bisulfite-converted DNA and methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MLPA). From families who tested negative for germ-line CDKN2A mutations, 64 unrelated patients with hereditary melanoma were included in the study. We showed a consistent lack of hypermethylation in the promoter region of CDKN2A in patients with HMM in our western Swedish population. A putative germ-line methylation of the CDKN2A, if any, is therefore likely to be a rare event in hereditary melanoma. This study demonstrates that there are probably additional and as yet unknown genetic factors present in western Swedish HMM families.
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3.
  • Mälarstig, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Tumour-derived adhesion factor in colorectal cancer
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine Reports. - : Spandidos Publications. - 1791-2997 .- 1791-3004. ; 2:6, s. 971-976
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Tumour-derived adhesion factor (TAF) has been shown to be associated with breast, prostate and colorectal cancer (CRC), acting as tumour suppressor or tumour promoter by mechanisms not as yet understood. Here, we comparatively analyzed the expression profile of TAF in plasma, tumour and paired normal tissue from patients with CRC. In addition, we investigated the relationship between TAF and systemic inflammation, mirrored by the elevation of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and TAF levels in plasma. Levels of TAF and IL-6 were determined by ELISA. Immunohistochemistry was performed to investigate the site of TAF expression. We also used a TaqMan system to investigate a TAF single nucleotide polymorphism (rs2041437) with a potential effect on CRC. TAF protein levels were significantly (P<0.001) higher in colorectal tumours than in normal tissue, and were increased in patients with Dukes' stages B and C compared to A. Immunohistochemistry revealed heterogeneous TAF expression mainly in the epithelial cells of the cancer and normal tissue. The plasma TAF level was reduced in CRC patients compared with the controls (P=0.002), independent of the inflammatory marker IL-6. Regarding genotype and allelic distributions, significant differences between CRC patients and control subjects or associations between clinical characteristics and TAF levels in tissue and plasma were not observed. In conclusion, altered TAF protein expression in cancer tissue may be a potential biomarker in colorectal carcinogenesis. Further research exploring the regulation of TAF is required to evaluate whether TAF is linked to clinical outcome.
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4.
  • Wågsäter, Dick, et al. (författare)
  • Quantification of the chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 in human colorectal adenocarcinomas
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine Reports. - : Spandidos Publications. - 1791-2997 .- 1791-3004. ; 1:2, s. 211-217
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chemokines are believed to play a crucial role in local immunoresponse by regulating leukocyte movement in various tissues, including the intestinal mucosa. It has been suggested that they are key players in cancer biology, and several studies have identified leukocyte infiltration as a hallmark of most cancers. The chemokines CCL17 and CCL22 attract CCR4-bearing cells, which are especially polarised to Th2-type cells and regulatory T cells (Treg). Recent studies have revealed the participation of the CCL17 and CCL22 proteins in diseases such as atopic dermatitis and lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of CCL17 and CCL22 protein expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) and to ascertain whether an association exists between promoter -431C>T CCL17 and -961G>A CCL22 gene polymorphisms in CRC versus non-CRC subjects. Using the ELISA assay, we noted a significantly higher expression of CCL22 in tumour tissue with a 2.3-fold up-regulation (tumour vs. paired normal tissue, n=78) but no significant difference in CCL17 protein expression. Immunohistochemistry revealed protein expression of CCL22 and CCL17 in the epithelial compartment of cancer tissue, in epithelial cells at the resection border that reflects normal tissue, and in some stromal cells such as lymphocytes, macrophages, and fibroblasts. Using a TaqMan system we screened for -431C>T CCL17 and -961G>A CCL22 gene variants in 245 CRC patients and 256 controls, but could not find any significant difference in genotype distribution or in allelic frequencies between the two groups. The genotype and allelic distributions of CRC patients were not related to tissue levels of CCL17 and CCL22 protein, and none of the variables were associated with plasma levels or clinical characteristics. To ascertain whether the tissue expression of CCL17 and CCL22 exerts an influence oil the pathogenesis of CRC, a forthcoming study oil the 5-year survival rate of CRC patients will be conducted.
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6.
  • Ha, Chunfang, et al. (författare)
  • Adrenomedullin and its receptor, calcitonin receptor-like receptor, are aberrantly expressed in women with idiopathic menorrhagia
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine Reports. - 1791-2997. ; 2:1, s. 7-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The human endometrium undergoes a unique process of benign angiogenesis under the control of ovarian steroids during reproductive life. Aberrant angiogenesis has been implicated in idiopathic menorrhagia, a common gynaecological complaint. One of the key factors involved in endometrial angiogenesis is adrenomedullin (AM), a multifunctional 52-amino acid peptide. AM mediates the activities of endometrial angiogenesis via calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR). The objective of the present study was to compare the endometrial expression of AM and CRL in women with and without idiopathic menorrhagia. Endometrial biopsies were obtained from 9 women with menorrhagia (>= 80 ml per menstruation) and 12 women with normal blood loss (<80 ml per menstruation). Protein and mRNA expression levels of AM and CLR were determined using immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR. Compared to the controls, patients with menorrhagia exhibited low immunostaining intensity of AM, while high CLR staining was observed in the epithelium (p<0.05). No difference in mRNA expression was observed between the groups. These data suggest that an imbalance in the AM/CLR system might alter endometrial angiogenesis in menorrhagia.
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7.
  • Isaksson-Mettävainio, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • c-Met expression in primary tumors and their corresponding distant metastases
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Molecular Medicine Reports. - Umeå. - 1791-2997. ; 1:6, s. 787-790
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • c-Met is a receptor tyrosine kinase that has beenimplicated in the pathogenesis and growth of a wide variety ofhuman malignancies, including CRC, but its role in metastasisis largely unknown. We compared c-Met expression in primaryhuman colorectal carcinomas and distant metastases from thesame patients. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissuesamples from 69 colorectal cancer patients were obtained. Theprotein expression of c-Met was evaluated immunohistochemicallyusing a commercial antibody. The difference inexpression between primary tumors and their correspondingdistant metastases was analyzed using the Wilcoxon signedranktest. c-Met expression was statistically significantlylower in the distant metastases compared to their correspondingprimary tumors (p<0.001), whereas no difference was foundbetween lymph node metastases and their correspondingprimary tumors (p=0.957). The degree of c-Met expressionwas not related to clinicopathological characteristics such astumor grade and Dukes' stage at the time of primary tumordiagnosis, or to the location of the distant metastases. Wedemonstrated that c-Met expression is often reduced in distantmetastases compared to their corresponding primary colorectaltumors. Additional studies of c-Met activation and signaltransduction will increase our knowledge about the role ofc-Met in colorectal cancer metastasis.
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8.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979, et al. (författare)
  • Novel cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers of axonal degeneration in frontotemporal dementia.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Molecular medicine reports. - 1791-2997. ; 1:5, s. 757-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a heterogeneous disease with substantial interpersonal variance in aggressiveness. Novel biomarkers for rapidly progressive FTD could improve diagnosis and provide clues regarding its pathogenesis. In this study, surface-enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (SELDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) was used to analyze peptide profiles in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from 24 FTD patients. Thirteen patients had rapidly progressive FTD with distinct pathology in a brain MRI after less than 3 years of disease duration. Eleven patients had slowly progressive FTD with a normal brain MRI, but had abnormal findings in SPECT/PET after more than 5 years of disease duration. The axonal damage marker CSF neurofilament light-chain (NF-L) was measured in all subjects to evaluate the amount of axonal degeneration. A CSF NF-L level of 150 ng/l was used as a cut-off point for high NF-L expression. SELDI-TOF analysis of peptides in the range of 2000-20000 m/z revealed one peak with m/z of 6378 that was expressed at a significantly different level (p<0.01) when rapidly versus slowly progressive cases of FTD were compared. Eleven peaks were expressed at different levels when high versus low CSF NF-L were compared. Using chromatographic purification followed by tandem mass spectrometric analysis, five of these peaks were identified as follows: C-terminal fragment of neuroendocrine protein 7B2 (3512.84 Da), C-terminal fragment of osteopontin (7658.19 Da) as well as its mono- and diphosphorylated forms (7738.16 Da and 7818.13 Da, respectively) and pancreatic ribonuclease (14566.33 Da). The peak intensity of pancreatic ribonuclease was higher in patients with low NF-L expression, while the other peptides had a lower peak intensity in this group. Altered levels of these peptides have also been described in other neurodegenerative diseases. Taken together, these data suggest that differentially-expressed peptides are general markers of axonal degeneration. Further studies are needed to verify their prognostic value in FTD.
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9.
  • Ungerbäck, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of VEGF polymorphisms, tumor expression of VEGF mRNA and colorectal cancer susceptibility in a Swedish population
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: MOLECULAR MEDICINE REPORTS. - : Spandidos Publications. - 1791-2997. ; 2:3, s. 435-439
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a significant role in tumor angiogenesis and is found to be overexpressed and involved in the development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC). The VEGF gene contains several polymorphic sites known to influence VEGF expression. We examined the possible association between five polymorphisms, located in the promoter/5-untranslated region [-2578 (C/A), -2549 (del/ins 18 bp) -1154 (G/A), -634 (G/C)] or 3-untranslated region [+936 (C/T)] of the VEGF gene, and CRC Susceptibility and clinicopathological characteristics in 302 Swedish CRC patients and 336 healthy randomly selected controls. Both genotypes and combined haplotypes were analyzed. No significant differences were observed when VEGF genotype/haplotype frequencies in the CRC cases and controls were compared, nor were any associations found between the genotypes/haplotypes and clinicopathological characteristics. However, when the -2578 C and +936 T alleles were combined, a small but significant association with CRC susceptibility was detected (OR=1.6, 95% CI 1.3-1.9, p=0.01). In addition, VEGF mRNA expression was determined in a Subset of patients, revealing a 2-fold VEGF upregulation in CRC tissue compared to normal colonic mucosa, but no association between the genotypes or haplotypes and VEGF mRNA levels. Linkage analysis was performed, revealing that the polymorphisms in the promoter and 5-untranslated region were in tight linkage disequilibrium (LD) (vertical bar Dvertical bar=0.91-1.00), while the +936 C/T polymorphism was only weakly associated with the others (vertical bar Dvertical bar=0.05-0.19). In conclusion, VEGF is generally upregulated in colorectal tumors. However, the single nucleotide polymorphisms examined do not appear to influence the mRNA expression of VEGF in colorectal tumors, and most likely play a limited role in CRC development and progression.
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