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Sökning: L773:1942 5546

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  • Cerhan, James R., et al. (författare)
  • A Pooled Analysis of Waist Circumference and Mortality in 650,000 Adults
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Mayo Clinic proceedings. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 0025-6196 .- 1942-5546. ; 89:3, s. 335-345
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To assess the independent effect of waist circumference on mortality across the entire body mass index (BMI) range and to estimate the loss in life expectancy related to a higher waist circumference. Patients and Methods: We pooled data from 11 prospective cohort studies with 650,386 white adults aged 20 to 83 years and enrolled from January 1, 1986, through December 31, 2000. We used proportional hazards regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for the association of waist circumference with mortality. Results: During a median follow-up of 9 years (maximum, 21 years), 78,268 participants died. After accounting for age, study, BMI, smoking status, alcohol consumption, and physical activity, a strong positive linear association of waist circumference with all-cause mortality was observed for men (HR, 1.52 for waist circumferences of >= 110 vs < 90 cm; 95% CI, 1.45-1.59; HR, 1.07 per 5-cm increment in waist circumference; 95% CI, 1.06-1.08) and women (HR, 1.80 for waist circumferences of >= 95 vs < 70 cm; 95% CI, 1.70-1.89; HR, 1.09 per 5-cm increment in waist circumference; 95% CI, 1.08-1.09). The estimated decrease in life expectancy for highest vs lowest waist circumference was approximately 3 years for men and approximately 5 years for women. The HR per 5-cm increment in waist circumference was similar for both sexes at all BMI levels from 20 to 50 kg/m(2), but it was higher at younger ages, higher for longer follow-up, and lower among male current smokers. The associations were stronger for heart and respiratory disease mortality than for cancer. Conclusions: In white adults, higher waist circumference was positively associated with higher mortality at all levels of BMI from 20 to 50 kg/m(2). Waist circumference should be assessed in combination with BMI, even for those in the normal BMI range, as part of risk assessment for obesity-related premature mortality. (C) 2014 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
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  • Marild, Karl, et al. (författare)
  • Blockers of Angiotensin Other Than Olmesartan in Patients With Villous Atrophy : A Nationwide Case-Control Study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Mayo Clinic proceedings. - 0025-6196 .- 1942-5546. ; 90:6, s. 730-737
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To examine the association between the previous use of nonolmesartan angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) or any angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and subsequent villous atrophy (VA) in patients with small-intestinal VA as compared with general population-matched controls. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was used to link nationwide histopathology data on 2933 individuals with VA (Marsh grade 3) to the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register to examine the association between the use of ACEIs as well as the specific use of ARBs other than olmesartan and subsequent VA. Olmesartan is not available in Sweden, so this exposure was not examined. All individuals with VA had biopsies performed between July 1, 2005, and January 29, 2008, and matched on age, sex, calendar period of birth, and county of residence to 14,571 controls from the general population. Results: Use of nonolmesartan ARBs was not associated with VA (odds ratio, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.64-1.09; P = .19). Neither was VA associated with a previous medication of any ACEI (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.90-1.30; P = .41). Restricting the analysis to individuals with repeated prescriptions for ACEIs or ARBs revealed only marginally changed risk estimates for VA. Conclusion: The lack of association between the use of ACEIs and nonolmesartan ARBs and subsequent VA suggests that these medications are not a major risk factor for the development of VA in the general population. (C) 2015 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
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  • Palmer, BF, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical Management of Hyperkalemia
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Mayo Clinic proceedings. - 1942-5546. ; 96:3, s. 744-762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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  • Rubio-Tapia, Alberto, et al. (författare)
  • Severe Spruelike Enteropathy Associated With Olmesartan
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Mayo Clinic proceedings. - : Elsevier. - 0025-6196 .- 1942-5546. ; 87:8, s. 732-738
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To report the response to discontinuation of olmesartan, an angiotensin II receptor antagonist commonly prescribed for treatment of hypertension, in patients with unexplained severe spruelike enteropathy.Patients and Methods: All 22 patients included in this report were seen at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, between August 1, 2008, and August 1, 2011, for evaluation of unexplained chronic diarrhea and enteropathy while taking olmesartan. Celiac disease was ruled out in all cases. To be included in the study, the patients also had to have clinical improvement after suspension of olmesartan.Results: The 22 patients (13 women) had a median age of 69.5 years (range, 47-81 years). Most patients were taking 40 mg/d of olmesartan (range, 10-40 mg/d). The clinical presentation was of chronic diarrhea and weight loss (median, 18 kg; range, 2.5-57 kg), which required hospitalization in 14 patients (64%). Intestinal biopsies showed both villous atrophy and variable degrees of mucosal inflammation in 15 patients, and marked subepithelial collagen deposition (collagenous sprue) in 7. Tissue transglutaminase antibodies were not detected. A gluten-free diet was not helpful. Collagenous or lymphocytic gastritis was documented in 7 patients, and microscopic colitis was documented in 5 patients. Clinical response, with a mean weight gain of 12.2 kg, was demonstrated in all cases. Histologic recovery or improvement of the duodenum after discontinuation of olmesartan was confirmed in all 18 patients who underwent follow-up biopsies.Conclusion: Olmesartan may be associated with a severe form of spruelike enteropathy. Clinical response and histologic recovery are expected after suspension of the drug. (C) 2012 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Mayo Clin Proc. 2012;87(8):732-738
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