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  • 3rd International Conference on Material Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 26–28 April 2019, Shanghai, China
  • 2020
  • Proceedings (redaktörskap) (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We are very pleased to present the proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Material Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing Technology (MEAMT 2019) that was held successfully under the auspices of IASED in Shanghai, China, April 26-28, 2019.The theme of the conference - Material Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing Technology - is of key importance to the science and technology and a sustainable industrial development. This conference promotes valuable contacts between academia and industry and addresses both basic research and the societal/industrial technological needs within Material Engineering and Advanced Manufacturing Technology.In this era of Industry 4.0, we hope that the conference provided applicable data/information, addressed the issues in the societal/industrial transformation, and facilitated exchange within and between academia and industry.We want to express our gratitude to the program chairs and all members of the advisory, publicity, and technical committees for their valuable time and advices. We are grateful to the world renowned scientists who acted as keynote speakers at the conference.After a rigorous review process, where each paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers, high quality papers were accepted for presentation at this conference. We would like to thank all the reviewers for their time, effort, and for completing their assignments on time albeit tight deadlines.Many thanks to the authors for their valuable contributions and to the attendees for their active participation.Finally, a big thank to the organizers who made this conference to yet another unforgettable experience.Nader AsnafiProfessor of Mechanical Engineering, Örebro University, Sweden Editor of the proceedings of MEAMT 2019 One behalf of the conference committee.
  • A Study of Design Efficiency with a High-Level Language for FPGAs
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 14th International Reconfigurable Architectures Workshop (RAW'07). - Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE. - 1424409101 ; , s. 1-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Over the years reconfigurable computing devices such as FPGAs have evolved from gate-level glue logic to complex reprogrammable processing architectures. However, the tools used for mapping computations to such architectures still require the knowledge about architectural details of the target device to extract efficiency. A study of the Mobius language and tools is presented in this paper, with a focus on generated hardware performance. A number of streaming and memory-intensive applications have been developed and the results have been compared with the corresponding implementations in VHDL and a behavioral hardware description language. Based upon experimental evidences, it is concluded that Mobius, a minimal parallel processing language targeted for reconfigurable architectures, enhances productivity in terms of design time and code maintainability without considerably compromising performance and resources.
  • Aahlin, Eirik K, et al. (författare)
  • Functional recovery is considered the most important target : a survey of dedicated professionals
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Perioperative medicine. - London, United Kingdom : BioMed Central. - 2047-0525. ; 3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim of this study was to survey the relative importance of postoperative recovery targets and perioperative care items, as perceived by a large group of international dedicated professionals.Methods: A questionnaire with eight postoperative recovery targets and 13 perioperative care items was mailed to participants of the first international Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) congress and to authors of papers with a clear relevance to ERAS in abdominal surgery. The responders were divided into categories according to profession and region.Results: The recovery targets 'To be completely free of nausea', 'To be independently mobile' and 'To be able to eat and drink as soon as possible' received the highest score irrespective of the responder's profession or region of origin. Equally, the care items 'Optimizing fluid balance', 'Preoperative counselling' and 'Promoting early and scheduled mobilisation' received the highest score across all groups.Conclusions: Functional recovery, as in tolerance of food without nausea and regained mobility, was considered the most important target of recovery. There was a consistent uniformity in the way international dedicated professionals scored the relative importance of recovery targets and care items. The relative rating of the perioperative care items was not dependent on the strength of evidence supporting the items.
  • Aam, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • The Impact of Vascular Risk Factors on Post-stroke Cognitive Impairment : The Nor-COAST Study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Neurology. - : Frontiers Media S.A.. - 1664-2295 .- 1664-2295. ; 12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is common, but evidence on the impact of vascular risk factors is lacking. We explored the association between pre-stroke vascular risk factors and PSCI and studied the course of PSCI.Materials and Methods: Vascular risk factors were collected at baseline in stroke survivors (n = 635). Cognitive assessments of attention, executive function, memory, language, and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were performed at 3 and/or 18 months post-stroke. Stroke severity was assessed with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). PSCI was measured with global z; MoCA z-score; and z-score of the four assessed cognitive domains. Mixed-effect linear regression was applied with global z, MoCA z-score, and z-scores of the cognitive domains as dependent variables. Independent variables were the vascular risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, diabetes mellitus, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, previous stroke), time, and the interaction between these. The analyses were adjusted for age, education, and sex. There were between 5 and 25% missing data for the variables for PSCI.Results: Mean age was 71.6 years (SD 11.7); 42% were females; and the mean NIHSS score at admittance was 3.8 (SD 4.8). Regardless of vascular risk factors, global z, MoCA, and all the assessed cognitive domains were impaired at 3 and 18 months, with MoCA being the most severely impaired. Atrial fibrillation (AF) was associated with poorer language at 18 months and coronary heart disease (CHD) with poorer MoCA at 18 months (LR =12.80, p = 0.002, and LR = 8.32, p = 0.004, respectively). Previous stroke was associated with poorer global z and attention at 3 and 18 months (LR = 15.46, p < 0.001, and LR = 16.20, p < 0.001). In patients without AF, attention improved from 3 to 18 months, and in patients without CHD, executive function improved from 3 to 18 months (LR = 10.42, p < 0.001, and LR = 9.33, p = 0.009, respectively).Discussion: Our findings indicate that a focal stroke lesion might be related to pathophysiological processes leading to global cognitive impairment. The poorer prognosis of PSCI in patients with vascular risk factors emphasizes the need for further research on complex vascular risk factor interventions to prevent PSCI.
  • Aarebrot, Frank, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Statehood, Secularisation, Cooperation : Explaining Democratic Survival in Inter-War Europe - Stein Rokkan's Conceptual Map Revisited
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Historical social research / Historische Sozialforschung. - Köln : Zentrum für historische Sozialforschung. - 0172-6404. ; 20:2, s. 210-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article addresses itself to the crisis of democracy in inter-war Europe which saw the breakdown of one democratic regime after the other with Czechoslovakia as the only survivor case in Eastern and Central Europe by the end of this period. It is cast within the framework of Stein Rokkan's seminal conceptual map of Europe which is expanded in order to account for countries and variables originally not included in his analytical scheme. The analysis leads to the following conclusion: where the state building was weak and the legacy of empire strong, or where secular nation building was still impaired by deeply rooted religious sentiments, or where significant segments representing major cleavages where not coopted into a constitutional compromise, the chances for democratic survival in inter-war Europe were slim indeed. The conclusion applies to the inter-war era alone, but it clearly has implications for contemporary Europe. Noting that statehood and secularization ranked high on the agenda of communist Eastern Europe, the authors raise the paradoxical question if the success of democracy in this part of the world may in fact be a byproduct of the extent to which the now defunct communist regimes were successful in promoting their pet goals.
  • Aarebrot, Frank, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • The View from EFTA
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Public Opinion and Internationalized Governance. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - 9780198294764 ; , s. 344-367
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    •  This chapter examines public opinion regarding European Community integration in the five small but comparatively prosperous countries in the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). The evidence reveals a split. On the one hand, there is the positive endorsement expressed in Austria, Finland and Sweden; on the other, there is the negative assessment expressed in Norway and Switzerland. This ambivalence confirms that the impact of centre-periphery location is complex. Moreover, as the Norwegian and Swiss cases indicate, the centre-periphery cleavage within countries is as relevant as that between countries to an understanding of support for internationalized governance.
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