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  • 3-D band-stop FSS for X-band and Ku-band
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: 2017 Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium - Fall (PIERS - FALL). - : Electromagnetics Academy. - 9781538612118 - 9781538612125 ; , s. 671-675
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 3-D Frequency Selective Surface (FSS) with band-stop characteristics for X-band and Ku-band is proposed. A 3-D FSS unit cell is constructed by analyzing two 2-D FSS's. The size of the 3-D FSS unit cell is 5 mm × 5 mm wherein two layers of FR4 substrate with respective widths of 0.762 mm and 0.5 mm are used. Dual stop bands are obtained with this FSS unit cell around 10 GHz and 17.4 GHz; where a wide stop-band of 5.2 GHz is obtained. The parametric study carried out on the proposed design in terms change in nature of substrate, alternate use of different substrates and variation in angle of incidence. The 3-D FSS shows its band rejection property X-band and Ku-band respectively. Ansoft HFSS commercial EM solver software is used to carry out the simulation work.
  • A. Almaqtari, Faozi, et al. (författare)
  • Earning management estimation and prediction using machine learning: A systematic review of processing methods and synthesis for future research
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: 2021 International Conference on Technological Advancements and Innovations (ICTAI). - : IEEE.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study highlights earning management optimization possibilities to constrain the events of earning management and financial fraud. Our study investigates the existing stock of knowledge and strand literature available on earning management and fraud detection. It aims to review systematically the methods and techniques used by prior research to determine earning management and fraud detection. The results indicate that prior research in earning management optimization is diverged among several techniques and none of these techniques has provided an ideal optimization for earning management. Further, the results reveal that earning management determinants are complex based on the type and size of business entities which complicate the optimization possibilities. The current research brings useful insights for predicting and optimization of earnings management and financial fraud. The present study has significant implications for policymakers, stock markets, auditors, investors, analysts, and professionals.
  • A., F. (författare)
  • NA
  • 2019
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • A., Johnsson, et al. (författare)
  • Physical inactivity increases the risk of endometrial cancer and premenopausal breast cancer
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 0008-5472. ; 75:15 Suppl
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Epidemiological studies indicate that physical activity reduces the risk of cancer. Physical inactivity or sedentary behavior, has recently been suggested as a risk factor independent of physical activity level. Breast and endometrial cancer incidence have both been associated with physical activity, and endometrial cancer incidence with physical inactivity/sedentary behavior. The purpose of the present study was to investigate physical inactivity as a risk factor for breast cancer, divided into pre- and postmenopausal subtypes, and for endometrial cancer, and to explore possible dose-response relations regarding the level of physical inactivity. Methods. In a population-based prospective cohort study, 29 520 women in the southern part of Sweden, in ages between 25 and 64 years, participated. A questionnaire-based survey was performed 1990-92. Their reported professions were classified as sedentary or not which together with reported participation in competitive sports constituted the basis for classification into three activity-levels; (1) physical inactivity, defined as having sedentary occupation and no participation in competitive sports, (2) partly inactive, defined as either having a sedentary occupation or non- participation in competitive sports, (3) Physical active, defined as not having a sedentary occupation and participation in competitive sports. The association between physical inactivity and pre and postmenopausal breast and endometrial cancer incidence were analyzed by Cox regression, adjusted for hormonal factors, family history of cancer, body mass index (BMI) and age. Results. Physical inactive women had a significantly increased risk of endometrial cancer (HR = 2.41, 95% CI 1.14-5.11) and premenopausal breast cancer (HR = 2.40, 95% CI 1.14-5.02), compared with women who were less physical inactive. No such association was found for postmenopausal breast cancer. Analysis of linear trend showed a significant dose-response relationship with increased risk of both premenopausal breast cancer (ptrend 0.02) and endometrial cancer (ptrend
  • A. Mouris, Boules, et al. (författare)
  • A Dual-Polarized Multi-Antenna Structure for Simultaneous Transmission of Wireless Information and Power
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: A Dual-Polarized Multi-Antenna Structure for Simultaneous Transmission of Wireless Information and Power. - : IEEE. - 9781728106922
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In this paper, a dual-polarized multi-antenna structure is designed at 2.45 GHz with the goal of allowing simultaneous transmission of wireless information and power. Differential feeding was used to minimize the mutual coupling due to radiation leakage in addition to a mushroom-type EBG structure for suppressing the surface waves. Simulation results for the proposed structure show a mutual coupling level lower than -40 dB between the information transmitting antenna and the power transmitting antennas for both polarizations. The isolation level between the antennas is improved by at least 22 dB and 14 dB for the E-plane and H-plane coupling, respectively.
  • A Study of Design Efficiency with a High-Level Language for FPGAs
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the 14th International Reconfigurable Architectures Workshop (RAW'07). - Piscataway, N.J. : IEEE. - 1424409101 ; , s. 1-7
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Over the years reconfigurable computing devices such as FPGAs have evolved from gate-level glue logic to complex reprogrammable processing architectures. However, the tools used for mapping computations to such architectures still require the knowledge about architectural details of the target device to extract efficiency. A study of the Mobius language and tools is presented in this paper, with a focus on generated hardware performance. A number of streaming and memory-intensive applications have been developed and the results have been compared with the corresponding implementations in VHDL and a behavioral hardware description language. Based upon experimental evidences, it is concluded that Mobius, a minimal parallel processing language targeted for reconfigurable architectures, enhances productivity in terms of design time and code maintainability without considerably compromising performance and resources.
  • A., Trubetskaya, et al. (författare)
  • The Effect of Wood Composition and Supercritical CO2 Extraction on the Charcoal Production
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: 2019 AIChE Annual Meeting proceedings. - : American Institute of Chemical Engineers.
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This work demonstrated that the coupling of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction with slow pyrolysis is effective to remove over half of extractives from low quality wood and to generate biochar from remaining solid wood fractions. The high yields of extractives from supercritical carbon dioxide extraction illustrates the potential utilizing of low quality wood as an alternative feedstock for the sustainable production of value-added chemicals. Results showed that supercritical carbon dioxide extraction has neither a strong impact on the physical properties of original wood nor on the yield of solid biochar. These results are promising as they show that the biochar obtained for this renewable feedstock could be used as an alternative to fossil-based coke in applications including ferroalloy industries. Moreover, the heat treatment temperature and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction had a significant impact on the tar yields, leading to the increase in naphthalene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic and phenolic fractions with the greater temperature. The differences in gasification reactivity and dielectric properties of solid biochars, composition and yields of liquid products of non-treated pinewood and extracted wood fraction emphasize the impact of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction on the pyrolysis process. 
  • Aabel, Lise, 1992, et al. (författare)
  • Distributed Massive MIMO via all-Digital Radio Over Fiber
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Conference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers. - 1058-6393. ; 2020-November, s. 319-323
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A crucial challenge in the implementation of distributed massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) architectures is to provide phase coherence while, at the same time, limit the complexity of the remote-radio heads (RRHs), which is important for cost-efficient scalability. To address this challenge, we present in this paper a phase-coherent distributed MIMO architecture, based on off-the-shelf, low-cost components. In the proposed architecture, up- and down-conversion are carried out at the central unit (CU). The RRHs are connected to the CU by means of optical fibers carrying oversampled radio-frequency (RF) 1-bit signals. In the downlink, the 1-bit signal is generated via sigma-delta modulation. At the RRH, the RF signal is recovered from the 1-bit signal through a bandpass filter and a power amplifier, and then fed to an antenna. In the uplink, the 1-bit signal is generated by a comparator whose inputs are the low-noise-amplified received RF signal and a suitably designed dither signal. The performance of the proposed architecture is evaluated with satisfactory results both via simulation and measurements from a testbed.
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