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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Österberg Torun 1968) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Österberg Torun 1968)

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  • [1]2345Nästa
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1.
  • Strömberg, Sofia, et al. (författare)
  • Very Urgent Carotid Endarterectomy Confers Increased Procedural Risk
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Stroke. - : Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). - 0039-2499 .- 1524-4628. ; 43:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Purpose-Current Swedish guidelines recommend that carotid endarterectomy should be performed within 14 days of a qualifying neurological event, but it is not clear if very urgent surgery after an event is associated with increased perioperative risk. The aim of this study was to determine how the time between the event and carotid endarterectomy affects the procedural risk of mortality and stroke. Methods-We prospectively analyzed data on all patients who underwent carotid endarterectomies for symptomatic carotid stenosis between May 12, 2008, and May 31, 2011, with records in the Swedish Vascular Registry (Swedvasc). Patients were divided according to time between the qualifying event and surgery (0-2 days, 3-7 days, 8-14 days, 15-180 days). Stroke rate and mortality at 30 days postsurgery were determined. Results-We analyzed data for 2596 patients and found that the combined mortality and stroke rate for patients treated 0 to 2 days after qualifying event was 11.5% (17 of 148) versus 3.6% (29 of 804), 4.0% (27 of 677), and 5.4% (52 of 967) for the groups treated at 3 to 7 days, 8 to 14 days, and 15 to 180 days, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, time was an independent risk factor for perioperative complications: patients treated at 0 to 2 days had a relative OR of 4.24 (CI, 2.07-8.70; P < 0.001) compared with the reference 3-to 7-day group. Conclusions-In this study of patients treated for symptomatic carotid disease, it was safe to perform surgery as early as Day 3 after a qualifying neurological event in contrast to patients treated within 0 to 2 days, which has a significantly increased perioperative risk. (Stroke. 2012;43:1331-1335.)
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2.
  • Biterman, Danuta, et al. (författare)
  • Economic and Ethnic Polarisation among Children in Sweden's Three Metropolitan Areas
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Schmollers Jahrbuch. Journal of Applied Social Science Studies. - 1439-121X. ; 128:1, s. 121-152
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper investigates certain issues of economic and ethnic segregation from the perspective of children in the three metropolitan regions of Sweden by using a relative new operationalization of the neighbourhood concept. Neighbourhoods are clustered by population share of visible immigrants in proportion to share of native born residents. The target variable under study is child income based on income of parents. Inequality in child income 1990, 1996 and 2002 is studied by decomposing additively decomposable inequality indexes. Based on this, measures of residential economic polarisation and residential ethnic polarisation are obtained. Of major significance is that residential polarisation increased for all three regions and for both sub-periods 1990-1996 and 1996-2002. For example, while in the Stockholm region 7 percent of inequality in child income in 1990 was due to differences in mean income across neighbourhoods, the proportion had increased to as much as 22 percent in 2002. Ethnic residential polarisation increased as well and we report a relatively large overlap between economic and ethnic polarisation. Based on estimated regression models, we conclude that increased returns to parental education have forcefully contributed to larger economic polarisation among children in Swedish metropolitan regions.
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  • Galloway, Taryn Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Fattigdom bland invandrarbarn - Den nordiska modellens akilleshäl
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Ekonomisk Debatt. - 0345-2646. ; 38:6, s. 57-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Barnfattigdom i Danmark, Norge och Sverige åren 1993 till 2001 undersöks med hjälp av paneldata. Medan färre än 10 procent av barn med inhemsk bakgrund i alla tre länderna är fattiga har den allt större andelen barn med rötter i medel- eller låginkomstländer fattigdomsrisker som varierar mellan 38 och hela 58 procent. Vid observationsperioden slut hade var tredje fattigt barn i Norge invandrarbakgrund, och motsvarande andel är så hög som kring hälften i Danmark och Sverige. Barnfattigdomsrisker är som regel höga kort efter ankomsten till det nya landet, och faller med år sedan invandringen. Multivariat analys visar att föräldrarnas vistelsetid och utbildning påverkar risken för varaktig barnfattigdom. I stora drag är bilden den samma i alla de tre länderna, men det finns även vissa skillnader.
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7.
  • Galloway, Taryn Ann, et al. (författare)
  • Immigrant Child Poverty - The Achilles Heel of the Scandinavian Welfare States
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Measurement of Poverty, Deprivation, and Economic Mobility. Thesia I. Garner , Kathleen S. Short (eds.). - : Emerald. - 9781785603877 ; , s. 185-219
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Immigrant and native child poverty in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden 1993–2001 is studied using large sets of panel data. While native children face yearly poverty risks of less than 10 percent in all three countries and for all years studied the increasing proportion of immigrant children with an origin in middle- and low-income countries have poverty risks that vary from 38 up to as much as 58 percent. At the end of the observation period, one third of the poor children in Norway and as high as about a half in Denmark and in Sweden are of immigrant origin. The strong overrepresentation of immigrant children from low- and middle-income countries when measured in yearly data is also found when applying a longer accounting period for poverty measurement. We find that child poverty rates are generally high shortly after arrival to the new country and typically decrease with years since immigration. Multivariate analysis shows that parents years since immigration and education affect risks of the number of periods in persistent poverty. While a native child is very unlikely to spend nine years in poverty, the corresponding risk for a child to a newly arrived immigrant was found to be far from negligible. Much of the pattern is similar across the three countries but there are also some notable differences.
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  • Gustafsson, Björn, 1948, et al. (författare)
  • Age at immigration matters for labor market integration : the Swedish example
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: IZA Journal of Development and Migration. - : Walter de Gruyter GmbH. - 2520-1786. ; 7:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper analyses how age at immigration to Sweden and getting a first foothold in the labor market is related. We estimate hazard rate models using registry data on all persons who arrived in each of the years 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002. The results show that the number of years taken to get a foothold in the Swedish labor market increases rapidly by age among immigrants from middle- and low-income countries aged 40+. Most individuals who are born in middle- or low-income countries who immigrate after age 50 never get a foothold in the Swedish labor market.
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10.
  • Gustafsson, Björn, 1948, et al. (författare)
  • Barnfattigdom i storstäderna
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Socionomens Forskningssupplement. - 0283-1929. ; Nr 30:6, 2011, s. 18-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ett nytt sätt att studera barnfattigdomen i Sverige presenteras genom att det fokuseras på fattigdomen i grannskap i de tre storstadsregionerna. Grannskap med omfattande barnfattigdom har kraftigt ökat i antal mellan 1990 och 2002. En oproportionerligt hög andel barn med ursprung från icke rika länder bor i fattiga grannskap. Regressionsanalys visar att hög barnfattigdom i ett grannskap i stor utsträckning kan förstås som betingad av föräldrarnas låga sysselsättningsnivå och låga utbildningsnivå, inte primärt av invandrarskapet som sådant.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 41
  • [1]2345Nästa

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