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Sökning: WFRF:(Adamovic Svetlana)

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1.
  • Andersson, Niklas, 1970, et al. (författare)
  • A variant near the interleukin-6 gene is associated with fat mass in Caucasian men
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Obesity. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0307-0565 .- 1476-5497. ; 34:6, s. 1011-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Regulation of fat mass appears to be associated with immune functions. Studies of knockout mice show that endogenous interleukin (IL)-6 can suppress mature-onset obesity. OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate associations of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) near the IL-6 (IL6) and IL-6 receptor (IL6R) genes with body fat mass, in support for our hypothesis that variants of these genes can be associated with obesity. DESIGN AND STUDY SUBJECTS: The Gothenburg Osteoporosis and Obesity Determinants (GOOD) study is a population-based cross-sectional study of 18- to 20-year-old men (n=1049), from the Gothenburg area (Sweden). Major findings were confirmed in two additional cohorts consisting of elderly men from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Sweden (n=2851) and MrOS US (n=5611) multicenter population-based studies. MAIN OUTCOME: The genotype distributions and their association with fat mass in different compartments, measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Out of 18 evaluated tag SNPs near the IL6 and IL6R genes, a recently identified SNP rs10242595 G/A (minor allele frequency=29%) 3' of the IL6 gene was negatively associated with the primary outcome total body fat mass (effect size -0.11 standard deviation (s.d.) units per A allele, P=0.02). This negative association with fat mass was also confirmed in the combined MrOS Sweden and MrOS US cohorts (effect size -0.05 s.d. units per A allele, P=0.002). When all three cohorts were combined (n=8927, Caucasian subjects), rs10242595(*)A showed a negative association with total body fat mass (effect size -0.05 s.d. units per A allele, P<0.0002). Furthermore, the rs10242595(*)A was associated with low body mass index (effect size -0.03, P<0.001) and smaller regional fat masses. None of the other SNPs investigated in the GOOD study were reproducibly associated with body fat. CONCLUSIONS: The IL6 gene polymorphism rs10242595(*)A is associated with decreased fat mass in three combined cohorts of 8927 Caucasian men.
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2.
  • Sarwar, Nadeem, et al. (författare)
  • Interleukin-6 receptor pathways in coronary heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of 82 studies
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. - New York, NY, USA : Elsevier. - 1474-547X .- 0140-6736. ; 379:9822, s. 1205-1213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Persistent inflammation has been proposed to contribute to various stages in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. Interleukin-6 receptor (IL6R) signalling propagates downstream inflammation cascades. To assess whether this pathway is causally relevant to coronary heart disease, we studied a functional genetic variant known to affect IL6R signalling. Methods In a collaborative meta-analysis, we studied Asp358Ala (rs2228145) in IL6R in relation to a panel of conventional risk factors and inflammation biomarkers in 125 222 participants. We also compared the frequency of Asp358Ala in 51 441 patients with coronary heart disease and in 136 226 controls. To gain insight into possible mechanisms, we assessed Asp358Ala in relation to localised gene expression and to postlipopolysaccharide stimulation of interleukin 6. Findings The minor allele frequency of Asp358Ala was 39%. Asp358Ala was not associated with lipid concentrations, blood pressure, adiposity, dysglycaemia, or smoking (p value for association per minor allele >= 0.04 for each). By contrast, for every copy of 358Ala inherited, mean concentration of IL6R increased by 34.3% (95% CI 30.4-38.2) and of interleukin 6 by 14.6% (10.7-18.4), and mean concentration of C-reactive protein was reduced by 7.5% (5.9-9.1) and of fibrinogen by 1.0% (0.7-1.3). For every copy of 358Ala inherited, risk of coronary heart disease was reduced by 3.4% (1.8-5.0). Asp358Ala was not related to IL6R mRNA levels or interleukin-6 production in monocytes. Interpretation Large-scale human genetic and biomarker data are consistent with a causal association between IL6R-related pathways and coronary heart disease.
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3.
  • Östensson, Malin, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • A Possible Mechanism behind Autoimmune Disorders Discovered By Genome-Wide Linkage and Association Analysis in Celiac Disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 8:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Celiac disease is a common autoimmune disorder characterized by an intestinal inflammation triggered by gluten, a storage protein found in wheat, rye and barley. Similar to other autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis, celiac disease is the result of an immune response to self-antigens leading to tissue destruction and production of autoantibodies. Common diseases like celiac disease have a complex pattern of inheritance with inputs from both environmental as well as additive and non-additive genetic factors. In the past few years, Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have been successful in finding genetic risk variants behind many common diseases and traits. To complement and add to the previous findings, we performed a GWAS including 206 trios from 97 nuclear Swedish and Norwegian families affected with celiac disease. By stratifying for HLA-DQ, we identified a new genome-wide significant risk locus covering the DUSP10 gene. To further investigate the associations from the GWAS we performed pathway analyses and two-locus interaction analyses. These analyses showed an over-representation of genes involved in type 2 diabetes and identified a set of candidate mechanisms and genes of which some were selected for mRNA expression analysis using small intestinal biopsies from 98 patients. Several genes were expressed differently in the small intestinal mucosa from patients with celiac autoimmunity compared to intestinal mucosa from control patients. From top-scoring regions we identified susceptibility genes in several categories: 1) polarity and epithelial cell functionality; 2) intestinal smooth muscle; 3) growth and energy homeostasis, including proline and glutamine metabolism; and finally 4) innate and adaptive immune system. These genes and pathways, including specific functions of DUSP10, together reveal a new potential biological mechanism that could influence the genesis of celiac disease, and possibly also other chronic disorders with an inflammatory component.
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4.
  • Adamovic, Svetlana, 1965, et al. (författare)
  • Association study of IL2/IL21 and FcgRIIa: significant association with the IL2/IL21 region in Scandinavian coeliac disease families
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Genes and immunity. - 1466-4879 .- 1476-5470. ; 9:4, s. 364-367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The first genome-wide association study performed in a UK coeliac disease (CD) case-control cohort revealed association with a linkage disequilibrium block containing the KIAA1109/Tenr/IL2/IL21 genes. Also recently, an association with a non-synonymous polymorphism in Fcitalic gammaRIIa (CD32a) was reported in CD with an unusually strong P-value. We aimed to replicate the reported associations with the single nucleotide polymorphisms rs13119723 A>G and rs6822844 G>T in the KIAA1109/Tenr/IL2/IL21 region and rs1801274 G>A in the Fcitalic gammaRIIa gene in a family sample consisting of 325 Swedish/Norwegian families using the robust transmission disequilibrium test. The family sample used in this study included 100 families with two or more children affected by CD and 225 families with one affected child. We could confirm significant association between the polymorphisms rs13119723 A>G and rs6822844 G>T located in the KIAA1109/Tenr/IL2/IL21 region and CD (P-value 0.001 and 0.002, respectively). However, we found no association with the Fcitalic gammaRIIa rs1801274 G>A polymorphism (P-value=0.3). In conclusion, our results support the KIAA1109/Tenr/IL2/IL21 region as a true CD susceptibility region.
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5.
  • Adamovic, Svetlana, 1965, et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping study in Scandinavian families suggests association between coeliac disease and haplotypes in chromosome region 5q32.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Tissue Antigens. - 1399-0039 .- 0001-2815. ; 71:1, s. 27-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The previous genome-wide scan in Scandinavian families supported earlier evidence for linkage of a region on chromosome 5 (5q31–33) to coeliac disease. This study deals with further genetic mapping of an 18 cM region, spanning from marker GAh18A (131.87 Mb) to D5S640 (149.96 Mb). Linkage and association analyses were performed in a two-step approach. First, seven microsatellites were added. Strong evidence for linkage was obtained with a Zlr score of 3.96, Pnc = 4 × 10−5 at marker D5S436. The strongest association was with a haplotype consisting of the markers D5S2033 and D5S2490 (Pnc < 0.001). In the second step, we added 17 microsatellites and 69 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to the analysis. These markers were located close to or within candidate genes across the region of approximately 7 Mb beneath the linkage peak marked by D5S2017 and D5S812. A substantial increase of the linkage signal with a maximum Zlr score of 4.6 at marker rs1972644 (Pnc = 2 × 10−6) was obtained and several SNPs showed association. Seven SNPs that individually showed the strongest association were genotyped in a second independent family sample set (225 trios). In the trio family sample as well as in the multiplex family sample, the strongest association was found with SNPs within the region flanked by the associated microsatellites D5S2033 and D5S2490 at 5q32.
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6.
  • Adamovic, Svetlana, 1965 (författare)
  • Genetic linkage and association studies in celiac disease: discoveries from whole genome analysis
  • 2009
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Celiac Disease (CD) or Gluten Sensitive Enteropathy (GSE) is a life-long disorder. It is characterized by inflammation in the small intestine of genetically predisposed individuals caused by inappropriate immune response to gluten, a protein enriched in some of our common grains (wheat, rye and barley). The toxicity of gluten is manifested by the autoimmune action of T-lymphocytes on mucosal cells in the small intestine, disrupting its vital function of absorbing nutrients from the food. The disease affects predominantly children, but it can develop later in life as well. Untreated CD involves risk for major complications: Dermatitis herpetiformis (“the celiac disease of the skin”), nutritional deficiencies, osteoporosis, anaemia, fertility problems, neurological disturbances and malignancies. The only known treatment for CD is a lifelong adherence to gluten-free diet (GFD). In a Scandinavian genome wide scan, performed by our group and published in 2001, eight chromosomal regions apart from HLA showed nominal significance (p < 0,05), among them 5q31-33. This region was previously suggested as a susceptibility region in other complex diseases: asthma, type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. The main goal of this study was to explore the region of 18cM on 5q31-33, identify genetic risk factors and evaluate their contribution to the development of CD. In 2003 a joint analysis of four independent genome scans was performed by the European Genetics Cluster on Coeliac Disease, a collaborative work between six European research groups, including our. Data from Italian, Finnish, UK and Swedish/Norwegian cohorts, a total of 442 families, was pooled together and analysed. The meta-analysis using pooled data confirmed 5q31-33 as the second most significant region after the HLA region. After the meta-analysis, we applied a fine mapping strategy on the 18cM region on 5q31-33. The most essential result of this study was the strengthened linkage signal on 5q31-33 In 2006 we used the Illumina platform (GoldenGate assay technology) to perform an extensive screen of the region on 5q31-33. This study identified seven associated regions within 5q31-33 and a number of associated haplotypes but none of the association signals could explain the linkage peak observed in the families previously. In 2007 we performed a follow-up study of the association to the region comprising IL2/IL21 genes on 4q27, reported in the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) in celiac cases and controls. We confirmed that the IL2/IL21 region is a susceptibility region in CD. Unfortunately, the first GWAS failed to identify specific genes predisposing to CD. The GWAS as well as our own fine mapping study pointed out the difficulties scientists face in searching for the causing variants in complex diseases. It appears that causing variants may be hard to detect with association analysis alone because of the strong linkage disequilibrium in associated regions. However, the GWAS detected a number of CD associated genomic regions which remain to be explored.
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7.
  • amundsen, silja, et al. (författare)
  • A comprehensive screen for SNP associations on chromosome region 5q31-33 in Swedish/Norwegian celiac disease families.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human genetics. - 1018-4813 .- 1476-5438. ; 15:9, s. 980-987
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Celiac disease (CD) is a gluten-induced enteropathy, which results from the interplay between environmental and genetic factors. There is a strong human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association with the disease, and HLA-DQ alleles represent a major genetic risk factor. In addition to HLA-DQ, non-HLA genes appear to be crucial for CD development. Chromosomal region 5q31–33 has demonstrated linkage with CD in several genome-wide studies, including in our Swedish/Norwegian cohort. In a European meta-analysis 5q31–33 was the only region that reached a genome-wide level of significance except for the HLA region. To identify the genetic variant(s) responsible for this linkage signal, we performed a comprehensive single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) association screen in 97 Swedish/Norwegian multiplex families who demonstrate linkage to the region. We selected tag SNPs from a 16 Mb region representing the 95% confidence interval of the linkage peak. A total of 1404 SNPs were used for the association analysis. We identified several regions with SNPs demonstrating moderate single- or multipoint associations. However, the isolated association signals appeared insufficient to account for the linkage signal seen in our cohort. Collective effects of multiple risk genes within the region, incomplete genetic coverage or effects related to copy number variation are possible explanations for our findings.
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8.
  • Amundsen, Silja Svanström, et al. (författare)
  • Four novel coeliac disease regions replicated in an association study of a Swedish-Norwegian family cohort.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Genes and immunity. - 1476-5470 .- 1466-4879. ; 11:1, s. 79-86
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recent genome-wide association studies have identified 1q31 (RGS1), 2q11-12 (IL18RAP), 3p21 (CCR1/CCR3/CCR2), 3q25-26 (IL12A/SCHIP1), 3q28 (LPP), 4q27 (IL2/IL21), 6q25 (TAGAP) and 12q24 (SH2B3) as susceptibility regions for coeliac disease (CD). We have earlier replicated association with the IL2/IL21 region. This study aimed at replicating the remaining regions in a family cohort using the transmission disequilibrium test, which is not prone to population stratification as a source of false-positive results. Nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within these regions were genotyped in 325 Swedish-Norwegian CD families. We found significant associations with the same alleles in the regions 1q31 (rs2816316; P(nc)=0.0060), 3p21 (rs6441961; P(nc)=0.0006), 3q25-26 (rs17810564; P(nc)=0.0316 and rs9811792; P(nc)=0.0434) and 3q28 (rs1464510; P(nc)=0.0037). Borderline, but non-significant, associations were found for rs917997 (IL18RAP), whereas no evidence for association could be obtained for rs13015714 (IL18RAP) or rs1738074 (TAGAP). The lack of replication of the latter SNPs could be because of limited power. rs3184504 (SH2B3) was not analysed because of assay failure. The most significantly associated region, 3p21 (CCR1/CCR3/CCR2), was further analysed by typing of 30 SNPs, with the aim of identifying the causal variant responsible for the initial association. Several SNPs showed association with CD, but none displayed associations stronger than rs6441961, nor did any of them add to the effect initially marked by rs6441961 in a conditional analysis. However, differential effects of rs6441961(*)C carrying haplotypes were indicated, and we thus cannot exclude the possibility that our inability to obtain evidence for multiple independent effects in the CCR1/CCR3/CCR2 gene region was related to a power issue.
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9.
  • Barbron, Marie-Claude, et al. (författare)
  • Meta and pooled analysis of European coeliac disease data
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Human Genetics. - 1018-4813 .- 1476-5438. ; 11:11, s. 828-834
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Four full genome scans have been carried out by the partners of the European cluster on coeliac disease as well as follow-up studies of candidate regions. No region outside HLA showed significant linkage to the disease in any single study. We first applied a meta-analysis based on a modification of Genome Screen Meta-Analysis to take into account the different linkage statistics, the arbitrariness of bin cutoff points, as well as the sample size of each study. We then performed a pooled linkage analysis of all families and raw genotypes. Besides the HLA region, already known to harbour a risk factor for coeliac disease, both approaches leave very little doubt on the presence of a genetic risk factor in the 5q31-33 region. This region was suggested by several individual studies, but did not reach statistical values high enough to be conclusive when data sets were analysed separately.
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