SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Ahlsson Anders) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Ahlsson Anders)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 62
  • [1]234567Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Ahlsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Is There a Weekend Effect in Surgery for Type A Dissection? : Results From the Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Database
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Annals of Thoracic Surgery. - : Elsevier. - 0003-4975 .- 1552-6259. ; 108:3, s. 770-776
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Aortic dissection type A requires immediate surgery. In general surgery populations, patients operated on during weekends have higher mortality rates compared with patients whose operations occur on weekdays. The weekend effect in aortic dissection type A has not been studied in detail.Methods: The Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) registry includes data for 1,159 patients who underwent type A dissection surgery at 8 Nordic centers during 2005 to 2014. This study is based on data relating to surgery conducted during weekdays versus weekends and starting between 8:00 AM and 8:00 Pm ("daytime") versus from 8:00 Pm to 8:00 AM ("nighttime"), as well as time from symptoms, admittance, and diagnosis to surgery. The influence of timing of surgery on the 30-day mortality rate was assessed using logistic regression analysis.Results: The 30-day mortality was 18% (204 of 1,159), with no difference in mortality between surgery performed on weekdays (17% [150 of 889]) and on weekends (20% [54 of 270], p = 0.45), or during nighttime (19% [87 of 467]) versus daytime (17% [117 of 680], p = 0.54). Time from symptoms to surgery (median 7.0 hours vs 6.5 hours, p = 0.31) did not differ between patients who survived and those who died at 30 days. Multivariable regression analysis of risk factors for 30-day mortality showed no weekend effect (odds ratio, 1.04; 95% confidence interval, 60.67 to 1.60; p = 0.875), but nighttime surgery was a risk factor (odds ratio, 2.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.29 to 4.56; p = 0.006).Conclusions: The 30-day mortality in surgical repair of aortic dissection type A was not significantly affected by timing of surgery during weekends versus weekdays. Nighttime surgery seems to predict increased 30-day mortality, after correction for other risk factors.
  •  
2.
  • Ahlsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • A Swedish consensus on the surgical treatment of concomitant atrial fibrillation
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - London, United Kingdom : Taylor & Francis. - 1651-2006 .- 1401-7431. ; 46:4, s. 212-218
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia among patients scheduled for open heart surgery and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. According to international guidelines, symptomatic and selected asymptomatic patients should be offered concomitant surgical AF ablation in conjunction with valvular or coronary surgery. The gold standard in AF surgery is the Cox Maze III ("cut-and-sew") procedure, with surgical incisions in both atria according to a specified pattern, in order to prevent AF reentry circuits from developing. Over 90% of patients treated with the Cox Maze III procedure are free of AF after 1 year. Recent developments in ablation technology have introduced several energy sources capable of creating nonconducting atrial wall lesions. In addition, simplified lesion patterns have been suggested, but results with these techniques have been unsatisfactory. There is a clear need for standardization in AF surgery. The Swedish Arrhythmia Surgery Group, represented by surgeons from all Swedish units for cardiothoracic surgery, has therefore reached a consensus on surgical treatment of concomitant AF. This consensus emphasizes adherence to the lesion pattern in the Cox Maze III procedure and the use of biatrial lesions in nonparoxysmal AF.
  •  
3.
  • Geirsson, Arnar, et al. (författare)
  • Hospital volumes and later year of operation correlates with better outcomes in acute Type A aortic dissection
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. - : Oxford University Press. - 1010-7940 .- 1873-734X. ; 53:1, s. 276-281
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Acute Type A aortic dissection remains a life-threatening disease, but there are indications that its surgical mortality is decreasing. The aim of this report was to study how surgical mortality has changed and what influences those changes.METHODS: Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection is a retrospective database comprising 1159 patients (mean age 61.6 ± 12.2 years, 68% male) treated for acute Type A aortic dissection at 8 centres in Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden from 2005 to 2014. Data gathered included demographics, symptoms, type of procedure, complications and 30-day mortality.RESULTS: The annual number of operations increased significantly from 85 in 2005 to 150 in 2014 (P < 0.001). Chest pain was present in 85% of patients, 24% were hypotensive on presentation and 28% had malperfusion syndrome. Open distal anastomosis technique under hypothermic circulatory arrest was used in 85% of cases and its use increased significantly throughout the study. The 30-day mortality decreased from 24% in 2005 to 13% in 2014 (P = 0.003). Independent predictors for 30-day mortality were preoperative cardiac arrest, malperfusion syndrome, Penn Class C, Penn Class B and C and cardiopulmonary bypass time, whereas later calendar year and higher hospital operative volumes predicted improved survival.CONCLUSIONS: Surgical mortality for acute Type A aortic dissection remains high but has decreased significantly over the last decade. This correlated with later year of operation and increased the number of operations performed per year, indicating that cumulative surgical experience contributes significantly to improved surgical outcomes.
  •  
4.
  • Geirsson, Arnar, et al. (författare)
  • The Nordic Consortium for Acute type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) : objectives and design
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1401-7431 .- 1651-2006. ; 50:5-6, s. 334-340
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) is a collaborative effort of Nordic cardiac surgery centers to study acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Here, we outline the overall objectives and the design of NORCAAD.Design: NORCAAD currently consists of eight centers in Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Sweden. Data was collected for patients undergoing surgery for ATAAD from 2005 to 2014. A total of 194 variables were retrospectively collected including demographics, past medical history, preoperative medications, symptoms at presentation, operative variables, complications, bleeding and blood transfusions, need for late reoperations, 30-day mortality and long-term survival.Results: Information was gathered in the database for 1159 patients, of which 67.6% were male. The mean age was 61.5 +/- 12.1 years. The mean follow-up was 3.1 +/- 2.9 years with a total of 3535 patient years.Conclusions: NORCAAD provides a foundation for close collaboration between cardiac surgery centers in the Nordic countries. Substudies in progress include: short-term outcomes, long-term survival, time interval from diagnosis until operation, effects of surgical techniques, malperfusion syndrome, renal failure, bleeding and neurological complications on outcomes and the rate of late reoperations.
  •  
5.
  • Pan, E., et al. (författare)
  • Low rate of reoperations after acute type A aortic dissection repair from The Nordic Consortium Registry
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. - : Elsevier. - 0022-5223 .- 1097-685X. ; 156:3, s. 939-948
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: To describe the relationship between the extent of primary aortic repair and the incidence of reoperations after surgery for type A aortic dissection. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 1159 patients treated for type A aortic dissection at eight Nordic low-to medium-sized cardiothoracic centers from 2005 to 2014. Data were gathered from patient records and national registries. Patients were separately divided into 3 groups according to the distal anastomoses technique (ascending aorta [n = 791], hemiarch [n = 247], and total arch [n = 66]), and into 2 groups for proximal repair (aortic root replacement [n = 285] and supracoronary repair [n = 832]). Freedom from reoperation was estimated with cumulative incidence survival and Fine-Gray competing risk regression model was used to identify independent risk factors for reoperation. Results: The median follow-up was 2.7 years (range, 0-10 years). Altogether 51 out of 911 patients underwent reoperation. Freedom from distal reoperation at 5 years was 96.9%, with no significant difference between the groups (P = .22). Freedom from proximal reoperation at 5 years was 97.8%, with no difference between the groups (P = .84). Neither DeBakey classification nor the extent of proximal or distal repair predicted freedom from a later reoperation. The only independent risk factor associated with a later proximal reoperation was a history of connective tissue disease. Conclusions: Type A aortic dissection repair in low-to medium-volume centers was associated with a low reoperation rate and satisfactory midterm survival. The extent of the primary repair had no significant influence on reoperation rate or midterm survival.
  •  
6.
  • Ahlsson, Anders, et al. (författare)
  • Is there a weekend effect in surgery for type A dissection? - Results from the NORCAAD database
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Annals of Thoracic Surgery. - : Elsevier. - 1552-6259. ; 108:3, s. 770-776
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Aortic dissection type A requires immediate surgery. In general surgery populations, patients operated during weekends have higher mortality rates compared to patients operated on weekdays. The weekend effect in aortic dissection type A has not been studied in detail.METHODS: The Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) registry includes patients (N=1,159) who underwent type A dissection surgery at eight Nordic centers during 2005-2014. This study is based on data relating to surgery conducted during weekdays vs. weekends, and starting between 8 am and 8 pm ("daytime") vs. from 8 pm to 8 am ("nighttime"), as well as time from symptoms/admittance/diagnosis to surgery. The influence of timing of surgery on 30-day mortality was assessed using logistic regression analysis.RESULTS: The 30-day mortality was 18% (204/1,159), with no difference in mortality between surgery performed on weekdays (17%, 150/889) and on weekends (20%, 54/270, p=0.45), or during nighttime (19%, 87/467) vs. daytime (17%, 117/680, p=0.54). Time from symptoms to surgery (median 7.0 hours vs. 6.5 hours, p=0.31) did not differ between patients who survived and those dead at 30 days. Multivariable regression analysis of risk factors for 30-day mortality showed no weekend effect (OR 1.04 [0.67-1.60], p=0.875), but nighttime surgery was a risk factor (OR 2.43 [1.29-4.56], p=0.006).CONCLUSIONS: Thirty-day mortality in surgical repair of aortic dissection type A was not significantly affected by timing of surgery during weekends vs. weekdays. Nighttime surgery seems to predict increased 30-day mortality, after correction for other risk factors.
  •  
7.
  • Chemtob, Raphaelle A., et al. (författare)
  • Stroke in acute type A aortic dissection : the Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery. - : Oxford University Press. - 1010-7940 .- 1873-734X. ; 58:5, s. 1027-1034
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Stroke is a serious complication in patients with acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Previous studies investigating stroke in ATAAD patients have been limited by small cohorts and have shown diverging results. We sought to identify risk factors for stroke and to evaluate the effect of stroke on outcomes in surgical ATAAD patients. METHODS: The Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection database included patients operated for ATAAD at 8 Scandinavian Hospitals between 2005 and 2014. RESULTS: Stroke occurred in 177 (15.7%) out of 1128 patients. Patients with stroke presented more frequently with cerebral malperfusion (20.6% vs 6.3%, P < 0.001), syncope (30.6% vs 17.6%, P < 0.001), cardiogenic shock (33.1% vs 20.7%, P < 0.001) and pericardial tamponade (25.9% vs 14.7%, P < 0.001) and more often underwent total aortic arch replacement (10.7% vs 4.7%, P = 0.016), compared to patients without stroke. In the 86 patients presenting with cerebral malperfusion, 38.4% developed stroke. Thirty-day and 5-year mortality in patients with and without stroke were 27.1% vs 13.6% and 42.9% vs 25.6%, respectively. Stroke was an independent predictor of early- [odds ratio 2.02, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.34-3.05; P < 0.001] and midterm mortality (hazard ratio 1.68, 95% CI 1.27-2.23; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Stroke in ATAAD patients is associated with increased early- and midterm mortality. Preoperative cerebral malperfusion and impaired haemodynamics, as well as total aortic arch replacement, were more frequent among patients who developed stroke. Importantly, a large proportion of patients presenting with cerebral malperfusion did not develop a permanent stroke, indicating that signs of cerebral malperfusion should not be considered a contraindication for surgery.
  •  
8.
  • Geirsson, Arnar, et al. (författare)
  • Differential outcomes of open and clamp-on distal anastomosis techniques in acute type A aortic dissection
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. - : Elsevier. - 0022-5223 .- 1097-685X. ; 157:5, s. 1750-1758
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Open-distal anastomosis is the preferred technique over clamp-on technique for surgical repair of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). The aim of this study was to define how outcomes of ATAAD were affected by the use of either technique.Methods: Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection includes 8 academic cardiothoracic hospitals in 4 Nordic countries. The cohort consisted of 1134 patients, 153 clamp-on and 981 open-distal, from 2005 to 2014.Results: Patients who underwent operation with the clamp-on were younger, more frequently had coronary artery disease, bicuspid aortic valve, hypotension/shock or syncope, and a greater PennClass than open-distal patients. Postoperative cerebral vascular accident occurred less frequently in clamp-on (14/153, 10%) compared with the open-distal group (190/981, 20%). Clamp-on had greater 30-day mortality (39/153, 25%) than the open-distal group (158/981, 16%), and 5-year survival was also worse in clamp-on (61.8% +/- 4.4%) compared with the open-distal group (73.0% +/- 1.6%). The open-distal technique was used more frequently in greater-volume hospitals but was not independently associated with 30-day mortality. Preoperative condition was an independent risk factor whereas hospital volume and later year of operation were beneficial in regard to short-term outcome. Open-distal was independently associated with improved mid-term survival.Conclusions: Patients who underwent operation with the clamp-on were sicker on presentation and had worse short-and mid-term survival compared with the open-distal group. Patients in the open-distal group had greater rates of cerebrovascular complications. The results support the routine use of open-distal anastomosis as the primary operative strategy for ATAAD, although clamp-on can be performed successfully in select cases.
  •  
9.
  • Gudbjartsson, T., et al. (författare)
  • Acute type-A aortic dissection - a review
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1401-7431 .- 1651-2006. ; 54:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives. Acute type-A aortic dissection (ATAAD) is still one of the most challenging diseases that cardiac surgeons encounter. Design. This review is based on the current literature and includes the results from the Nordic Consortium for Acute Type-A Aortic Dissection (NORCAAD) database. It covers different aspects of ATAAD and concentrates on the outcome of surgical repair. Results and conclusions. The diagnosis is occasionally delayed, and ATAAD is usually lethal if prompt repair is not performed. The dynamic nature of the disease, the variation in presentation and clinical course, and the urgency of treatment require significant attentiveness. Many surgical techniques and perfusion strategies of varying complexity have been described, ranging from simple interposition graft to total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk and valve-sparing root reconstruction. Although more complex techniques may provide long-term benefit in selected patients, they require significant surgical expertise and experience. Short-term survival is first priority so an expedited operation that fits in with the surgeon's level of expertise is in most cases appropriate.
  •  
10.
  • Mennander, A., et al. (författare)
  • The significance of bicuspid aortic valve after surgery for acute type A aortic dissection
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. - : Mosby. - 0022-5223 .- 1097-685X. ; 159:3, s. 760-767.e3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Decision-making concerning the extent of the repair of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) includes functional and anatomical assessment of the aortic valve. We hypothesized that bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) does not impact outcome after surgery for ATAAD. We therefore evaluated the outcome after ATAAD surgery in relation to the presence of BAV, acute aortic regurgitation (AR), and surgical approach, using the Nordic Consortium for Acute Type A Aortic Dissection database. Methods: Eight participating Nordic centers collected data from 1122 patients undergoing ATAAD surgery during the years 2005 to 2014. Early complications, reoperations and survival were compared between patients with BAV and tricuspid aortic valves (TAV) before and after propensity score matching for sex, age, AR, organ malperfusion, hemodynamic instability, and site of the tear. Mean follow-up (range) for patients with TAV and BAV was 3.1 years (0-10.4 years) and 3.2 years (0-9.0 years), respectively. Results: Altogether, 65 (5.8%) of the patients had BAV. Root replacement was more frequently performed in the BAV as compared with the TAV group (60% vs 23%, P <.001). Survival, however, did not differ significantly between patients with BAV or TAV, either before (P =.230) or after propensity score-matching (P =.812). Even so, in cohort as a whole, patients presenting with AR had less favorable survival. Conclusions: Early and mid-term survival did not differ significantly between patients with BAV and TAV. © 2019 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 62
  • [1]234567Nästa
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (52)
annan publikation (5)
doktorsavhandling (3)
konferensbidrag (1)
forskningsöversikt (1)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (48)
övrigt vetenskapligt (12)
populärvet., debatt m.m. (2)
Författare/redaktör
Ahlsson, A (31)
Ahlsson, Anders (30)
Ahlsson, Anders, 196 ... (21)
Olsson, C (19)
Mennander, A. (19)
Gudbjartsson, T. (19)
visa fler...
Geirsson, A. (19)
Gunn, J (18)
Hjortdal, V. (18)
Zindovic, I. (17)
Geirsson, Arnar (16)
Mennander, Ari (16)
Gudbjartsson, Tomas (16)
Olsson, Christian (16)
Jeppsson, A (16)
Gunn, Jarmo (15)
Hansson, Emma C. (15)
Hjortdal, Vibeke (15)
Zindovic, Igor (15)
Nozohoor, S. (15)
Hansson, EC (14)
Nozohoor, Shahab (13)
Jeppsson, Anders (12)
Wickbom, A. (12)
Wickbom, Anders, 198 ... (10)
Jarvela, K. (10)
Pan, E. (9)
Pan, Emily (8)
Fengsrud, Espen, 197 ... (7)
Englund, Anders (6)
Jarvela, Kati (6)
Cao, Yang, Associate ... (5)
Franco-Cereceda, And ... (4)
Franco-Cereceda, A. (4)
Wickbom, Anders (4)
Ahlsson, Fredrik, 19 ... (4)
Ahlsson, Fredrik (4)
Cao, Y (3)
Jonsson, M (3)
Pivodic, A. (3)
Jideus, Lena (3)
Sjögren, Johan (3)
Sjogren, J (3)
Ahmad, Khalil (3)
Ahmad, K. (3)
Bodin, Lennart (3)
Jonsson, Björn (3)
Forslund, Anders H, ... (3)
Gustafsson, Jan, 194 ... (3)
Ahlsson, F (3)
visa färre...
Lärosäte
Örebro universitet (40)
Göteborgs universitet (18)
Karolinska Institutet (12)
Lunds universitet (11)
Uppsala universitet (10)
Umeå universitet (1)
Språk
Engelska (58)
Svenska (3)
Odefinierat språk (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (57)

År

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy