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Sökning: WFRF:(Andreasson U)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 51
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  • Henstrom, M., et al. (författare)
  • Functional variants in the sucrase-isomaltase gene associate with increased risk of irritable bowel syndrome
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Gut. - : BMJ. - 0017-5749 .- 1468-3288. ; 67:2, s. 263-270
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective IBS is a common gut disorder of uncertain pathogenesis. Among other factors, genetics and certain foods are proposed to contribute. Congenital sucraseisomaltase deficiency (CSID) is a rare genetic form of disaccharide malabsorption characterised by diarrhoea, abdominal pain and bloating, which are features common to IBS. We tested sucrase-isomaltase (SI) gene variants for their potential relevance in IBS. Design We sequenced SI exons in seven familial cases, and screened four CSID mutations (p.Val557Gly, p. Gly1073Asp, p.Arg1124Ter and p.Phe1745Cys) and a common SI coding polymorphism (p.Val15Phe) in a multicentre cohort of 1887 cases and controls. We studied the effect of the 15Val to 15Phe substitution on SI function in vitro. We analysed p.Val15Phe genotype in relation to IBS status, stool frequency and faecal microbiota composition in 250 individuals from the general population. Results CSID mutations were more common in patients than asymptomatic controls (p=0.074; OR=1.84) and Exome Aggregation Consortium reference sequenced individuals (p=0.020; OR=1.57). 15Phe was detected in 6/7 sequenced familial cases, and increased IBS risk in case-control and population-based cohorts, with best evidence for diarrhoea phenotypes (combined p=0.00012; OR=1.36). In the population-based sample, 15Phe allele dosage correlated with stool frequency (p=0.026) and Parabacteroides faecal microbiota abundance (p=0.0024). The SI protein with 15Phe exhibited 35% reduced enzymatic activity in vitro compared with 15Val (p<0.05). Conclusions SI gene variants coding for disaccharidases with defective or reduced enzymatic activity predispose to IBS. This may help the identification of individuals at risk, and contribute to personalising treatment options in a subset of patients.
  • Magnusson, Gunilla, 1968, et al. (författare)
  • Evaluation of screening procedures for congenital cataracts.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0803-5253 .- 1651-2227. ; 92:12, s. 1468-73
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of two different Swedish screening procedures for early detection of congenital cataracts in comparison with no screening. METHODS: Children born between January 1992 and December 1998 in Swedish regions with an established eye-screening routine procedure, diagnosed with congenital cataract, and operated on before 1 y of age, were included in a retrospective study. Age at referral and age at time of the operation were compared between regions using different screening procedures: screening in the maternity wards (Region 1), at the well-baby clinics (Region 2) and one region without any screening (Region 3). RESULTS: Seventy-two children were included in the study. Concerning early diagnosis and surgery, Region 1 differed significantly from Regions 2 and 3, which were more similar and were combined for further analysis. The difference in detected cases was greatest at 21 d of age (55% vs 18%; p < 0.001), but persisted even at 100 d of age (78% vs 64%; p < 0.02). Region 1 screening resulted in more and earlier cases detected than the other two regions (22 vs 15 per 100,000 births). In 72% of all cases, surgery was performed in response to referrals from either the maternity wards (36%), or the well-baby clinics (36%). However, half of the cases from the well-baby clinics were detected too late, i.e. at > 100 d. CONCLUSION: Eye screening in the maternity ward is preferable to well-baby clinic screening and to no screening at all, since it leads to early detection. Screening should also be performed routinely at well-baby clinics within the period when successful treatment is possible.
  • Andreasson, Björn Pererik, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Detecting oxygen vacancies in SrTiO3 by 3d transition-metal tracer ions
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - College Park, MD : American Physical Society. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 80:21, s. Article number: 212103-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • X-ray absorption experiments on 3d transition-metal tracer ions in SrTiO3 are presented. The absorption spectra of the tracer-ion changed upon reduction in the SrTiO3. This change is due to an oxygen vacancy created at the tracer-ion site. This finding is supported by density-functional theory calculations, which prove that the oxygen vacancies preferentially are created at the tracer-ion sites. Using the chemical sensitivity of x-ray absorption spectroscopy, tracer ions can be used to detect oxygen vacancies in SrTiO3 and possibly in other oxide systems. © 2009 The American Physical Society.
  • Andreasson, Björn Pererik, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Origin of oxygen vacancies in resistive switching memory devices
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics, Conference Series. - Bristol : Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP). - 1742-6588 .- 1742-6596. ; 190, s. Article number: 012074-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The resistive switching state in Cr-doped SrTiO3 was induced by applying an electric field. This was done in ambient air and in an atmosphere of H2/Ar. The distribution of the thereby introduced oxygen vacancies was studied by spatially resolved X-ray fluorescence images. It was concluded that the oxygen vacancies were introduced in the interface between the SrTiO3 and the positively biased electrode. © 2009 IOP Publishing Ltd.
  • Andreasson, Björn Pererik, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Resistive switching in Cr-doped SrTiO3 : An X-ray absorption spectroscopy study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Materials Science & Engineering. - Amsterdam : Elsevier. - 0921-5107 .- 1873-4944. ; 144:1-3, s. 60-63
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • X-ray absorption spectroscopy was used to study the microscopic origin of conductance and resistive switching in chromium-doped strontium titanate (Cr:SrTiO3). Differences in the X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) at the Cr K-edge indicate that the valence of Cr changes from 3+ to 4+ underneath the anode of our sample device after the application of an electric field. Spatially resolved X-ray fluorescence microscopy (μ-XRF) maps show that the Cr4+ region retracts from the anode-Cr:SrTiO3 interface after a conducting state has been achieved. This interface region is studied with extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and the results are compared with structural parameters obtained from density functional theory (DFT) calculations. They confirm that oxygen vacancies which are localized at the octahedron with a Cr at its center are introduced at the interface. It is proposed that the switching state is not due to a valence change of chromium but caused by changes of oxygen vacancies at the interface. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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