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  • Thygesen, Kristian, et al. (författare)
  • Third universal definition of myocardial infarction
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - : Elsevier BV. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 60:16, s. 1581-1598
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Jaffe, Allan S., et al. (författare)
  • Single Troponin Measurement to Rule Out Myocardial Infarction: JACC Review Topic of the Week
  • 2023
  • Ingår i: Journal of the American College of Cardiology. - 0735-1097 .- 1558-3597. ; 82:1, s. 60-69
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The term “single-sample rule-out” refers to the ability of very low concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) on presentation to exclude acute myocardial infarction with high clinical sensitivity and negative predictive value. Observational and randomized studies have confirmed this ability. Some guidelines endorse use of a concentration of hs-cTn at the assay's limit of detection, while other studies have validated the use of higher concentrations, allowing this approach to identify a greater proportion of patients at low risk. In most studies, at least 30% of patients can be triaged with this approach. The concentration of hs-cTn varies according to the assay used and sometimes how regulations permit reporting. It is clear that patients need to be at least 2 hours from the onset of symptoms being evaluated. Caution is warranted, particularly with older patients, women, and patients with underlying cardiac comorbidities.
  • Jaffe, Allan S., et al. (författare)
  • Why all the struggle about CK-MB and PCI?
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 33:9, s. 1046-1048
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)
  • Aakre, Kristin M, et al. (författare)
  • Lower Limits for Reporting High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin Assays and Impact of Analytical Performance on Patient Misclassification.
  • 2024
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry. - 0009-9147 .- 1530-8561. ; 70:3, s. 497-505
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiac troponin measurements are indispensable for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction and provide useful information for long-term risk prediction of cardiovascular disease. Accelerated diagnostic pathways prevent unnecessary hospital admission, but require reporting cardiac troponin concentrations at low concentrations that are sometimes below the limit of quantification. Whether analytical imprecision at these concentrations contributes to misclassification of patients is debated.The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry Committee on Clinical Application of Cardiac Bio-Markers (IFCC C-CB) provides evidence-based educational statements on analytical and clinical aspects of cardiac biomarkers. This mini-review discusses how the reporting of low concentrations of cardiac troponins impacts on whether or not assays are classified as high-sensitivity and how analytical performance at low concentrations influences the utility of troponins in accelerated diagnostic pathways. Practical suggestions are made for laboratories regarding analytical quality assessment of cardiac troponin results at low cutoffs, with a particular focus on accelerated diagnostic pathways. The review also discusses how future use of cardiac troponins for long-term prediction or management of cardiovascular disease may require improvements in analytical quality.Clinical guidelines recommend using cardiac troponin concentrations as low as the limit of detection of the assay to guide patient care. Laboratories, manufacturers, researchers, and external quality assessment providers should extend analytical performance monitoring of cardiac troponin assays to include the concentration ranges applicable in these pathways.
  • Eggers, Kai, 1962-, et al. (författare)
  • The applied statistical approach highly influences the 99th percentile of cardiac troponin I
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Clinical Biochemistry. - : Elsevier BV. - 0009-9120 .- 1873-2933. ; 49:15, s. 1109-1112
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundCardiac troponin (cTn) is the biomarker of choice for assessment of patients with acute coronary syndromes. Guidelines recommend the cTn 99th percentile derived from a cardiovascular healthy reference population as decision threshold. The importance of standardized criteria for the composition of such a reference population is well acknowledged. In this analysis, we investigated to which extent different statistical methods might have bearing on the calculated cTnI 99th percentile.MethodscTnI (Abbott) 99th percentiles were determined in 521 cardiovascular healthy community-dwelling subjects using the nonparametric method, the Harrell-Davis bootstrap method and the robust method together with different tests to identify potential outliers (Dixon, Tukey, Reed) and different statistical softwares.ResultsThe cTnI 99th percentiles (nonparametric method) were 37 ng/L (total population), 42 ng/L (men) and 25 ng/L (women). These estimates differed by − 7.4% to + 5.7% using the Harrell-Davis bootstrap method and were up to 64.1% lower using the robust method. For the robust method, cTnI 99th percentiles varied by 44.2% depending on the applied software. The method of Tukey classified nine subjects as outliers while no outlier was detected using the other methods. Excluding these nine subjects resulted in up to 60.2% lower cTnI 99th percentiles.ConclusionsOur results emphasize the need of a standardized statistical approach to calculate cTnI 99th percentiles. Our findings support the use of the nonparametric method and a conservative approach to detect outliers. This requires that the assessed population is sufficiently large and well selected on the basis of stringently applied clinical criteria.
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