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Sökning: WFRF:(Barbosa Eduardo)

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  • Proletov, Ian, et al. (författare)
  • Primary and secondary glomerulonephritides 1.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. - : Oxford University Press. - 1460-2385. ; 29 Suppl 3:May, s. 186-200
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Baires-Campos, Felipe-Eduardo, et al. (författare)
  • Drilling dimension effects in early stages of osseointegration and implant stability in a canine model
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Medicina Oral. - : Medicina Oral S L. - 1698-4447 .- 1698-6946. ; 20:4, s. E471-E479
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: This study histologically evaluated two implant designs: a classic thread design versus another specifically designed for healing chamber formation placed with two drilling protocols. Material and Methods: Forty dental implants (4 1 mm diameter) with two different macrogeometries were inserted in the tibia of 10 Beagle dogs, and maximum insertion torque was recorded. Drilling techniques were: until 3.75 mm (regular-group); and until 4.0 mm diameter (overdrilling-group) for both implant designs. At 2 and 4 weeks, samples were retrieved and processed for histomorphometric analysis. For torque and BIC (bone-to-implant contact) and BAFO (bone area fraction occupied), a general-linear model was employed including instrumentation technique and time in vivo as independent. Results: The insertion torque recorded for each implant design and drilling group significantly decreased as a function of increasing drilling diameter for both implant designs (p<0.001). No significant differences were detected between implant designs for each drilling technique (p>0.18). A significant increase in BIC was observed from 2 to 4 weeks for both implants placed with the overdrilling technique (p<0.03) only, but not for those placed in the 3.75 mm drilling sites (p>0.32). Conclusions: Despite the differences between implant designs and drilling technique an intramembranous-like healing mode with newly formed woven bone prevailed.
  • Barbosa, Simone C., et al. (författare)
  • The Importance of Cyclic Structure for Labaditin on Its Antimicrobial Activity Against Staphylococcus aureus
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Colloids and Surfaces B. - 0927-7765 .- 1873-4367. ; 148, s. 453-459
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Antimicrobial resistance has reached alarming levels in many countries, thus leading to a search for new classes of antibiotics, such as antimicrobial peptides whose activity is exerted by interacting specifically with the microorganism membrane. In this study, we investigate the molecular-level mechanism of action for Labaditin (Lo), a 10-amino acid residue cyclic peptide from Jatropha multifida with known bactericidal activity againstStreptococcus mutans. We show that Lo is also effective against Staphylococcus aureus(S. aureus) but this does not apply to its linear analogue (L1). Using polarization-modulated infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (PM-IRRAS), we observed with that the secondary structure of Lo was preserved upon interacting with Langmuir monolayers from a phospholipid mixture mimicking S. aureus membrane, in contrast to L1. This structure preservation for the rigid, cyclic Lo is key for the self-assembly of peptide nanotubes that induce pore formation in large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs), according to permeability assays and dynamic light scattering measurements. In summary, the comparison between Labaditin (Lo) and its linear analogue L1 allowed us to infer that the bactericidal activity of Lo is more related to its interaction with the membrane. It does not require specific metabolic targets, which makes cyclic peptides promising for antibiotics without bacteria resistance.
  • Eggertsen, Linda, 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Identifying reef fish nursery habitats on subtropical rocky reefs in the Southwestern Atlantic
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Availability of nursery habitats can potentially limit adult populations of reef fish. Suitable nursery habitats are often shallow and located close to shore, and in many cases overlap with anthropogenic stressors and human activities. For proper management of reef fish communities it is therefore important to identify these habitats and minimize conflicts of habitat use in time and space. To identify potential spatial and temporal patterns of nursery habitat use, the reef fish communities on subtropical rocky reefs in the South western Atlantic were surveyed with under water visual census. Surveys were performed in summer and winter months during two years, along a depth gradient on marginal reefs and in seasonal Sargassum macroalgal beds. No clear patterns in total juvenile abundance and distribution were distinguished between seasons, although some families occurred in significantly higher abundances in summer months (Haemulidae and Sparidae). There were large variances in juvenile abundance between the two surveyed summers, with low total abundance in the summer of 2017, which could be linked to weak upwelling in the area and hampered growth of Sargassum. Similar to in other locations globally, climatic events that affect biomass of Sargassum may hence have large effects on fish recruitment also in the South western Atlantic. In general, shallow areas in sheltered bays had higher abundances of juvenile fish, especially when Sargassum was present in these locations. Spatial patterns of acanthurids and labrid scarinae, were more homogenous compared to those of tropical reefs in the South western Atlantic, where Sargassum beds harbor significantly more juveniles than other habitats. We suggest that fish in sub-tropical rocky reef environments in the South western Atlantic have access to less habitat diversity and complex substrate to use as nursery areas, and thus shallow, sheltered and vegetated habitats are critical for many species. Additionally, those habitats are also the most threatened by human uses demanding proper management.
  • Freitas, André Victor Lucci, et al. (författare)
  • 'Species' from two different butterfly genera combined into one : Description of a new genus of Euptychiina (Nymphalidae: Satyrinae) with unusually variable wing pattern
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Revista Brasileira de Entomologia. - : Sociedade Brasileira de Entomologia. - 0085-5626. ; 60:2, s. 157-165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Sepona Freitas and Barbosa, gen. nov. is proposed for the Neotropical satyrine butterfly species Euptychia punctata Weymer, 1911 and its junior subjective synonyms Euptychia griseola Weymer, 1911 and Taygetis indecisa Ribeiro, 1931. The new genus has a distinctive wing pattern and shape of the valvae in the male genitalia, the latter being a unique autapomorphy within the subtribe Euptychiina. Based on molecular data, this genus is not sister to any other single euptychiine genus, instead appearing as the sister to all remaining genera in the Taygetis clade. The present paper illustrates the complexity of the taxonomy of Euptychiina, and the importance of using different sources of evidence in taxonomic studies.
  • Massad, Eduardo, et al. (författare)
  • Risk of symptomatic dengue for foreign visitors to the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Memórias do instituto Oswaldo Cruz. - 0074-0276 .- 1678-8060. ; 109:3, s. 394-397
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Brazil will host the FIFA World Cup™, the biggest single-event competition in the world, from June 12-July 13 2014 in 12 cities. This event will draw an estimated 600,000 international visitors. Brazil is endemic for dengue. Hence, attendees of the 2014 event are theoretically at risk for dengue. We calculated the risk of dengue acquisition to non-immune international travellers to Brazil, depending on the football match schedules, considering locations and dates of such matches for June and July 2014. We estimated the average per-capita risk and expected number of dengue cases for each host-city and each game schedule chosen based on reported dengue cases to the Brazilian Ministry of Health for the period between 2010-2013. On the average, the expected number of cases among the 600,000 foreigner tourists during the World Cup is 33, varying from 3-59. Such risk estimates will not only benefit individual travellers for adequate pre-travel preparations, but also provide valuable information for public health professionals and policy makers worldwide. Furthermore, estimates of dengue cases in international travellers during the World Cup can help to anticipate the theoretical risk for exportation of dengue into currently non-infected areas.
  • Morales Salinas, Alberto, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical Perspective on Antihypertensive Drug Treatment in Adults With Grade 1 Hypertension and Low-to-Moderate Cardiovascular Risk : An International Expert Consultation
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Current problems in cardiology. - 0146-2806 .- 1535-6280. ; 42:7, s. 198-225
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hypertension is a leading risk factor for disease burden globally. An unresolved question is whether grade 1 hypertension (140-159/90-99 mm Hg) with low (cardiovascular mortality < 1% at 10 years) to moderate (cardiovascular mortality ≥ 1% and <5% at 10 years) absolute total cardiovascular risk (CVR) should be treated with antihypertensive agents. A virtual international consultation process was undertaken to summarize the opinions of select experts. After holistic analysis of all epidemiological, clinical, psychosocial, and public health elements, this consultation process reached the following consensus in hypertensive adults aged < 80 years: (1) The question of whether drug treatment in grade 1 should be preceded by a period of some weeks or months during which only lifestyle measures are recommended cannot be evidence based, but the consensus opinion is to have a period of lifestyle alone reserved only to patients with grade 1 "isolated" hypertension (grade 1 uncomplicated hypertension with low absolute total CVR, and without other major CVR factors and risk modifiers). (2) The initiation of antihypertensive drug therapy in grade 1 hypertension with moderate absolute total CVR should not be delayed. (3) Men ≥ 55 years and women ≥ 60 years with uncomplicated grade 1 hypertension should automatically be classified within the moderate absolute total CVR category, even in the absence of other major CVR factors and risk modifiers. (4) Statins should be considered along with blood-pressure lowering therapy, irrespective of cholesterol levels, in patients with grade 1 hypertensive with moderate CVR.
  • Nagata, Erick A., et al. (författare)
  • Real-Time Voltage Sag Detection and Classification for Power Quality Diagnostics
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Measurement. - : Elsevier. - 0263-2241 .- 1873-412X. ; 164
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This work proposes an innovative approach to detect, segment and classify voltage sags according to their causes. To detect and segment, Independent Component Analysis is used, with the advantage of being fast and with low computational effort in the operational stage, once it uses only 1/8 cycle of the fundamental component. For classification purposes, Higher-Order Statistics are used for feature extraction and the classifiers are based on Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines. It was tested signal windows of 1, 1/2, 1/4 and 1/8 cycle. For both detection/segmentation design and feature selection, it was used the metaheuristics Teaching-Learning-Based Optimization. Encouraging results were achieved for the simulated signals. In addition, real signals were used to evaluate the detection and segmentation method and good results were achieved in which a detection error rate of 0.86% was achieved.
  • Terjesen, Siri, et al. (författare)
  • Does the presence of independent and female directors impact firm performance? A multi-country study of board diversity
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Management and Governance. - : Springer. - 1385-3457. ; 20:3, s. 447-483
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study empirically analyzes whether gender diversity enhances boards of directors’ independence and efficiency. Using data from 3,876 public firms in 47 countries and controlling for a wide set of corporate governance mechanisms, we find that firms with more female directors have higher firm performance by market (Tobin’s Q) and accounting (return on assets) measures. The results also suggest that external independent directors do not contribute to firm performance unless the board is gender diversified. These results hold with respect to different estimation models and robustness tests. Overall, our findings provide evidence that the female directors enhance boards of directors’ effectiveness. Finally, we find that firms that are concerned with board independence, and that firms in more complex environments are more likely to have gender-balanced boards.
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