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Sökning: WFRF:(Barkhof Frederik)

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1.
  • Altomare, Daniele, et al. (författare)
  • Applying the ATN scheme in a memory clinic population : The ABIDE project
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1526-632X. ; 93:17, s. 1635-1646
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To apply the ATN scheme to memory clinic patients, to assess whether it discriminates patient populations with specific features. METHODS: We included 305 memory clinic patients (33% subjective cognitive decline [SCD]: 60 ± 9 years, 61% M; 19% mild cognitive impairment [MCI]: 68 ± 9 years, 68% M; 48% dementia: 66 ± 10 years, 58% M) classified for positivity (±) of amyloid (A) ([18F]Florbetaben PET), tau (T) (CSF p-tau), and neurodegeneration (N) (medial temporal lobe atrophy). We assessed ATN profiles' demographic, clinical, and cognitive features at baseline, and cognitive decline over time. RESULTS: The proportion of A+T+N+ patients increased with syndrome severity (from 1% in SCD to 14% in MCI and 35% in dementia), while the opposite was true for A-T-N- (from 48% to 19% and 6%). Compared to A-T-N-, patients with the Alzheimer disease profiles (A+T+N- and A+T+N+) were older (both p < 0.05) and had a higher prevalence of APOE ε4 (both p < 0.05) and lower Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) (both p < 0.05), memory (both p < 0.05), and visuospatial abilities (both p < 0.05) at baseline. Non-Alzheimer profiles A-T-N+ and A-T+N+ showed more severe white matter hyperintensities (both p < 0.05) and worse language performance (both p < 0.05) than A-T-N-. A linear mixed model showed faster decline on MMSE over time in A+T+N- and A+T+N+ (p = 0.059 and p < 0.001 vs A-T-N-), attributable mainly to patients without dementia. CONCLUSIONS: The ATN scheme identified different biomarker profiles with overlapping baseline features and patterns of cognitive decline. The large number of profiles, which may have different implications in patients with vs without dementia, poses a challenge to the application of the ATN scheme.
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2.
  • Altomare, Daniele, et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic value of Alzheimer’s biomarkers in mild cognitive impairment : the effect of age at onset
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology. - : Springer. - 0340-5354 .- 1432-1459. ; 266:10, s. 2535-2545
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of age at onset on the prognostic value of Alzheimer’s biomarkers in a large sample of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Methods: We measured Aβ42, t-tau, hippocampal volume on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cortical metabolism on fluorodeoxyglucose–positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in 188 MCI patients followed for at least 1 year. We categorised patients into earlier and later onset (EO/LO). Receiver operating characteristic curves and corresponding areas under the curve (AUCs) were performed to assess and compar the biomarker prognostic performances in EO and LO groups. Linear Model was adopted for estimating the time-to-progression in relation with earlier/later onset MCI groups and biomarkers. Results: In earlier onset patients, all the assessed biomarkers were able to predict cognitive decline (p < 0.05), with FDG-PET showing the best performance. In later onset patients, all biomarkers but t-tau predicted cognitive decline (p < 0.05). Moreover, FDG-PET alone in earlier onset patients showed a higher prognostic value than the one resulting from the combination of all the biomarkers in later onset patients (earlier onset AUC 0.935 vs later onset AUC 0.753, p < 0.001). Finally, FDG-PET showed a different prognostic value between earlier and later onset patients (p = 0.040) in time-to-progression allowing an estimate of the time free from disease. Discussion: FDG-PET may represent the most universal tool for the establishment of a prognosis in MCI patients and may be used for obtaining an onset-related estimate of the time free from disease.
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4.
  • Caroli, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Mild cognitive impairment with suspected nonamyloid pathology (SNAP) Prediction of progression
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - 0028-3878 .- 1526-632X. ; 84:5, s. 508-515
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives:The aim of this study was to investigate predictors of progressive cognitive deterioration in patients with suspected non-Alzheimer disease pathology (SNAP) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Methods:We measured markers of amyloid pathology (CSF -amyloid 42) and neurodegeneration (hippocampal volume on MRI and cortical metabolism on [F-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose-PET) in 201 patients with MCI clinically followed for up to 6 years to detect progressive cognitive deterioration. We categorized patients with MCI as A+/A- and N+/N- based on presence/absence of amyloid pathology and neurodegeneration. SNAPs were A-N+ cases.Results:The proportion of progressors was 11% (8/41), 34% (14/41), 56% (19/34), and 71% (60/85) in A-N-, A+N-, SNAP, and A+N+, respectively; the proportion of APOE epsilon 4 carriers was 29%, 70%, 31%, and 71%, respectively, with the SNAP group featuring a significantly different proportion than both A+N- and A+N+ groups (p 0.005). Hypometabolism in SNAP patients was comparable to A+N+ patients (p = 0.154), while hippocampal atrophy was more severe in SNAP patients (p = 0.002). Compared with A-N-, SNAP and A+N+ patients had significant risk of progressive cognitive deterioration (hazard ratio = 2.7 and 3.8, p = 0.016 and p < 0.001), while A+N- patients did not (hazard ratio = 1.13, p = 0.771). In A+N- and A+N+ groups, none of the biomarkers predicted time to progression. In the SNAP group, lower time to progression was correlated with greater hypometabolism (r = 0.42, p = 0.073).Conclusions:Our findings support the notion that patients with SNAP MCI feature a specific risk progression profile.
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5.
  • Clerx, Lies, et al. (författare)
  • Measurements of medial temporal lobe atrophy for prediction of Alzheimer's disease in subjects with mild cognitive impairment
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 1558-1497. ; 34:8, s. 2003-2013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Our aim was to compare the predictive accuracy of 4 different medial temporal lobe measurements for Alzheimer's disease (AD) in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Manual hippocampal measurement, automated atlas-based hippocampal measurement, a visual rating scale (MTA-score), and lateral ventricle measurement were compared. Predictive accuracy for AD 2 years after baseline was assessed by receiver operating characteristics analyses with area under the curve as outcome. Annual cognitive decline was assessed by slope analyses up to 5 years after baseline. Correlations with biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were investigated. Subjects with MCI were selected from the Development of Screening Guidelines and Clinical Criteria for Predementia AD (DESCRIPA) multicenter study (n = 156) and the single-center VU medical center (n = 172). At follow-up, area under the curve was highest for automated atlas-based hippocampal measurement (0.71) and manual hippocampal measurement (0.71), and lower for MTA-score (0.65) and lateral ventricle (0.60). Slope analysis yielded similar results. Hippocampal measurements correlated with CSF total tau and phosphorylated tau, not with beta-amyloid 1-42. MTA-score and lateral ventricle volume correlated with CSF beta-amyloid 1-42. We can conclude that volumetric hippocampal measurements are the best predictors of AD conversion in subjects with MCI. (c) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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6.
  • Collij, Lyduine E., et al. (författare)
  • Spatial-Temporal Patterns of beta-Amyloid Accumulation A Subtype and Stage Inference Model Analysis
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Neurology. - : Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health). - 0028-3878 .- 1526-632X. ; 98:17, s. E1692-E1703
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Objectives beta-amyloid (A beta) staging models assume a single spatial-temporal progression of amyloid accumulation. We assessed evidence for A beta accumulation subtypes by applying the data-driven Subtype and Stage Inference (SuStaIn) model to amyloid-PET data. Methods Amyloid-PET data of 3,010 participants were pooled from 6 cohorts (ALFA+, EMIF-AD, ABIDE, OASIS, and ADNI). Standardized uptake value ratios were calculated for 17 regions. We applied the SuStaIn algorithm to identify consistent subtypes in the pooled dataset based on the cross-validation information criterion and the most probable subtype/stage classification per scan. The effects of demographics and risk factors on subtype assignment were assessed using multinomial logistic regression. Results Participants were mostly cognitively unimpaired (n = 1890 [62.8%]), had a mean age of 68.72 (SD 9.1) years, 42.1% were APOE epsilon 4 carriers, and 51.8% were female. A 1-subtype model recovered the traditional amyloid accumulation trajectory, but SuStaIn identified 3 optimal subtypes, referred to as frontal, parietal, and occipital based on the first regions to show abnormality. Of the 788 (26.2%) with strong subtype assignment (>50% probability), the majority was assigned to frontal (n = 415 [52.5%]), followed by parietal (n = 199 [25.3%]) and occipital subtypes (n = 175 [22.2%]). Significant differences across subtypes included distinct proportions of APOE epsilon 4 carriers (frontal 61.8%, parietal 57.1%, occipital 49.4%), participants with dementia (frontal 19.7%, parietal 19.1%, occipital 31.0%), and lower age for the parietal subtype (frontal/occipital 72.1 years, parietal 69.3 years). Higher amyloid (Centiloid) and CSF p-tau burden was observed for the frontal subtype; parietal and occipital subtypes did not differ. At follow-up, most participants (81.1%) maintained baseline subtype assignment and 25.6% progressed to a later stage. Discussion Whereas a 1-trajectory model recovers the established pattern of amyloid accumulation, SuStaIn determined that 3 subtypes were optimal, showing distinct associations with Alzheimer disease risk factors. Further analyses to determine clinical utility are warranted.
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7.
  • Coomans, Emma M., et al. (författare)
  • In vivo tau pathology is associated with synaptic loss and altered synaptic function
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's Research and Therapy. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1758-9193. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The mechanism of synaptic loss in Alzheimer’s disease is poorly understood and may be associated with tau pathology. In this combined positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) study, we aimed to investigate spatial associations between regional tau pathology ([18F]flortaucipir PET), synaptic density (synaptic vesicle 2A [11C]UCB-J PET) and synaptic function (MEG) in Alzheimer’s disease. Methods: Seven amyloid-positive Alzheimer’s disease subjects from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort underwent dynamic 130-min [18F]flortaucipir PET, dynamic 60-min [11C]UCB-J PET with arterial sampling and 2 × 5-min resting-state MEG measurement. [18F]flortaucipir- and [11C]UCB-J-specific binding (binding potential, BPND) and MEG spectral measures (relative delta, theta and alpha power; broadband power; and peak frequency) were assessed in cortical brain regions of interest. Associations between regional [18F]flortaucipir BPND, [11C]UCB-J BPND and MEG spectral measures were assessed using Spearman correlations and generalized estimating equation models. Results: Across subjects, higher regional [18F]flortaucipir uptake was associated with lower [11C]UCB-J uptake. Within subjects, the association between [11C]UCB-J and [18F]flortaucipir depended on within-subject neocortical tau load; negative associations were observed when neocortical tau load was high, gradually changing into opposite patterns with decreasing neocortical tau burden. Both higher [18F]flortaucipir and lower [11C]UCB-J uptake were associated with altered synaptic function, indicative of slowing of oscillatory activity, most pronounced in the occipital lobe. Conclusions: These results indicate that in Alzheimer’s disease, tau pathology is closely associated with reduced synaptic density and synaptic dysfunction.
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8.
  • de Wilde, Arno, et al. (författare)
  • Assessment of the appropriate use criteria for amyloid PET in an unselected memory clinic cohort : The ABIDE project
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's and Dementia. - : Wiley. - 1552-5260.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: The objective of this study was to assess the usefulness of the appropriate use criteria (AUC) for amyloid imaging in an unselected cohort. Methods: We calculated sensitivity and specificity of appropriate use (increased confidence and management change), as defined by Amyloid Imaging Taskforce in the AUC, and other clinical utility outcomes. Furthermore, we compared differences in post–positron emission tomography diagnosis and management change between “AUC-consistent” and “AUC-inconsistent” patients. Results: Almost half (250/507) of patients were AUC-consistent. In both AUC-consistent and AUC-inconsistent patients, post–positron emission tomography diagnosis (28%–21%) and management (32%–17%) change was substantial. The Amyloid Imaging Taskforce's definition of appropriate use occurred in 55/507 (13%) patients, detected by the AUC with a sensitivity of 93%, and a specificity of 56%. Diagnostic changes occurred independently of AUC status (sensitivity: 57%, specificity: 53%). Discussion: The current AUC are not sufficiently able to discriminate between patients who will benefit from amyloid positron emission tomography and those who will not.
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9.
  • Delvenne, Aurore, et al. (författare)
  • Cerebrospinal fluid proteomic profiling of individuals with mild cognitive impairment and suspected non-Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Alzheimer's & Dementia. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1552-5260 .- 1552-5279.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Suspected non-Alzheimer's disease pathophysiology (SNAP) is a biomarker concept that encompasses individuals with neuronal injury but without amyloidosis. We aim to investigate the pathophysiology of SNAP, defined as abnormal tau without amyloidosis, in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteomics.METHODS: Individuals were classified based on CSF amyloid beta (Aβ)1-42 (A) and phosphorylated tau (T), as cognitively normal A-T- (CN), MCI A-T+ (MCI-SNAP), and MCI A+T+ (MCI-AD). Proteomics analyses, Gene Ontology (GO), brain cell expression, and gene expression analyses in brain regions of interest were performed.RESULTS: A total of 96 proteins were decreased in MCI-SNAP compared to CN and MCI-AD. These proteins were enriched for extracellular matrix (ECM), hemostasis, immune system, protein processing/degradation, lipids, and synapse. Fifty-one percent were enriched for expression in the choroid plexus.CONCLUSION: The pathophysiology of MCI-SNAP (A-T+) is distinct from that of MCI-AD. Our findings highlight the need for a different treatment in MCI-SNAP compared to MCI-AD.
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