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Sökning: WFRF:(Bechensteen Anne Grete)

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1.
  • Levinsen, Mette, et al. (författare)
  • Myelotoxicity after high-dose methotrexate in childhood acute leukemia is influenced by 6-mercaptopurine dosing but not by intermediate thiopurine methyltransferase activity
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology. - : Springer. - 0344-5704 .- 1432-0843. ; 75:1, s. 59-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Through enhancement of 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) bioavailability and inhibition of purine de novo synthesis, high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) may increase incorporation into DNA of 6-thioguanine nucleotides, the cytotoxic metabolites of 6MP. Patients with intermediate activity of thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMTIA) have higher cytosol 6-thioguanine nucleotide levels. We investigated toxicity following HD-MTX during MTX/6MP maintenance therapy in relation to 6MP and TPMT. Using linear mixed models, we explored myelo- and hepatotoxicity in relation to 6MP dosage and TPMT phenotype following 1,749 HD-MTX courses to 411 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia on maintenance therapy. The degree of myelosuppression following HD-MTX was similar for patients with TPMTIA and patients with high TPMT activity (TPMTHA), when HD-MTX started with same blood counts and 6MP doses. However, since TPMTIA had lower blood counts at initiation of HD-MTX compared with TPMTHA patients (median WBC 2.8 vs. 3.3 x 10(9)/L, P = 0.01; median ANC 1.4 vs. 1.7 x 10(9)/L, P = 0.02), TPMTIA continued to have lower WBC and ANC levels compared with TPMTHA during all 28 days after HD-MTX [relative difference 9 % (95 % CI 2-17), P = 0.02 and 21 % (95 % CI 6-39), P = 0.005]. Still, the fractional decrease in WBC and ANC levels after HD-MTX did not differ between TPMTIA and TPMTHA patients (P = 0.47; P = 0.38). The degree of leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and rise in aminotransferases were all significantly related to 6MP dose (P < 0.001 for all analyses). For both TPMTIA and TPMTHA patients, dose of 6MP prior to HD-MTX should be guided by pre-HD-MTX blood counts, but not by TPMT activity.
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2.
  • Levinsen, Mette, et al. (författare)
  • Pharmacogenetically Based Dosing of Thiopurines in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Influence on Cure Rates and Risk of Second Cancer
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Blood & Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 1545-5009 .- 1545-5017. ; 61:5, s. 797-802
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BackgroundPrevious studies have indicated that patients with thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) low activity (TPMTLA) have reduced risk of relapse but increased risk of second malignant neoplasm (SMN) compared to patients with TPMT wild-type (TPMTWT) when treated with 6MP maintenance therapy starting doses of 75 mg/m2/day. To reduce SMN risk, 6MP starting doses were reduced to 50 mg/m2/day for patients with TPMT heterozygosity in the Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology (NOPHO) ALL2000 protocol.ProcedureWe explored the pattern of SMN and relapse in the NOPHO ALL2000 protocol (n = 674) and NOPHO ALL92 protocol (n = 601) in relation to TPMT pheno- and/or genotype.ResultsThe overall risk of any event did not differ significantly between the two protocols. However, in event pattern analyses considering only the patients with TPMTLA who experienced relapse or SMN, the risk of SMN versus leukemia relapse was significantly lower in the ALL2000 cohort for patients with a 6MP starting dose <75 mg/m2/day when compared to the patients in ALL92 (relapse (n = 11) and SMN (n = 0) in ALL2000 versus relapse (n = 5) and SMN (n = 4) in ALL92, P = 0.03). Furthermore, the 8-year cumulative incidence of relapse for patients with TPMTLA was significantly higher in the ALL2000 compared to the ALL92 cohort (19.7% (11.6–33.3%) vs. 6.7% (2.9–15.5%), P = 0.03).ConclusionThis study indicates that reducing 6MP starting dose for patients with TPMTLA may reduce SMN risk but lead to a relapse risk similar to that of patients with TPMTWT.
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3.
  • Nobre, Liana, et al. (författare)
  • Outcomes of BRAF V600E pediatric gliomas treated with targeted BRAF inhibition
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: JCO Precision Oncology. - 2473-4284. ; 3, s. 561-571
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2020 by American Society of Clinical Oncology PURPOSE Children with pediatric gliomas harboring a BRAF V600E mutation have poor outcomes with current chemoradiotherapy strategies. Our aim was to study the role of targeted BRAF inhibition in these tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS We collected clinical, imaging, molecular, and outcome information from patients with BRAF V600E–mutated glioma treated with BRAF inhibition across 29 centers from multiple countries. RESULTS Sixty-seven patients were treated with BRAF inhibition (pediatric low-grade gliomas [PLGGs], n = 56; pediatric high-grade gliomas [PHGGs], n = 11) for up to 5.6 years. Objective responses were observed in 80% of PLGGs, compared with 28% observed with conventional chemotherapy (P, .001). These responses were rapid (median, 4 months) and sustained in 86% of tumors up to 5 years while receiving therapy. After discontinuation of BRAF inhibition, 76.5% (13 of 17) of patients with PLGG experienced rapid progression (median, 2.3 months). However, upon rechallenge with BRAF inhibition, 90% achieved an objective response. Poor prognostic factors in conventional therapies, such as concomitant homozygous deletion of CDKN2A, were not associated with lack of response to BRAF inhibition. In contrast, only 36% of those with PHGG responded to BRAF inhibition, with all but one tumor progressing within 18 months. In PLGG, responses translated to 3-year progression-free survival of 49.6% (95% CI, 35.3% to 69.5%) versus 29.8% (95% CI, 20% to 44.4%) for BRAF inhibition versus chemotherapy, respectively (P = .02). CONCLUSION Use of BRAF inhibition results in robust and durable responses in BRAF V600E–mutated PLGG. Prospective studies are required to determine long-term survival and functional outcomes with BRAF inhibitor therapy in childhood gliomas.
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4.
  • Stray-Pedersen, Asbjorg, et al. (författare)
  • Primary immunodeficiency diseases : Genomic approaches delineate heterogeneous Mendelian disorders
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - : MOSBY-ELSEVIER. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 139:1, s. 232-245
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDDs) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorders thus far associated with mutations in more than 300 genes. The clinical phenotypes derived from distinct genotypes can overlap. Genetic etiology can be a prognostic indicator of disease severity and can influence treatment decisions. Objective: We sought to investigate the ability of whole-exome screening methods to detect disease-causing variants in patients with PIDDs. Methods: Patients with PIDDs from 278 families from 22 countries were investigated by using whole-exome sequencing. Computational copy number variant (CNV) prediction pipelines and an exome-tiling chromosomal microarray were also applied to identify intragenic CNVs. Analytic approaches initially focused on 475 known or candidate PIDD genes but were nonexclusive and further tailored based on clinical data, family history, and immunophenotyping. Results: A likely molecular diagnosis was achieved in 110 (40%) unrelated probands. Clinical diagnosis was revised in about half (60/ 110) and management was directly altered in nearly a quarter (26/ 110) of families based on molecular findings. Twelve PIDD-causing CNVs were detected, including 7 smaller than 30 Kb that would not have been detected with conventional diagnostic CNV arrays. Conclusion: This high-throughput genomic approach enabled detection of disease-related variants in unexpected genes; permitted detection of low-grade constitutional, somatic, and revertant mosaicism; and provided evidence of a mutational burden in mixed PIDD immunophenotypes.
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