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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Beck Marc) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Beck Marc)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 29
  • [1]23Nästa
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1.
  • Carmeliet, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Synergism between vascular endothelial growth factor and placental growth factor contributes to angiogenesis and plasma extravasation in pathological conditions
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Nature Medicine. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-170X .- 1078-8956. ; 7:5, s. 575-583
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) stimulates angiogenesis by activating VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2). The role of its homolog, placental growth factor (PlGF), remains unknown. Both VEGF and PlGF bind to VEGF receptor-1 (VEGFR-1), but it is unknown whether VEGFR-1, which exists as a soluble or a membrane-bound type, is an inert decoy or a signaling receptor for PlGF during angiogenesis. Here, we report that embryonic angiogenesis in mice was not affected by deficiency of PlGF (Pgf-/-). VEGF-B, another ligand of VEGFR-1, did not rescue development in Pgf-/- mice. However, loss of PlGF impaired angiogenesis, plasma extravasation and collateral growth during ischemia, inflammation, wound healing and cancer. Transplantation of wild-type bone marrow rescued the impaired angiogenesis and collateral growth in Pgf-/- mice, indicating that PlGF might have contributed to vessel growth in the adult by mobilizing bone-marrow-derived cells. The synergism between PlGF and VEGF was specific, as PlGF deficiency impaired the response to VEGF, but not to bFGF or histamine. VEGFR-1 was activated by PlGF, given that anti-VEGFR-1 antibodies and a Src-kinase inhibitor blocked the endothelial response to PlGF or VEGF/PlGF. By upregulating PlGF and the signaling subtype of VEGFR-1, endothelial cells amplify their responsiveness to VEGF during the 'angiogenic switch' in many pathological disorders.
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2.
  • Hudson, Thomas J., et al. (författare)
  • International network of cancer genome projects
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 464:7291, s. 993-998
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) was launched to coordinate large-scale cancer genome studies in tumours from 50 different cancer types and/or subtypes that are of clinical and societal importance across the globe. Systematic studies of more than 25,000 cancer genomes at the genomic, epigenomic and transcriptomic levels will reveal the repertoire of oncogenic mutations, uncover traces of the mutagenic influences, define clinically relevant subtypes for prognosis and therapeutic management, and enable the development of new cancer therapies.
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3.
  • Lee, Natuschka N., et al. (författare)
  • The extreme biology of meteorites : Their role in understanding the origin and distribution of life on earth and in the universe
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes : Novel Research Results and Application, Second Edition - Novel Research Results and Application, Second Edition. - Cham : Springer International Publishing. - 9783319483276 - 9783319483252 ; , s. 283-325
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Meteorites have captured our fascination since our early history-they have evoked awe, fear, an irresistible curiosity, and numerous lively debates. Former historians have indicated that many of the ancient cultures and civilizations in Europe, Africa, Asia, the Inuit, and the native Indians in America regarded both the meteorite and the location of their fall as sacred. Thus, they used the meteorites as religious objects or for craft design like jewelry, weapons, or even practical things like tools and horse shoes. Today, meteorites continue to capture our fascination through popular cultural formats such as science fiction and also as a scientific window that reveals the secrets of the Solar System formation. Within academia, meteorites have always fomented keen scientific debate. It was not until the early nineteenth century that the cosmic origin of meteorites, i.e., being truly not tellurian, was approved by the scientific community after the late eighteenth-century work of Ernst F. Chladni (1794). This implied for the first time that there are other smaller bodies in the sky besides the Moon. After this, several other lively debates followed on controversial findings and hypotheses around the role of meteorites in the universe and for the evolutionary course of life on Earth, often in connection with the profound difficulties to approach this subject in an adequate scientific way. Principally the different types of meteorites (asteroids, meteors, etc.) can be viewed as a most extreme or exotic substrate, habitat, and transport mode of chemicals and possibly even of cell-based life forms for several reasons: (i) They have experienced a remarkable history since their origin as condensates from the Solar Nebula, more or less metamorphosed or molten fragments of asteroids, or rocks from Mars or our Moon. (ii) The meteorites have been exposed to multiple extreme conditions ranging from milliseconds to billions of years duration when traveling through the interplanetary space, until they fell down on an astronomical body like Earth. (iii) Once on Earth, the meteorites get exposed to different weathering conditions, which often makes it a challenge to retrieve their former history in an unambiguous way.
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4.
  • Myers-Smith, Isla H., et al. (författare)
  • Complexity revealed in the greening of the Arctic
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Climate Change. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1758-678X .- 1758-6798. ; 10:2, s. 106-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • As the Arctic warms, vegetation is responding, and satellite measures indicate widespread greening at high latitudes. This ‘greening of the Arctic’ is among the world’s most important large-scale ecological responses to global climate change. However, a consensus is emerging that the underlying causes and future dynamics of so-called Arctic greening and browning trends are more complex, variable and inherently scale-dependent than previously thought. Here we summarize the complexities of observing and interpreting high-latitude greening to identify priorities for future research. Incorporating satellite and proximal remote sensing with in-situ data, while accounting for uncertainties and scale issues, will advance the study of past, present and future Arctic vegetation change.
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6.
  • Beck, Marc (författare)
  • Development of Nanoimprint Lithography for Fabrication of Electrochemical Transducers
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis gives an overview about the current status of nanoimprint lithography, a relatively new nanofabrication tool. The technology is capable for parallel mass production of nm-structured features having a resolution below 10 nm and is usable with high throughput on full wafer scale. The thesis is mainly divided into two parts dealing with nanoimprint lithography and electrochemistry. The work concerns the development of reliable and reproducible imprint processes, e.g. for fabrication of nm-structured interdigitated array electrodes usable in (bio-) electrochemical sensor applications. Such electrodes can be used for measuring electrochemical processes such as redox cycling, which become addressable when the electrode distance becomes smaller than the diffusion layer thickness at the electrode/electrolyte interface. The process development addresses several issues such as: (i) Production of nanoimprint stamps/molds with electron beam and UV-lithography. (ii) Evaluation of new polymers especially developed for nanoimprint lithography. (iii) Anti-adhesion treatment of different imprint molds with molecular layers and (iv) their characterization with photoelectron spectroscopy. (v) Development of post-imprint processes for substrate etching or metal lift-off. (vi) Deposition of non-corroding alternative organic adhesion promoters for gold on silicon dioxide. (vii) Evaluation of fluorescence microscopy as a tool for quality control in industrial nanoimprint processes. The electrochemistry part deals mainly with theoretical electrochemistry as we teach it in the biophysics course given at the department and is supposed to be used as course literature. Parallel to the NIL process development electrochemical equipment was built and evaluated with some standard measurements presented in this thesis. The outcome of this development was used to build a more advanced instrument suitable for redox cycling with nm-structured electrodes. First results with nm-structured electrodes are compared with mm-structured ones.
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7.
  • Beck, Marc, et al. (författare)
  • Fabrication and characterization of a molecular adhesive layer for micro- and nanofabricated electrochemical electrodes
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: 7th International Conference on Nanometer-Scale Science and Technology and 21st European Conference on Surface Science. - : Lund University.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • When making nanoelectrodes for applications in liquid cells it is plausible that the less noble metal layer may be negatively affected, i.e. it will be etched away leading to very unstable conditions during operation. Here we describe a dry method to produce such a molecular layer consisting of mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane (MPTS) making it possible to controllable and reproducibly form a covalently bound monolayer of MPTS to the SiO2 surface. From Photoelectron Spectroscopy measurements we could conclude that the layer thickness corresponds to a monolayer. We have electrochemically characterized such electrodes by cyclic voltammetry. Furthermore, we have successfully patterned such layers at both micro- and nanometer scale showing the possibilities to fabricate chemically selective and active areas that may be used in various applications
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8.
  • Beck, Marc, et al. (författare)
  • Improving stamps for 10 nm level wafer scale nanoimprint lithography
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Microelectronic Engineering. - : Elsevier. - 1873-5568. ; 61-2, s. 441-448
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The smaller the features on the stamp the more important are the interactions between stamp and polymer layer. A stamp rich in small structures will effectively show a surface area enlargement, which generally leads to adhesion of the polymer to the stamp. This makes a subsequent imprint impossible without troublesome and time-consuming cleaning. The anti-adhesion properties of Si- or SiO2-based stamps can be improved by binding fluorinated silanes covalently to the surface. In this paper, we demonstrate that the deposition procedure as well as the environment during deposition are important with respect to the quality and performance of the molecular layer. (C) 2002 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.
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9.
  • Beck, Marc, et al. (författare)
  • Nanoelectrochemical transducers for (bio-) chemical sensor applications fabricated by nanoimprint lithography
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Microelectronic Engineering. - : Elsevier. - 1873-5568. ; 73-74, s. 837-842
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nanometer-structured transducers for commercial use in pharmaceutical, medical or (bio-) chemical analysis have so far been hardly accessible since they could not be produced by parallel lithography techniques at reasonable costs. We introduce here a method on. how to fabricate nanometer-structured interdigitated array electrodes including interconnections and bond pads in the micrometer range in a single imprint step on 2-in. wafer scale. The method enables the mass production of those devices at lowest cost opening a new field for the commercial use of nanometer-structured sensor systems.
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10.
  • Behrendt, Christian-Alexander, et al. (författare)
  • International Variations and Sex Disparities in the Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease : A Report from VASCUNET and the International Consortium of Vascular Registries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery. - : W B SAUNDERS CO LTD. - 1078-5884 .- 1532-2165. ; 60:6, s. 873-880
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of this study was to determine sex specific differences in the invasive treatment of symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) between member states participating in the VASCUNET and International Consortium of Vascular Registries. Methods: Data on open surgical revascularisation and peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) of symptomatic PAOD from 2010 to 2017 were collected from population based administrative and registry data from 11 countries. Differences in age, sex, indication, and invasive treatment modality were analysed. Results: Data from 11 countries covering 671 million inhabitants and 1 164 497 hospitalisations (40% women, mean age 72 years, 49% with intermittent claudication, 54% treated with PVI) in Europe (including Russia), North America, Australia, and New Zealand were included. Patient selection and treatment modality varied widely for the proportion of female patients (23% in Portugal and 46% in Sweden), the proportion of patients with claudication (6% in Italy and 69% in Russia), patients' mean age (70 years in the USA and 76 years in Italy), the proportion of octogenarians (8% in Russia and 33% in Sweden), and the proportion of PVI (24% in Russia and 88% in Italy). Numerous differences between females and males were observed in regard to patient age (72 vs. 70 years), the proportion of octogenarians (28% vs. 15%), proportion of patients with claudication (45% vs. 51%), proportion of PVI (57% vs. 51%), and length of hospital stay (7 days vs. 6 days). Conclusion: Remarkable differences regarding the proportion of peripheral vascular interventions, patients with claudication, and octogenarians were seen across countries and sexes. Future studies should address the underlying reasons for this, including the impact of national societal guidelines, reimbursement, and differences in health maintenance.
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