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Sökning: WFRF:(Bielecki Johan 1982)

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  • Sillrén, Per, 1982, et al. (författare)
  • A statistical model of hydrogen bond networks in liquid alcohols
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of Chemical Physics. - 1089-7690 .- 0021-9606. ; 136:9, s. 094514-094521
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We here present a statistical model of hydrogen bond induced network structures in liquid alcohols. The model generalises the Andersson-Schulz-Flory chain model to allow also for branched structures. Two bonding probabilities are assigned to each hydroxyl group oxygen, where the first is the probability of a lone pair accepting an H-bond and the second is the probability that given this bond also the second lone pair is bonded. The average hydroxyl group cluster size, cluster size distribution, and the number of branches and leaves in the tree-like network clusters are directly determined from these probabilities. The applicability of the model is tested by comparison to cluster size distributions and bonding probabilities obtained from Monte Carlo simulations of the monoalcohols methanol, propanol, butanol, and propylene glycol monomethyl ether, the di-alcohol propylene glycol, and the tri-alcohol glycerol. We find that the tree model can reproduce the cluster size distributions and the bonding probabilities for both mono- and poly-alcohols, showing the branched nature of the OH-clusters in these liquids. Thus, this statistical model is a useful tool to better understand the structure of network forming hydrogen bonded liquids. The model can be applied to experimental data, allowing the topology of the clusters to be determined from such studies.
  • Fu, Yifeng, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • Selective growth of double-walled carbon nanotubes on gold films
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Materials Letters. - 0167-577X. ; 72, s. 78-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Growth of high-quality vertical aligned carbon nanotube (CNT) structures on silicon supported gold (Au) films by thermal chemical vapor deposition (TCVD) is presented. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images show that the growth is highly selective. Statistical study reveals that 79.4% of the as-grown CNTs are double-walled. The CNTs synthesized on Au films are more porous than that synthesized on silicon substrates under the same conditions. Raman spectroscopy and electrical characterization performed on the as-grown double-walled CNTs (DWNTs) indicate that they are competitive with those CNTs grown on silicon substrates. Field emission tests show that closed-ended DWNTs have lower threshold field than those open-ended.
  • Fu, Yifeng, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • Templated Growth of Covalently Bonded Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanotube Networks Originated from Graphene
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Advanced Materials. - 0935-9648 .- 1521-4095. ; 24:12, s. 1576-1581
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A template-assisted method that enables the growth of covalently bonded three-dimensional carbon nanotubes (CNTs) originating from graphene at a large scale is demonstrated. Atomic force microscopy-based mechanical tests show that the covalently bonded CNT structure can effectively distribute external loading throughout the network to improve the mechanical strength of the material.
  • He, Wenxiao, 1985, et al. (författare)
  • Biomimetic nanocrystalline apatite resembling bone
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European Cells and Materials: 3rd International NanoBio Conference 2010, ETH Zurich, Switzerland August 24-27 2010. - 1473-2262. ; 20:suppl. 3
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
  • Karlsson, Johan, 1984, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of alendronate on biomineralization at the bone/implant interface
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A. - 1549-3296 .- 1552-4965. ; 104:3, s. 620-629
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A recent approach to improve osseointegration of implants is to utilize local drug administration. The presence of an osteoporosis drug may influence both bone quantity and quality at the bone/implant interface. Despite this, the performance of bone-anchoring implants is traditionally evaluated only by quantitative measurements. In the present study, the osteoporosis drug alendronate (ALN) was administrated from mesoporous titania thin films that were coated onto titanium implants. The effect that the drug had on biomineralization was explored both in vitro using simulated body fluid (SBF) and in vivo in a rat tibia model. The SBF study showed that the apatite formation was completely hindered at a high concentration of ALN (0.1 mg/ml). However, when ALN was administrated from the mesoporous coating the surface became completely covered with apatite. Ex vivo characterization of the bone/implant interface using Raman spectroscopy demonstrated that the presence of ALN enhanced the bone mineralization, and that the chemical signature of newly formed bone in the presence of ALN had a higher resemblance to the pre-existing mature bone than to the bone formed without drug. Taken together, this study demonstrates the importance of evaluating the quality of the formed bone to better understand the performance of implants.
  • Romanelli, F., et al. (författare)
  • Overview of the JET results
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Nuclear Fusion. - 0029-5515 .- 1741-4326. ; 55:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since the installation of an ITER-like wall, the JET programme has focused on the consolidation of ITER design choices and the preparation for ITER operation, with a specific emphasis given to the bulk tungsten melt experiment, which has been crucial for the final decision on the material choice for the day-one tungsten divertor in ITER. Integrated scenarios have been progressed with the re-establishment of long-pulse, high-confinement H-modes by optimizing the magnetic configuration and the use of ICRH to avoid tungsten impurity accumulation. Stationary discharges with detached divertor conditions and small edge localized modes have been demonstrated by nitrogen seeding. The differences in confinement and pedestal behaviour before and after the ITER-like wall installation have been better characterized towards the development of high fusion yield scenarios in DT. Post-mortem analyses of the plasma-facing components have confirmed the previously reported low fuel retention obtained by gas balance and shown that the pattern of deposition within the divertor has changed significantly with respect to the JET carbon wall campaigns due to the absence of thermally activated chemical erosion of beryllium in contrast to carbon. Transport to remote areas is almost absent and two orders of magnitude less material is found in the divertor.
  • Zhang, Zhfei, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of CNT Enhanced Conductive Adhesives in Terms of Thermal Conductivity
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: ECS Transactions. - 1938-6737 .- 1938-5862. ; 44:1, s. 1011-1017
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CNTs have excellent thermal, electrical and mechanical properties. They can be used in various ways. One researched field of application is CNT-polymer composites which combine common technologies with advanced materials. This paper will focus on the thermal property of CNT-Ag-filled adhesives and compares the new materials with conventional, electrical Ag-filled conductive adhesives. Several analytical methods, FTIR, Raman analysis, SEM and TEM have been carried out to examine the different surface conditions after physicval and chemical modification of CNTs. The thermal conductivities of composites containing different types of CNTs were investigated. The incorporation of CNTs into polymers resulted in enhancement of the thermal conductivity compared to Ag-filler. The increase of thermal conductivity with addition of CNT filler is obvious, especially for the purified CNT. The value of thermal conductivity is about two times higher than the Ag-filled conductive adhesive. However, improvement on thermal conductivity of the surface modified CNT-filled conductive adhesives is not so obvious. Since the thermal conduction in CNT is by phonon transfer, the nanometric size and the huge interface lead to strong phonon-scattering at the interface. Thus, a relatively low interfacial area, weak interfacial adhesion promotes the conduction of phonons and minimizes coupling losses. According to this, the non-treated MWCNTs seem to have the highest potential to improve the thermal conductivity of epoxies.
  • Bao, Ling, 1980, et al. (författare)
  • U-Duality and the Compactified Gauss-Bonnet Term
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of High Energy Physics.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present the complete toroidal compactification of the Gauss-Bonnet Lagrangian from D dimensions to D-n dimensions. Our goal is to investigate the resulting action from the point of view of the "U-duality" symmetry SL(n+1,R) which is present in the tree-level Lagrangian when D-n=3. The analysis builds upon and extends the investigation of the paper [arXiv:0706.1183], by computing in detail the full structure of the compactified Gauss-Bonnet term, including the contribution from the dilaton exponents. We analyze these exponents using the representation theory of the Lie algebra sl(n+1,R) and determine which representation is the relevant one for quadratic curvature corrections. By interpreting the result of the compactification as a leading term in a large volume expansion of an SL(n+1,Z)-invariant action, we conclude that the overall exponential dilaton factor should not be included in the representation structure. As a consequence, all dilaton exponents correspond to weights of sl(n+1,R), which, nevertheless, remain on the positive side of the root lattice.
  • Bielecki, Johan, 1982, et al. (författare)
  • Electrospray sample injection for single-particle imaging with x-ray lasers
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science advances. - : American Association for the Advancement of Science. - 2375-2548. ; 5:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The possibility of imaging single proteins constitutes an exciting challenge for x-ray lasers. Despite encouraging results on large particles, imaging small particles has proven to be difficult for two reasons: not quite high enough pulse intensity from currently available x-ray lasers and, as we demonstrate here, contamination of the aerosolized molecules by nonvolatile contaminants in the solution. The amount of contamination on the sample depends on the initial droplet size during aerosolization. Here, we show that, with our electrospray injector, we can decrease the size of aerosol droplets and demonstrate virtually contaminant-free sample delivery of organelles, small virions, and proteins. The results presented here, together with the increased performance of next-generation x-ray lasers, constitute an important stepping stone toward the ultimate goal of protein structure determination from imaging at room temperature and high temporal resolution.
  • Bielecki, Johan, 1982, et al. (författare)
  • Femtosecond optical reflectivity measurements of lattice-mediated spin repulsions in photoexcited LaCoO3 thin films
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 89:3, s. art. no. 035129-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We present results on the temperature dependence of ultrafast electron and lattice dynamics, measured with pump-probe transient reflectivity experiments, of an epitaxially grown LaCoO3 thin film under tensile strain. Probing spin-polarized transitions into the antibonding e(g) band provides a measure of the low-spin fraction, both as a function of temperature and time after photoexcitation. It is observed that femtosecond laser pulses destabilize the constant low-spin fraction (similar to 63%-64%) in equilibrium into a thermally activated state, driven by a subpicosecond change in spin gap Delta. From the time evolution of the low-spin fraction, it is possible to disentangle the thermal and lattice contributions to the spin state. A lattice mediated spin repulsion, identified as the governing factor determining the equilibrium spin state in thin-film LaCoO3, is observed. These results suggests that time-resolved spectroscopy is a sensitive probe of the spin state in LaCoO3 thin films, with the potential to bring forward quantitative insight into the complicated interplay between structure and spin state in LaCoO3.
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