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1.
  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Can pelvic floor muscle training improve quality of life in men with mild to moderate post-stroke and lower urinary tract symptoms?
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. - : Edizioni Minerva Medica. - 1973-9087 .- 1973-9095. ; 53:3, s. 416-425
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) have a significant impact on quality of life (QoL) in post-stroke patients. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) on QoL parameters in men with post-stroke LUTS. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled and single-blinded trial. SETTING: Outpatients, University Hospital. POPULATION: Thirty-one men, median age 68 (interquartile range 60-74) years, with post-stroke LUTS were included. Thirty participants completed the study. METHODS: The participants randomized to the treatment group were treated in a systematic, controlled and intensive PFMT program over 3 months (12 weekly sessions). The participants randomized to the control group did not receive specific LUTS treatment. The effect was measured on the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Nocturia Quality-of-Life (N-QoL) Questionnaire. RESULTS: The results on SF-36 indicated significant improvement within pre- and post-test in the domains emotional role (median 77 to 100, P=0.03) and vitality (median 65 to 70, P=0.03) in the treatment group, but not the control group. There were no statistically significant differences between groups at pre-test, post-test or 6-month follow-up. The results on N-QoL indicated statistically significant differences between pre- and post-test in the bother/concern domain in both groups and in sleep/energy for the control group, but not the treatment group. There were no statistically significant differences between groups. CONCLUSIONS: PFMT may improve the emotional health and vitality domains of QoL in men with mild to moderate post-stroke and LUTS; however the improvements in the treatment group were not significantly better than for the control group. PFMT did not improve nocturia-related QoL. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: This study is the first to evaluate the effect of PFMT on QoL parameters in men with mild to moderate post-stroke and LUTS. The results indicate some short-term effect on SF-36 but none on N-QoL. However, further studies with larger sample sizes and with less restrictive inclusion and exclusion criteria are requested.
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2.
  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Is Pelvic Floor Muscle Training Effective for Men With Poststroke Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms? A Single-Blinded Randomized, Controlled Trial.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Men's Health. - : SAGE Publications. - 1557-9883. ; , s. 1460-1471
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training in men with poststroke lower urinary tract symptoms. Thirty-one poststroke men, median age 68 years, were included in this single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Thirty participants, 15 in each group, completed the study. The intervention consisted of 3 months (12 weekly sessions) of pelvic floor muscle training in groups and home exercises. The effect was evaluated by the DAN-PSS-1 (Danish Prostate Symptom Score) questionnaire, a voiding diary, and digital anal palpation of the pelvic floor muscle. The DAN-PSS-1, symptom score indicated a statistical significant improvement (p < .01) in the treatment group from pretest to posttest, but not in the control group. The DAN-PSS-1, total score improved statistically significantly in both groups from pretest to posttest (treatment group: p < .01; control group: p = .03). The median voiding frequency per 24 hours decreased from 11 at pretest to 7 (36%; p = .04) at posttest and to 8 (27%; p = .02) at follow-up in treatment group, although not statistical significantly more than the control group. The treatment group but not the control group improved statistically significantly in pelvic floor muscle function (p < .01) and strength (p < .01) from pretest to posttest and from pretest to follow-up (p = .03; p < .01). Compared with the control group the pretest to posttest was significantly better in the treatment group (p = .03). The results indicate that pelvic floor muscle training has an effect for lower urinary tract symptoms, although statistical significance was only seen for pelvic floor muscle.
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3.
  • Tibaek, Sigrid, et al. (författare)
  • Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Erectile Dysfunction, and Quality of Life in Poststroke Men : A Controlled Cross-Sectional Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Men's Health. - : SAGE Publications. - 1557-9883. ; 11:3, s. 748-756
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of the current study was to compare lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile dysfunction (ED), and quality of life (QoL) in poststroke and healthy men. Thirty poststroke men with stroke-related LUTS, and as controls, 96 healthy men participated in this controlled, cross-sectional study. Participants filled in the Danish Prostate Symptom Score (DAN-PSS-1) Questionnaire, the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5), the 36-Item Short Form (SF-36), the Nocturia Quality-of-Life (N-QoL) Questionnaire. In the age group ≤55 years, comparing poststroke men with healthy controls both with LUTS, the results indicated DAN-PSS-1, total score median 13 (4-17) versus 3 (2-6), p =.05; IIEF-5 25 (14-25) versus 24 (23-25), p =.06; SF-12, total score 499 (360-679) versus 695 (644-734), p =.02; and N-QoL 98 (70-100) versus 96 (90-100), p =.65. In the age group >55 years, comparing poststroke men with healthy controls both with LUTS, the results indicated DAN-PSS-1, total score 13 (8-24) versus 5 (2-7), p <.01; IIEF-5 13 (5-20) versus 25 (24-25), p <.01; SF-36, total score 585 (456-718) versus 742 (687-772), p <.01; and N-QoL, total score 81 (66-95) versus 98 (80-100), p <.01. The results demonstrated that in age group above, but not below 55 years, poststroke men with LUTS had significantly higher frequency of severe and bothersome LUTS and ED than the healthy controls with LUTS, while QoL and N-QoL were significantly lower in comparison. It is recommended to identify and assess older poststroke men for LUTS, ED, and QoL.
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