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Sökning: WFRF:(Bollerslev J.)

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1.
  • Valassi, E., et al. (författare)
  • High mortality within 90 days of diagnosis in patients with Cushing's syndrome: results from the ERCUSYN registry
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643. ; 181:5, s. 461-472
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Patients with Cushing's syndrome (CS) have increased mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the causes and time of death in a large cohort of patients with CS and to establish factors associated with increased mortality. Methods: In this cohort study, we analyzed 1564 patients included in the European Registry on CS (ERCUSYN); 1045 (67%) had pituitary-dependent CS, 385 (25%) adrenal-dependent CS, 89 (5%) had an ectopic source and 45 (3%) other causes. The median (IQR) overall follow-up time in ERCUSYN was 2.7 (1.2-5.5) years. Results: Forty-nine patients had died at the time of the analysis; 23 (47%) with pituitary-dependent CS, 6 (12%) with adrenal-dependent CS, 18 (37%) with ectopic CS and two (4%) with CS due to other causes. Of 42 patients whose cause of death was known, 15 (36%) died due to progression of the underlying disease, 13 (31%) due to infections, 7 (17%) due to cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease and 2 due to pulmonary embolism. The commonest cause of death in patients with pituitary-dependent CS and adrenal-dependent CS were infectious diseases (n = 8) and progression of the underlying tumor (n = 10) in patients with ectopic CS. Patients who had died were older and more often males, and had more frequently muscle weakness, diabetes mellitus and ectopic CS, compared to survivors. Of 49 deceased patients, 22 (45%) died within 90 days from start of treatment and 5 (10%) before any treatment was given. The commonest cause of deaths in these 27 patients were infections (n = 10; 37%). In a regression analysis, age, ectopic CS and active disease were independently associated with overall death before and within 90 days from the start of treatment. Conclusion: Mortality rate was highest in patients with ectopic CS. Infectious diseases the commonest cause of death soon after diagnosis, emphasizing the need for careful vigilance at that time, especially in patients presenting with concomitant diabetes mellitus.
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2.
  • Bollerslev, J., et al. (författare)
  • Medical observation, compared with parathyroidectomy, for asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism: a prospective, randomized trial
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:5, s. 1687-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: The clinical presentation of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) has changed during the last half century, and the diagnosis is now more often made by chance in patients with no specific symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The present study is a randomized, controlled trial that investigates the effects of parathyroidectomy or medical observation in mild asymptomatic pHPT on morbidity and quality of life (QoL). DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: A total of 191 patients (26 men) with asymptomatic pHPT [mean age 64.2 +/- 7.4 (sd) yr] were recruited in the study and randomized to medical observation (serum calcium level 2.69 +/- 0.08 mmol/liter) or surgery (2.70 +/- 0.08 mmol/liter). We here report baseline and 1 (n = 119) and 2 yr data (n = 99) on those who had completed the follow-up visits by the end of the inclusion period. RESULTS: At baseline, the patients had significantly lower QoL (SF-36) and more psychological symptoms, compared with age- and sex-matched healthy subjects. The two groups were similar at baseline, and no clinically significant changes in these parameters were seen during the observation time. Calcium and PTH normalized after surgery. The areal bone mineral density increased in the group randomized to operation, whereas the bone mineral density remained stable in the medical observation group. No change in kidney function (creatinine) or blood pressure was observed longitudinally or between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Asymptomatic patients with mild pHPT have decreased QoL and more psychological symptoms than normal controls. No benefit of operative treatment, compared with medical observation, was found on these measures so far.
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3.
  • Pretorius, M., et al. (författare)
  • Effects of Parathyroidectomy on Quality of Life: 10 Years of Data From a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial on Primary Hyperparathyroidism (the SIPH-Study)
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - 0884-0431.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) was previously considered a disease presenting with multiorgan involvement and a wide range of symptoms. Today, the disease presents with no symptoms or mild symptomatology in most patients. Data regarding nonspecific symptoms such as pain, fatigue, memory loss, depression, and other neuropsychiatric signs have been ambiguous, and results from prospective long-term randomized control trials are lacking. The Scandinavian Investigation on Primary Hyperparathyroidism (SIPH) is a prospective randomized controlled trial (RCT) with 10-year follow up, comparing parathyroidectomy (PTX) to observation without any treatment (OBS). From 1998 to 2005, 191 patients with mild PHPT were included from Sweden, Norway, and Denmark. A total of 95 patients were randomized to PTX and 96 to OBS. The generic Short Form-36 survey (SF-36) and the Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale (CPRS) were studied at baseline, 2, 5, and 10 years after randomization. After 10 years, the PTX group scored significantly better on vitality (PTX 65.1 +/- 20.2 versus OBS 57.4 +/- 22.7; p = .017) compared to the OBS group in SF-36. We found no differences between the groups in the physical subscales. The OBS group had no significant change in any of the SF-36 scores throughout the study. The CPRS showed an improvement of symptoms in both groups for single items and sum scores after 10 years compared to baseline. There were, however, no significant differences between the two groups in the CPRS data. The results of this large and long-term RCT indicate improvement in some of the mental domains of SF-36 following PTX. However, the treatment effects between the groups were subtle with uncertain clinical significance. The observation group had stable SF-36 values and improvement in CPRS symptom-scores. Thus, in considering only quality of life (QoL) and in the absence of declines in renal and skeletal parameters, it may be safe to observe patients with mild PHPT for a decade. (c) 2020 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).
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5.
  • Godang, Kristin, et al. (författare)
  • The effect of surgery on fat mass, lipid and glucose metabolism in mild primary hyperparathyroidism
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Endocrine connections. - 2049-3614. ; 7:8, s. 941-948
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild primary hyperparathyroidism has been associated with increased body fat mass and unfavorable cardiovascular risk factors.To assess the effect of parathyroidectomy on fat mass, glucose and lipid metabolism.119 patients previously randomized to observation (OBS; n = 58) or parathyroidectomy (PTX; n = 61) within the Scandinavian Investigation of Primary Hyperparathyroidism (SIPH) trial, an open randomized multicenter study, were included. Main outcome measures for this study were the differences in fat mass, markers for lipid and glucose metabolism between OBS and PTX 5 years after randomization.In the OBS group, total cholesterol (Total-C) decreased from mean 5.9 (±1.1) to 5.6 (±1.0) mmol/L (P = 0.037) and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) decreased from 3.7 (±1.0) to 3.3 (±0.9) mmol/L (P = 0.010). In the PTX group, the Total-C and LDL-C remained unchanged resulting in a significant between-group difference over time (P = 0.013 and P = 0.026, respectively). This difference was driven by patients who started with lipid-lowering medication during the study period (OBS: 5; PTX: 1). There was an increase in trunk fat mass in the OBS group, but no between-group differences over time. Mean 25(OH) vitamin D increased in the PTX group (P < 0.001), but did not change in the OBS group. No difference in parameters of glucose metabolism was detected.In mild PHPT, the measured metabolic and cardiovascular risk factors were not modified by PTX. Observation seems safe and cardiovascular risk reduction should not be regarded as a separate indication for parathyroidectomy based on the results from this study.
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6.
  • Sjöstedt, Evelina, et al. (författare)
  • TGFBR3L-An Uncharacterised Pituitary Specific Membrane Protein Detected in the Gonadotroph Cells in Non-Neoplastic and Tumour Tissue.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancers. - BASEL SWITZERLAND : MDPI AG. - 2072-6694. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here, we report the investigation of transforming growth factor beta-receptor 3 like (TGFBR3L), an uncharacterised pituitary specific membrane protein, in non-neoplastic anterior pituitary gland and pituitary neuroendocrine tumours. A polyclonal antibody produced within the Human Protein Atlas project (HPA074356) was used for TGFBR3L staining and combined with SF1 and FSH for a 3-plex fluorescent protocol, providing more details about the cell lineage specificity of TGFBR3L expression. A cohort of 230 pituitary neuroendocrine tumours were analysed. In a subgroup of previously characterised gonadotroph tumours, correlation with expression of FSH/LH, E-cadherin, oestrogen (ER) and somatostatin receptors (SSTR) was explored. TGFBR3L showed membranous immunolabeling and was found to be gonadotroph cell lineage-specific, verified by co-expression with SF1 and FSH/LH staining in both tumour and non-neoplastic anterior pituitary tissues. TGFBR3L immunoreactivity was observed in gonadotroph tumours only and demonstrated intra-tumour heterogeneity with a perivascular location. TGFBR3L immunostaining correlated positively to both FSH (R = 0.290) and LH (R = 0.390) immunostaining, and SSTR3 (R = 0.315). TGFBR3L correlated inversely to membranous E-cadherin staining (R = -0.351) and oestrogen receptor β mRNA (R = -0.274). In conclusion, TGFBR3L is a novel pituitary gland specific protein, located in the membrane of gonadotroph cells in non-neoplastic anterior pituitary gland and in a subset of gonadotroph pituitary tumours.
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7.
  • Bollerslev, Jens, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of surgery on cardiovascular risk factors in mild primary hyperparathyroidism.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197. ; 94:7, s. 2255-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT: Mild primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) seems to have a good prognosis, and indications for active treatment (surgery) are widely discussed. The extraskeletal effects of PTH, such as insulin resistance, arterial hypertension, and cardiovascular (CV) risk, may however be reversible by operation. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study biochemical markers of bone turnover, indices of the metabolic syndrome, and various risk markers for CV disease in patients with mild pHPT randomized to observation without surgery or operative treatment and followed for 2 yr. DESIGN/SETTING/PATIENTS: A total of 116 patients (mean age, 63 +/- 8 yr; 19 men and 97 women) who on May 1, 2008, had performed the 2-yr visit in a randomized study on mild pHPT (serum calcium at baseline, 2.69 +/- 0.11 mmol/liter) and where frozen samples were available from baseline and follow-up participated in the study. RESULTS: Calcium and PTH levels were normalized after surgery, and biochemical markers of bone turnover decreased by 35%, followed by a significant increase in BMD in the spine (2.7%; P < 0.01) and femoral neck (1.1%; P < 0.02) compared with the observation group. No significant differences were observed between the groups for blood pressure, markers of insulin resistance, detailed cholesterol metabolism, adipokines, or parameters of inflammation and CV surrogate markers. CONCLUSIONS: We observed expected effects on biochemical markers of bone turnover and bone mass after surgical treatment of mild pHPT, with stable values in the group randomized to observation. For a variety of measures of the metabolic syndrome, adipokines, and CV risk factors, no benefit of operative treatment could be demonstrated. Neither did we observe any deleterious effects of conservative management in the 2-yr perspective.
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8.
  • Casar-Borota, Olivera, et al. (författare)
  • Spindle cell oncocytoma of the adenohypophysis : report of a case with marked cellular atypia and recurrence despite adjuvant treatment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Neuropathology. - 0722-5091. ; 28:2, s. 91-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) of the adenohypophysis is a recently defined pituitary tumor mimicking a non-functioning macroadenoma and composed of mitochondrion rich tumor cells, positive for S-100, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen and galectin-3 but lacking cytokeratins, pituitary hormones, and neuroendocrine markers. Derivation from pituitary folliculostellate cells (FSCs) has been suggested based upon immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics shared by SCO and FSCs. 10 cases of SCO have been reported to date; of these, 8 underwent a benign clinical course and 2 recurred. We report a case of SCO with typical histologic and immunohistochemical features in addition to marked cellular pleomorphism and nuclear atypia. It showed slow regrowth over a 30-month period of follow-up despite combined surgical and radiotherapy. Despite the benign course of most reported cases, additional experience with longer follow-up are needed to assess clinical, histopathologic, and proliferative indices and their relevance to optimal therapy for this rare pituitary tumor.
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9.
  • Lundstam, Karolina, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Surgery Versus Observation : Skeletal 5-Year Outcomes in a Randomized Trial of Patients With Primary HPT (the SIPH Study)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - 0884-0431 .- 1523-4681. ; 32:9, s. 1907-1914
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mild primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is known to affect the skeleton, even though patients usually are asymptomatic. Treatment strategies have been widely discussed. However, long-term randomized studies comparing parathyroidectomy to observation are lacking. The objective was to study the effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) compared with observation (OBS) on bone mineral density (BMD) in g/cm(2) and T-scores and on biochemical markers of bone turnover (P1NP and CTX-1) in a prospective randomized controlled study of patients with mild PHPT after 5 years of follow-up. Of 191 patients with mild PHPT randomized to either PTX or OBS, 145 patients remained for analysis after 5 years (110 with validated DXA scans). A significant decrease in P1NP (p<0.001) and CTX-1 (p<0.001) was found in the PTX group only. A significant positive treatment effect of surgery compared with observation on BMD (g/cm(2)) was found for the lumbar spine (LS) (p = 0.011), the femoral neck (FN) (p<0.001), the ultradistal radius (UDR) (p = 0.042), and for the total body (TB) (p<0.001) but not for the radius 33% (Rad33), where BMD decreased significantly also in the PTX group (p = 0.012). However, compared with baseline values, there was no significant BMD increase in the PTX group, except for the lumbar spine. In the OBS group, there was a significant decrease in BMD (g/cm(2)) for all compartments (FN, p<0.001; Rad33, p = 0.001; UDR, p = 0.006; TB, p<0.001) with the exception of the LS, whereBMDwas stable. In conclusion, parathyroidectomy improves BMD and observation leads to a small but statistically significant decrease in BMD after 5 years. Thus, bone health appears to be a clinical concern with long-term observation in patients with mild PHPT.
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10.
  • Lundstam, Karolina, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of parathyroidectomy versus observation on the development of vertebral fractures in mild primary hyperparathyroidism
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - 1945-7197 .- 0021-972X. ; 100:4, s. 1359-1367
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Mild primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common disease especially in middle-aged and elderly women. The diagnosis is frequently made incidentally and treatment strategies are widely discussed. Objective: To study the effect of parathyroidectomy (PTX) compared with observation (OBS) on biochemistry, safety, bone mineral density (BMD), and new fractures. Design: Prospective, randomized controlled study (SIPH study), 5-year follow-up. Setting: Multicenter, tertiary referral centers. Patients: Of 191 randomized patients with mild PHPT, biochemical data were available for 145 patients after 5 years, mean age at inclusion 62.8 years (OBS group, 9 males) and 62.1 years (PTX group, 10 males). Intervention: Parathyroidectomy vs observation. Main outcome measures: Biochemistry, BMD and new radiographic vertebral fractures. Results: Serum-calcium and PTH-levels normalized after surgery and did not deteriorate by observation. BMD Z-scores were normal at inclusion in the lumbar spine (LS) and femoral neck (FN). For LS, BMD Z-scores were stable for 5 years with observation, but decreased in FN (P<0.02). After surgery, BMD Z-scores increased significantly in both compartments (P<0.02 for both), with a highly significant treatment effect of surgery compared to observation (P<0.001). During follow-up, 5 new clinically unrecognized vertebral fractures were found in 5 females, all in the OBS group (P=0.058). Conclusion: Even though new vertebral fractures occurred only in the observation group, the frequency was not significantly different from the surgery group. Longer follow-up is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn about the long-term safety of observation, as opposed to surgery.
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