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1.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • A2AR Transmembrane 2 Peptide Administration Disrupts the A2AR-A2AR Homoreceptor but Not the A2AR-D2R Heteroreceptor Complex : Lack of Actions on Rodent Cocaine Self-Administration
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. - : MDPI. - 1422-0067 .- 1422-0067. ; 20:23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It was previously demonstrated that rat adenosine A2AR transmembrane V peptide administration into the nucleus accumbens enhances cocaine self-administration through disruption of the A2AR-dopamine (D2R) heteroreceptor complex of this region. Unlike human A2AR transmembrane 4 (TM4) and 5 (TM5), A2AR TM2 did not interfere with the formation of the A2AR-D2R heteroreceptor complex in cellular models using BRET1 assay. A2AR TM2 was proposed to be part of the of the receptor interface of the A2AR homomer instead and was therefore tested in the current article for effects on rat cocaine self-administration using rat A2AR synthetic TM2 peptide bilaterally injected into the nucleus accumbens. The injected A2AR TM2 peptide failed to significantly counteract the inhibitory action of the A2AR agonist CGS 21680 (0.1 mg/Kg) on cocaine self-administration. In line with these results, the microinjected A2AR TM2 peptide did not reduce the number of proximity ligation assay blobs identifying A2AR-D2R heteroreceptor complexes in the nucleus accumbens. In contrast, the A2AR TM2 peptide significantly reduced the number of A2AR-A2AR homoreceptor complexes in the nucleus accumbens. As to effects on the receptor-receptor interactions in the A2AR-D2R heteroreceptor complexes, the A2AR TM2 peptide did not alter the significant increase in the D2R Ki, high values produced by the A2AR agonist CGS 21680 ex vivo in the ventral striatum. The results indicate that the accumbal A2AR-A2AR homomeric complexes are not involved in mediating the A2AR agonist-induced inhibition of cocaine self-administration.
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2.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Acute Cocaine Enhances Dopamine D2R Recognition and Signaling and Counteracts D2R Internalization in Sigma1R-D2R Heteroreceptor Complexes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Molecular Neurobiology. - 0893-7648 .- 1559-1182. ; 56:10, s. 7045-7055
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The current study was performed to establish the actions of nanomolar concentrations of cocaine, not blocking the dopamine transporter, on dopamine D2 receptor (D2R)-sigma 1 receptor (delta 1R) heteroreceptor complexes and the D2R protomer recognition, signaling and internalization in cellular models. We report the existence of D2R-delta 1R heteroreceptor complexes in subcortical limbic areas as well as the dorsal striatum, with different distribution patterns using the in situ proximity ligation assay. Also, through BRET, these heteromers were demonstrated in HEK293 cells. Furthermore, saturation binding assay demonstrated that in membrane preparations of HEK293 cells coexpressing D2R and delta 1R, cocaine (1 nM) significantly increased the D2R B-max values over cells singly expressing D2R. CREB reporter luc-gene assay indicated that coexpressed delta 1R significantly reduced the potency of the D2R-like agonist quinpirole to inhibit via D2R activation the forskolin induced increase of the CREB signal. In contrast, the addition of 100 nM cocaine was found to markedly increase the quinpirole potency to inhibit the forskolin-induced increase of the CREB signal in the D2R-delta 1R cells. These events were associated with a marked reduction of cocaine-induced internalization of D2R protomers in D2R-delta 1R heteromer-containing cells vs D2R singly expressing cells as studied by means of confocal analysis of D2R-delta 1R trafficking and internalization. Overall, the formation of D2R-delta 1R heteromers enhanced the ability of cocaine to increase the D2R protomer function associated with a marked reduction of its internalization. The existence of D2R-delta 1R heteromers opens up a new understanding of the acute actions of cocaine.
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3.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Disruption of A2AR-D2R Heteroreceptor Complexes After A2AR Transmembrane 5 Peptide Administration Enhances Cocaine Self-Administration in Rats
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Molecular Neurobiology. - : Springer. - 0893-7648 .- 1559-1182. ; 55:8, s. 7038-7048
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Antagonistic allosteric A2AR-D2R receptor-receptor interactions in heteroreceptor complexes counteract cocaine self-administration and cocaine seeking in rats as seen in biochemical and behavioral experiments. It was shown that the human A2AR transmembrane five (TM5) was part of the interface of the human A2AR-D2R receptor heteromer. In the current paper, the rat A2AR synthetic TM5 (synthTM5) peptide disrupts the A2AR-D2R heteroreceptor complex in HEK293 cells as shown by the bioluminescence resonance energy transfer method. Rat A2AR synthTM5 peptide, microinjected into the nucleus accumbens, produced a complete counteraction of the inhibitory effects of the A2AR agonist CGS21680 on cocaine self-administration. It was linked to a disappearance of the accumbal A2AR-D2R heteroreceptor complexes and the A2AR agonist induced inhibition of D2R recognition using proximity ligation assay and biochemical binding techniques. However, possible effects of the A2AR synthTM5 peptide on accumbal A2AR-D3R and A2AR-D4R heteroreceptor complexes remain to be excluded. Evidence is provided that accumbal A2AR-D2R-like heteroreceptor complexes with their antagonistic receptor-receptor interactions can be major targets for treatment of cocaine use disorder.
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4.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Mapping the Interface of a GPCR Dimer : A Structural Model of the A(2A) Adenosine and D-2 Dopamine Receptor Heteromer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Pharmacology. - : FRONTIERS MEDIA SA. - 1663-9812 .- 1663-9812. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The A(2A) adenosine (A(2A)R) and D-2 dopamine (D2R) receptors form oligomers in the cell membrane and allosteric interactions across the A(2A)R-D2R heteromer represent a target for development of drugs against central nervous system disorders. However, understanding of the molecular determinants of A(2A)R-D2R heteromerization and the allosteric antagonistic interactions between the receptor protomers is still limited. In this work, a structural model of the A(2A)R-D2R heterodimer was generated using a combined experimental and computational approach. Regions involved in the heteromer interface were modeled based on the effects of peptides derived from the transmembrane (TM) helices on A(2A)R-D2R receptor-receptor interactions in bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET) and proximity ligation assays. Peptides corresponding to TM-IV and TM-V of the A(2A)R blocked heterodimer interactions and disrupted the allosteric effect of A(2A)R activation on D2R agonist binding. Protein-protein docking was used to construct a model of the A(2A)R-D2R heterodimer with a TM-IV/V interface, which was refined using molecular dynamics simulations. Mutations in the predicted interface reduced A(2A)R-D2R interactions in BRET experiments and altered the allosteric modulation. The heterodimer model provided insights into the structural basis of allosteric modulation and the technique developed to characterize the A(2A)R-D2R interface can be extended to study the many other G protein-coupled receptors that engage in heteroreceptor complexes.
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5.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Preferential activation by galanin 1-15 fragment of the GalR1 protomer of a GalR1-GalR2 heteroreceptor complex
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC. - 0006-291X .- 1090-2104. ; 452:3, s. 347-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The three cloned galanin receptors show a higher affinity for galanin than for galanin N-terminal fragments. Galanin fragment (1-15) binding sites were discovered in the rat Central Nervous System, especially in dorsal hippocampus, indicating a relevant role of galanin fragments in central galanin communication. The hypothesis was introduced that these N-terminal galanin fragment preferring sites are formed through the formation of GalR1-GalR2 heteromers which may play a significant role in mediating galanin fragment (1-15) signaling. In HEK293T cells evidence for the existence of GalR1-GalR2 heteroreceptor complexes were obtained with proximity ligation and BRET2 assays. PLA positive blobs representing GalR1-GalR2 heteroreceptor complexes were also observed in the raphe-hippocampal system. In CRE luciferase reporter gene assays, galanin (1-15) was more potent than galanin (1-29) in inhibiting the forskolin-induced increase of luciferase activity in GalR1-GalR2 transfected cells. The inhibition of CREB by 50 nM of galanin (1-15) and of galanin (1-29) was fully counteracted by the non-selective galanin antagonist M35 and the selective GalR2 antagonist M871. These results suggested that the orthosteric agonist binding site of GalR1 protomer may have an increased affinity for the galanin (115) vs galanin (1-29) which can lead to its demonstrated increase in potency to inhibit CREB vs galanin (1-29). In contrast, in NFAT reporter gene assays galanin (1-29) shows a higher efficacy than galanin (115) in increasing Gq/11 mediated signaling over the GalR2 of these heteroreceptor complexes. This disbalance in the signaling of the GalR1-GalR2 heteroreceptor complexes induced by galanin (1-15) may contribute to depression-like actions since GalR1 agonists produce such effects. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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6.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Receptor-Receptor Interactions in Multiple 5-HT1A Heteroreceptor Complexes in Raphe-Hippocampal 5-HT Transmission and Their Relevance for Depression and Its Treatment
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Molecules. - 1420-3049 .- 1420-3049. ; 23:6
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Due to the binding to a number of proteins to the receptor protomers in receptor heteromers in the brain, the term "heteroreceptor complexes" was introduced. A number of serotonin 5-HT1A heteroreceptor complexes were recently found to be linked to the ascending 5-HT pathways known to have a significant role in depression. The 5-HT1A-FGFR1 heteroreceptor complexes were involved in synergistically enhancing neuroplasticity in the hippocampus and in the dorsal raphe 5-HT nerve cells. The 5-HT1A protomer significantly increased FGFR1 protomer signaling in wild-type rats. Disturbances in the 5-HT1A-FGFR1 heteroreceptor complexes in the raphe-hippocampal 5-HT system were found in a genetic rat model of depression (Flinders sensitive line (FSL) rats). Deficits in FSL rats were observed in the ability of combined FGFR1 and 5-HT1A agonist cotreatment to produce antidepressant-like effects. It may in part reflect a failure of FGFR1 treatment to uncouple the 5-HT1A postjunctional receptors and autoreceptors from the hippocampal and dorsal raphe GIRK channels, respectively. This may result in maintained inhibition of hippocampal pyramidal nerve cell and dorsal raphe 5-HT nerve cell firing. Also, 5-HT1A-5-HT2A isoreceptor complexes were recently demonstrated to exist in the hippocampus and limbic cortex. They may play a role in depression through an ability of 5-HT2A protomer signaling to inhibit the 5-HT1A protomer recognition and signaling. Finally, galanin (1-15) was reported to enhance the antidepressant effects of fluoxetine through the putative formation of GalR1-GalR2-5-HT1A heteroreceptor complexes. Taken together, these novel 5-HT1A receptor complexes offer new targets for treatment of depression.
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7.
  • Borroto-Escuela, Dasiel O., et al. (författare)
  • Understanding the Role of GPCR Heteroreceptor Complexes in Modulating the Brain Networks in Health and Disease
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. - : FRONTIERS MEDIA SA. - 1662-5102 .- 1662-5102. ; 11
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The introduction of allosteric receptor-receptor interactions in G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) heteroreceptor complexes of the central nervous system (CNS) gave a new dimension to brain integration and neuropsychopharmacology. The molecular basis of learning and memory was proposed to be based on the reorganization of the homo- and heteroreceptor complexes in the postjunctional membrane of synapses. Long-term memory may be created by the transformation of parts of the heteroreceptor complexes into unique transcription factors which can lead to the formation of specific adapter proteins. The observation of the GPCR heterodimer network (GPCR-HetNet) indicated that the allosteric receptor-receptor interactions dramatically increase GPCR diversity and biased recognition and signaling leading to enhanced specificity in signaling. Dysfunction of the GPCR heteroreceptor complexes can lead to brain disease. The findings of serotonin (5-HT) hetero and isoreceptor complexes in the brain over the last decade give new targets for drug development in major depression. Neuromodulation of neuronal networks in depression via 5-HT, galanin peptides and zinc involve a number of GPCR heteroreceptor complexes in the raphe-hippocampal system: GalR1-5-HT1A, GalR1-5-HT1A-GPR39, GalR1-GalR2, and putative GalR1-GalR2-5-HT1A heteroreceptor complexes. The 5-HT1A receptor protomer remains a receptor enhancing antidepressant actions through its participation in hetero- and homoreceptor complexes listed above in balance with each other. In depression, neuromodulation of neuronal networks in the raphe-hippocampal system and the cortical regions via 5-HT and fibroblast growth factor 2 involves either FGFR1-5-HT1A heteroreceptor complexes or the 5-HT isoreceptor complexes such as 5-HT1A-5-HT7 and 5-HT1A-5-HT2A. Neuromodulation of neuronal networks in cocaine use disorder via dopamine (DA) and adenosine signals involve A2AR-D2R and A2AR-D2R-Sigma1R heteroreceptor complexes in the dorsal and ventral striatum. The excitatory modulation by A2AR agonists of the ventral striato-pallidal GABA anti-reward system via targeting the A2AR-D2R and A2AR-D2R-Sigma1R heteroreceptor complex holds high promise as a new way to treat cocaine use disorders. Neuromodulation of neuronal networks in schizophrenia via DA, adenosine, glutamate, 5-HT and neurotensin peptides and oxytocin, involving A2AR-D2R, D2R-NMDAR, A2AR-D2R-mGluR5, D2R-5-HT2A and D2R-oxytocinR heteroreceptor complexes opens up a new world of D2R protomer targets in the listed heterocomplexes for treatment of positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.
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