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Sökning: WFRF:(Broms M)

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  • Sjoblom, A., et al. (författare)
  • Pre-oxygenation using high-flow nasal oxygen vs. tight facemask during rapid sequence induction
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Anaesthesia. - : WILEY. - 0003-2409 .- 1365-2044.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pre-oxygenation using high-flow nasal oxygen can decrease the risk of desaturation during rapid sequence induction in patients undergoing emergency surgery. Previous studies were single-centre and often in limited settings. This randomised, international, multicentre trial compared high-flow nasal oxygen with standard facemask pre-oxygenation for rapid sequence induction in emergency surgery at all hours of the day and night. A total of 350 adult patients from six centres in Sweden and one in Switzerland undergoing emergency surgery where rapid sequence induction was required were included and randomly allocated to pre-oxygenation with 100% oxygen using high-flow nasal oxygen or a standard tight-fitting facemask. The primary outcome was the number of patients developing oxygen saturations <93% from the start of pre-oxygenation until 1 min after tracheal intubation. Data from 349 of 350 patients who entered the study were analysed (174 in the high-flow nasal oxygen group and 175 in the facemask group). No difference was detected in the number of patients desaturating <93%, five (2.9%) vs. six (3.4%) patients in the high-flow nasal oxygen and facemask group, respectively (p = 0.77). The risk of desaturation was not increased during on-call hours. No difference was seen in end-tidal carbon dioxide levels in the first breath after tracheal intubation or in the number of patients with signs of regurgitation between groups. These results confirm that high-flow nasal oxygen maintains adequate oxygen levels during pre-oxygenation for rapid sequence induction.
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  • Broms, Gabriella, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-TNF treatment during pregnancy and birth outcomes : Apopulation-based study from Denmark, Finland, and Sweden
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. - 1053-8569 .- 1099-1557. ; 29:3, s. 316-327
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: To study the risk of preterm birth, caesarean section, and small for gestational age after anti-tumor necrosis factor agent treatment (anti-TNF) in pregnancy.Methods: Population-based study including women with inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, and psoriasis, and their infants born 2006 to 2013 from the national health registers in Denmark, Finland, and Sweden. Women treated with anti-TNF were compared with women with nonbiologic systemic treatment. Adalimumab, etanercept, and infliximab were compared pairwise. Continuation of treatment in early pregnancy was compared with discontinuation. Odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated in logistic regression models adjusted for country and maternal characteristics.Results: Among 1 633 909 births, 1027 infants were to women treated with anti-TNF and 9399 to women with nonbiologic systemic treatment. Compared with non-biologic systemic treatment, women with anti-TNF treatment had a higher risk of preterm birth, odds ratio 1.61 (1.29-2.02) and caesarean section, 1.57 (1.35-1.82). The odds ratio for small for gestational age was 1.36 (0.96-1.92). In pairwise comparisons, infliximab was associated with a higher risk of severely small for gestational age for inflammatory joint and skin diseases but not for inflammatory bowel disease. Discontinuation of anti-TNF had opposite effects on preterm birth for inflammatory bowel disease and inflammatory joint and skin diseases.Conclusions: Anti-TNF agents were associated with increased risks of preterm birth, caesarean section, and small for gestational age. However, the diverse findings across disease groups may indicate an association related to the underlying disease activity, rather than to agent-specific effects.
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