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Sökning: WFRF:(Browne P)

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1.
  • 2021
  • swepub:Mat__t
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  • Burstein, R., et al. (författare)
  • Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0028-0836 .- 1476-4687. ; 574:7778, s. 353-358
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Since 2000, many countries have achieved considerable success in improving child survival, but localized progress remains unclear. To inform efforts towards United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 3.2—to end preventable child deaths by 2030—we need consistently estimated data at the subnational level regarding child mortality rates and trends. Here we quantified, for the period 2000–2017, the subnational variation in mortality rates and number of deaths of neonates, infants and children under 5 years of age within 99 low- and middle-income countries using a geostatistical survival model. We estimated that 32% of children under 5 in these countries lived in districts that had attained rates of 25 or fewer child deaths per 1,000 live births by 2017, and that 58% of child deaths between 2000 and 2017 in these countries could have been averted in the absence of geographical inequality. This study enables the identification of high-mortality clusters, patterns of progress and geographical inequalities to inform appropriate investments and implementations that will help to improve the health of all populations. © 2019, The Author(s).
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5.
  • Gould, A., et al. (författare)
  • MOA-2010-BLG-523:" Failed Planet"= RS CVn Star
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X. ; 763:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The Galactic bulge source MOA-2010-BLG-523S exhibited short-term deviations from a standard microlensing light curve near the peak of an A(max) similar to 265 high-magnification microlensing event. The deviations originally seemed consistent with expectations for a planetary companion to the principal lens. We combine long-term photometric monitoring with a previously published high-resolution spectrum taken near peak to demonstrate that this is an RS CVn variable, so that planetary microlensing is not required to explain the light-curve deviations. This is the first spectroscopically confirmed RS CVn star discovered in the Galactic bulge.
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6.
  • John, P. R., et al. (författare)
  • Shape evolution in the neutron-rich osmium isotopes : Prompt gamma-ray spectroscopy of Os-196
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. Nuclear Physics. - 0556-2813 .- 1089-490X. ; 90:2, s. 021301-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The shape transition in the neutron-rich Os isotopes is studied by investigating the neutron-rich Os-196 nucleus through in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy using a two-proton transfer reaction from a Pt-198 target to a Se-82 beam. The beam-like recoils were detected and identified with the large-acceptance magnetic spectrometer PRISMA, and the coincident gamma rays were measured with the advanced gamma tracking array (AGATA) demonstrator. The de-excitation of the low-lying levels of the yrast-band of Os-196 were identified for the first time. The results are compared with state-of-the-art beyond-mean-field calculations, performed for the even-even Os188-198 isotopes. The new results suggest a smooth transition in the Os isotopes from a more axial rotational behavior towards predominately vibrational nuclei through triaxial configurations. An almost perfect gamma-unstable/triaxial rotor yrast band is predicted for Os-196 which is in agreement with the experimentally measured excited states.
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7.
  • Jin, S. Y., et al. (författare)
  • Spectroscopy of 98Cd by two-nucleon removal from 100In
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C: covering nuclear physics. - 2469-9985. ; 104:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low-lying states of Cd-98 have been populated by the two-nucleon removal reaction (In-100, Cd-98+gamma) and studied using in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. Two new gamma transitions were identified and assigned as decays from a previously unknown state. This state is suggested to be based on a pi 1g(/9/2)(-1)2p(1/2)(-2) configuration with J(pi) = 5(-). The present observation extends the systematics of the excitation energies of the first 5(-) state in N = 50 isotones toward Sn-100. The determined energy of the 5(- )state in Cd-98 continues a smooth trend along the N = 50 isotones. The systematics are compared with shell-model calculations in different model spaces. Good agreement is achieved when considering a model space consisting of the pi(1f(5/2), 2p(3/2), 2p(1/2), 1g(9/2)) orbitals. The calculations with a smaller model space omitting the orbitals below the Z = 38 subshell could not reproduce the experimental energy difference between the ground and first 5(-) states in N = 50 isotones, because proton excitations across Z = 38 subshell yield a large amount of correlation energy that lowers the ground states.
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8.
  • Park, Joochun, et al. (författare)
  • Toward the limit of nuclear binding on the N = Z line : Spectroscopy of Cd-96
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2469-9985 .- 2469-9993. ; 99:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A gamma -decaying isomeric state (tau(1/2) = 197(-17)(+19) ns) has been identified in Cd-96, which is one alpha particle away from the last known bound N = Z nucleus, Sn-100. Comparison of the results with shell-model calculations has allowed a tentative experimental level scheme to be deduced and the isomer to be interpreted as a medium-spin negative-parity spin trap based on the coupling of isoscalar (T = 0) and isovector (T = 1) neutron-proton pairs. The data also suggest evidence for the population of a 9(+) T = 1 state, which is predicted by shell-model calculations to be yrast. Such a low-lying T = 1 state, which is unknown in lighter mass even-even self-conjugate nuclei, can also be interpreted in terms of the coupling of T = 0 and T = 1 neutron-proton pairs.
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9.
  • Baron, F., et al. (författare)
  • Impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on outcome of AML patients in first CR given peripheral blood stem cells and reduced-intensity conditioning allo-SCT from a HLA-identical sibling donor : a report from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Bone Marrow Transplantation. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0268-3369 .- 1476-5365. ; 49:3, s. 389-396
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The impact of in vivo T-cell depletion on transplantation outcomes in patients transplanted with reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) remains controversial. This study assessed the outcome of 1250 adult patients with de novo AML in first CR (CR1) given PBSC from HLA-identical siblings after chemotherapy-based RIC. A total of 554 patients did not receive any form of in vivo T-cell depletion (control group), whereas antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and alemtuzumab were given in 444 and 252 patients, respectively. The incidences of grade II-IV acute GVHD were 21.4, 17.6 and 10.2% in control, ATG and alemtuzumab patients, respectively (P less than 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the use of ATG and the use of alemtuzumab were each associated with a lower risk of chronic GVHD (P less than 0.001 each), but a similar risk of relapse, and of nonrelapse mortality, and similar leukemia-free survival and OS. Further, among patients given BU-based RIC, the use of less than 6 mg/kg ATG did not increase the risk of relapse (hazard ratio, HR=1.1), whereas there was a suggestion for higher relapse risk in patients given greater than= 6 mg/kg ATG (HR=1.4, P=0.08). In summary, these data suggest that a certain amount of in vivo T-Cell depletion can be safely used in the conditioning of AML patients in CR1 given PBSC after chemotherapy-based RIC.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 45
  • [1]2345Nästa

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