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Sökning: WFRF:(Burman Pia)

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1.
  • Allen, David B, et al. (författare)
  • Growth Hormone Safety Workshop Position Paper: a critical appraisal of recombinant human growth hormone therapy in children and adults.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - : Society of the European Journal of Endocrinology. - 1479-683X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) has been in use for 30 years, and over that time its safety and efficacy in children and adults has been subject to considerable scrutiny. In 2001, a statement from the GH Research Society (GRS) concluded that 'for approved indications, GH is safe'; however, the statement highlighted a number of areas for on-going surveillance of long-term safety including; cancer risk, impact on glucose homeostasis and use of high dose pharmacological rhGH treatment. Over the intervening years, there have been a number of publications addressing the safety of rhGH with regard to mortality, cancer and cardiovascular risk and the need for longterm surveillance of the increasing number of adults who were treated with rhGH in childhood. Against this backdrop of interest in safety, the European Society of Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE), the GRS and the Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) convened a meeting to reappraise the safety of rhGH. The ouput of the meeting is a concise position statement.
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  • Bengtsson, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Corticotroph Pituitary Carcinoma in a Patient With Lynch Syndrome (LS) and Pituitary Tumors in a Nationwide LS Cohort
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197 .- 0021-972X. ; 102:11, s. 3928-3932
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Lynch syndrome (LS) is a cancer-predisposing syndrome caused by germline mutations in genes involved in DNA mismatch repair (MMR). Patients are at high risk for several types of cancer, but pituitary tumors have not previously been reported.Case: A 51-year-old man with LS (MSH2 mutation) and a history of colon carcinoma presented with severe Cushing disease and a locally aggressive pituitary tumor. The tumor harbored a mutation consistent with the patient's germline mutation and displayed defect MMR function. Sixteen months later, the tumor had developed into a carcinoma with widespread liver metastases. The patient prompted us to perform a nationwide study in LS.Nationwide Study: A diagnosis consistent with a pituitary tumor was sought for in the Swedish National Patient Registry. In 910 patients with LS, representing all known cases in Sweden, another two clinically relevant pituitary tumors were found: an invasive nonsecreting macroadenoma and a microprolactinoma (i.e., in total three tumors vs. one expected).Conclusion: Germline mutations in MMR genes may contribute to the development and/or the clinical course of pituitary tumors. Because tumors with MMR mutations are susceptible to treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors, we suggest to actively ask for a family history of LS in the workup of patients with aggressive pituitary tumors.
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  • Bengtsson, Daniel, 1975- (författare)
  • Cushing’s disease and aggressive pituitary tumours : Aspects on epidemiology, treatment, and long-term follow-up
  • 2021
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This thesis focuses on clinical and epidemiological aspects of aggressive pituitary tumours/carcinomas and Cushing’s disease. Pituitary carcinomas account for only 0.1-0.2% of the tumours originating from the anterior pituitary gland and are defined solely by the event of distant metastases, whereas aggressive pituitary tumours are defined by their clinical behaviour of rapid/progressive growth despite optimal treatment with surgery, radiotherapy and medical agents. The prognosis for individuals with aggressive tumours/carcinomas has been poor with few treatment options. However, case reports indicated better outcomes after treatment with the alkylating agent temozolomide. In study I and III, we investigated 24 patients (16 aggressive tumours and 8 carcinomas) given treatment with temozolomide. We found an initial response rate (tumour regression ≥30%) in 10/21 evaluable patients, with complete regression in two carcinomas. Favourable response was associated with low tumour expression of the DNA repair protein MGMT; in responders median 9% (range 5-20%) vs non-responders median 93% (50-100%). Our results also indicated a longer survival in patients with low MGMT. Out of 11 patients with MGMT >10%, nine died with an estimated median survival of 26 months (95% CI 14-38), whereas only 1/6 patients with lower MGMT died from tumour progression during a follow-up of median 83 months (range 12-161).One of the patients in study I and III had a corticotroph pituitary carcinoma and in addition, Lynch syndrome (LS), a hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome caused by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes and primarily associated with colon and endometrial carcinomas. In study II, we investigated the characteristics of the pituitary carcinoma and found loss of MSH2 and MSH6 protein expression, consistent with the patient’s germline mutation in MSH2. This was the first published case of a pituitary tumour associated with LS. In addition, we identified all known Swedish patients with LS (n=910) and searched for diagnostic codes consistent with a pituitary tumour in the Swedish national patient register. We found in total three patients with clinically relevant pituitary tumours, the reported prevalence in the background population is around 1:1000.The last two studies in the thesis focused on Cushing’s disease (CD), i.e. an ACTH-secreting pituitary tumour resulting in excess levels of cortisol. CD is associated with multiple comorbidities and increased mortality. The reversibility of comorbidities and mortality risk after remission of cortisol levels have been under debate. Study IV examined psychiatric consequences of CD, measured by the use of psychotropic drugs. 179 patients with CD and a quadrupled matched control group were followed from diagnosis and at 5- and 10-year follow-up. We found that use of antidepressants remained at around 25% of patients with CD, regardless of remission status, at diagnosis and follow-up, whereas drugs for somatic comorbidities decreased. Use of antidepressants, sleeping pills and anxiolytics was higher in patients with CD compared to controls at diagnosis and 5-year follow-up. A cross-sectional analysis of 76 patients in sustained biochemical remission for median 9.3 years showed that 25% were taking antidepressants, a significantly higher use than controls, OR 2.0 (95% CI 1.1-3.8). In addition, patients with CD had a higher use of psychotropic drugs, already in the 5-year period before diagnosis.Study V investigated mortality and causes of death in 371 patients with CD, compared to a quadrupled matched control group. Follow-up was median 10.6 years (IQR 5.7-18.2) after time of diagnosis. Overall mortality was increased in patients with CD, HR 2.1 (95% CI 1.5-2.8) and remained elevated for patients in remission at last follow-up (n=303), HR 1.5 (1.02-2.2). For patients not in remission (n=31), HR was 5.6 (2.7-11.6). Cardiovascular diseases (32/66) and infections (12/66) were overrepresented causes of death in patients with CD. Main conclusions of the thesis:Temozolomide improves outcome in patients with aggressive pituitary tumours/carcinomas and a low MGMT expression in the tumour predicts a favourable outcome. As additional therapies evolve, MGMT may help to tailor the treatment.Germline mutations in MMR genes may contribute to the development and clinical course of pituitary tumours and may be a novel cause of hereditary pituitary tumours.Patients with Cushing’s disease have a high use of psychotropic drugs that remains elevated despite achievement of biochemical remission, suggesting persisting negative effects on mental health and highlighting the need for long-term monitoring of psychiatric symptoms. In addition, psychiatric symptoms may be early and important signs of CD.Efforts to achieve biochemical remission are crucial to reduce mortality in CD. However, patients in remission still have an increased mortality compared to controls. This underscores the need for life-long monitoring and treatment of associated comorbidities in patients with CD.
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  • Bengtsson, Daniel, et al. (författare)
  • Increased Mortality Persists after Treatment of Cushing's Disease : A Matched Nationwide Cohort Study
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Endocrine Society. - : The Endocrine Society. - 2472-1972. ; 6:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Whether biochemical remission normalizes life expectancy in Cushing's disease (CD) patients remains unclear. Previous studies evaluating mortality in CD are limited by using the expected number of deaths in the background population instead of the actual number in matched controls. Objective and setting: To study mortality by time-to-event analysis in an unselected nationwide CD patient cohort. Design and participants: Longitudinal data from the Swedish Pituitary Register of 371 patients diagnosed with CD from 1991 to 2018 and information from the Swedish Cause of Death Register were evaluated. Four controls per patient (n = 1484) matched at the diagnosis date by age, sex, and residential area were included. Main outcome measures: Mortality and causes of death. Results: The median diagnosis age was 44 years (interquartile range 32-56), and the median follow-up was 10.6 years (5.7-18.0). At the 1-, 5-, 10-, 15-, and 20-year follow-ups, the remission rates were 80%, 92%, 96%, 91%, and 97%, respectively. Overall mortality was increased in CD patients compared with matched controls [hazard ratio (HR) 2.1 (95% CI 1.5-2.8)1. The HRs were 1.5 (1.02-2.2) for patients in remission at the last follow-up In = 303), 1.7 (1.03-2.8) for those in remission after a single pituitary surgery In = 177), and 5.6 (2.7-11.6) for those not in remission (n = 31). Cardiovascular diseases (32/66) and infections (12/66) were overrepresented causes of death. Conclusions: Mortality was increased in CD patients despite biochemical remission compared to matched controls. The study highlights the importance of careful comorbidity monitoring, regardless of remission status.
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  • Burman, Pia, et al. (författare)
  • 11C-metomidate PET/CT detected multiple ectopic adrenal rest tumors in a woman with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 106:2, s. e675-e679
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ContextWomen with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) may present with androgen excess that is difficult to control with conventional suppressive doses of glucocorticoids. Clinical management is challenging, and the woman is at great risk of developing steroid-induced complications.Patients and MethodsA 32-year-old woman with salt-wasting CAH due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent right-sided adrenalectomy because of a large myelolipoma. Over the years, androgens became increasingly difficult to suppress on prednisolone 5 + 0 + 2.5 mg daily, and at age 39 years the left adrenal with an enlarging myelolipoma was removed. A month later serum testosterone levels had increased from 4.1 preoperatively to 18.3 nmol/L (reference 0.2-1.8 nmol/L), and adrenocorticotropin levels from 32 to 283 pmol/L (reference < 14 pmol/L). No adrenal parenchyma was visualized on computed tomography (CT). In the further search for the source of the markedly elevated testosterone, positron emission tomography (PET) was performed with 2 different tracers, 18fluorodeoxyglucose (18FDG) reflecting glucose metabolism and 11C-metomidate, an inhibitor of 11-β-hydroxylase targeting adrenocortical tissue.Results18FDG-PET/CT with cosyntropin stimulation showed ovarian/paraovarian hypermetabolism, suggestive of adrenal rest tumors. Further characterization with 11C-metomidate PET/CT showed uptakes localized to the ovaries/adnexa, behind the spleen, and between the right crus diaphragmaticus and inferior vena cava.ConclusionAdrenal rest tumors can give rise to high androgen levels in spite of suppressive supraphysiological glucocorticoid doses. This case illustrates, for the first time, the value of 11C-metomidate PET as a sensitive method in documenting adrenal rest tumors, currently considered rare in women with CAH.
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