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Sökning: WFRF:(Caplin Martyn E.)

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1.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan R., et al. (författare)
  • NETTER-1 phase III : Progression-free survival, radiographic response, and preliminary overall survival results in patients with midgut neuroendocrine tumors treated with 177-Lu-Dotatate
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - Univ S Florida, H Lee Moffitt Canc Ctr, Tampa, FL 33682 USA. Univ Kentucky, Lexington, KY USA. Univ Texas MD Anderson Canc Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA. Dana Farber Canc Inst, Boston, MA 02115 USA. Vet Adm Med Ctr, Iowa City, IA USA. Royal Free Hosp, Pond St, London NW3 2QG, England. Zent Klin Bad Berka, Bad Berka, Germany. Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Stanford, CA 94305 USA. Mayo Clin, Coll Med, Dept Oncol, Rochester, MN USA. Cedars Sinai Med Ctr, Samuel Oschin Comprehens Canc Inst, Los Angeles, CA 90048 USA. Univ Uppsala Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden. Adv Accelerator Applicat, New York, NY USA. Erasmus Univ, Med Ctr, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Beaujon Hosp, Clichy, France. Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 34:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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2.
  • Strosberg, Jonathan R., et al. (författare)
  • Symptom Diaries of Patients with Midgut Neuroendocrine Tumors Treated with 177Lu-DOTATATE
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nuclear Medicine. - : Society of Nuclear Medicine. - 0161-5505 .- 1535-5667. ; 62:12, s. 1712-1718
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the impact of 177Lu-DOTATATE treatment on abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing, symptoms that patients with advanced midgut neuroendocrine tumors often find burdensome.Methods: All patients enrolled in the international randomized phase 3 Neuroendocrine Tumors Therapy (NETTER-1) trial (177Lu-DOTATATE plus standard-dose octreotide long-acting repeatable [LAR], n = 117; high-dose octreotide LAR, n = 114) were asked to record the occurrence of predefined symptoms in a daily diary. Change from baseline in symptom scores (mean number of days with a symptom) was analyzed using a mixed model for repeated measures.Results: Patients (intent-to-treat) who received 177Lu-DOTATATE experienced a significantly greater decline from baseline in symptom scores than patients who received high-dose octreotide LAR. For 177Lu-DOTATATE, the mean decline in days with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing was 4.10, 4.55, and 4.52 d per 4 wk, respectively, compared with 0.99, 1.44, and 2.54 d for high-dose octreotide LAR. The mean differences were 3.11 d (95% CI, 1.35–4.88; P = 0.0007) for abdominal pain, 3.11 d (1.18–5.04; P = 0.0017) for diarrhea, and 1.98 d (0.08–3.88; P = 0.0413) for flushing, favoring 177Lu-DOTATATE. A positive repeated-measures correlation was found between diary-recorded symptom scores and questionnaire-recorded pain, diarrhea, and flushing.Conclusion: In addition to efficacy and quality-of-life benefits, symptom diaries from NETTER-1 demonstrated that treatment with 177Lu-DOTATATE was associated with statistically significant reductions in abdominal pain, diarrhea, and flushing, constituting the core symptoms of patients with progressive midgut neuroendocrine tumors, compared with high-dose octreotide LAR, supporting a beneficial effect of 177Lu-DOTATATE on health-related quality of life.
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3.
  • Anthony, Lowell B., et al. (författare)
  • Long-Term Safety Experience with Telotristat Ethyl Across Five Clinical Studies in Patients with Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Oncologist. - : WILEY. - 1083-7159 .- 1549-490X. ; 24:8, s. E662-E670
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and carcinoid syndrome experience considerable morbidity and mortality; carcinoid syndrome may be associated with shorter survival. Carcinoid syndrome is linked to tumoral secretion of serotonin and other bioactive substances. The subsequent debilitating diarrhea and urgency to defecate pose significant health risks. In previous studies, telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, was effective and well tolerated in treating carcinoid syndrome diarrhea. We present pooled safety data from five clinical trials with telotristat ethyl in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Subjects, Materials, and Methods Adverse events reported during telotristat ethyl treatment were pooled from two phase II and three phase III clinical trials in 239 patients with carcinoid syndrome. Long-term safety of telotristat ethyl and causes of hospitalization and death were reviewed; overall survival was estimated. Results Mean (median; range) duration of exposure and follow-up was 1.3 years (1.1 years; 1 week to 5.7 years), with 309 total patient-years of exposure. Leading causes of hospitalization were gastrointestinal disorders or were related to the underlying tumor and related treatment. Survival estimates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 93%, 88%, and 77%. Nearly all deaths were due to progression or complication of the underlying disease; none were attributable to telotristat ethyl. There was one death in year 4. Conclusion Based on long-term safety data, telotristat ethyl is well tolerated and has a favorable long-term safety profile in patients with carcinoid syndrome. Implications for Practice Carcinoid syndrome can cause persistent diarrhea, even in patients treated with somatostatin analogs. Across five clinical trials in patients with carcinoid syndrome, telotristat ethyl has been well tolerated and efficacious, providing clinicians with a new approach to help control carcinoid syndrome diarrhea, in addition to somatostatin analog therapy. By reducing the stool frequency in patients with carcinoid syndrome whose diarrhea is refractory to anticholinergics, such as loperamide and atropine/diphenoxylate, and somatostatin analog dose escalation, improvement in quality of life becomes an achievable goal.
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4.
  • Baudin, Eric, et al. (författare)
  • Unmet Medical Needs in Pulmonary Neuroendocrine (Carcinoid) Neoplasms
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 108:1, s. 7-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pulmonary carcinoids (PCs) display the common features of all well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) and are classified as low- and intermediate-grade malignant tumours (i.e., typical and atypical carcinoid, respectively). There is a paucity of randomised studies dedicated to advanced PCs and management principles are drawn from the larger gastroenteropancreatic NEN experience. There is growing evidence that NEN anatomic subgroups have different biology and different responses to treatment and, therefore, should be investigated as separate entities in clinical trials. In this review, we discuss the existing evidence and limitations of tumour classification, diagnostics and staging, prognostication, and treatment in the setting of PC, with focus on unmet medical needs and directions for the future.
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6.
  • Kulke, Matthew H., et al. (författare)
  • Telotristat Ethyl, a Tryptophan Hydroxylase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 35:1, s. 14-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Preliminary studies suggested that telotristat ethyl, a tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor, reduces bowel movement (BM) frequency in patients with carcinoid syndrome. This placebo-controlled phase III study evaluated telotristat ethyl in this setting. Patients and Methods Patients (N = 135) experiencing four or more BMs per day despite stable-dose somatostatin analog therapy received (1: 1: 1) placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, or telotristat ethyl 500 mg three times per day orally during a 12-week double-blind treatment period. The primary end point was change from baseline in BM frequency. In an open-label extension, 115 patients subsequently received telotristat ethyl 500 mg. Results Estimated differences in BM frequency per day versus placebo averaged over 12 weeks were -0.81 for telotristat ethyl 250 mg (P < .001) and -0.69 for telotristat ethyl 500 mg (P,.001). At week 12, mean BM frequency reductions per day for placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg were -0.9, -1.7, and -2.1, respectively. Responses, predefined as a BM frequency reduction >= 30% from baseline for >= 50% of the double-blind treatment period, were observed in 20%, 44%, and 42% of patients given placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, and telotristat ethyl 500 mg, respectively. Both telotristat ethyl dosages significantly reduced mean urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid versus placebo at week 12 (P < .001). Mild nausea and asymptomatic increases in gamma-glutamyl transferase were observed in some patients receiving telotristat ethyl. Follow-up of patients during the open-label extension revealed no new safety signals and suggested sustained BM responses to treatment. Conclusion Among patients with carcinoid syndrome not adequately controlled by somatostatin analogs, treatment with telotristat ethyl was generally safe and well tolerated and resulted in significant reductions in BM frequency and urinary 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid.
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  • Weickert, Martin O., et al. (författare)
  • Changes in Weight Associated With Telotristat Ethyl in the Treatment of Carcinoid Syndrome
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical Therapeutics. - : ELSEVIER. - 0149-2918 .- 1879-114X. ; 40:6, s. 952-962
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: In the placebo-controlled Phase III TELE-STAR (Telotristat Etiprate for Somatostatin Analogue Not Adequately Controlled Carcinoid Syndrome) trial, the oral tryptophan hydroxylase inhibitor telotristat ethyl significantly reduced bowel movement (BM) frequency during a 12-week, double-blind treatment period in 135 patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors with carcinoid syndrome and >= 4 BMs per day. Patients (mean [SD] age, 63.5 [8.9] years; mean [SD] body mass index, 24.9 [4.9] kg/m(2)) received placebo, telotristat ethyl 250 mg, or telotristat ethyl 500 mg 3 times per day (TID) in addition to somatostatin analogue therapy. Weight loss is associated with uncontrolled carcinoid syndrome and may be associated with reduced survival.Methods: Assessment of the occurrence of weight change >= 3% at week 12 was prespecified in the statistical analysis plan.Findings: In 120 patients with weight data available, weight gain >= 3% was observed in 2 of 39 patients (5.1%) taking placebo [1.1), 7 of 41 (17.1%) taking telotristat ethyl 250 mg TID, and 13 of 40 (32.5%) taking telotristat ethyl 500 mg TID (P = 0.0017) at week 12. Weight loss >= 3% was observed in 5 of 39 patients (12.8%) taking placebo TID, 4 of 41 (9.8%) taking telotristat ethyl 250 mg TID, and 6 of 40 (15.0%) taking telotristat ethyl 500 mg TID (P = 0.77). Biochemical and metabolic parameters of serum albumin and cholesterol significantly increased (P = 0.02 and P = 0.001, respectively) in patients gaining weight and decreased in patients who lost weight, suggesting an improvement in overall nutritional status.
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