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Sökning: WFRF:(Cavallo Carmen 1986)

  • Resultat 1-7 av 7
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1.
  • Agostini, Marco, 1987, et al. (författare)
  • Designing a Safe Electrolyte Enabling Long‐Life Li/S Batteries
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ChemSusChem. - 1864-5631 .- 1864-564X. ; 12:18, s. 4176-4184
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Lithium–sulfur (Li/S) batteries suffer from “shuttle” reactions in which soluble polysulfide species continuously migrate to and from the Li metal anode. As a consequence, the loss of active material and reactions at the surface of Li limit the practical applications of Li/S batteries. LiNO3 has been proposed as an electrolyte additive to reduce the shuttle reactions by aiding the formation of a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) at the Li metal, limiting polysulfide shuttling. However, LiNO3 is continuously consumed during cycling, especially at low current rates. Therefore, the Li/S battery cycle life is limited by the LiNO3 concentration in the electrolyte. In this work, an ionic liquid (IL) [N-methyl-(n-butyl)pyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide] was used as an additive to enable longer cycle life of Li/S batteries. By tuning the IL concentration, an enhanced stability of the SEI and lower flammability of the solutions were demonstrated, that is, higher safety of the battery. The Li/S cell built with a high sulfur mass loading (4 mg cm−2) and containing the IL-based electrolyte demonstrated a stable capacity of 600 mAh g−1 for more than double the number of cycles of a cell containing LiNO3 additive.
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2.
  • Bella, Federico, et al. (författare)
  • Caesium for Perovskite Solar Cells: An Overview
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Chemistry - A European Journal. - 1521-3765 .- 0947-6539. ; 24:47, s. 12183-12205
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Perovskite solar cells have the potential to revolutionize the world of photovoltaics, and their efficiency close to 23 % on a lab-scale recently certified this novel technology as the one with the most rapidly raising performance per year in the whole story of solar cells. With the aim of improving stability, reproducibility and spectral properties of the devices, in the last three years the scientific community strongly focused on Cs-doping for hybrid (typically, organolead) perovskites. In parallel, to further contrast hygroscopicity and reach thermal stability, research has also been carried out to achieve the development of all-inorganic perovskites based on caesium, the performances of which are rapidly increasing. The potential of caesium is further strengthened when it is used as a modifying agent of charge-carrier layers in solar cells, but also for the preparation of perovskites with peculiar optoelectronic properties for unconventional applications (e.g., in LEDs, photodetectors, sensors, etc.). This Review offers a 360-degree overview on how caesium can strongly tune the properties and performance of perovskites and relative perovskite-based devices.
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3.
  • Calcagno, Giulio, 1990, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of Nitrogen Doping on the Performance of Mesoporous CMK-8 Carbon Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Energies. - 1996-1073. ; 13:19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Designing carbonaceous materials with heightened attention to the structural properties such as porosity, and to the functionalization of the surface, is a growing topic in the lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) field. Using a mesoporous silica KIT-6 hard template, mesoporous carbons belonging to the OMCs (ordered mesoporous carbons) family, namely 3D cubic CMK-8 and N-CMK-8 were synthesized and thoroughly structurally characterized. XPS analysis confirmed the successful introduction of nitrogen, highlighting the nature of the different nitrogen atoms incorporated in the structure. The work aims at evaluating the electrochemical performance of N-doped ordered mesoporous carbons as an anode in LIBs, underlining the effect of the nitrogen functionalization. The N-CMK-8 electrode reveals higher reversible capacity, better cycling stability, and rate capability, as compared to the CMK-8 electrode. Coupling the 3D channel network with the functional N-doping increased the reversible capacity to similar to 1000 mAh center dot g(-1) for the N-CMK-8 from similar to 450 mAh center dot g(-1) for the undoped CMK-8 electrode. A full Li-ion cell was built using N-CMK-8 as an anode, commercial LiFePO4, a cathode, and LP30 commercial electrolyte, showing stable performance for 100 cycles. The combination of nitrogen functionalization and ordered porosity is promising for the development of high performing functional anodes.
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4.
  • Calcagno, Giulio, 1990, et al. (författare)
  • Fast charging negative electrodes based on anatase titanium dioxide beads for highly stable Li-ion capacitors
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Materials Today Energy. - 2468-6069. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hybrid energy storage systems aim to achieve both high power and energy densities by combining supercapacitor-type and battery-type electrodes in tandem. The challenge is to find sustainable materials as fast charging negative electrodes, which are characterized by high capacity retention. In this study, mesoporous anatase beads are synthetized with tailored morphology to exploit fast surface redox reactions. The TiO2-based electrodes are properly paired with a commercial activated carbon cathode to form a Li-ion capacitor. The titania electrode exhibits high capacity and rate performance. The device shows extremely stable performance with an energy density of 27 mWh g-1 at a specific current of 2.5 A g−1 for 10,000 cycles. The remarkable stability is associated with a gradual shift of the potential during cycling as result of the formation of cubic LiTiO2 on the surface of the beads. This phenomenon renews the interest in using TiO2 as negative electrode for Li-ion capacitors.
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5.
  • Cavallo, Carmen, 1986, et al. (författare)
  • A free-standing reduced graphene oxide aerogel as supporting electrode in a fluorine-free Li2S8 catholyte Li-S battery
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Power Sources. - 0378-7753. ; 416, s. 111-117
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a novel, simple, and environmentally benign synthesis route for a free-standing reduced graphene oxide (r-GO) aerogel and its application as supporting electrode for the electrochemical redox reaction of sulphur in a catholyte-based lithium-sulphur battery. A mesoporous matrix is formed by a layers of r-GO, providing sites for electrochemical reactions and a highly conducting pathway for electrons. The highly porous structure is easily infiltrated by a catholyte solution providing a homogeneous distribution of the sulphur active material in the conductive graphene matrix and ensuring efficient electrochemical reactions. This is demonstrated by a high capacity, 3.4 mAh cm−2, at high mass loading, 3.2 mg cm−2 of sulphur in the cathode and in total the sulphur loading in the Li-S cell is even double (6.4 mg cm−2). Additionally, the presence of oxygen groups in the r-GO aerogel structure stabilizes the cycling performance and the Li-S cell with the fluorine free catholyte shows a capacity retention of 85% after 350 cycles.
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6.
  • Cavallo, Carmen, 1986, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of the Niobium Doping Concentration on the Charge Storage Mechanism of Mesoporous Anatase Beads as an Anode for High-Rate Li-Ion Batteries
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: ACS Applied Energy Materials. - : AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 2574-0962. ; 4:1, s. 215-225
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A promising strategy to improve the rate performance of Li-ion batteries is to enhance and facilitate the insertion of Li ions into nanostructured oxides like TiO2. In this work, we present a systematic study of pentavalent-doped anatase TiO2 materials for third-generation high-rate Li-ion batteries. Mesoporous niobium-doped anatase beads (Nb-doped TiO2) with different Nb5+ doping (n-type) concentrations (0.1, 1.0, and 10% at.) were synthesized via an improved template approach followed by hydrothermal treatment. The formation of intrinsic n-type defects and oxygen vacancies under RT conditions gives rise to a metallic-type conduction due to a shift of the Fermi energy level. The increase in the metallic character, confirmed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, enhances the performance of the anatase bead electrodes in terms of rate capability and provides higher capacities both at low and fast charging rates. The experimental data were supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations showing how a different n-type doping can be correlated to the same electrochemical effect on the final device. The Nb-doped TiO2 electrode materials exhibit an improved cycling stability at all the doping concentrations by overcoming the capacity fade shown in the case of pure TiO2 beads. The 0.1% Nb-doped TiO2-based electrodes exhibit the highest reversible capacities of 180 mAh g-1 at 1C (330 mA g-1) after 500 cycles and 110 mAh g-1 at 10C (3300 mA g-1) after 1000 cycles. Our experimental and computational results highlight the possibility of using n-type doped TiO2 materials as anodes in high-rate Li-ion batteries.
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7.
  • Lindberg, Simon, 1985, et al. (författare)
  • Electrochemical Behaviour of Nb-Doped Anatase TiO2 Microbeads in an Ionic Liquid Electrolyte
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: BATTERIES & SUPERCAPS. - 2566-6223. ; 3:11, s. 1233-1238
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • TiO(2)is a promising material for high-power battery and supercapacitor applications. However, in general TiO(2)suffers from an initial irreversible capacity that limits its use in different applications. A combination of a microbead morphology, Nb-doping, and the use of an ionic liquid electrolyte is shown to significantly decrease the irreversible capacity loss. A change in the electrochemical response in the first cycles indicates formation of a solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) or a modification of the structure of the surface layer of the TiO2/Nb microbeads, which apparently stabilises the performance. The change in the response is manifested in an increased charge transfer resistance and the presence of two charge transfer contributions. During prolonged cycling the TiO2/Nb electrode shows an excellent stability over 5000 cycles. Ex situ analysis after cycling shows that the overall microbead morphology is intact and that there are no changes in the crystal structure. However, a decrease in the intensity of the XRD pattern can point to a decrease in size of the nanocrystals building up the microbeads or the formation of amorphous phases.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7

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