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Sökning: WFRF:(Cetrez Önver 1970 )

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  • Schumann, Åsa, 1963- (författare)
  • Vilken mening!? : En blandad metodstudie i religionspsykologi av meningsskapandets betydelse för skolungdomar
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The purpose of the study was to explore the role of religion in the development of a meaning system among Swedish adolescents by examining the interactions of their: sense of coherence (SOC), identity process (U-MICS), moral development (SRM-SF), and views on existential and religious questions.The study used a Mixed Methods Design, with a Sequential Explanatory Strategy consisting of quantitative and qualitative parts. In the quantitative part of the study, 90 students in 8th grade, 50 girls and 40 boys, participated. The qualitative part of the study consisted of 24 semi-structured interviews drawn from the original group.According to the results, there was a relation between SOC and the following variables in the identity process (U-MICS): commitment to school and reconsideration of commitment to friends, and commitment to school and perception of the importance of religion. The SOC value among girls was significantly lower than among boys. The results did not indicate a significant relationship between moral development, SOC values, and the religious variables.In the qualitative interview results, the participants in the commitment phase relating to school expressed more satisfaction with their school situations and relationships than those who were predominantly in the reconsideration of commitment phase. Those with a higher level of commitment to school were also more likely to express the view that religion was important in life. Interview material showed that those young people who expressed the belief that religion was important in life today or believed that religion constituted a potential future source of strength dominated the group with higher SOC. The results served to reinforce theoretical perspectives on the meaning-making function of religion. The study results suggest that safe and trustful relationships with peers and adults related closely to SOC values among these adolescents and were singled out as their most important sources of strength and support in life.
  • Ahmadi, Feresteh, et al. (författare)
  • A Survey Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey : Meaning-Making Coping
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Illness, crisis and loss. - : Sage Publications. - 1054-1373 .- 1552-6968. ; , s. 1-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To understand the role of culture on the use of the meaning-making coping among people who have been struck by cancer, qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted in several countries like Sweden, China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Turkey. This article reports on a quantitative study carried out in Turkey. The aim of the study has been to answer the following question: “Which meaning-making coping method (even nonreligious or spiritual coping methods) is used by informants?” The sample consists of 95 persons, 18+ who had been struck by cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to former/current cancer patients via a web address as an electronic survey through the media page of Cancer Survivors Association. The results of the study show that the most important coping methods used by cancer patients in Turkey are the religious coping (RCOPE) methods, particularly spiritual connection, active religious surrender, passive religious deferral, and pleading for direct intercession. Several RCOPE methods such as spiritual discontent, seeking support from clergy or members, punishing God reappraisal, and demonic reappraisal or self-directing religious coping are not used by the Turkish informants. Nor are non-RCOPE methods highly prevalent among informants.
  • Ahmadi, Fereshteh, et al. (författare)
  • How has the University Community Been Coping During the COVID-19 Pandemic? : An Iranian Survey
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Frontiers in Sociology. - : Frontiers Media SA. - 2297-7775. ; 6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The present study, one of the first to look at COVID-19 and coping in Iran, aimed at mapping, describing and understanding the coping methods academics employ as protective resources to deal with the psychological challenges and social isolation during the COVID-19 pandemic. We specifically aimed at identifying the meaning-making coping methods used and understanding the influence of culture. The guiding research question has been: Are there differences in meaning-making coping methods by gender, age group, work/student status, and place of residence?Design: The study, which used convenience sampling, was a quantitative inquiry. It employed a modified version of the RCOPE scale among faculty/staff members and students in Iran (n = 196, 75% women).Results: The most frequently used coping method among all subgroups of the study sample was thinking that life is part of a greater whole, followed by praying to Allah/God. The least used coping methods were the negative religious ones. Gender differences were found for being alone and contemplating, stronger for men. Thinking that life is part of a greater whole was found mainly among on-campus students. Praying to Allah/God was most common among the youngest staff and students, as well as among women. Two segments of respondents were discovered-the Theists and Non-theists-where the former used more religious coping methods, were more likely to be women, older staff and students, on-campus students, married, have children, and lived in capital.Conclusions: Our conclusion is that the RCOPE methods, which include religious and spiritual meaning-making methods, are of great importance to the studied Iranian informants. However, they use some secular existential meaning-making coping strategies too. This is explained by the role of religion in the larger orientation system and frame of reference in parallel with a secular worldview. Further, a sharp distinction between religious and secular worldviews was not found, which is explained by the fact that secular norms are hardly internalized in ways of thinking in Iran.
  • Ahmadi, Feresteh, et al. (författare)
  • Job satisfaction and challenges of working from home at the time of COVID-19: : A study in a Swedish academic setting
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic changed the academic world in variousways, and most universities are still closed and continue operating via teleworking. OBJECTIVE : This study is intended to investigate how university faculty/staff andstudents in Sweden have coped with the lockdown and working/studying from homeduring the pandemic. METHODS : A survey was conducted among 277 women andmen working and studying at different universities in Sweden. RESULTS : The resultsindicate that most (61%) respondents were very or somewhat satisfied with the currentwork-from-home arrangement. Additionally, they indicate that, overall, almost 30%were working more than usual due to the pandemic and teleworking. The copingmethods having the highest impact on overall job satisfaction were: “thinking aboutwhat I can do rather than what I can’t do”; “being able to access medical resources andmedical services if I need to seek help”; and “having trust in state or health authoritiesin my country.” CONCLUSIONS : The study reveals that Sweden can serve as a goodexample of how university faculty/staff and students can address the occupationalchallenges caused by a health pandemic and possible subsequent quarantines.
  • Barthoma, Soner, et al. (författare)
  • Integration Policies – Trends, Problems and Challenges : An Integrated Report of 9 Country Cases
  • 2020
  • Rapport (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This report provides a snapshot for some of the primary findings, trends and challenges with regard to immigrant integration that have been studied in nine country cases, based on research conducted within the framework of the Horizon2020 RESPOND project. These countries are Sweden, Germany, Italy, Greece, Austria, Poland, the UK, Turkey and Iraq. All nine country reports study integration in five thematic domains (labour market, education, housing, psychosocial health and citizenship) by looking at policies (macro level), practices (meso) and experiences of refugees and asylum seekers (micro level). This integrated report relies on data discussed in the macro sections of these country reports, and systematically analyses the same thematic fields in each country by looking at:a) Legal and institutional frameworks for each thematic field (labour market, education, housing, psychosocial health, and citizenship);b) The main trends in these domains, andc) Problems and challenges that refugees face (based on the interview material at micro and meso levels).Each section ends with an informative summative table. Overall, the integrated report provides a rich overview of country cases, and thus, can be read either as a whole or as separate sections.
  • Barthoma, Soner, et al. (författare)
  • Introduction
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: RESPONDing to Migration. - Uppsala : Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. - 9789151312507 ; , s. 1-14
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This volume takes up the challenge of providing a comparative understanding of migration regimes and practices and their consequences for political systems and the people who have fled their homelands due to conflict, war and poverty between 2011 and 2020. Empirically, the chapters included in this volume are based on the research conducted in 11 countries (Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Hungary, Austria, Poland, Germany, the UK and Sweden) within the framework of the Horizon 2020 RESPOND project (2017–2021), funded by the European Commission.
  • Cetrez, Önver, Associate Professor, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • A Comparative Survey Study on Meaning-Making Coping among Cancer Patients in Turkey
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Religions. - : MDPI. - 2077-1444 .- 2077-1444. ; 11:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • (1) Background: The role of culture in secular, spiritual, and religious coping methods is important, but needs more attention in research. The aim has been to (1) investigate the meaning-making coping methods among cancer patients in Turkey and (2) whether there were differences in two separate samples (compared to Study 2, Study 1 had a younger age group, was more educated, and grew up in a big city), (3) paying specific attention to gender, age, education, and area of residence. (2) Methods: Quantitative study using a convenience sampling in two time periods, Study 1 (n= 94) and Study 2 (n= 57). (3) Results: In Study 2, there is a significant increase in several religious and spiritual coping strategies. Additionally, there is a positive correlation between being a woman and using more religious or spiritual coping strategies. Secular meaning-making coping strategies also increase significantly in Study 2. The results confirmed the hypotheses for gender, educational, and age differences in seeking support from religious leaders. The results also confirmed the hypotheses for gender and educational level in a punishing God reappraisal and demonic reappraisal. (4) Conclusions: As Turkey is a country at the junction of strong religiosity and deep-rooted secularism, dividing up the meaning-making coping methods into the religious and spiritual, on one hand, and the secular, on the other, reveals interesting results.
  • Cetrez, Önver, 1970-, et al. (författare)
  • A Psychosocial, Spiritual, and Physical Health Study among Assyrian-Syrian Refugees in Istanbul : Cultivating Resilience in the Midst of Hardship
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Middle East Journal of Refugee Studies. - Istanbul : Pelikan Basim. - 2149-4398 .- 2458-8962. ; 2:2, s. 227-255
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed at describing the general health situation among Assyrian-Syrian refugees (n = 171, 70.2% males, mean age 31.08) in Istanbul, during two separate time periods. Measures included The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), The Brief R-COPE, The General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), The Primary Care Post Traumatic Disorder Scale (PC-PTSD), together with a number of additional health items. The results showed that among the 52.4% of those who were found to have experienced some kind of trauma, 23.4% met the criteria for PTSD. Ratings of one’s own physical health (p < .001), one’s own psychological health (p < .05), and PHQ were statistically significant with PTSD. Females rated their own physical health (p < .01) and own psychological health (p < .01) worse than men. A paired-samples t-Test showed a significant increase from Time 1 to Time 2 for Positive R-COPE (p < .08), a decrease for Negative R-COPE (p < .05), and an increase for the GSE (p < .05). A paired-samples t-Test showed a significant gender difference for the PHQ (p < .01) and GSE (p < .01). A mediation model, using a Sobel Test, showed that positive religious coping strategies reduced symptoms in male participants by improving their evaluations toward their own psychological well-being (p < .001).
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