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Sökning: WFRF:(Degerblad M)

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1.
  • Sjöblom, K, et al. (författare)
  • Patient evaluation of a new injection pen for growth hormone treatment in children and adults.
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992). Supplement. - 0803-5326. ; 411, s. 63-5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' perception and acceptance of a new multi-dose injection device (Genotropin Pen) for recombinant growth hormone (GH) supplied in a two-chamber cartridge. The pen is combined with a very thin needle (B-D Microfine + (29 G) and meets future demands when dosing of GH will be changed from International Units (IU) to milligrams (mg). A total of 39 children receiving GH treatment (East Hospital, Gothenburg and St Bartholomew's Hospital, London), aged between 7 and 17 years, and 39 GH-treated adults (Sahlgrenska Hospital, Gothenburg and Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm), aged between 20 and 68 years, participated in the study. The daily dose ranged from 0.3 mg to 2.6 mg. The injections were given subcutaneously, once daily, and most of the patients used the thigh as an injection site. After a trial period of 2 weeks, injection technique, pain, fear of injection and convenience of the Genotropin Pen were compared with the experience with the prestudy device (Genotropin KabiPen 16, 16(8) or 36) by questionnaire. A total of 95% of the patients preferred the Genotropin Pen to the prestudy device for the following reasons: a greater certainty of correct dosing with the digital display; the possibility of correcting the set dose; the lock function of the injection button when injection is complete; more comfortable to hold due to the design and the plastic material; and reduced pain when injecting due to the thinner needles. Four patients (5%) preferred the prestudy device KabiPen as they considered this to be 'good enough'. Thus, the Genotropin Pen is a convenient injection device and most patients prefer it to the KabiPen.
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2.
  • Edholm, T., et al. (författare)
  • Differential incretin effects of GIP and GLP-1 on gastric emptying, appetite, and insulin-glucose homeostasis
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Neurogastroenterology and Motility. - 1350-1925 .- 1365-2982. ; 22:11, s. 1191-e315
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background  Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) are major incretins with important effects on glucoregulatory functions. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of GIP and GLP-1 on gastric emptying and appetite after a mixed meal, and effects on insulin secretion and glucose disposal in humans. Methods  Randomized crossover single-blind study in 17 healthy volunteers receiving GIP (2 or 5 pmol kg−1 min−1, n = 8), GLP-1 (0.75 pmol kg−1 min−1, n = 9) or NaCl for 180 min with a radionuclide-labeled omelette and fruit punch (370 kcal). Outcome measures were gastric emptying rate, insulinogenic index, hunger, satiety, desire to eat, and prospective food consumption. Blood was analyzed for GIP, GLP-1, glucagon, C-peptide, peptide YY (PYY) and ghrelin. Key Results  Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide 2 and 5 pmol kg−1 min−1 decreased gastric half-emptying time from 128.5 ± 34.0 min in controls to 93.3 ± 6.3 and 85.2 ± 11.0 min (P < 0.05). Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide 5 pmol kg−1 min−1 decreased postprandial glucose (P < 0.001) and insulin (P < 0.05) with increased insulinogenic index. Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide had no effects on hunger, desire to eat, satiety or prospective consumption. Glucagon-like peptide-1 0.75 pmol kg−1 min−1 increased half-emptying time from 76.6 ± 7.6 min to 329.4 ± 71.6 (P < 0.01). Glucagon-like peptide-1 decreased plasma glucose and insulin (both P < 0.05–0.001), and increased insulinogenic index markedly. Hunger, desire to eat and prospective consumption were decreased (P < 0.05), and satiety borderline increased (P < 0.06). Conclusion & Inferences  The incretin effect of GIP and GLP-1 differs as GLP-1 exerts a strong glucoregulatory incretin through inhibition of gastric emptying, which GIP does not. Thus, GLP-1 as incretin mimetic may offer unique benefits in terms of weight loss in treatment of type 2 diabetes.
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3.
  • Halim, Abdul, 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1 inhibits prandial gastrointestinal motility through myenteric neuronal mechanisms in humans
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 103:2, s. 575-585
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) secretion from L-cells and postprandial inhibition of gastrointestinal motility.Objective: Investigate whether physiological plasma concentrations of GLP-1 can inhibit human postprandial gastrointestinal motility; determine target mechanism of GLP-1 and analogue ROSE-010 action.Design: Single-blind parallel study.Setting: University research laboratory.Participants: Healthy volunteers investigated with antroduodenojejunal manometry. Human gastric, intestinal and colonic muscle strips.Interventions: Motility indices (MI) obtained before and during infusion of saline or GLP-1 were compared. Plasma GLP-1 and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) measured by radioimmunoassay. Gastrointestinal muscle strips, pre-contracted with bethanechol/electric field stimulation (EFS), investigated for GLP-1- or ROSE-010-induced relaxation. GLP-1, GLP-2 and their receptors localized by immunohistochemistry. Action mechanisms studied employing exendin(9-39)amide, Lω-nitro-monomethylarginine (L-NMMA), 2´,5´-dideoxyadenosine (DDA), tetrodotoxin (TTX).Main outcome measures: Hypothesize postprandial gastric relaxation induced by GLP-1, the mechanism of which intrinsic neuronally-mediated.Results: Food intake increased MI to 6.4±0.3 (antrum), 5.7±0.4 (duodenum) and 5.9±0.2 (jejunum). GLP-1 administered intravenously raised plasma GLP-1, but not GLP-2. GLP-1 0.7 pmol/kg·min significantly suppressed MI to 4.6±0.2, 4.7±0.4 and 5.0±0.2, respectively, while 1.2 pmol/kg·min suppressed corresponding MI to 5.4±0.2, 4.4±0.3 and 5.4±0.3 (p<0.0001-0.005). GLP-1 and ROSE-010 prevented bethanechol- or EFS-induced muscle contractions (p <0.005-0.05). Inhibitory responses to GLP-1 and ROSE-10 were blocked by exendin(9-39)amide, L-NMMA, DDA or TTX (all p <0.005-0.05). GLP-1 and GLP-2 were localized to epithelial cells; GLP-1 also in myenteric neurons. GLP-1R and GLP-2R were localized at myenteric neurons but not muscle, GLP-1R also in epithelial cells.Conclusions: GLP-1 inhibits postprandial motility through GLP-1R at myenteric neurons, involving nitrergic and cAMP-dependent mechanisms.
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4.
  • Halim, Md. Abdul, 1983-, et al. (författare)
  • GLP-1 Inhibits Prandial Antro-Duodeno-Jejunal Motility in Humans: Native GLP-1 Compared With Analogue ROSE-010 In Vitro
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Gastroenterology. - 0016-5085 .- 1528-0012. ; 150:4, suppl. 1, s. S97-S98
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is secreted from L-cells after nutrient ingestion, inhibiting motility. Aims: To clarify whether infused GLP-1 inhibits in vivo prandial motility response and determine the likeliest target cell type and mechanism of action of GLP-1 and its analogue ROSE-010 using in vitro human gut muscle strips. Methods: Sixteen healthy volunteers underwent antroduodenojejunal manometry. Recordings of 1 hour infusion of saline or GLP-1 (0.7 or 1.2 pmol/kg/min) were compared. Plasma GLP-1 and GLP-2 were measured by RIA. Gastrointestinal muscle strips from surgical re-sections, pre-contracted with bethanechol or electric field stimulation (EFS), were investigated for GLP-1 or ROSE-010 induced relaxation. GLP-1, GLP-2 and receptors for GLP-1 and GLP-2 (GLP-1R, GLP-2R) were visualized by immunohistochemistry. Mechanisms were studied employing exendin(9-39) amide, Lw-nitro-monomethyl arginine (L-NMMA), 2´5´-dideoxyadenosine (DDA) and tetrodotoxin (TTX). Results: Food-intake increased motility index from 4.0±0.5 to 6.4±0.3 (antrum), 4.2±0.4 to 5.7±0.4 (duodenum) and 4.6±0.3 to 5.9±0.2 (jejunum) ln(Σ(mmHg·s·min-1)). GLP-1 at 0.7 pmol/kg/minwas sufficient to suppress these indexes from 6.2±0.4 to 3.8±0.7, 5.6±0.6 to 3.9±0.6 and 5.8±0.1 to 4.6±0.4 ln(Σ(mmHg·s·min-1)). Both GLP-1 doses raised plasma GLP-1, but not GLP-2. GLP-1 (EC50 40 nM) and ROSE-010 (EC50 50 nM) relaxed bethanechol-induced contractions in muscle strips. Inhibitory responses were blocked by exendin(9-39) amide, L-NMMA, DDA or TTX pre-treatment. GLP-1R and GLP-2R were expressed in myenteric neurons, but not muscle. Conclusions: GLP-1 and ROSE-010 inhibit motility through GLP-1R at myenteric neurons, which also possess GLP-2 receptors. GLP-1 increases more than GLP-2 with meals and does not increase plasma GLP-2. GLP-1 and ROSE-010 relaxations are cAMP and NO dependent.
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5.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Fracture incidence in GH-deficient patients on complete hormone replacement including GH
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - : AMBMR. - 1523-4681 .- 0884-0431. ; 22:12, s. 1842-1850
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fracture risk in GHD patients is not definitely established. Studying fracture incidence in 832 patients on GH therapy and 2581 matched population controls, we recorded a doubled fracture risk in CO GHD women, but a significantly lower fracture risk in AO GHD men. Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate fracture incidence in patients with confirmed growth hormone deficiency (GHD) on replacement therapy (including growth hormone [GH]) compared with population controls, while also taking potential Confounders and effect modifiers into account. Materials and Methods: Eight hundred thirty-two patients with GHD and 2581 matched population controls answered a questionnaire about fractures and other background information. Incidence rate ratio (IRR) and 95% CI for first fracture were estimated. The median time on GH therapy for childhood onset (CO) GHD men and women was 15 and 12 yr, respectively, and 6 and 5 yr for adult onset (AO) GHD men and women, respectively. Results: A more than doubled risk (IRR, 2.29; 95 % CI 1.23-4.28) for nonosteoporotic fractures was recorded in women with CO GHD, whereas no risk increase was observed among CO GHD men (IRR, 0.61) and AO GHD women (IRR, 1.08). A significantly decreased incidence of fractures (IRR, 0.54; 95% C1, 0.34-0.86) was recorded in AO GHD men. Conclusions: Increased fracture risk in CO GHD women can most likely be explained by interaction between oral estrogen and the GH-IGF-I axis. The adequate substitution rate of testosterone (90%) and GH (94%) may have resulted in significantly lower fracture risk in AO GHD men.
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6.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Nonfatal stroke, cardiac disease, and diabetes mellitus in hypopituitary patients on hormone replacement including growth hormone
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - : Oxford University Press. - 1945-7197 .- 0021-972X. ; 92:9, s. 3560-3567
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: The impact of long-term GH replacement on cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus in hypopituitary patients is unknown. Objective: The incidence of nonfatal stroke and cardiac events, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus ( T2D) and cardioprotective medication were compared between cohorts of GH-deficient (GHD) patients and population controls. Design and Participants: The incidence of nonfatal stroke and cardiac events was estimated retrospectively from questionnaires in 750 GHD patients and 2314 matched population controls. A prevalence of T2D and cardioprotective medication was recorded at the distribution of questionnaires. Time since first pituitary deficiency to start of GH therapy was 4 and 2 yr, and time on GH therapy was 6 yr for GHD women and men, respectively. Results: Lifelong incidence of nonfatal stroke was tripled in GHD women and doubled in GHD men, but a decline was seen in both genders during periods after first pituitary hormone deficiency and GHD, during which most patients had GH therapy. The lifelong incidence of nonfatal cardiac events declined in GHD men during first pituitary hormone deficiency and GHD periods. GHD women had a higher prevalence of T2D and lipid-lowering medication, whereas GHD men had a higher prevalence of antihypertensive medication. Conclusions: The declined risks of nonfatal stroke in both genders and of nonfatal cardiac events in GHD men during periods on GH replacement may be caused by prescription of cardioprotective drugs and 6-yr GH replacement. GHD women had an increased prevalence of T2D, partly attributed to higher body mass index and lower physical activity.
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7.
  • Holmer, Helene, et al. (författare)
  • Psychosocial health and levels of employment in 851 hypopituitary Swedish patients on long-term GH therapy
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Psychoneuroendocrinology. - : Elsevier. - 0306-4530 .- 1873-3360. ; 38:6, s. 842-852
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: The psychosocial health and working capacity in hypopituitary patients receiving long-term growth hormone (GH) therapy are unknown. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanObjective: Psychosocial health and levels of employment were compared between GH deficient (GHD) patients on long-term replacement and the general population. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanDesign and participants: In a Swedish nationwide study, 851 GHD patients [101 childhood onset (CO) and 750 adult onset (AO)] and 2622 population controls answered a questionnaire regarding current living, employment and educational level, alcohol consumption and smoking habits. The median time on GH therapy for both men and women with CO GHD was 9 years and for AO GHD 6 years, respectively. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: As compared to the controls, the GHD patients were less often working full time, more often on sick leave/disability pension, and to a larger extent alcohol abstainers and never smokers (all; P andlt; 0.05). Predominantly CO GHD women and men, but to some extent also AO GHD women and men, lived less frequently with a partner and more often with their parents. Particularly AO GHD craniopharyngioma women used more antidepressants, while AO GHD men with a craniopharyngioma used more analgesics. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: A working capacity to the level of the general population was not achieved among hypopituitary patients, although receiving long-term GH therapy. Patients were less likely to use alcohol and tobacco. The CO GHD population lived a less independent life.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 32
  • [1]234Nästa

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