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Sökning: WFRF:(Dobrev D)

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1.
  • Kotecha, Dipak, et al. (författare)
  • Integrating new approaches to atrial fibrillation management : the 6th AFNET/EHRA Consensus Conference.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Europace. - 1099-5129 .- 1532-2092. ; 20:3, s. 395-407
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are major challenges ahead for clinicians treating patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The population with AF is expected to expand considerably and yet, apart from anticoagulation, therapies used in AF have not been shown to consistently impact on mortality or reduce adverse cardiovascular events. New approaches to AF management, including the use of novel technologies and structured, integrated care, have the potential to enhance clinical phenotyping or result in better treatment selection and stratified therapy. Here, we report the outcomes of the 6th Consensus Conference of the Atrial Fibrillation Network (AFNET) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), held at the European Society of Cardiology Heart House in Sophia Antipolis, France, 17-19 January 2017. Sixty-two global specialists in AF and 13 industry partners met to develop innovative solutions based on new approaches to screening and diagnosis, enhancing integration of AF care, developing clinical pathways for treating complex patients, improving stroke prevention strategies, and better patient selection for heart rate and rhythm control. Ultimately, these approaches can lead to better outcomes for patients with AF.
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2.
  • Fabritz, Larissa, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic risk assessment to improve quality of care in patients with atrial fibrillation : the 7th AFNET/EHRA Consensus Conference
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Europace. - 1099-5129 .- 1532-2092. ; 23:3, s. 329-344
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimsThe risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) and its complications continues to increase, despite good progress in preventing AF-related strokes.Methods and resultsThis article summarizes the outcomes of the 7th Consensus Conference of the Atrial Fibrillation NETwork (AFNET) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) held in Lisbon in March 2019. Sixty-five international AF specialists met to present new data and find consensus on pressing issues in AF prevention, management and future research to improve care for patients with AF and prevent AF-related complications. This article is the main outcome of an interactive, iterative discussion between breakout specialist groups and the meeting plenary. AF patients have dynamic risk profiles requiring repeated assessment and risk-based therapy stratification to optimize quality of care. Interrogation of deeply phenotyped datasets with outcomes will lead to a better understanding of the cardiac and systemic effects of AF, interacting with comorbidities and predisposing factors, enabling stratified therapy. New proposals include an algorithm for the acute management of patients with AF and heart failure, a call for a refined, data-driven assessment of stroke risk, suggestions for anticoagulation use in special populations, and a call for rhythm control therapy selection based on risk of AF recurrence.ConclusionThe remaining morbidity and mortality in patients with AF needs better characterization. Likely drivers of the remaining AF-related problems are AF burden, potentially treatable by rhythm control therapy, and concomitant conditions, potentially treatable by treating these conditions. Identifying the drivers of AF-related complications holds promise for stratified therapy.
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  • Kirchhof, Paulus, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive risk reduction in patients with atrial fibrillation : emerging diagnostic and therapeutic options - a report from the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation Competence NETwork/European Heart Rhythm Association consensus conference
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Europace. - 1099-5129 .- 1532-2092. ; 14:1, s. 8-27
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • While management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients is improved by guideline-conform application of anticoagulant therapy, rate control, rhythm control, and therapy of accompanying heart disease, the morbidity and mortality associated with AF remain unacceptably high. This paper describes the proceedings of the 3rd Atrial Fibrillation NETwork (AFNET)/European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) consensus conference that convened over 60 scientists and representatives from industry to jointly discuss emerging therapeutic and diagnostic improvements to achieve better management of AF patients. The paper covers four chapters: (i) risk factors and risk markers for AF; (ii) pathophysiological classification of AF; (iii) relevance of monitored AF duration for AF-related outcomes; and (iv) perspectives and needs for implementing better antithrombotic therapy. Relevant published literature for each section is covered, and suggestions for the improvement of management in each area are put forward. Combined, the propositions formulate a perspective to implement comprehensive management in AF.
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  • Ferrari, R, et al. (författare)
  • An update on atrial fibrillation in 2014 : From pathophysiology to treatment
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cardiology. - 0167-5273 .- 1874-1754. ; 203, s. 22-29
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently encountered cardiac arrhythmia. The trigger for initiation of AF is generally an enhanced vulnerability of pulmonary vein cardiomyocyte sleeves to either focal or re-entrant activity. The maintenance of AF is based on a "driver" mechanism in a vulnerable substrate. Cardiac mapping technology is providing further insight into these extremely dynamic processes. AF can lead to electrophysiological and structural remodelling, thereby promoting the condition. The management includes prevention of stroke by oral anticoagulation or left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion, upstream therapy of concomitant conditions, and symptomatic improvement using rate control and/or rhythm control. Nonpharmacological strategies include electrical cardioversion and catheter ablation. There are substantial geographical variations in the management of AF, though European data indicate that 80% of patients receive adequate anticoagulation and 79% adequate rate control. High rates of morbidity and mortality weigh against perceived difficulties in management. Clinical research and growing experience are helping refine clinical indications and provide better technical approaches. Active research in cardiac electrophysiology is producing new antiarrhythmic agents that are reaching the experimental clinical arena, inhibiting novel ion channels. Future research should give better understanding of the underlying aetiology of AF and identification of drug targets, to help the move toward patient-specific therapy.
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9.
  • Goette, A, et al. (författare)
  • EHRA White Paper: knowledge gaps in arrhythmia management-status 2019
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology. - 1532-2092. ; 21:7, s. 993-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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10.
  • Kohnke, B, et al. (författare)
  • Gromex : A scalable and versatile fast multipole method for biomolecular simulation
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. - : Springer. ; , s. 517-543
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Atomistic simulations of large biomolecular systems with chemical variability such as constant pH dynamic protonation offer multiple challenges in high performance computing. One of them is the correct treatment of the involved electrostatics in an efficient and highly scalable way. Here we review and assess two of the main building blocks that will permit such simulations: (1) An electrostatics library based on the Fast Multipole Method (FMM) that treats local alternative charge distributions with minimal overhead, and (2) A λ-dynamics module working in tandem with the FMM that enables various types of chemical transitions during the simulation. Our λ-dynamics and FMM implementations do not rely on third-party libraries but are exclusively using C++ language features and they are tailored to the specific requirements of molecular dynamics simulation suites such as GROMACS. The FMM library supports fractional tree depths and allows for rigorous error control and automatic performance optimization at runtime. Near-optimal performance is achieved on various SIMD architectures and on GPUs using CUDA. For exascale systems, we expect our approach to outperform current implementations based on Particle Mesh Ewald (PME) electrostatics, because FMM avoids the communication bottlenecks caused by the parallel fast Fourier transformations needed for PME. 
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