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Sökning: WFRF:(Draganski Bogdan)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
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1.
  • Nagy, Zoltan, et al. (författare)
  • Structural Correlates of Preterm Birth in the Adolescent Brain
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Pediatrics. - : American Academy of Pediatrics. - 0031-4005 .- 1098-4275. ; 124:5, s. e964-e972
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: The Stockholm Neonatal Project involves a prospective,cross-sectional, population-based, cohort monitored for 12 to17 years after birth; it was started with the aim of investigatingthe long-term structural correlates of preterm birth and comparingfindings with reports on similar cohorts.METHODS: High-resolution anatomic and diffusion tensor imagingdata measuring diffusion in 30 directions were collected byusing a 1.5-T MRI scanner. A total of 143 adolescents (12.18–17.7years of age) participated in the study, including 74 formerlypreterm infants with birth weights of 1500 g (range: 645–1486g) and 69 term control subjects. The 2 groups were well matchedwith respect to demographic and socioeconomic data. The anatomicMRI data were used for calculation of total brain volumes andvoxelwise comparison of gray matter (GM) volumes. The diffusiontensor imaging data were used for voxelwise comparison of whitematter (WM) microstructural integrity.RESULTS: The formerly preterm individuals possessed 8.8% smallerGM volume and 9.4% smaller WM volume. The GM and WM volumesof individuals depended on gestational age and birth weight.The reduction in GM could be attributed bilaterally to the temporallobes, central, prefrontal, orbitofrontal, and parietal cortices,caudate nuclei, hippocampi, and thalami. Lower fractional anisotropywas observed in the posterior corpus callosum, fornix, and externalcapsules.CONCLUSIONS: Although preterm birth was found to be a risk factorregarding long-term structural brain development, the outcomewas milder than in previous reports. This may be attributableto differences in social structure and neonatal care practices.
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  • Sonderby, Ida E., et al. (författare)
  • Dose response of the 16p11.2 distal copy number variant on intracranial volume and basal ganglia
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1359-4184 .- 1476-5578. ; 25:3, s. 584-602
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Carriers of large recurrent copy number variants (CNVs) have a higher risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders. The 16p11.2 distal CNV predisposes carriers to e.g., autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia. We compared subcortical brain volumes of 12 16p11.2 distal deletion and 12 duplication carriers to 6882 non-carriers from the large-scale brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging collaboration, ENIGMA-CNV. After stringent CNV calling procedures, and standardized FreeSurfer image analysis, we found negative dose-response associations with copy number on intracranial volume and on regional caudate, pallidum and putamen volumes (β = −0.71 to −1.37; P < 0.0005). In an independent sample, consistent results were obtained, with significant effects in the pallidum (β = −0.95, P = 0.0042). The two data sets combined showed significant negative dose-response for the accumbens, caudate, pallidum, putamen and ICV (P = 0.0032, 8.9 × 10−6, 1.7 × 10−9, 3.5 × 10−12 and 1.0 × 10−4, respectively). Full scale IQ was lower in both deletion and duplication carriers compared to non-carriers. This is the first brain MRI study of the impact of the 16p11.2 distal CNV, and we demonstrate a specific effect on subcortical brain structures, suggesting a neuropathological pattern underlying the neurodevelopmental syndromes.
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  • Sønderby, Ida E., et al. (författare)
  • 1q21.1 distal copy number variants are associated with cerebral and cognitive alterations in humans
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Translational Psychiatry. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2158-3188 .- 2158-3188. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Low-frequency 1q21.1 distal deletion and duplication copy number variant (CNV) carriers are predisposed to multiple neurodevelopmental disorders, including schizophrenia, autism and intellectual disability. Human carriers display a high prevalence of micro- and macrocephaly in deletion and duplication carriers, respectively. The underlying brain structural diversity remains largely unknown. We systematically called CNVs in 38 cohorts from the large-scale ENIGMA-CNV collaboration and the UK Biobank and identified 28 1q21.1 distal deletion and 22 duplication carriers and 37,088 non-carriers (48% male) derived from 15 distinct magnetic resonance imaging scanner sites. With standardized methods, we compared subcortical and cortical brain measures (all) and cognitive performance (UK Biobank only) between carrier groups also testing for mediation of brain structure on cognition. We identified positive dosage effects of copy number on intracranial volume (ICV) and total cortical surface area, with the largest effects in frontal and cingulate cortices, and negative dosage effects on caudate and hippocampal volumes. The carriers displayed distinct cognitive deficit profiles in cognitive tasks from the UK Biobank with intermediate decreases in duplication carriers and somewhat larger in deletion carriers-the latter potentially mediated by ICV or cortical surface area. These results shed light on pathobiological mechanisms of neurodevelopmental disorders, by demonstrating gene dose effect on specific brain structures and effect on cognitive function.
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  • Callaghan, Martina F, et al. (författare)
  • Example dataset for the hMRI toolbox
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Data in Brief. - : Elsevier. - 2352-3409.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The hMRI toolbox is an open-source toolbox for the calculation of quantitative MRI parameter maps from a series of weighted imaging data, and optionally additional calibration data. The multi-parameter mapping (MPM) protocol, incorporating calibration data to correct for spatial variation in the scanner’s transmit and receive fields, is the most complete protocol that can be handled by the toolbox. Here we present a dataset acquired with such a full MPM protocol, which is made freely available to be used as a tutorial by following instructions provided on the associated toolbox wiki pages, which can be found at http://hMRI.info, and following the theory described in: hMRI – A toolbox for quantitative MRI in neuroscience and clinical research.
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  • Draganski, Bogdan, et al. (författare)
  • Temporal and spatial dynamics of brain structure changes during extensive learning.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience. - 1529-2401. ; 26:23, s. 6314-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The current view regarding human long-term memory as an active process of encoding and retrieval includes a highly specific learning-induced functional plasticity in a network of multiple memory systems. Voxel-based morphometry was used to detect possible structural brain changes associated with learning. Magnetic resonance images were obtained at three different time points while medical students learned for their medical examination. During the learning period, the gray matter increased significantly in the posterior and lateral parietal cortex bilaterally. These structural changes did not change significantly toward the third scan during the semester break 3 months after the exam. The posterior hippocampus showed a different pattern over time: the initial increase in gray matter during the learning period was even more pronounced toward the third time point. These results indicate that the acquisition of a great amount of highly abstract information may be related to a particular pattern of structural gray matter changes in particular brain areas.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
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