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Sökning: WFRF:(Eberhardt Ruth Y.)

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  • Finn, Robert D., et al. (författare)
  • Pfam : the protein families database
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nucleic Acids Research. - 0305-1048 .- 1362-4962. ; 42:D1, s. d222-D230
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pfam, available via servers in the UK (http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/) and the USA (http://pfam.janelia.org/), is a widely used database of protein families, containing 14 831 manually curated entries in the current release, version 27.0. Since the last update article 2 years ago, we have generated 1182 new families and maintained sequence coverage of the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) at nearly 80%, despite a 50% increase in the size of the underlying sequence database. Since our 2012 article describing Pfam, we have also undertaken a comprehensive review of the features that are provided by Pfam over and above the basic family data. For each feature, we determined the relevance, computational burden, usage statistics and the functionality of the feature in a website context. As a consequence of this review, we have removed some features, enhanced others and developed new ones to meet the changing demands of computational biology. Here, we describe the changes to Pfam content. Notably, we now provide family alignments based on four different representative proteome sequence data sets and a new interactive DNA search interface. We also discuss the mapping between Pfam and known 3D structures.
  • Fricke, Tabea C., et al. (författare)
  • Oxidation of methionine residues activates the high-threshold heat-sensitive ion channel TRPV2
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424. ; 116:48, s. 24359-24365
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Thermosensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channels detect changes in ambient temperature to regulate body temperature and temperature-dependent cellular activity. Rodent orthologs of TRP vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) are activated by nonphysiological heat exceeding 50 °C, and human TRPV2 is heat-insensitive. TRPV2 is required for phagocytic activity of macrophages which are rarely exposed to excessive heat, but what activates TRPV2 in vivo remains elusive. Here we describe the molecular mechanism of an oxidation-induced temperature-dependent gating of TRPV2. While high concentrations of H2O2 induce a modest sensitization of heat-induced inward currents, the oxidant chloramine-T (ChT), ultraviolet A light, and photosensitizing agents producing reactive oxygen species (ROS) activate and sensitize TRPV2. This oxidation-induced activation also occurs in excised inside-out membrane patches, indicating a direct effect on TRPV2. The reducing agent dithiothreitol (DTT) in combination with methionine sulfoxide reductase partially reverses ChT-induced sensitization, and the substitution of the methionine (M) residues M528 and M607 to isoleucine almost abolishes oxidation-induced gating of rat TRPV2. Mass spectrometry on purified rat TRPV2 protein confirms oxidation of these residues. Finally, macrophages generate TRPV2-like heat-induced inward currents upon oxidation and exhibit reduced phagocytosis when exposed to the TRP channel inhibitor ruthenium red (RR) or to DTT. In summary, our data reveal a methionine-dependent redox sensitivity of TRPV2 which may be an important endogenous mechanism for regulation of TRPV2 activity and account for its pivotal role for phagocytosis in macrophages.
  • Punta, Marco, et al. (författare)
  • The Pfam protein families database
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Nucleic Acids Research. - 0305-1048 .- 1362-4962. ; 40:D1, s. D290-D301
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pfam is a widely used database of protein families, currently containing more than 13 000 manually curated protein families as of release 26.0. Pfam is available via servers in the UK (http://pfam.sanger.ac.uk/), the USA (http://pfam.janelia.org/) and Sweden (http://pfam.sbc.su.se/). Here, we report on changes that have occurred since our 2010 NAR paper (release 24.0). Over the last 2 years, we have generated 1840 new families and increased coverage of the UniProt Knowledgebase (UniProtKB) to nearly 80%. Notably, we have taken the step of opening up the annotation of our families to the Wikipedia community, by linking Pfam families to relevant Wikipedia pages and encouraging the Pfam and Wikipedia communities to improve and expand those pages. We continue to improve the Pfam website and add new visualizations, such as the 'sunburst' representation of taxonomic distribution of families. In this work we additionally address two topics that will be of particular interest to the Pfam community. First, we explain the definition and use of family-specific, manually curated gathering thresholds. Second, we discuss some of the features of domains of unknown function (also known as DUFs), which constitute a rapidly growing class of families within Pfam.
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  • Resultat 1-3 av 3

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