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Sökning: WFRF:(Esaiasson Peter 1957)

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  • Bäck, Emma A., 1981-, et al. (författare)
  • Post-decision consolidation in large group decision-making
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. - : Wiley. - 0036-5564 .- 1467-9450. ; 52:4, s. 320-328
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Decision-makers tend to change the psychological attractiveness of decision alternatives in favour of their own preferred alternative after the decision is made. In two experiments, the present research examined whether such decision consolidation occurs also among individual group members in a large group decision-making situation. High-school students were presented with a decision scenario on an important issue in their school. The final decision was made by in-group authority, out-group authority or by majority after a ballot voting. Results showed that individual members of large groups changed the attractiveness of their preferred alternative from a pre- to a post decision phase, that these consolidation effects increased when decisions were made by in-group members and when participants identified strongly with their school. Implications of the findings for understanding of group behavior and subgroup relations are discussed.
  • De Fine Licht, Jenny, 1982, et al. (författare)
  • When does transparency generate legitimacy? Experimenting on a context-bound relationship
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Governance. An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions. - : Wiley. - 0952-1895 .- 1468-0491. ; 27:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We analyze the main rationale for public administrations and political institutions for supplying transparency, namely, that it generates legitimacy for these institutions. First, we discuss different theories of decision making from which plausible causal mechanisms that may drive a link between transparency and legitimacy may be derived. We find that the common notion of a straightforward positive correlation is naïve and that transparency reforms are rather unpredictable phenomena. Second, we test the effect of transparency on procedure acceptance using vignette experiments of representative decision making in schools. We find that transparency can indeed generate legitimacy. Interestingly, however, the form need not be “fishbowl transparency,” with full openness of the decision-making process. Decision makers may improve their legitimacy simply by justifying carefully afterward the decisions taken behind closed doors. Only when behavior close to a deliberative democratic ideal was displayed did openness of the process generate more legitimacy than closed-door decision making with postdecisional justifications.
  • Dinesen, Peter, et al. (författare)
  • Close (Causally Connected) Cousins? Evidence on the Causal Relationship between Political Trust and Social Trust
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Public Opinion Quarterly. - 0033-362X. ; 86:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Trust in one’s fellow citizens and in politicians are both conducive to well-functioning government. Beyond their separate importance, it is a long-standing notion that generalized social trust and political trust are connected in a mutually reinforcing relationship that further undergirds democratic governance. While it is well established that social trust and political trust are robustly positively associated at the individual level, there is much less compelling evidence regarding the causal nature of this relationship. Previous analyses have been unable to adequately rule out confounding and correct for reverse causality. This paper tackles these challenges through data and a research design close to ideally suited for addressing the causal status of the relationship. Using a 20-wave individual-level panel survey from Sweden analyzed using a dynamic panel model, we find evidence for a relatively strong positive causal effect of political trust on social trust, but little evidence for the reverse relationship.
  • Esaiasson, Peter, 1957, et al. (författare)
  • How the coronavirus crisis affects citizen trust in institutions and in unknown others: Evidence from ‘the Swedish experiment’
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Political Research. - : Wiley. - 0304-4130 .- 1475-6765. ; 60:3, s. 748-760
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We study how Swedish citizens updated their institutional and interpersonal trust as the corona crisis evolved from an initial phase to an acute phase in the spring of 2020. The study is based on a large web-survey panel with adult Swedes (n = 11,406) in which the same individuals were asked the same set of questions at two different time points during the coronavirus pandemic (t(0)andt(1)). The sample was self-selected but diverse (a smaller subsample, n = 1,464, was pre-stratified to be representative of the Swedish population on key demographics). We find support for the view that the corona crisis led to higher levels of institutional and interpersonal trust. Moreover, reactions were largely homogeneous across those groups that could potentially relate distantly to government authorities.
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