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1.
  • Ajore, Ram, et al. (författare)
  • Functional dissection of inherited non-coding variation influencing multiple myeloma risk
  • 2022
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2041-1723. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Thousands of non-coding variants have been associated with increased risk of human diseases, yet the causal variants and their mechanisms-of-action remain obscure. In an integrative study combining massively parallel reporter assays (MPRA), expression analyses (eQTL, meQTL, PCHiC) and chromatin accessibility analyses in primary cells (caQTL), we investigate 1,039 variants associated with multiple myeloma (MM). We demonstrate that MM susceptibility is mediated by gene-regulatory changes in plasma cells and B-cells, and identify putative causal variants at six risk loci (SMARCD3, WAC, ELL2, CDCA7L, CEP120, and PREX1). Notably, three of these variants co-localize with significant plasma cell caQTLs, signaling the presence of causal activity at these precise genomic positions in an endogenous chromosomal context in vivo. Our results provide a systematic functional dissection of risk loci for a hematologic malignancy.
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3.
  • Blunk, Inga, et al. (författare)
  • Genomic imprinting analyses identify maternal effects as a cause of phenotypic variability in type 1 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Imprinted genes, giving rise to parent-of-origin effects (POEs), have been hypothesised to affect type 1 diabetes (T1D) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, maternal effects may also play a role. By using a mixed model that is able to simultaneously consider all kinds of POEs, the importance of POEs for the development of T1D and RA was investigated in a variance components analysis. The analysis was based on Swedish population-scale pedigree data. With P = 0.18 (T1D) and P = 0.26 (RA) imprinting variances were not significant. Explaining up to 19.00% (± 2.00%) and 15.00% (± 6.00%) of the phenotypic variance, the maternal environmental variance was significant for T1D (P = 1.60 × 10−24) and for RA (P = 0.02). For the first time, the existence of maternal genetic effects on RA was indicated, contributing up to 16.00% (± 3.00%) of the total variance. Environmental factors such as the social economic index, the number of offspring, birth year as well as their interactions with sex showed large effects.
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4.
  • Brandt, Jasmine, et al. (författare)
  • Thyroid-associated genetic polymorphisms in relation to breast cancer risk in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 142:7, s. 1309-1321
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies have suggested that thyroid function is associated with breast cancer risk, which could have an important clinical impact, as one in eight women will develop a thyroid disorder during her lifetime. However, the underlying pathomechanism behind the association is still unknown. We used the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study (a population-based prospective study consisting of 17,035 women) to examine 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously related to levels of free thyroxine (free T4) and thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPO-Ab) as potential genetic risk factors for breast cancer. A baseline examination including free T4 and TPO-Ab levels was conducted at the time of inclusion. Genotyping was performed on 901 breast cancer patients and 3335 controls. Odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for high free T4, TPO-Ab positivity, and breast cancer were calculated by logistic regression and adjusted for confounders. We identified one free T4-related SNP (rs2235544, D101 gene) that was significantly associated with both free T4 level and breast cancer risk. There was a suggested association between rs11675434 (TPO gene) and TPO-Ab level, and TPO-Ab-related rs11675434 (TPO), rs3094228 (HCP5), rs1033662 (no registered gene), and rs301806 (RERE) were associated with breast cancer risk. There was an indicated interaction between rs6485050 (no registered gene) and free T4 level in regards to breast cancer risk. This is the first study to suggest an association between thyroid-related SNPs and breast cancer risk. All SNPs have a biological plausibility of being associated with breast cancer risk, and may contribute to the genetic predisposition to breast cancer.
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5.
  • Brendle, Annika, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphisms in predicted microRNA-binding sites in integrin genes and breast cancer ITGB4 as prognostic marker.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - : Oxford University Press. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 29:7, s. 1394-1399
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Integrins control the cell attachment to the extracellular matrix and play an important role in mediating cell proliferation, migration and survival. A number of important cancer-associated integrin genes can be regulated by microRNAs (miRNAs) that bind to their target sites in the 3' untranslated regions. We examined the effect of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in predicted miRNA target sites of six integrin genes (ITGA3, ITGA6, ITGAv, ITGB3, ITGB4 and ITGB5) on breast cancer (BC) risk and clinical outcome. Six SNPs were genotyped in 749 Swedish incident BC cases with detailed clinical data and up to 15 years of follow-up together with 1493 matched controls. We evaluated associations between genotypes and BC risk and clinical tumour characteristics. Survival probabilities were compared between different subgroups. As a novel finding, several SNPs seemed to associate with the hormone receptor status. The strongest association was observed between the A allele of the SNP rs743554 in the ITGB4 gene and oestrogen receptor-negative tumours [odds ratio 2.09, 95% confidence intervals (CIs) 1.19-3.67]. The same SNP was associated with survival. The A allele carriers had a worse survival compared with the wild-type genotype carriers (hazard ratio 2.11, 95% CIs 1.21-3.68). The poor survival was significantly associated with the aggressive tumour characteristics: high grade, lymph node metastasis and high stage. None of the SNPs was significantly associated with BC risk. As the ITGB4 SNP seems to influence tumour aggressiveness and survival, it may have prognostic value in the clinic.
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6.
  • Caliz, Rafael, et al. (författare)
  • Gender-Specific Effects of Genetic Variants within Th1 and Th17 Cell-Mediated Immune Response Genes on the Risk of Developing Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science (PLoS). - 1932-6203. ; 8:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The present study was conducted to explore whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in Th1 and Th17 cell-mediated immune response genes differentially influence the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in women and men. In phase one, 27 functional/tagging polymorphisms in C-type lectins and MCP-1/CCR2 axis were genotyped in 458 RA patients and 512 controls. Carriers of Dectin-2(rs4264222T) allele had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.47, 95% CI 1.10-1.96) whereas patients harboring the DC-SIGN(rs4804803G), MCP-1(rs1024611G), MCP-1(rs13900T) and MCP-1(rs4586C) alleles had a decreased risk of developing the disease (OR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.49-0.88; OR = 0.66, 95% CI 0.50-0.89; OR = 0.73, 95% CI 0.55-0.97 and OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.51-0.91). Interestingly, significant gender-specific differences were observed for Dectin-2(rs4264222) and Dectin-2(rs7134303): women carrying the Dectin-2(rs4264222T) and Dectin-2(rs7134303G) alleles had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.93, 95% CI 1.34-2.79 and OR = 1.90, 95% CI 1.29-2.80). Also five other SNPs showed significant associations only with one gender: women carrying the MCP-1(rs1024611G), MCP-1(rs13900T) and MCP-1(rs4586C) alleles had a decreased risk of RA (OR = 0.61, 95% CI 0.43-0.87; OR = 0.67, 95% CI 0.47-0.95 and OR = 0.60, 95% CI 0.42-0.86). In men, carriers of the DC-SIGN(rs2287886A) allele had an increased risk of RA (OR = 1.70, 95% CI 1.03-2.78), whereas carriers of the DC-SIGN(rs4804803G) had a decreased risk of developing the disease (OR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.32-0.89). In phase 2, we genotyped these SNPs in 754 RA patients and 519 controls, leading to consistent gender-specific associations for Dectin-2(rs4264222), MCP-1(rs1024611), MCP-1(rs13900) and DC-SIGN(rs4804803) polymorphisms in the pooled sample (OR = 1.38, 95% CI 1.08-1.77; OR = 0.74, 95% CI 0.58-0.94; OR = 0.76, 95% CI 0.59-0.97 and OR = 0.56, 95% CI 0.34-0.93). SNP-SNP interaction analysis of significant SNPs also showed a significant two-locus interaction model in women that was not seen in men. This model consisted of Dectin-2(rs4264222) and Dectin-2(rs7134303) SNPs and suggested a synergistic effect between the variants. These findings suggest that Dectin-2, MCP-1 and DC-SIGN polymorphisms may, at least in part, account for gender-associated differences in susceptibility to RA.
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7.
  • Campa, Daniele, et al. (författare)
  • A Comprehensive Investigation on Common Polymorphisms in the MDR1/ABCB1 Transporter Gene and Susceptibility to Colorectal Cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science (PLoS). - 1932-6203. ; 7:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ATP Binding Cassette B1 (ABCB1) is a transporter with a broad substrate specificity involved in the elimination of several carcinogens from the gut. Several polymorphic variants within the ABCB1 gene have been reported as modulators of ABCB1-mediated transport. We investigated the impact of ABCB1 genetic variants on colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. A hybrid tagging/functional approach was performed to select 28 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that were genotyped in 1,321 Czech subjects, 699 CRC cases and 622 controls. In addition, six potentially functional SNPs were genotyped in 3,662 German subjects, 1,809 cases and 1,853 controls from the DACHS study. We found that three functional SNPs (rs1202168, rs1045642 and rs868755) were associated with CRC risk in the German population. Carriers of the rs1202168_T and rs868755_T alleles had an increased risk for CRC (P-trend = 0.016 and 0.029, respectively), while individuals bearing the rs1045642_C allele showed a decreased risk of CRC (P-trend = 0.022). We sought to replicate the most significant results in an independent case-control study of 3,803 subjects, 2,169 cases and 1,634 controls carried out in the North of Germany. None of the SNPs tested were significantly associated with CRC risk in the replication study. In conclusion, in this study of about 8,800 individuals we show that ABCB1 gene polymorphisms play at best a minor role in the susceptibility to CRC.
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8.
  • Campa, Daniele, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphisms of genes coding for ghrelin and its receptor in relation to colorectal cancer risk: a two-step gene-wide case-control study
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: BMC Gastroenterology. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-230X. ; 10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Ghrelin, an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR), has two major functions: the stimulation of the growth hormone production and the stimulation of food intake. Accumulating evidence also indicates a role of ghrelin in cancer development. Methods: We conducted a case-control study to examine the association of common genetic variants in the genes coding for ghrelin (GHRL) and its receptor (GHSR) with colorectal cancer risk. Pairwise tagging was used to select the 11 polymorphisms included in the study. The selected polymorphisms were genotyped in 680 cases and 593 controls from the Czech Republic. Results: We found two SNPs associated with lower risk of colorectal cancer, namely SNPs rs27647 and rs35683. We replicated the two hits, in additional 569 cases and 726 controls from Germany. Conclusion: A joint analysis of the two populations indicated that the T allele of rs27647 SNP exerted a protective borderline effect (P-trend = 0.004).
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9.
  • Campo, Chiara, et al. (författare)
  • Bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy : A genome-wide association study on multiple myeloma patients
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Hematological Oncology. - : John Wiley & Sons Inc.. - 0278-0232. ; 36:1, s. 232-237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The proteasome-inhibitor bortezomib was introduced into the treatment of multiple myeloma more than a decade ago. It is clinically beneficial, but peripheral neuropathy (PNP) is a side effect that may limit its use in some patients. To examine the possible genetic predisposing factors to PNP, we performed a genome-wide association study on 646 bortezomib-treated German multiple myeloma patients. Our aim was to identify genetic risk variants associated with the development of PNP as a serious side effect of the treatment. We identified 4 new promising loci for bortezomib-induced PNP at 4q34.3 (rs6552496), 5q14.1 (rs12521798), 16q23.3 (rs8060632), and 18q21.2 (rs17748074). Even though the results did not reach genome-wide significance level, they support the idea of previous studies, suggesting a genetic basis for neurotoxicity. The identified single nucleotide polymorphisms map to genes or next to genes involved in the development and function of the nervous system (CDH13, DCC, and TENM3). As possible functional clues, 2 of the variants, rs12521798 and rs17748074, affect enhancer histone marks in the brain. The rs12521798 may also impact expression of THBS4, which affects specific signal trasduction pathways in the nervous system. Further research is needed to clarify the mechanism of action of the identified single nucleotide polymorphisms in the development of drug-induced PNP and to functionally validate our in silico predictions.
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10.
  • Campo, Chiara, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic Susceptibility to Bortezomib-Induced Peripheral Neuroropathy : Replication of the Reported Candidate Susceptibility Loci
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neurochemical Research. - : Springer. - 0364-3190. ; 42:3, s. 925-931
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The introduction of proteasome inhibitors in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients has been a therapeutic success. Peripheral neuropathy (PNP) remains one of the most frequent side-effects experienced by patients who receive these novel agents. Recent investigations on the mechanisms of PNP in patients treated with bortezomib have suggested genetic susceptibility to neurotoxicity. We used data from a genome-wide association study conducted on 646 bortezomib-treated German MM patients to replicate the previously reported associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes and PNP in MM patients, including 298 SNPs with a nominal significance (p value <0.05). Twelve associations were confirmed at a significance level p value <0.05. The corresponding SNPs are located in genes involved in drug metabolism (ABCC1, ABCC6), development and function of the nervous system (POGZ, NFAT pathway, EDN1), modulation of immune responses (IL17RD, IL10RA) and the NF-κB signaling pathway (PSMB4, BTCR, F2). We systematically investigated functional consequences of those variants using several bioinformatics tools, such as HaploRegV4.1, RegulomeDB and UCSC Genome Browser. Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data suggested that some of the identified SNPs might influence gene expression through a differential recruitment of transcription factors. In conclusion, we confirmed some of the recently reported associations between germline variation and PNP. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying these associations will contribute to the development of new strategies for the prevention or reduction of PNP.
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