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1.
  • Acharya, B. S., et al. (författare)
  • Introducing the CTA concept
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Astroparticle physics. - : Elsevier. - 0927-6505 .- 1873-2852. ; 43, s. 3-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is a new observatory for very high-energy (VHE) gamma rays. CTA has ambitions science goals, for which it is necessary to achieve full-sky coverage, to improve the sensitivity by about an order of magnitude, to span about four decades of energy, from a few tens of GeV to above 100 TeV with enhanced angular and energy resolutions over existing VHE gamma-ray observatories. An international collaboration has formed with more than 1000 members from 27 countries in Europe, Asia, Africa and North and South America. In 2010 the CTA Consortium completed a Design Study and started a three-year Preparatory Phase which leads to production readiness of CTA in 2014. In this paper we introduce the science goals and the concept of CTA, and provide an overview of the project. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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2.
  • Acharya, B. S., et al. (författare)
  • Introduction to CTA Science
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Science with the Cherenkov telescope array. - : World Scientific. - 9789813270084 ; , s. 1-
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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3.
  • Abramowski, A., et al. (författare)
  • The 2010 very high energy gamma-RAY flare and 10 years of multi-wavelength observations of M 87
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Astrophysical Journal. - 0004-637X .- 1538-4357. ; 746:2, s. 151-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The giant radio galaxy M 87 with its proximity (16 Mpc), famous jet, and very massive black hole ((3-6) x 10(9) M-circle dot) provides a unique opportunity to investigate the origin of very high energy (VHE; E > 100 GeV) gamma-ray emission generated in relativistic outflows and the surroundings of supermassive black holes. M 87 has been established as a VHE gamma-ray emitter since 2006. The VHE gamma-ray emission displays strong variability on timescales as short as a day. In this paper, results from a joint VHE monitoring campaign on M 87 by the MAGIC and VERITAS instruments in 2010 are reported. During the campaign, a flare at VHE was detected triggering further observations at VHE (H.E.S.S.), X-rays (Chandra), and radio (43 GHz Very Long Baseline Array, VLBA). The excellent sampling of the VHE gamma-ray light curve enables one to derive a precise temporal characterization of the flare: the single, isolated flare is well described by a two-sided exponential function with significantly different flux rise and decay times of tau(rise)(d) = (1.69 +/- 0.30) days and tau(decay)(d) = (0.611 +/- 0.080) days, respectively. While the overall variability pattern of the 2010 flare appears somewhat different from that of previous VHE flares in 2005 and 2008, they share very similar timescales (similar to day), peak fluxes (Phi(>0.35 TeV) similar or equal to (1-3) x 10(-11) photons cm(-2) s(-1)), and VHE spectra. VLBA radio observations of 43 GHz of the inner jet regions indicate no enhanced flux in 2010 in contrast to observations in 2008, where an increase of the radio flux of the innermost core regions coincided with a VHE flare. On the other hand, Chandra X-ray observations taken similar to 3 days after the peak of the VHE gamma-ray emission reveal an enhanced flux from the core (flux increased by factor similar to 2; variability timescale <2 days). The long-term (2001-2010) multi-wavelength (MWL) light curve of M 87, spanning from radio to VHE and including data from Hubble Space Telescope, Liverpool Telescope, Very Large Array, and European VLBI Network, is used to further investigate the origin of the VHE gamma-ray emission. No unique, common MWL signature of the three VHE flares has been identified. In the outer kiloparsec jet region, in particular in HST-1, no enhanced MWL activity was detected in 2008 and 2010, disfavoring it as the origin of the VHE flares during these years. Shortly after two of the three flares (2008 and 2010), the X-ray core was observed to be at a higher flux level than its characteristic range (determined from more than 60 monitoring observations: 2002-2009). In 2005, the strong flux dominance of HST-1 could have suppressed the detection of such a feature. Published models for VHE gamma-ray emission from M 87 are reviewed in the light of the new data.
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4.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Amplitude analysis of the KSKS system produced in radiative J /psi decays
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 98:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An amplitude analysis of the KSKS system produced in radiative J/psi decays is performed using the (1310.6 +/- 7.0) x 10(6) nip decays collected by the BESIII detector. Two approaches are presented. A mass-dependent analysis is performed by parametrizing the KSKS invariant mass spectrum as a sum of Breit-aligner line shapes. Additionally, a mass-independent analysis is performed to extract a piecewise function that describes the dynamics of the KSKS system while making minimal assumptions about the properties and number of poles in the amplitude. The dominant amplitudes in the mass-dependent analysis include the f(0)(1710), f(0)(2200), and f(2)'(1525). The mass-independent results, which are made available as input for further studies, are consistent with those of the mass-dependent analysis and are useful for a systematic study of hadronic interactions. The branching fraction of radiative J/psi decays to KSKS is measured to be (8.1 +/- 0.4) x 10(-4), where the uncertainty is systematic and the statistical uncertainty is negligible.
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5.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Improved measurements of two-photon widths of the chi(cJ) states and helicity analysis for chi(c2) -> gamma gamma
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Based on 448.1 x 10(6) Psi(3686) events collected with the BESIII detector, the decays Psi(3686) -> gamma chi(cJ), chi(cJ) -> gamma gamma(J = 0, 1, 2) are studied. The decay branching fractions of chi(c0,2) -> gamma gamma are measured to be B(chi(c0) -> gamma gamma) = (1.93 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.05 +/- 0.05) x 10(-4) and B(chi(c2) -> gamma gamma) = (3.10 +/- 0.09 +/- 0.07 +/- 0.11) x 10(-4) which correspond to two-photon decay widths of Gamma(gamma gamma)(chi(c0)) = 2.03 +/- 0.08 +/- 0.06 +/- 0.13 keV and Gamma(gamma gamma)(chi(c2)) = 0.60 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.01 +/- 0.04 keV with a ratio of R = Gamma(gamma gamma)(chi(c2))/Gamma(gamma gamma)(chi(c0)) = 0.295 +/- 0.014 +/- 0.007 +/- 0.027, where the uncertainties are statistical, systematic and associated with the uncertainties of B(Psi(3686) -> gamma chi(c0,2)) and the total widths Gamma(chi(c0,2)), respectively. For the forbidden decay of chi(c1) -> gamma gamma, no signal is observed, and an upper limit on the two-photon width is obtained to be Gamma(gamma gamma)(chi(c1)) < 5.3 eV at the 90% confidence level. The ratio of the two-photon widths between helicity-zero and helicity-two components in the decay chi(c2) -> gamma gamma is also measured to be f(0/2) = Gamma(lambda=0)(gamma gamma) (chi(c2))/Gamma(lambda=2)(gamma gamma) (chi(c2)) = (0.0 +/- 0.6 +/- 1.2) x 10(-2), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively.
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6.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurement of Singly Cabibbo Suppressed Decays Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(-)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 117:23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using 567 pb(-1) of data collected with the BESIII detector at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 4.599 GeV, near the Lambda(+)(c)->(Lambda) over bar (-)(c) threshold, we study the singly Cabibbo-suppressed decays Lambda c(+) -> p pi(+) pi(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+) K- By normalizing with respect to the Cabibbo-favored decay Lambda(+)(c)-> p pi(+)pi(-) we obtain ratios of branching fractions: [B(Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-))/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] = (6.70 +/- 0.48 +/- 0.25)% [B Lambda(+)(c) -> p phi)/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] = (1.81 +/- 0.33 +/- 0.13)%,and [B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(non-phi)(-)/B(Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(-)pi(+))] (9.36 +/- 2.22 +/- 0.71)x10(-3), where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The absolute branching fractions are also presented. Among these measurements, the decay Lambda(+)(c) -> p pi(+)pi(-) is observed for the first time, and the precision of the branching fraction for Lambda(+)(c) -> pK(+)K(non-phi)(-) and Lambda(+)(c) -> p phi is significantly improved.
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7.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurements of the absolute branching fractions for D-s(+) -> eta e(+)nu(e) and D-s(+) -> eta ' e(+)nu(e)
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - 2470-0010. ; 94:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By analyzing 482 pb(-1) of e(+)e(-) collision data collected at root s = 4.009 GeV with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we measure the absolute branching fractions for the semileptonic decays D-s(+) -> eta e(+)nu(e) and D-s(+) -> eta ' e(+)nu(e) to be B(D-s(+) -> eta e(+)nu(e)) = (2.30 +/- 0.31 +/- 0.08)% and B(D-s(+) -> eta ' e(+)nu(e)) = (0.93 +/- 0.30 +/- 0.05)%, respectively, and their ratio B(D-s(+) -> eta ' e(+)nu(e)) / B(D-s(+) -> eta ' e(+)nu(e)) = 0.40 +/- 0.14 +/- 0.02, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second ones are systematic. The results are in good agreement with previous measurements within uncertainties; they can be used to determine the eta-eta' mixing angle and improve upon the D-s(+) semileptonic branching ratio precision.
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8.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Measurements of the branching fractions for the semileptonic decays D-s(+) -> phi e(+)v(e), phi mu(+)v(mu), eta mu(+)v(mu) and eta 'mu(+)v(mu)
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : American Physical Society. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 97:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • By analyzing 482 pb(-1) of e(+) e(-) collision data collected at the center-of-mass energy root s = 4.009 GeV with the BESIII detector, we measure the branching fractions for the semi-leptonic decays D-s(+) -> phi e(+)v(e), phi mu(+)v(mu), eta mu(+)v(mu) and eta'mu(+)v(mu) to be B(D-s(+) -> phi e(+)v(e)) = (2.26 +/- 0.45 +/- 0.09)%, B(D-s(+) -> phi mu+v(mu)) = (1.94 +/- 0.53 +/- 0.09)%, B(D-s(+) -> eta mu(+)v(mu)) = (2.42 +/- 0.46 +/- 011)% and B(D-s(+) -> eta'mu(+)v(mu)) = (1.06 +/- 0.54 +/- 0.07)%, where the first and second uncertainties are statistical and systematic, respectively. The branching fractions for the three semi-muonic decays D-s(+) -> phi mu(+)v(mu), eta mu(+)v(mu) and eta'mu(+)v(mu) are determined for the first time and that of D-s(+) -> phi e(+)v(e) is consistent with the world average value within uncertainties.
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9.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Search for the radiative leptonic decay D+ -> gamma e (+) nu(e)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - : American Physical Society. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 95:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using an electron-positron collision data sample of 2.93 fb(-1) collected at a center-of-mass energy of root s = 3.773 GeV with the BESIII detector, we present the first search for the radiative leptonic decay D+ -> gamma e(+)nu(e). The analysis is performed with a double-tag method. We do not observe a significant D+ -> gamma e(+)nu(e) signal, and obtain an upper limit on the branching fraction of D+ -> gamma e(+)nu(e) decay with the energy of radiative photon larger than 10 MeV of 3.0 x 10(-5) at the 90% confidence level.
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10.
  • Ablikim, M., et al. (författare)
  • Branching fraction measurement of J/ψ→KSKL and search for J/ψ→KSKS
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Physical Review D. - 2470-0010 .- 2470-0029. ; 96:11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Using a sample of 1.31 x 10(9) J/Psi events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, we study the decays of J/Psi -> KSKL and KSKS. The branching fraction of J/Psi -> KSKL is determined to be B(J/Psi -> KSKL) = (1.93 +/- 0.01 (stat) +/- 0.05 (syst)) x 10(-4), which significantly improves on previous measurements. No clear signal is observed for the J/Psi -> KSKS process, and the upper limit at the 95% confidence level for its branching fraction is determined to be B(J/Psi -> KSKS) < 1.4 x 10(-8), which improves on the previous searches by 2 orders in magnitude and reaches the order of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen expectation.
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