- Feng, Helian, et al.
Cross-cancer cross-tissue Transcriptome-wide Association Study (TWAS) of 11 cancers identifies 56 novel genes
Ingår i: Genetic Epidemiology. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0741-0395 .- 1098-2272. ; 44:5, s. 481-481
Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
- Though heterogeneous, multiple tumor types share hallmark mechanisms. Thus, identifying genes associated with multiple cancer types may shed light on general oncogenic mechanisms and identify genes missed in single‐cancer analyses. TWAS have been successful in testing whether genetically‐predicted tissue‐specific gene expression is associated with cancer risk. Although cross‐cancer genome‐wide association studies (GWAS) analyses have been performed previously, no cross‐cancer TWAS has been conducted to date. Here, we implement a pipeline to perform cross‐cancer, cross‐tissue TWAS analysis. We use newly‐developed multi‐trait TWAS test statistics to integrate the TWAS results for association between 11 separated cancers and predicted gene expression in 43 GTEx tissues, including a “sum” test and a “variance components” test, analogous to fixed‐ and random‐effects meta‐analyses. We then integrated the results across different tissues using the Aggregated Cauchy Association Test (ACAT) combined test.A total of 403 genes were significantly associated with at least one cancer type for at least one tissue; 96 additional genes were identified when combining test results across cancers; and 35 additional genes when further combining test results across tissue. Among these significant genes, 70 were not near previously‐published GWAS index variants. 14 of the 70 novel genes were identified from the single‐cancer single‐tissue test; an additional 43 were identified with the cross‐cancer test; and another 13 were identified when further combined across tissues. The newly identified genes, including RBBP8 and TP53BP , are involved in chromatin structure, tumorigenesis, apoptosis, transcriptional regulation, DNA repair, immune system, oxidative damage and cell‐cycle, proliferation, progression, shape, structure, and migration.