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Sökning: WFRF:(Floto R Andres)

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  • Brownlie, Rebecca J, et al. (författare)
  • Distinct cell-specific control of autoimmunity and infection by FcgammaRIIb.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: The Journal of experimental medicine. - 1540-9538. ; 205:4, s. 883-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • FcgammaRIIb is an inhibitory Fc receptor expressed on B cells and myeloid cells. It is important in controlling responses to infection, and reduced expression or function predisposes to autoimmunity. To determine if increased expression of FcgammaRIIb can modulate these processes, we created transgenic mice overexpressing FcgammaRIIb on B cells or macrophages. Overexpression of FcgammaRIIb on B cells reduced the immunoglobulin G component of T-dependent immune responses, led to early resolution of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), and reduced spontaneous systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In contrast, overexpression on macrophages had no effect on immune responses, CIA, or SLE but increased mortality after Streptococcus pneumoniae infection. These results help define the role of FcgammaRIIb in immune responses, demonstrate the contrasting roles played by FcgammaRIIb on B cells and macrophages in the control of infection and autoimmunity, and emphasize the therapeutic potential for modulation of FcgammaRIIb expression on B cells in inflammatory and autoimmune disease.
  • Martineau, Adrian R., et al. (författare)
  • IFN-gamma- and TNF-independent vitamin D-inducible human suppression of mycobacteria: The role of cathelicidin LL-37
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - : American Association of Immunologists. - 1550-6606. ; 178:11, s. 7190-7198
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vitamin D deficiency is associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis, and its biologically active metabolite, 1 alpha,25 dihydroxyvitamin D-3 (1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3), has pleiotropic immune effects. The mechanisms by which 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 protects against tuberculosis are incompletely understood. 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 reduced the growth of mycobacteria in infected human PBMC cultures in a dose-dependent fashion. Coculture with agonists or antagonists of the membrane or nuclear vitamin D receptors indicated that these effects were primarily mediated by the nuclear vitamin D receptors. 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 reduced transcription and secretion of protective IFN-gamma, IL-12p40, and TNF in infected PBMC and macrophages, indicating that 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 does not mediate protection via these cytokines. Although NOM was up-regulated by 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3, inhibition of NO formation marginally affected the suppressive effect of 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 on bacillus Calmette Guerin in infected cells. By contrast, 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 strongly up-regulated the cathelicidin hCAP-18 gene, and some hCAP-18 polypeptide colocalized with CD14 in 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3 stimulated PBMC, although no detectable LL-37 peptide was found in supernatants from similar 1 alpha,25(OH)(2)D-3-stimulated PBMC cultures. A total of 200 mu g/ml of the active peptide LL-37, in turn, reduced the growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in culture by 75.7%. These findings suggest that vitamin D contributes to protection against TB by '' nonclassical '' mechanisms that include the induction of antimicrobial peptides.
  • Hepburn, Lucy, et al. (författare)
  • A Spaetzle-like role for nerve growth factor beta in vertebrate immunity to Staphylococcus aureus
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 346:6209, s. 641-646
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Many key components of innate immunity to infection are shared between Drosophila and humans. However, the fly Toll ligand Spaetzle is not thought to have a vertebrate equivalent. We have found that the structurally related cystine-knot protein, nerve growth factor β (NGFβ), plays an unexpected Spaetzle-like role in immunity to Staphylococcus aureus infection in chordates. Deleterious mutations of either human NGFβ or its high-affinity receptor tropomyosin-related kinase receptor A (TRKA) were associated with severe S. aureus infections. NGFβ was released by macrophages in response to S. aureus exoproteins through activation of the NOD-like receptors NLRP3 and NLRP4 and enhanced phagocytosis and superoxide-dependent killing, stimulated proinflammatory cytokine production, and promoted calcium-dependent neutrophil recruitment. TrkA knockdown in zebrafish increased susceptibility to S. aureus infection, confirming an evolutionarily conserved role for NGFβ-TRKA signaling in pathogen-specific host immunity.
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