SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Frebourg T) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Frebourg T)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Thompson, B.A., et al. (författare)
  • Application of a 5-tiered scheme for standardized classification of 2,360 unique mismatch repair gene variants in the InSiGHT locus-specific database
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 46:2, s. 107-115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The clinical classification of hereditary sequence variants identified in disease-related genes directly affects clinical management of patients and their relatives. The International Society for Gastrointestinal Hereditary Tumours (InSiGHT) undertook a collaborative effort to develop, test and apply a standardized classification scheme to constitutional variants in the Lynch syndrome-associated genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6 and PMS2. Unpublished data submission was encouraged to assist in variant classification and was recognized through microattribution. The scheme was refined by multidisciplinary expert committee review of the clinical and functional data available for variants, applied to 2,360 sequence alterations, and disseminated online. Assessment using validated criteria altered classifications for 66% of 12,006 database entries. Clinical recommendations based on transparent evaluation are now possible for 1,370 variants that were not obviously protein truncating from nomenclature. This large-scale endeavor will facilitate the consistent management of families suspected to have Lynch syndrome and demonstrates the value of multidisciplinary collaboration in the curation and classification of variants in public locus-specific databases. © 2014 Nature America, Inc.
  •  
2.
  • Robinson, Kristina Lagerstedt, et al. (författare)
  • Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer) diagnostics
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. - : Oxford University Press. - 1460-2105. ; 99:4, s. 291-299
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Preventive programs for individuals who have high lifetime risks of colorectal cancer may reduce disease morbidity and mortality. Thus, it is important to identify the factors that are associated with hereditary colorectal cancer and to monitor the effects of tailored surveillance. In particular, patients with Lynch syndrome, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), have an increased risk to develop colorectal cancer at an early age. The syndrome is explained by germline mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes, and there is a need for diagnostic tools to preselect patients for genetic testing to diagnose those with HNPCC. Methods Patients (n = 112) from 285 families who were counseled between 1990 and 2005 at a clinic for patients at high risk for HNPCC were selected for screening to detect mutations in MMR genes MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2 based on family history, microsatellite instability (MSI), and immunohistochemical analysis of MMR protein expression. Tumors were also screened for BRAF V600E mutations; patients with the mutation were considered as non-HNPCC. Results Among the 112 patients who were selected for screening, 69 had germline MMR mutations (58 pathogenic and 11 of unknown biologic relevance). Sixteen of the 69 mutations (23%) were missense mutations. Among patients with MSI-positive tumors, pathogenic MMR mutations were found in 38 of 43 (88%) of patients in families who met Amsterdam criteria and in 13 of 22 (59%) of patients in families who did not. Among patients with MSI-negative tumors, pathogenic MMR mutations were found in 5 of 17 (29%) of families meeting Amsterdam criteria and in 1 of 30 (3%) of non-Amsterdam families with one patient younger than age 50 years. In three patients with MSI-negative tumors who had pathogenic mutations in MLH1 or MSH6, immunohistochemistry showed loss of the mutated protein. Conclusion Our findings suggest that missense MMR gene mutations are common in HNPCC and that germline MMR mutations are also found in patients with IVISI-negative tumors.
  •  
3.
  •  
4.
  •  
5.
  •  
6.
  • Charbonnier, FC, et al. (författare)
  • The 5 ' Region of the MSH2 gene involved in hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer contains a high density of recombinogenic sequences
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Human Mutation. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1059-7794 .- 1098-1004. ; 26:3, s. 255-261
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • MSH2 rearrangements are involved in approximately 10% of hereditary non,polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) families, and in most of the rearrangements, exon I is deleted. We scanned by quantitative multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of short fluorescent fragments (QMPSF) 200 kb of genomic sequences upstream of the MSH2 transcription initiation site in 21 HNPCC families with exon I deletions. This QMPSF scan revealed 12 distinct 5' breakpoints located up to 200 kb upstream of the MSH2 transcription initiation site. Sequencing analysis of the rearranged allele in 17 families revealed that most of the deletions (15/17) resulted from homologous Alu-mediated recombination. QMPSF and sequencing analysis in these 21 families led us to detect the presence of 20 distinct 5' breakpoints. In 14 out of 15 Alu-mediated recombinations, we found, either within the identical region in which the recombination had probably occurred or in its vicinity, the 26,bp Alu core sequence containing the recombinogenic Chi-like motif. Compared to the equivalent regions of other human genes, the MSH2 upstream region was found to contain a high density of Alu repeats (30% within 228 kb and 43% within 50 kb), most of which belong to the old Alu S subfamilies. In conclusion, this study demonstrates the heterogeneity of the breakpoints within the MSH2 upstream region and reveals the remarkable density of recombinogenic Alu sequences in this region.
  •  
7.
  •  
8.
  •  
9.
  •  
10.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 15
  • [1]2Nästa

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy