SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Garg Scot) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Garg Scot)

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Kolh, P, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines on myocardial revascularization
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery. - 1873-734X .- 1010-7940. ; 31:20, s. 2501-2555
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  •  
2.
  • Bourantas, Christos V., et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic Implications of Severe Coronary Calcification in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery : An Analysis of the SYNTAX Study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Catheterization and cardiovascular interventions. - 1522-1946 .- 1522-726X. ; 85:2, s. 199-206
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesTo investigate the prognostic implications of the presence of severe lesion calcification in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation. BackgroundThere is robust evidence that lesion calcification is a predictor of worse prognosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention; however, there is limited data about the prognostic implication of lesion calcium in patients treated with CABG. MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed data from 1,545 patients who underwent CABG and were recruited in the SYNTAX study and CABG registry. Two experts reviewed the angiographic data and classified patients in two groups: those with severely calcified coronary arteries and those without severe lesion calcification. Clinical outcomes at 5-year follow-up were collected and compared in the two groups. ResultsOne out of three patients exhibited severe lesion calcification (n=588). Patients with calcified coronaries had an increased mortality at 5-year follow-up (17.1% vs. 9.9%, P<0.001) and a higher event rate of death-myocardial infarction (MI) compared with those without (19.4% vs. 13.2%, P=0.003), but there was no statistical significant difference between the two groups for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE, 26.8% vs. 21.8%, P=0.057). In multivariate Cox regression analysis severe lesion calcification was an independent predictor of an increased all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.39, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.89; P=0.037) but it was not an independent predictor of the combined end-points death-MI or MACE. ConclusionsSevere lesion calcification is associated with an increased mortality in patients undergoing CABG, but it is not an independent predictor of death-MI or MACE. This paradox can be attributed to the fact that CABG allows perfusion of the healthy coronaries bypassing the diseased arteries and thus it minimizes the risk of coronary events due to progressive atherosclerosis. (c) 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  •  
3.
  • Garg, Scot, et al. (författare)
  • A patient-level pooled analysis assessing the impact of the SYNTAX (synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention with taxus and cardiac surgery) score on 1-year clinical outcomes in 6,508 patients enrolled in contemporary coronary stent trials
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: JACC. Cardiovascular interventions. - 1876-7605. ; 4:6, s. 645-653
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES:This study sought to assess the impact of the SYNTAX (Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score (SXscore) on clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.BACKGROUND:The SXscore has been demonstrated to have an ability to predict clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous revascularization. Current studies are limited by the relatively small number of patients in each SXscore group.METHODS:Patient-level data from 7 contemporary coronary stent trials were pooled by an independent academic research organization (Cardialysis, Rotterdam, the Netherlands). Analysis was performed on a cohort of 6,508 patients treated with drug-eluting stents and who had calculated SXscores. Clinical outcomes in terms of death, myocardial infarction (MI), repeat revascularization, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, a composite of death, MI, and repeat revascularization) were subsequently stratified according to SXscore quartiles: SXscoreQ1 ≤8 (n = 1,702); 8 < SXscoreQ2 <15 (n = 1,528); 15 ≤ SXscoreQ3 <23 (n = 1,620); and SXscoreQ4 ≥23 (n = 1,658).RESULTS:One-year outcomes were available in 6,496 patients (99.8%). At 1-year follow-up, all clinical outcomes including mortality, MI, repeat revascularization, MACE, and definite and any stent thrombosis were all significantly higher in patients in the highest SXscore quartile. Similar trends were observed in a subgroup of 2,093 patients (32.2%) who presented with an ST- or non-ST-segment elevation MI. The rate of MACE among patients with an SXscore > 32 and ≤ 32 was 24.9% and 14.0%, respectively (p < 0.001). The SXscore was identified as an independent predictor of all clinical outcomes including mortality, MACE, and stent thrombosis (p < 0.001 for all).CONCLUSIONS:This study confirms the consistent ability of the SXscore to identify patients who are at highest risk of adverse events.
  •  
4.
  • Garg, Scot, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction of 1-year clinical outcomes using the SYNTAX score in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention : a substudy of the STRATEGY (Single High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban and Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Versus Abciximab and Bare-Metal Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction) and MULTISTRATEGY (Multicenter Evaluation of Single High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban Versus Abciximab With Sirolimus-Eluting Stent or Bare-Metal Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction Study) trials
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: JACC: Cardiovascular interventions. - 1876-7605. ; 4:1, s. 66-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • ObjectivesThis study sought to evaluate the impact of SYNTAX score (SXscore), and compare its performance in isolation and combination with the PAMI (The Primary Angioplasty in Myocardial Infarction Study) score, for the prediction of 1-year clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention.BackgroundPatients with STEMI were excluded from the original SYNTAX score (SXscore) algorithm. Therefore, the utility of using the SXscore in this patient group remains undefined.MethodsSXscore was calculated retrospectively in 807 patients with STEMI enrolled in the randomized STRATEGY (Single High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban and Sirolimus-Eluting Stent Versus Abciximab and Bare-Metal Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction) and MULTISTRATEGY (Multicenter Evaluation of Single High-Dose Bolus Tirofiban Versus Abciximab With Sirolimus-Eluting Stent or Bare-Metal Stent in Acute Myocardial Infarction Study) clinical trials. Clinical outcomes of all-cause death, reinfarction, and clinically driven target vessel revascularization were subsequently stratified according to SXscore tertiles: SXLOW ≤9 (n = 311), 9 < SXMID ≤16 (n = 234), SXHIGH >16 (n = 262).ResultsAt 1-year follow-up, all clinical outcomes including mortality, mortality/reinfarction, major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (a composite of all-cause death, reinfarction and target vessel revascularization), and definite, definite/probable, and any stent thrombosis were all significantly higher in patients in the highest SXscore tertile. SXscore was identified as an independent predictor of mortality, MACE, and stent thrombosis out to 1-year follow-up. The combination SYNTAX-PAMI score led to a net reclassification improvement of 15.7% and 4.6% for mortality and MACE, respectively. The C-statistics for the SXscore, PAMI score, and the combined SYNTAX-PAMI score were 0.65, 0.81, and 0.73 for 1-year mortality, and 0.68, 0.64, and 0.69 for 1-year MACE, respectively.ConclusionsSXscore does have a role in the risk stratification of patients with STEMI having primary percutaneous coronary intervention; however, this ability can be improved through a combination with clinical variables. (Multicentre 2×2 Factorial Randomised Study Comparing Tirofiban Versus Abciximab and SES Versus BMS in AMI; NCT00229515)
  •  
5.
  • Girasis, Chrysafios, et al. (författare)
  • SYNTAX score and Clinical SYNTAX score as predictors of very long-term clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary interventions : a substudy of SIRolimus-eluting stent compared with pacliTAXel-eluting stent for coronary revascularization (SIRTAX) trial
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 32:24, s. 3115-3127
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS:To investigate the ability of SYNTAX score and Clinical SYNTAX score (CSS) to predict very long-term outcomes in an all-comers population receiving drug-eluting stents.METHODS AND RESULTS:The SYNTAX score was retrospectively calculated in 848 patients enrolled in the SIRolimus-eluting stent compared with pacliTAXel-Eluting Stent for coronary revascularization (SIRTAX) trial. The CSS was calculated using age, and baseline left ventricular ejection fraction and creatinine clearance. A stratified post hoc comparison was performed for all-cause mortality, cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), ischaemia-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR), definite stent thrombosis, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at 1- and 5-year follow-up. Tertiles for SYNTAX score and CSS were defined as SSLOW ≤7, 7< SSMID ≤14, SSHIGH >14 and CSSLOW ≤8.0, 8.0 MID ≤17.0 and CSSHIGH >17.0, respectively. Major adverse cardiac events rates were significantly higher in SSHIGH compared with SSLOW at 1- and 5-year follow-up, which was also seen at 5 years for all-cause mortality, cardiac death, MI, and TLR. Stratifying outcomes across CSS tertiles confirmed and augmented these results. Within CSSHIGH, 5-year MACE increased with use of paclitaxel- compared with sirolimus-eluting stents (34.7 vs. 21.3%, P= 0.008). SYNTAX score and CSS were independent predictors of 5-year MACE; CSS was an independent predictor for 5-year mortality. Areas-under-the-curve for SYNTAX score and CSS for 5-year MACE were 0.61 (0.56–0.65) and 0.62 (0.57–0.67), for 5-year all-cause mortality 0.58 (0.51–0.65) and 0.66 (0.59–0.73) and for 5-year cardiac death 0.63 (0.54–0.72) and 0.72 (0.63–0.81), respectively.CONCLUSION:SYNTAX score and to a greater extent CSS were able to stratify risk for very long-term adverse clinical outcomes in an all-comers population receiving drug-eluting stents. Predictive accuracy for 5-year all-cause mortality was improved using CSS. Trial Registration Number: NCT00297661.
  •  
6.
  • Sarno, Giovanna, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of body mass index on the five-year outcome of patients having percutaneous coronary interventions with drug-eluting stents
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Cardiology. - 0002-9149 .- 1879-1913. ; 108:2, s. 195-201
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of body mass index (BMI) on clinical outcome of patients treated by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using drug-eluting stents. Patients were stratified according to BMI as normal (<25 kg/m2), overweight (25 to 30 kg/m2), or obese (>30 kg/m2). At 5-year follow-up all-cause death, myocardial infarction, clinically justified target vessel revascularization (TVR), and definite stent thrombosis were assessed. A complete dataset was available in 7,427 patients, of which 45%, 22%, and 33% were classified according to BMI as overweight, obese, and normal, respectively. Mean age of patients was significantly older in those with a normal BMI (p <0.05). Incidence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and dyslipidemia increased as BMI increased (p <0.05). Significantly higher rates of TVR (15.3% vs 12.8%, p = 0.02) and early stent thrombosis (1.5% vs 0.9%, p = 0.04) were observed in the obese compared to the normal BMI group. No significant difference among the 3 BMI groups was observed for the composite of death/myocardial infarction/TVR or for definite stent thrombosis at 5 years, whereas the normal BMI group was at higher risk for all-cause death at 5 years (obese vs normal BMI, hazard ratio 0.74, confidence interval 0.53 to 0.99, p = 0.05; overweight vs normal BMI, hazard ratio 0.73, confidence interval 0.59 to 0.94, p = 0.01) in the multivariate Cox proportional hazard model. Age resulted in a linearly dependent covariate with BMI in the all-cause 5-year mortality multivariate model (p = 0.001). In conclusion, the “obesity paradox” observed in 5-year all-cause mortality could be explained by the higher rate of elderly patients in the normal BMI group and the existence of colinearity between BMI and age. However, obese patients had a higher rate of TVR and early stent thrombosis and a higher rate of other risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.
  •  
7.
  • Sarno, Giovanna, et al. (författare)
  • Intravascular ultrasound radiofrequency analysis after optimal coronary stenting with initial quantitative coronary angiography guidance : an ATHEROREMO sub-study
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: EuroIntervention. - 1774-024X .- 1969-6213. ; 6:8, s. 977-984
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIMS:To investigate whether the use of intravascular ultrasound virtual histology (IVUS-VH) leads to any improvements in stent deployment, when performed in patients considered to have had an optimal percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) by quantitative coronary angiography (QCA).METHODS AND RESULTS:After optimal PCI result (residual stenosis by QCA<30%), IVUS-VH was performed in 100 patients by protocol, with the option to use the information left to the discretion of the operators. Patients were categorised as: Group1 (n=54), where the IVUS-VH findings were used to evaluate the need for further optimisation of the stent deployment; and Group2 (n=46), where the IVUS-VH was documentary such that the stenting results were considered optimal according to QCA. Optimal stent deployment on IVUS-VH was defined as: normal stent expansion, absence of stent malapposition, complete lesion coverage as indicated by a plaque burden (PB%) between 30-40% and necrotic core confluent to the lumen<10% or PB%<30% at the 5 mm proximal and distal to the stent. The first IVUS-VH in all patients demonstrated the achievement of optimal stent deployment, incomplete lesion coverage, stent under-expansion and stent-edge dissection in 60%, 31%, 20% and 8% of patients, respectively. There was no stent malapposition. In Group 1, 25 patients had optimal stent deployment and did not require further intervention, whilst in 29 patients further intervention was needed (additional stent, n=18; post-dilatation, n=29). Overall optimal stent deployment was finally achieved in 52/54 patients (96%) in Group 1 and 35/46 (76%) of Group 2, p<0.05.CONCLUSIONS:IVUS-VH may have a role in facilitating optimal stent implantation and complete lesion coverage.
  •  
8.
  • Sarno, Giovanna, et al. (författare)
  • Morphological and functional evaluation of the bioresorption of the bioresorbable everolimus-eluting vascular scaffold using IVUS, echogenicity and vasomotion testing at two year follow-up : a patient level insight into the ABSORB A clinical trial
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: The international journal of cardiovascular imaging. - 1875-8312. ; 28:1, s. 51-58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to describe vaso-reactivity (by Acetylcholine and Methergine tests) at 2 year follow-up in parallel with the individual changes in the echogenicity characteristics of the polymer struts of the everolimus eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS), from post-treatment to 2 year follow-up, in patients enrolled in the ABSORB Cohort A study. Intravascular ultrasound assessment was performed with a phased array catheter (EagleEye, Volcano Corporation, Cordova, CA, USA) with automated pullback at 0.5 mm per second. The % ratio at 6 months and 2 years [(Scaffold Area post PCI- Lumen Area)/Scaffold Area post PCI] was calculated as a measure of scaffold shrinkage. The % change of hyperechogenicity was defined as: ([post-procedural hyperechogenicity] - [2 year follow up hyperechogenicity])/[post-procedural hyperechogenicity]) × 100. The vasomotion test with intracoronary acetylcholine (10(-6) M) or intravenous methergine (0.4 mg) was performed at 2 years. Overall nine patients received all these analyses and were enrolled in the present analysis. A 50-96% reduction in hyperechogenicity was observed between baseline and 2 years, which corresponded to a change in vasoreactivity between 2 and 22%. A vasoconstriction of the scaffolded segment was observed in the 5 patients, who underwent the methergine test, with a mean decrease in lumen diameter after methergine of 9 ± 7% (P = 0.06), while vasodilatation occurred in the 4 patients who underwent the acetylcholine test with a mean increase in lumen diameter after acetylcholine of 8 ± 5% (P = 0.125). Bioresorption of the BVS is accompanied by re-establishment of both endothelial and non-endothelial dependent vasomotion.
  •  
9.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-9 av 9

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy