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Sökning: WFRF:(Grimbacher B)

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  • Klein, Christoph, et al. (författare)
  • HAX1 deficiency causes autosomal recessive severe congenital neutropenia (Kostmann disease)
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 39:1, s. 86-92
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Autosomal recessive severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) constitutes a primary immunodeficiency syndrome associated with increased apoptosis in myeloid cells, yet the underlying genetic defect remains unknown. Using a positional cloning approach and candidate gene evaluation, we identified a recurrent homozygous germline mutation in HAX1 in three pedigrees. After further molecular screening of individuals with SCN, we identified 19 additional affected individuals with homozygous HAX1 mutations, including three belonging to the original pedigree described by Kostmann. HAX1 encodes the mitochondrial protein HAX1, which has been assigned functions in signal transduction and cytoskeletal control. Here, we show that HAX1 is critical for maintaining the inner mitochondrial membrane potential and protecting against apoptosis in myeloid cells. Our findings suggest that HAX1 is a major regulator of myeloid homeostasis and underline the significance of genetic control of apoptosis in neutrophil development.
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  • Sassi, Atfa, et al. (författare)
  • Hypomorphic homozygous mutations in phosphoglucomutase 3 (PGM3) impair immunity and increase serum IgE levels
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 133:5, s. 1410-U681
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Recurrent bacterial and fungal infections, eczema, and increased serum IgE levels characterize patients with the hyper-IgE syndrome (HIES). Known genetic causes for HIES are mutations in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and dedicator of cytokinesis 8 (DOCK8), which are involved in signal transduction pathways. However, glycosylation defects have not been described in patients with HIES. One crucial enzyme in the glycosylation pathway is phosphoglucomutase 3 (PGM3), which catalyzes a key step in the synthesis of uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine, which is required for the biosynthesis of N-glycans. Objective: We sought to elucidate the genetic cause in patients with HIES who do not carry mutations in STAT3 or DOCK8. Methods: After establishing a linkage interval by means of SNPchip genotyping and homozygosity mapping in 2 families with HIES from Tunisia, mutational analysis was performed with selector-based, high-throughput sequencing. Protein expression was analyzed by means of Western blotting, and glycosylation was profiled by using mass spectrometry. Results: Mutational analysis of candidate genes in an 11.9-Mb linkage region on chromosome 6 shared by 2 multiplex families identified 2 homozygous mutations in PGM3 that segregated with disease status and followed recessive inheritance. The mutations predict amino acid changes in PGM3 (p. Glu340del and p. Leu83Ser). A third homozygous mutation (p. Asp502Tyr) and the p. Leu83Ser variant were identified in 2 other affected families, respectively. These hypomorphic mutations have an effect on the biosynthetic reactions involving uridine diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine. Glycomic analysis revealed an aberrant glycosylation pattern in leukocytes demonstrated by a reduced level of tri-antennary and tetra-antennary N-glycans. T-cell proliferation and differentiation were impaired in patients. Most patients had developmental delay, and many had psychomotor retardation. Conclusion: Impairment of PGM3 function leads to a novel primary (inborn) error of development and immunity because biallelic hypomorphic mutations are associated with impaired glycosylation and a hyper-IgE-like phenotype.
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