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Sökning: WFRF:(Hannon E)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 29
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  • Halme, P., et al. (författare)
  • Challenges of ecological restoration : Lessons from forests in northern Europe
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Biological Conservation. - : Elsevier. - 0006-3207 .- 1873-2917. ; 167, s. 248-256
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The alarming rate of ecosystem degradation has raised the need for ecological restoration throughout different biomes and continents. North European forests may appear as one of the least vulnerable ecosystems from a global perspective, since forest cover is not rapidly decreasing and many ecosystem services remain at high level. However, extensive areas of northern forests are heavily exploited and have lost a major part of their biodiversity value. There is a strong requirement to restore these areas towards a more natural condition in order to meet the targets of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Several northern countries are now taking up this challenge by restoring forest biodiversity with increasing intensity. The ecology and biodiversity of boreal forests are relatively well understood making them a good model for restoration activities in many other forest ecosystems. Here we introduce northern forests as an ecosystem, discuss the historical and recent human impact and provide a brief status report on the ecological restoration projects and research already conducted there. Based on this discussion, we argue that before any restoration actions commence, the ecology of the target ecosystem should be established with the need for restoration carefully assessed and the outcome properly monitored. Finally, we identify the most important challenges that need to be solved in order to carry out efficient restoration with powerful and long-term positive impacts on biodiversity: coping with unpredictability, maintaining connectivity in time and space, assessment of functionality, management of conflicting interests and social restrictions and ensuring adequate funding. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
  • Hannon, Stephen, et al. (författare)
  • H α morphologies of star clusters : a LEGUS study of H II region evolution time-scales and stochasticity in low-mass clusters
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 490:4, s. 4648-4665
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The morphology of H II regions around young star clusters provides insight into the time-scales and physical processes that clear a cluster's natal gas. We study similar to 700 young clusters (<= 10 Myr) in three nearby spiral galaxies (NGC 7793, NGC 4395, and NGC 1313) using Hubble Space Telescope (HST) imaging from LEGUS (Legacy ExtraGalactic Ultraviolet Survey). Clusters are classified by their H alpha morphology (concentrated, partially exposed, no-emission) and whether they have neighbouring clusters (which could affect the clearing time-scales). Through visual inspection of the HST images, and analysis of ages, reddenings, and stellar masses from spectral energy distributions fitting, together with the (U - B), (V - I) colours, we find (1) the median ages indicate a progression from concentrated (similar to 3Myr), to partially exposed (similar to 4Myr), to no H alpha emission (>5Myr), consistent with the expected temporal evolution of H II regions and previous results. However, (2) similarities in the age distributions for clusters with concentrated and partially exposed H alpha morphologies imply a short time-scale for gas clearing (less than or similar to 1 Myr). Also, (3) our cluster sample's median mass is similar to 1000 M-circle dot, and a significant fraction (similar to 20 per cent) contain one or more bright red sources (presumably supergiants), which can mimic reddening effects. Finally, (4) the median E(B - V) values for clusters with concentrated H alpha and those without H alpha emission appear to be more similar than expected (similar to 0.18 versus similar to 0.14, respectively), but when accounting for stochastic effects, clusters without H alpha emission are less reddened. To mitigate stochastic effects, we experiment with synthesizing more massive clusters by stacking fluxes of clusters within each H alpha morphological class. Composite isolated clusters also reveal a colour and age progression for H alpha morphological classes, consistent with analysis of the individual clusters.
  • Albert, F. W., et al. (författare)
  • Targeted resequencing of a genomic region influencing tameness and aggression reveals multiple signals of positive selection
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Heredity. - : Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Hybrid Model Option B / Wiley. - 0018-067X .- 1365-2540. ; 107:3, s. 205-214
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The identification of the causative genetic variants in quantitative trait loci (QTL) influencing phenotypic traits is challenging, especially in crosses between outbred strains. We have previously identified several QTL influencing tameness and aggression in a cross between two lines of wild-derived, outbred rats (Rattus norvegicus) selected for their behavior towards humans. Here, we use targeted sequence capture and massively parallel sequencing of all genes in the strongest QTL in the founder animals of the cross. We identify many novel sequence variants, several of which are potentially functionally relevant. The QTL contains several regions where either the tame or the aggressive founders contain no sequence variation, and two regions where alternative haplotypes are fixed between the founders. A re-analysis of the QTL signal showed that the causative site is likely to be fixed among the tame founder animals, but that several causative alleles may segregate among the aggressive founder animals. Using a formal test for the detection of positive selection, we find 10 putative positively selected regions, some of which are close to genes known to influence behavior. Together, these results show that the QTL is probably not caused by a single selected site, but may instead represent the joint effects of several sites that were targets of polygenic selection.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 29
  • [1]23Nästa

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