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1.
  • Bergström, Göran, 1964, et al. (författare)
  • The Swedish CArdioPulmonary BioImage Study: objectives and design.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of internal medicine. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1365-2796 .- 0954-6820. ; 278:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cardiopulmonary diseases are major causes of death worldwide, but currently recommended strategies for diagnosis and prevention may be outdated because of recent changes in risk factor patterns. The Swedish CArdioPulmonarybioImage Study (SCAPIS) combines the use of new imaging technologies, advances in large-scale 'omics' and epidemiological analyses to extensively characterize a Swedish cohort of 30 000 men and women aged between 50 and 64 years. The information obtained will be used to improve risk prediction of cardiopulmonary diseases and optimize the ability to study disease mechanisms. A comprehensive pilot study in 1111 individuals, which was completed in 2012, demonstrated the feasibility and financial and ethical consequences of SCAPIS. Recruitment to the national, multicentre study has recently started.
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2.
  • Ferreira, Mjv, et al. (författare)
  • Poster Session 3 : Tuesday 5 May 2015, 08
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging. - 2047-2404 .- 2047-2412. ; 16 Suppl 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
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3.
  • Helgesson, Gert, et al. (författare)
  • Practical matters, rather than lack of trust, motivate non-participation in a long-term cohort trial
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Diabetes. - 1399-543X .- 1399-5448. ; 10:6, s. 408-412
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the importance of trust in researchers and other reasons that participating parents, former participants, and non-participants had for participating, or not participating, in a longitudinal cohort study on prediction and development of diabetes in children. Study design: A questionnaire addressing each of these groups, where respondents graded the importance of a set of listed reasons for participating/not participating, was randomly distributed to 2500 families in the All Babies in Southeast Sweden (ABIS) study region with children born between 1997 and 1999. Results: Lack of trust was not a central factor to a great majority of respondents who decided not to participate in the ABIS study or who later decided to opt out. Practical matters, like blood sampling and lack of time, were important factors to many more. Yet, four fifths of those who still participate in the ABIS study stated trust in the researchers to be an important factor to their initial decision to participate. Conclusions: Trust in researchers may be a necessary prerequisite in order for people to be willing to participate in research, but practical matters such as time that has to be spent or pain involved in collecting blood were more important factors than lack of trust in explaining opt out in relation to the ABIS study.
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4.
  • Swartling, Ulrica, et al. (författare)
  • Children's Views on Long-Term Screening for Type 1 Diabetes.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. - : SAGE Publications. - 1556-2654 .- 1556-2646. ; 9:4, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • There are an increasing number of medical research studies involving children, including many long-term birth cohort studies. Involving children raises many issues, and little is known about children's own views. This study explored children's views (N = 5,851) on participation in a long-term screening study for type 1 diabetes. The results show that children 10 to 13 years of age have in general a positive attitude to pediatric research and emphasized trust in researchers. The children stressed the importance to receive information and to be involved in decisions. The children also reported feeling concerned about blood sampling and disease risk. Researchers involved in long-term pediatric research need to address these issues to promote involvement and decrease worry.
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5.
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6.
  • Lindegård Andersson, Agneta, 1955, et al. (författare)
  • The impact of working technique on physical loads - an exposure profile among newspaper editors.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Ergonomics. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0014-0139 .- 1366-5847. ; 46:6, s. 598-615
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate the possible associations between working technique, sex, symptoms and level of physical load in VDU-work. A study group of 32 employees in the editing department of a daily newspaper answered a questionnaire, about physical working conditions and symptoms from the neck and the upper extremities. Muscular load, wrist positions and computer mouse forces were measured. Working technique was assessed from an observation protocol for computer work. In addition ratings of perceived exertion and overall comfort were collected. The results showed that subjects classified as having a good working technique worked with less muscular load in the forearm (extensor carpi ulnaris p=0.03) and in the trapezius muscle on the mouse operating side (p=0.02) compared to subjects classified as having a poor working technique. Moreover there were no differences in gap frequency (number of episodes when muscle activity is below 2.5% of a reference contraction) or muscular rest (total duration of gaps) between the two working technique groups. Women in this study used more force (mean force p=0.006, peak force p=0.02) expressed as % MVC than the men when operating the computer mouse. No major differences were shown in muscular load, wrist postures, perceived exertion or perceived comfort between men and women or between cases and symptom free subjects. In conclusion a good working technique was associated with reduced muscular load in the forearm muscles and in the trapezius muscle on the mouse operating side. Moreover women used more force (mean force and peak force) than men when operating the click button (left button) of the computer mouse.
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7.
  • Hansson, Mats G., et al. (författare)
  • Ethics takes time, but not that long
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: BMC Medical Ethics. - 1472-6939 .- 1472-6939. ; 8, s. 6-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Time and communication are important aspects of the medical consultation. Physician behavior in real-life pediatric consultations in relation to ethical practice, such as informed consent (provision of information, understanding), respect for integrity and patient autonomy (decision-making), has not been subjected to thorough empirical investigation. Such investigations are important tools in developing sound ethical praxis. METHODS: 21 consultations for inguinal hernia were video recorded and observers independently assessed global impressions of provision of information, understanding, respect for integrity, and participation in decision making. The consultations were analyzed for the occurrence of specific physician verbal and nonverbal behaviors and length of time in minutes. RESULTS: All of the consultations took less than 20 minutes, the majority consisting of 10 minutes or less. Despite this narrow time frame, we found strong and consistent association between increasing time and higher ratings on all components of ethical practice: information, (beta = .43), understanding (beta = .52), respect for integrity (beta = .60), and decision making (beta = .43). Positive nonverbal behaviors by physicians during the consultation were associated particularly with respect for integrity (beta =.36). Positive behaviors by physicians during the physical examination were related to respect for children's integrity. CONCLUSION: Time was of essence for the ethical encounter. Further, verbal and nonverbal positive behaviors by the physicians also contributed to higher ratings of ethical aspects. These results can help to improve quality of ethical practice in pediatric settings and are of relevance for teaching and policy makers.
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8.
  • Jalmsell, Li, et al. (författare)
  • Transition to noncurative end-of-life care in paediatric oncology : A nationwide follow-up in Sweden
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica. - 0803-5253 .- 1651-2227. ; 102:7, s. 744-748
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To estimate whether and when children dying from a malignancy are recognized as being beyond cure and to study patterns of care the last weeks of life.METHODS: A nationwide retrospective medical record review was conducted. Medical records of 95 children (60% of eligible children) who died from a malignancy 2007-2009 in Sweden were studied.RESULTS: Eighty-three children (87%) were treated without curative intent at the time of death. Children with haematological malignancies were less likely to be recognized as being beyond cure than children with brain tumours [relative risks (RR) 0.7; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.6-0.9] or solid tumours (RR 0.8; 0.6-1.0). The transition to noncurative care varied from the last day of life to over four years prior to death (median 60 days). Children with haematological malignancies were treated with a curative intent closer to death and were also given chemotherapy (RR 5.5; 1.3-22.9), transfusions (RR 2.0; 1.0-4.0) and antibiotics (RR 5.3; 1.8-15.5) more frequently than children with brain tumours the last weeks of life.CONCLUSION: The majority of children dying from a malignancy were treated with noncurative intent at the time of death. The timing of a transition in care varied with the diagnoses, being closer to death in children with haematological malignancies.
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9.
  • Godskesen, Tove, et al. (författare)
  • Hope for a cure and altruism are the main motives behind participation in phase 3 clinical cancer trials.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer Care. - 0961-5423 .- 1365-2354. ; 24:1, s. 133-41
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It is necessary to carry out randomised clinical cancer trials (RCTs) in order to evaluate new, potentially useful treatments for future cancer patients. Participation in clinical trials plays an important role in determining whether a new treatment is the best therapy or not. Therefore, it is important to understand on what basis patients decide to participate in clinical trials and to investigate the implications of this understanding for optimising the information process related to study participation. The aims of this study were to (1) describe motives associated with participation in RCTs, (2) assess if patients comprehend the information related to trial enrolment, and (3) describe patient experiences of trial participation. Questionnaires were sent to 96 cancer patients participating in one of nine ongoing clinical phase 3 trials at the Department of Oncology, Uppsala University Hospital in Sweden. Eighty-eight patients completed the questionnaire (response rate 92%); 95% of these were patients in adjuvant therapy and 5% participated in clinical trials on palliative care. Two main reasons for participation were identified: personal hope for a cure and altruism. Patients show adequate understanding of the information provided to them in the consent process and participation entails high patient satisfaction.
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10.
  • Hansson, M.G., et al. (författare)
  • Att söka det allmängiltiga
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Svensk teologiskt kvartalsskrift. ; 2, s. 49-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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