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Sökning: WFRF:(Helle Tina)

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1.
  • Ballmer, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Test-retest and inter-rater reliability of the Danish version of the management of everday technology assessment for use with older adults with and without COPD
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1103-8128 .- 1651-2014. ; 26:6, s. 463-474
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The trend towards telemedicine increasingly requires clients to manage everyday technology (ET) to access and use health services. The Management of Everday Technology Assessment (META) is an observation-based instrument developed to evaluate the ability to manage ET. AIM: To examine test-retest (TRR) and inter-rater reliability (IRR) of the Danish translation of the META for older adults with and without COPD. METHOD AND MATERIALS: 47 older adults with COPD (n = 23) and without (n = 24) were recruited. IRR was examined by four raters paired across 30 participants. TRR was examined for 21 participants by the same rater administering the META twice within four weeks. A rank-based method for paired ordinal data was used to calculate percentage agreement (PA) and measures of systematic disagreement and individual variability. Mann Whitney U tests were used to compare PA to health status (presence/absence of COPD). RESULTS: Inter-rater PA was acceptable across 10 of 11 items and test-retest PA across 8 of 11 items. Systematic disagreement was present for one item in TRR. No significant differences in PA were found regarding health status. CONCLUSION: The Danish META generates reliable scores for this sample. However, conclusive statements cannot be made for all items.
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2.
  • Helle, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Activity repertoires and time use in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1103-8128 .- 1651-2014. ; 8:7, s. 564-570
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background:Understanding the dynamics and aspects of how activity choices impact health and well-being in people living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is important to inform rehabilitation. Aim:To describe, firstly, how much time people living with COPD spend on work, daily living tasks, recreation and rest; secondly, how this population perceived competence, importance and enjoyment related to these activities; thirdly, if differences in such perceptions and time use were associated with the living situation and COPD severity. Material and methods:This cross-sectional study involved 76 participants (+45 years, COPD, living in ordinary homes), who completed the Occupational Questionnaire (OQ). Descriptive statistics and group comparisons were performed. Results:Most of the participants' time were spent on daily living activities and recreational activities. Participants spent approx. 80% of their recorded time in OQ on activities they valued, enjoyed and in which they felt competent. Participants living alone scored significantly lower on enjoyment in restful activities than those living in couples (p < 0.05). No statistically significant difference in perceived competence, importance or enjoyment was found in relation to COPD severity. Conclusions and significance:Findings underscore the importance of targeting overall daily activity repertoires including compositions of activity types, time use and perceived competence, importance and enjoyment.
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3.
  • Kaptain, Rina Juel, et al. (författare)
  • Association Between Everyday Technology Use, Activities of Daily Living and Health-Related Quality of Life in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: The International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. - : Dove Press. - 1176-9106 .- 1178-2005. ; 15, s. 89-98
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: A decline in the ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) and ability to use everyday technology can pose threats to independent living, healthcare management and quality of life (QOL) of patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Evidence of the relationship between these variables remains limited. The dual aim of this study was, first, to investigate if health-related QOL (HRQOL) was associated with quality in ADL performance and everyday technology use; second, to examine whether lung function, years with COPD diagnosis, living status or educational level affected physical and mental domains of HRQOL. Methods: This cross-sectional study included (N=80) participants aged 46-87 years recruited at healthcare centres in the Northern Region of Denmark using a convenience sampling procedure. Data were gathered through standardized assessments and analysed using multiple regression analysis. Results: The regression model explained 50.6% (R2=0.506) of the variation in HRQOL-physical. The following four variables were statistically significantly associated with HRQOL - physical: years since COPD diagnosis (p=0.023), ability to use everyday technology (p=0.006), amount of relevant everyday technologies (p=0.015) and ADL motor ability (p<0.01). The regression model explained 22.80% (R-2=0.228) of HRQOL - mental. Only the variable ability to use everyday technology was statistically significantly associated with HRQOL - mental (p=0.009). Conclusion: Quality of ADL performance and everyday technology use seem to be associated with HRQOL in people living with COPD. The only demographic variable associated with HRQOL was years with COPD. This indicates that healthcare professionals should enhance their attention also to ADL-performance and everyday technology use when striving to increase the HRQOL of persons living with COPD.
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4.
  • Kaptain, Rina Juel, et al. (författare)
  • Juggling the management of everyday life activities in persons living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0963-8288 .- 1464-5165. ; , s. 1-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Evidence regarding everyday life activities in people living with COPD is limited. Such evidence can improve our understanding when designing interventions for pulmonary rehabilitation that aim at increasing or maintaining participation in these activities. The aim of this study was to describe how people living with COPD experience and manage everyday life activities.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample comprised four males and four females with an age ranging from 65-87 years. Participants were interviewed in their own homes regarding experiences of performing and managing everyday life activities. Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed using content analysis.RESULTS: Findings from this study comprised the theme "Juggling to manage everyday life activities with COPD" and three categories representing the elements of this theme: (1) consequences of COPD symptoms, (2) adjustment of activities, and (3) contextual aspects.CONCLUSION: This study found the participants with COPD juggling the management of everyday life activities. The juggle generated a manageable daily life, which came at the expense of making deliberate choices and prioritizing everyday life activities that were necessary for participation in valued and engaging activities in order to maintain health and well-being. Implications for Rehabilitation People living with COPD experience a complex juggling between the consequences of COPD symptoms and contextual aspects when managing everyday life activities. The participants had largely accepted their disease and adjusted to their situation. The disease was still described as frustrating and generated less focus on making deliberate choices and prioritizing everyday life activities that are necessary for participation in valued and engaging activities. Health professionals need to support people living with COPD in making deliberate choices in order to continue participating in valued and engaging everyday life activities as they affect health and well-being. Pulmonary rehabilitation should focus more on supporting participation in social relations and on using everyday technologies.
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5.
  • Kaptain, Rina Juel, et al. (författare)
  • New Insights into Activities of Daily Living Performance in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: The International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. - : Dove Press. - 1176-9106 .- 1178-2005. ; 16, s. 1-12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: There have been calls for more knowledge of activities of daily living (ADL) performance in order to address interventions in pulmonary rehabilitation effectively. Everyday technology (ET) has become an integrated dimension of ADL, impacting the ways in which ADL is performed. To improve everyday functioning and quality of life, the use of ADL and ET use needs to be evaluated and addressed effectively in interventions. Therefore, the aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore the quality of ADL performance, and 2) to investigate the relationship between observation and self-reported ADL performance and ability to use everyday technologies in people living with COPD.Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 84 participants aged 46-87 years. Participants were recruited through healthcare centres in the Northern Region of Denmark using a convenience sampling procedure. Data were collected using standardized assessments that investigated different ADL perspectives: self-reported ADL tasks and ET use, observed motor and process ability, and need for assistance. Data were analysed and presented using descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation coefficient.Results: The most affected ADL tasks were mobility within or outside the home, lower dressing, bathing, pedicuring, cooking, shopping, cleaning and washing clothes. New insights into the quality of ADL performance in people living with COPD were presented in terms of detailed ADL motor skills and ADL process skills, as well as the predicted need for support to function in the community. Moreover, new insights into the relationship between observation and self-reported ADL performance (r=0.546, p<0.01; r=0.297, p<0.01) and between ADL performance and self-perceived ability to use ET (r=0.524, p<0.01; r=0.273, p<0.05; r=0.044, p=0.692) were presented.Conclusion: Overall, the knowledge from the present study is valuable for focusing interventions that address challenging ADL performance and ET use through relevant and realistic activities. The ability to use ET is important to evaluate and target pulmonary rehabilitation.
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6.
  • Gerbild, Helle, et al. (författare)
  • Danish Health Care Students’ Attitudes towards Sexual Health – A cross-sectional survey
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Sexual Medicine. - : Elsevier. - 2050-1161. ; 9:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IntroductionDanish health professional (HP) students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health are unknown.AimTo investigate Danish HP students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future professions, and to assess differences in perceived competences and preparedness between professional programs.MethodsA Danish national survey of nursing, occupational therapy, and physiotherapy students was conducted. Totally, 1,212 students were invited to respond to an online questionnaire “The Students' Attitudes toward Addressing Sexual Health.”Main Outcome MeasureThe main outcome measures investigated were Danish HP students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future professions, and differences in perceived competences and preparedness depending on the professional program.ResultsA total of 584 students (48%; nursing 44%, occupational therapy 70%, physiotherapy 43%) responded. Mean total score ranged between 63.7 and 66.3 (±8.3–8.8) classifying students in the low-end of the class: “comfortable and prepared in some situations.” No clinically relevant differences were determined between the professional programs with respect to perceived competences and preparedness to address sexual health.ConclusionIn the field of addressing sexual health, most Danish HP students reported positive attitudes and a need for basic knowledge, competences, communication training, and education.
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7.
  • Gerbild, Helle, et al. (författare)
  • Danish Health Professional Students' Attitudes Toward Addressing Sexual Health : A Cross-Sectional Survey
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Sexual Medicine. - : Elsevier. - 2050-1161. ; 9:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Danish health professional (HP) students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health are unknown. Aim: To investigate Danish HP students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future professions, and to assess differences in perceived competences and preparedness between professional programs. Methods: A Danish national survey of nursing, occupational therapy, and physiotherapy students was conducted. Totally, 1,212 students were invited to respond to an online questionnaire “The Students' Attitudes toward Addressing Sexual Health. Main Outcome Measure: The main outcome measures investigated were Danish HP students' attitudes toward addressing sexual health in their future professions, and differences in perceived competences and preparedness depending on the professional program. Results: A total of 584 students (48%; nursing 44%, occupational therapy 70%, physiotherapy 43%) responded. Mean total score ranged between 63.7 and 66.3 (±8.3–8.8) classifying students in the low-end of the class: “comfortable and prepared in some situations". No clinically relevant differences were determined between the professional programs with respect to perceived competences and preparedness to address sexual health. Conclusion: In the field of addressing sexual health, most Danish HP students reported positive attitudes and a need for basic knowledge, competences, communication training, and education.
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8.
  • Helle, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Combining apps targeting professionals and senior citizens to improve housing accessibility and influence housing provision policies.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. - : IOS Press. - 0926-9630. - 9781614995654 ; 217, s. 300-305
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Two separate apps that address the increasingly important issue of accessible housing for senior citizens have been developed in different project settings. One of the apps was developed to facilitate the process for professional raters to assess housing accessibility in the context of individual housing adaptations. The other app was developed for senior citizens to raise their awareness of possible accessibility problems in their current dwelling and in other apartments within the available housing stock. Both apps were developed with a high degree of active user involvement in processes utilizing multiple state of the art methods. The results are two well accepted prototype apps perceived as user-friendly and appropriate for the intended user groups. By combining these two apps, our ambition is for the professional raters to benefit by gaining knowledge of their clients' perceived needs and desires, and for senior citizens to benefit by getting access to a database of professionally rated dwellings. The ultimate goal is the generation of sound knowledge reflecting the needs and desires of senior citizens and professional requirements regarding accessible housing as a means to inform and influence housing provision policies.
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9.
  • Helle, Tina, et al. (författare)
  • Development and Reliability Testing of the Nordic Housing Enabler - An Instrument for Accessibility Assessment of the Physical Housing
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Assistive Technology From Adapted Equipment To Inclusive Environments. - : IOS Press. - 1383-813X .- 1879-8071. ; 25, s. 416-420
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • For decades, accessibility to the physical housing environment for people with functional limitations has been of interest politically, professionally and for the users Guidelines and norms on accessible housing design have gradually been developed, however the built environment shows serious deficits when it comes to accessibility This study addresses development of a content valid cross Nordic version of the Housing Enabler and investigation of inter-rater reliability when used in occupational therapy practice The instrument was translated from the original Swedish version and adapted according to accessibility norms and guidelines for housing design in Sweden, Denmark, Iceland and Finland This iterative process involved occupational therapists, architects, building engineers and professional translators, resulting in the Nordic Housing Enabler For reliability testing, the sample strategy and data collection procedures were the same in all countries In total, twenty voluntary occupational therapists collected data from 106 cases by means of the Nordic Housing Enabler Inter-rater reliability was calculated by means of percentage agreement and kappa statistics Overall good percentage agreement for all parts of the instrument was shown, indicating that the Nordic Housing Enabler is sufficiently reliable for application in practice and research in the Nordic context The kappa results varied and possible explanations are discussed which should be kept in mind when interpreting the results
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10.
  • Helle, Tina (författare)
  • Housing Accessibility Methodology Targeting Older Poeple - Reliable Assessments and Valid Standards
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Older people have more functional limitations than younger people and they form a segment of the population that is more dependent on mobility devices than other age groups. Since they spend most of their time at home, their dwelling is an important environmental arena for performing everyday activities. Barriers in the environment can limit or hinder activity performance. Therefore, older people are sensitive to the accessibility of the environment. To ensure housing accessibility, it is critical that professionals are provided with valid and reliable assessment instruments to identify accessibility problems before the planning of housing intervention strategies. It is also critical that housing standards addressing accessibility intended to accommodate people with functional limitations are valid in the sense that their definitions truly support accessibility. However, there is a paucity of valid and reliable assessment instruments targeting housing accessibility, and in-depth analysis of factors potentially impacting on reliability in complex assessment situations is remarkably absent. Moreover, the knowledge base informing the housing standards appears to be vague. We may therefore reasonably question the validity of the housing standards addressing accessibility. This thesis addresses housing accessibility methodology in general and the reliability of assessment and the validity of standards targeting older people with functional limitations and a dependence on mobility devices in particular. The overarching aim of the thesis was to develop and explore methods applicable for improving housing accessibility assessments and to explore feasible approaches to create housing standards that truly support accessibility and accommodate older people. A main methodological contribution of the present thesis is the development of the content-valid Nordic HE instrument which is deemed sufficiently reliable in Nordic countries, and the recommendations for in-depth examination of inter-rater agreement for the improvement of reliability. A second main contribution of the present thesis is that it explores the consequences of the housing standard definitions in terms of accessibility and provides estimates of the proportion of dwellings considered accessible and the proportion of persons defined as having accessibility problems. Collectively, these results have the potential to improve and influence research, practice and policy in a global context for the benefit of the health and well-being of older people with functional limitations. Moreover, the results provide new knowledge and invite reflections on central concepts and methodology relevant to psychometrics and research on person-environment fit.
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